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Build a "Warp", a full-contact combat RC aircraft.

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Picture of Build a "Warp", a full-contact combat RC aircraft.
Some of the guys at the local RC club (Brindlee Mountain RC Club) and other clubs around the North Alabama area have designed a plane for full contact combat flying. The whole object is to bump/crash into the other guy(s) and have their plane hit the ground before yours does.

The current Warp has evolved from a design created by another "Don" who goes by the name of "Miderror" on the RC Groups forum thread "Don's Blue Plate Special" which is dedicated to these and other style combat planes. There is a video (20 megs) here showing the action between 2 Warps and 4 other kinds of planes!

The plane is made of 1/4" blue insulation foam available at any of the larger home improvement stores. This foam is inexpensive, easy to repair with hot glue and can take a lot of punishment. The Warp pictured below has been repaired many times but still flies beautifully!

One thing to ALWAYS remember, the tail fin is on the BOTTOM when the plane is flying normally, it looks like it's flying upside down. When you launch the plane, make sure you don't have the fin up and pull back on the elevator thinking it's going to go UP! It won't! I know this from experience. The picture below is really of the BOTTOM of the plane.

This Instructable is intended for people that are familiar with building and flying RC planes.
 
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Step 1: Gather together what you need for the airframe.

Picture of Gather together what you need for the airframe.
Tools needed.jpg
Schematic 1.jpg
Schematic 2.jpg
You'll need a sheet of 1/4" blue foam, marker, ruler, Xacto or similar knife, soldering iron and solder, hot-melt glue gun and glue, and fiberglass packing tape. The schematics included are really just guidelines, they're for the Warp that I'm currently flying. You can round corners, change angles, and change any dimension you like, but keep in mind that any changes you make, you'll be changing how the plane flies.

Mark out the lines and cut out the pieces. If you're careful, you can get two complete Warps from one sheet of foam.

In the plans, all dimensions are in inches.

Step 2: Rudder and elevator hinging.

Picture of Rudder and elevator hinging.
rudder hinged.jpg
Chamfer the rudder and the tail fin to allow for movement. Then apply the fiberglass packing tape to make hinges. Do the same thing for the elevator.

Step 3: Glue the fins and reinforcements.

Picture of Glue the fins and reinforcements.
Apply fiberglass tape around the propeller cut out for reinforcement and glue on a strip of 1/16" x 1/4" balsa (some fliers use carbon fiber rods and strips).

Glue the tail fin and nose fin onto the body of the plane using the hot-melt glue gun. Insure the fins are aligned dead center of the body and not angled in any way. At this time, you can also add the other reinforcement strips. These are just strips of foam cut and glued along the bottom of the fins and along the sides of the propeller cut out.

Also visible (through the cut out) is one of the two fins on the far side. These two fins help prevent the propeller on this plane from damaging the opponent's plane. I'd suggest waiting to glue these on until the electronics are installed, it'll make it easier because the plane will sit flat on the table.

It's a good idea to apply a strip of low temperature covering or fiberglass tape to the leading edges of the plane. This is a vulnerable area and the covering or tape will help prevent rips and tears from impacts.

Step 4: Begin installing the electronics.

Picture of Begin installing the electronics.
You'll need a motor, speed controller, battery, receiver and two sub-micro servos.

There are many different types and sizes of these items, but this is what I use:

1 Thunder Power 1320-2S-TP LiPo Battery
1 Thunderbird 18 Brushless Speed Controller
1 ARC-20-34-110 Brushless Motor
1 4 Channel Light Flight S4 Receiver
2 Blue Bird BMS-306 Servos

I bought these items from Light Flight RC

Step 5: Mount the battery.

Picture of Mount the battery.
The battery is mounted using hook and loop tape (Velcro). Cut slits in the nose fin to slip the velcro though the slits. In addition to this, I stuck the a piece of the hook side to the fin and another piece to the battery for added holding power.

Step 6: Mount the speed controller, motor and receiver.

Picture of Mount the speed controller, motor and receiver.
Motor Mount.jpg
Receiver mount.jpg
The speed controller is mounted using the hook and loop tape. The power lead fits snugly in a cut out in the nose fin. Either use a 12" servo extension lead or solder wires to go between the speed controller and the receiver. Tack glue this lead to the body of the plane to keep it out of the propeller. The receiver is also mounted with hook and loop tape.

Take an old AOL CD (who doesn't have some of THOSE laying around?) and cut it to fit between the nose fin and the propeller cutout. Drill 2 holes in the CD to match the diameter of the motor you're using. Glue two small pieces of wood onto the CD and glue the CD to the plane. The motor is held on by a plastic zip tie.

Solder the motor leads to the speed controller's leads.

Step 7: Mount the servos.

Picture of Mount the servos.
Elevator Servo.jpg
The servos are mounted by first surrounding the servo with heat-shrink tubing and then hot melt glue. The heat-shrink tubing makes it much easier to remove the servos if needed. Just cut the tubing and the servo comes free. The control horns are hot glued onto the rudder and elevator.

Step 8: Flying the Warp.

Picture of Flying the Warp.
The Warp is not, by any means, a beginner's RC plane. You really have to be "on the sticks" at all times to keep control. But that's a GOOD thing in full contact combat! You need a plane able to flip and roll quickly at low speeds. With the setup as I have you'll rarely if never need full throttle, but you WILL be constantly jockeying the throttle while in the combat furball. The throttle also comes in handy after your plane has been hit and is in a spin or out of control. Give it a burst of speed and sometimes the plane will recover.

One thing to ALWAYS remember, the tail fin is on the BOTTOM when the plane is flying normally, it looks like it's flying upside down. When you launch the plane, make sure you don't have the fin up and pull back on the elevator thinking it's going to go UP! It won't! I know this from experience.

Before flying the plane, make sure the servos move the rudder and elevator in the proper directions with the tail fin on the bottom!

Step 9: Repairing minor combat damage.

Picture of Repairing minor combat damage.
Sooner or later, your Warp will need some repairs. Most damage, short of an electrical problem such as a receiver or speed controller gone bad, can be repaired right there at the flying field, sometimes even before the current battle is over!

The best repair means is hot-melt glue. If you have an inverter (changes 12v DC to 110v AC), you can keep a glue gun hot and after a hit, you can run over, apply glue to the break in the foam (or loose servo, etc.), put the loose item back and hold for a few seconds for the glue to cool and you'll be right back in the action!

Sooner or later, the plane will become too heavy with all of the added glue to fly very well. You have the option of either cutting out some heavily repaired areas of the plane and rebuilding them or just removing all of the electronics and building a whole new plane.

It's surprising how many flights and battles a Warp can go through before it gets too worn out to fly.

Step 10: Repairing MAJOR combat damage.

Picture of Repairing MAJOR combat damage.
Bottom Damage.jpg
New Nose.jpg
Completed Repair.jpg
After a wild afternoon of battle Monday with SEVEN warps in the air at once, my poor plane took a beating. The whole nose was crumpled beyond repair and I was about to just remove the electronics and start building another when I thought "Hmm, I wonder if I could just cut off the bad part and make a replacement?". Here's what I did. I simply cut a diagonal line from the front corners of the propeller cut out to the edge of the plane, cut a piece of fresh foam to fit, hot glued it on and added some reinforcing fiberglass tape, a couple of strips of foam for stiffening and then just remounted everything. I'll see how it holds up this Saturday when I attend the first ever full contact combat event at a RC club field in Huntsville, Alabama.
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tim1273 years ago
Me and some friends are planning to make a semi autopilot plane. This is a good place to start.
remzak tim1276 months ago

I would build several plain rc planes first. I also recommend ardupilot for your autonomous plane

remzak tim1277 months ago

This is a very bad place to start. This plane is light and has a small motor. I would recommend a much larger plane with an actual airfoil. Good Luck and Happy Flying!!!

good luck. what sort of system do you plan to use for autopilot? try going on diydrones.com, they have lots of really good information.
techmonster3 years ago
would it be okay for me to use a standard spektrum receiver for this plane or would it be too big?

It would work fine, but I recommend a bigger motor and a larger propeller for this plane. Good Luck and Happy Flying!!!

ashelton61 year ago

Any updates to this in the last couple years? Some of the listed components are difficult to find nowadays. I would love recommendations for alternatives!

remzak ashelton67 months ago

This is a fairly light plane, so I would recommend a 20-30 gram brushless Turnigy motor and a 20A brushless ESC. Both can be purchased from Hobbyking. Also new 2.4Ghz radios from Hobbyking have been released for under 30$. Good Luck and Happy Flying!!!

mbainrot2 years ago
I kind of deviated from the plans a fair bit (no rudder just 2 elevons)

Is it possible for you to do a pdf export from autocad with the aircraft to scale? had a really hard time tracing this out using a projector at a local maker space onto depron foam gaffa taped to a rolling garage door.

It's been on the back burner since Dec last year and decided to go all in and just tape basic electronics with no control surfaces. Flew quite well into the ground (expected as it has no control surfaces). Hence its first repair.

With depron you REALLY have to make sure you got that bit of plastic the OP has on his (I am using 0.5mm plastic sheeting, quite heavy stuff but was the most ridged i could get) to stop the motor ripping the crap out of the foam.

Photo shown is me adhering the left elevon to the main body, pieces of plastic on the elevons is to provide a good solid point to adhere the linkage to the elevon

Using foam safe "super glue" which is strangely odderless, seems to stick other stuff to foam better then unprepped foam to foam, to stick foam to foam you have to sand the ends and then make sure you remove all the dust otherwise the glue won't go off properly and leaves you with a dodgy join.

Used depron foam instead of insulation because of what is available in Australia. Depron works quite well but needs reinforcing because it is not as ridged (in the photo you can see one of the two parallel foam reinforcing "bars" that run the length of the aircraft)
Picture below *take 2*
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coscade3 years ago
What program did you use to make the schematics?
Don H. (author)  coscade3 years ago
Autocad.
coscade Don H.3 years ago
Thanks, and nice instructable
coscade3 years ago
I have a question, What is that plastic piece you used to attached thae linkage rod to the rudder?
Don H. (author)  coscade3 years ago
Just a regular control horn made for foam planes. Any RC hobby should have them. I cut a slit in the foam and attached the horn with hot glue.
Finally some Rc instructables (not crappy toysrus Rc) Great simple design I look forward to building it, I will try to put some pics up of mine I would recommend getting small gage wire to protect the prop (I lost a $50 brushless motor because of unprotected prop) I might try using a flying wing rc control set up and split the elevator and make "alervons" (which do the job of ailerons and a elevator) or w.e their called. But I think ill keep the ruder for greater stability. Is this more of a park flyer or a 3d plane? Can this fly strait up? Can it do a barrel roll or a loop? Just a few questions id like to know before I start building Thanks! Awesome job, one of the best first instructables iv seen!
Don H. (author)  i make shooting things8 years ago
Thanx for the kind words! The plane is a great park/backyard flyer, as it'll fly pretty slow and turn quickly. I don't really know about flying straight up as I've not thought to try it, for the combat flying, we like it slow and close in and therefore don't use much over half throttle. It's really not designed for that kind of flying. I kind of doubt it'd do 3d as you really need ailerons. As for the elevons, there is another type combat plane called a "Stubby" (you can see one in the picture on step 8 at the top. I haven't built one of these yet, but I do have another sheet of foam and the dimensions to build it. I'll take pictures as I build it and make another Instructable.
Thanks,
Please join my group, this is the first true good Rc anything iv seen on instructables by the way im gona add the instructable to my new group if u dont mind
I'll look forward to "stubby"
P.S welcome to instructables
can i make dis plane with thermocol ?
Don H. (author)  samyakchakma3 years ago
Sorry, but I have no idea what a thermocol is.
Aeshir8 years ago
This is great, I'm really excited to build it, expecially considering it's just made of foam (foam airhogs type planes are stupid-expensive, of course). How do you control it? Does it operate on the same frequencies as cars, so you can use say a 47mh remote with it?
Aeshir Aeshir8 years ago
Oh, and welcome to Instructables! :D
can i make with thermocol ? please answer
Don H. (author)  Aeshir8 years ago
Hmm, I should have included something about the radio controls...I have probably 4 or 5 different brands of transmitters and receivers. I wrote this thinking that anyone that would want to make a warp would already have a transmitter. The Air Hogs transmitters won't work as they're only set up to control 2 motors. I have 3 Air Hogs planes (and love them, by the way). A normal RC radio can be had for less than a hundred dollars, much less if you check around or maybe even EBay. They are 27mhz and have a much farther range than the Air Hogs style. Thanx for the warm welcome, I've been looking around the Instructables site for a few months now and have wanted to make an Instructable, but hadn't thought of anything to use. I have plans for another one coming soon as soon as I work out some bugs (making dies and striking your own medals and coins). Plus the other combat plane called the "Stubby".
Don H. (author)  JamesRPatrick8 years ago
Sure!! Any 4 channel radio will work. At the worst, you'd have to swap two of the pins on the servo leads to match, but that's easy to do.
That's the cheapest one I could find that looked decent. So the receiver isn't too heavy?
Don H. (author)  Aeshir8 years ago
I just searched "Airtronics remote control" and 'Futaba remote control" on EBay and WOW, there are some great deals on there! If you get a transmitter from there, make sure there's at least a charger included. Also, you can get radio systems pretty cheaply from any RC hobby shop near or in your home town. When you buy the receiver from Light Flight or another source, all you have to do is buy a crystal for whatever channel your transmitter is on. $2.00 at most for the crystal.
About how much does one of these cost from scratch with everything needed to fly?
Under $140. The cost is in the radio and electronics, which usually are recoverable from a crash/battle.
Cool. How much does each styrofoam piece cost
Umm... like, under $10-20 dollars. Or less if you find some from someone insulating their attic.
is the white stuff thermocol
I know kinda a stupid question I just want to know
Pr0pmaster3 years ago
where can i find a rudder servo and elevator servo in house hold things ?, please answer
Don H. (author)  Pr0pmaster3 years ago
I don't know what you mean by "in house hold things", but you can get servos at any hobby shop or online by searching for "rc plane servo", usually for less than $15 each.
cteja3 years ago
hey thank you, nice and its usefull
if u could make the propeller go bakward you could mabe set it down and then tilt bak with throtle then go full to launch and mabe make 2 bak fins to keep from tipping
mumbles4 years ago
i have 2 questions first one is can these fly in a light wind also maybe heavy wind.
second question could i use a nitro engine instead of electric in theory
Don H. (author)  mumbles4 years ago
They are fun in light wind and I haven't tried in heavy wind, but I'd think not...they only weigh 10 or so ounces. As far as a nitro engine, no way! Who in their right mind would do full contact combat with a flammable fuel???
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