Introduction: Build a Laser Cut and Soldering Dobot Robot Arm

Picture of Build a Laser Cut and Soldering Dobot Robot Arm

In this instructable project, we will build a laser cut and soldering Dobot arm. The high precision Dobot robot arm is made up of 6061 frame and manufactured with CNC. Its machinery accuracy is 0.02mm and the repeat precision is 0.2mm which is 50 times better than servo. I will show you how to build a basic Dobot robotic arm with more details later.

With Dobot‘s high precision, we can apply it to industry. We can do some repetitive, menial tasks such as tightening the screws and nuts and carrying some components by changing its end effector. We can even bring Lego together and help assemble Lego blocks with this low-cost desktop robot arm.

All the original design files have been uploaded on grabCAD and you can get ithere. I'm optimizing the Arduino code of Dobot arm and later I will post it on github.I have finished the PC software of Processing and post it on Github.

You can do something very cool with this Dobot, such as laser cutting (Shown in the video), besides this application, Dobot arm also can be used for 3D printing (More details here):

Soldering with Dobot robotic arm:

Do some dangerous experiments and stir solution with Dobot robot arm:

Show something really crazy: Can you believe doing this with Dobot?

Dobot also can send a text message for you or make a cup of coffee even make some cooking for you:

Make Coffe:

Make breakfast:

Cut the ham sausage:

Gesture control Dobot and Leap motion Dobot cooperate to light a candle:

Draw a baymax with Dobot arm:

If you combine two or more Dobot arms, you might be able to build a mini production line on your desktop. You can also see my otherinstructable which introduce more about Dobot arm. Here's a promotion video about Dobot robotic arm on kickstarter, this project is crowdfunding now, more updates here.

Step 1: Prepare Materials

Picture of Prepare Materials

The pictures above show all components and tools you need.

List:

  • main arm
  • the axis
  • Arduino mega2560 board
  • three step motors
  • bearing specification: 6*12*4
  • copper gaskets specification:t hickness 1.5mm
  • M3 nut
  • M5 bolt
  • M2*8 inner hexagonal head bolt
  • M2.5*12 inner hexagonal head bolt
  • M3*10 inner hexagonal head bolt

...

more details in the files

Step 2: Prepare the Tools

Picture of Prepare the Tools

You need to prepare the tools below:

  • A hammer
  • Four allen wrenches including M4, M3,M5 and M2
  • Some glue and a needle-nose plier which is used to open the M4 snap

Step 3: Add the Bushings and Bearing to Three Axes

Picture of Add the Bushings and Bearing to Three Axes

Add the 6*10*8 copper bushings to the A axis and add the 6*10*4 copper bushings to the B axis and then add the 6*12*4 bearings to the C axis. Be careful when you add these components to the axes, you must be sure your bushing and bearing are vertical to the axes or you will get an askew axis with bushings. Maybe you need to use the hammer to knock the bushings and bearings slightly. After finishing these parts, add some glue to the contact surfaces between axes and bushings or bearings to ensure it won't have any sliding between axes and bushing or bearing.

Step 4: Connect the Three Axes With the Triangle Linking Part

Picture of Connect the Three Axes With the Triangle Linking Part

Then we connect the three axes with the triangle linking part. First, add the φ6*9 mm axis to the triangle linking part and add the sleeve to the linking part.You should be careful with the direction of the sleeve. Second, add a 0.7mm nylon washers to the axis. Third, respectively add the A and B axis with bushings to the linking part and you must be careful for the direction of the two axes. The right direction of the axes is showing on the picture. Then we respectively used two snaps to fix the A and B axis. If you have any questions, you can watch this Dobot explosion diagram below:

Step 5: Connect the Parallel Support Part With the B Axis

Picture of Connect the Parallel Support Part With the B Axis

Use two M3*10 screws to fix the small block with the main part of parallel support. Add the φ6*14 axis to the other side of A axis and add a 0.7mm washer to it. After finishing these, add the parallel support to the right side then we use two snaps to fixate it.

Step 6: Connect the Head of the Arm With the Other Side of a Axis

Picture of Connect the Head of the Arm With the Other Side of a Axis

First, we set the head of the arm with the other side of A axis and add two 0.7mm washers into it. Then we put the 6*10*6 copper sleeve on the right position and add the φ6*18 axis through the hole. What does it mean by right position? It means that when you look at the arm in front of you, the copper sleeve is in between the left side of the A axis and right side of the arm head, and the two washers are in the other side.Then we fix them with two snaps again.

Step 7: Assemble the Small Arm

Picture of Assemble the Small Arm

First, add the 6*12*4 bearing to the bearing bush and then add the bearing bush to the small side of the small arm. Second, add the 6*10*4 copper sleeve to the big side of the small arm and you should be careful for the bearing bush that we should ensure it's a little bit projection into the inner side of the small arm and the other side is horizontal with the small arm. Finally, we should put some glue to fix the bearing and bearing bush.

Step 8: Assemble the C Axis With the Small Arm and Small Arm Drive Part

Picture of Assemble the C Axis With the Small Arm and Small Arm Drive Part

First, put two 1 mm washers between the C axis and the side of small arm with bearing bush. Second, put the φ6*12 axis through the hole and then fix it with two snaps.Third, put a 1 mm washer between the C axis and the small arm drive part and then put the φ6*12 axis through the hole and fix it with two snaps. After finishing these steps, we should fix the coupling with small arm drive part with by two M 2.5*10 screw. Now, we finish the main part of our Dobot arm.

Step 9: Assemble the Main Arm With Small Arm and Axes

Picture of Assemble the Main Arm With Small Arm and Axes

This step might be a little bit complicated, so we should be careful when we assemble these parts.

First, we use two M2.5 screws to fix the coupling with the main arm and ensure the coupling is on the left side of main arm.

Second, fix a snap on the φ6*42 axis and put it into the arm abduction decorative plates and then assemble it with the main arm.

Third, put two 0.7 mm washer to the axis and add the left small arm with the side of bearing bush to it.

Fourth, add the finished axes part in Step 6 to the φ6*42 axis and ensure the triangle linking part with a sleeve is connecting with the φ6*42 axis.

Fifth, add the small arm with C axis finished in Step 8 to the φ6*42 axis and ensure the sleeve is connecting with the axis and the small arm drive part with coupling is in the below and the add two 0.7 mm washers to the φ6*42 axis with the right small arm.

Sixth, fix the right main arm with the φ6*42 axis and then put the arm abduction decorative plates with the main arm and then tighten them with a snap.

Step 10: Finish the Main Part Assembling

Picture of Finish the Main Part Assembling

Now we put the four φ6*2 small circular block into the holes on the arm abduction decorative plates and then add some glue to fix it. After finishing that, we will assemble the arm head with the small arm. First, respectively put a 0.7mm washer in the left and right side of the arm head and then we put the φ6*30 axis. Finally, use two snaps to fix them and use some 32 copper pillars and M3*5 screws to fix the main arm and small arm and we all finish the job of assembling the main part of our Dobot arm.

Step 11: Build the Base Pad and the Base Motor

Picture of Build the Base Pad and the Base Motor

Fix the bearing pad ring and the base of Dobot arm with 4 M3 screws and then put the big thrust bearing on the pad. Assemble the motor pad with the DB-E02 step motor by 4 M4*6 screws and then fix the coupling with the step motor. Fix the step motor with the base pad with two screws. We must be careful with the coupling to ensure that we can tighten the motor stably so the lower end of the coupling is horizontal with the motor shaft chamfered edge.

Step 12: Build the Right and Left Support Motor

Picture of Build the Right and Left Support Motor

Respectively assemble the two DB-E01 step motor with the right and left support pad by four M4*6 screws.

Step 13: Build the Mechanical Part of Dobot Arm

Picture of Build the Mechanical Part of Dobot Arm

Now, let's respectively assemble right and left DB-E01 step motors with the coupling on the main arm and the small arm drive part and fix them with two M3 screws. We fix the motor support with the base part by 8 M4*8 screw. After doing these jobs above, we finally complete the mechanical part of Dobot arm.

A Dobot arm can do many things by changing the end effector. We might can build a writing and drawing Dobot and a laser cut and CNC Dobot and a 3D painting Dobot arm.If you want to know more details or have any questions, please free feel to contact us on Facebook or Official website: http://www.dobot.cc.

Step 14: Connect the Circuit

Picture of Connect the Circuit

After finishing the mechanical part of Dobot arm, we should connect the circuit of the Arduino control part.

First, connect the Dobot shield to Arduino MEGA2560, as shown in Figure 1.

Second, insert the motor drive into the corresponding interfaces as shown in the picture above. After insertion, you will get something like in the picture below. Note the direction of the knob, do not insert reversely, otherwise it will burn after a power drive.

Third, insert the stepper motor terminals. “Steppter_R” terminal is for the big arm drive motor, “Stepper_L” connects to the small arm drive motor, and “Stepper_Rot” is for the rotation of the motor connected to the chassis. Board silkscreen "RBGK" means to be connected with with the motor "red, blue, green,black", respectively. Do NOT switch positions of the four lines as they have been pre-set in the factory.

Fourth, insert the 12V power adapter into the socket shown in Picture 1(c), be aware that you need to connect the power cord to the above shield terminal, instead of the Arduino MEGA2560 terminal.

Step 15: Assemble the Laser Cut Head.

Picture of Assemble the Laser Cut Head.

In this step, we use the 5V relay to control the power supply of the laser cut head.The first time we used the laser head 500mW found that cutting speed is too slow, then replaced by a laser head of 2W. The only difference between 500mW and 2W is the power supply need to change into 12V and the relay change as well. All the circuit is all the same as I show below.

What do you need:

a laser block, two M2*10 screws, two M2 screw nuts, an power adapter for laser head, 5V 2A power supply for laser head, a 5V relay, three female-head Dupont lines and a laser head.

What you need to do:

1, Assemble the laser head with the arm head: insert the laser head into the laser block, secure them with two M2*10 screws and two M2 screw nuts.

2.Connect the circuit: Connect the DC+ of relay with the 5V of shield. And connect DC- with the GND of shield. Then connect the IN of relay with the IO port of shield and connect these three lines with the Servo_Grab of shield by female Dupont line.

3. Connect the black line of laser head with the 5V power supply’s negative, and the red line of laser head with the power supply’s positive.

4.Connect the NO with the red line of laser head and connect the COM with the blue line.

Step 16: Finish the Entire Dobot Arm

Picture of Finish the Entire Dobot Arm

Now we have finish the entire assemble process. Enjoy your Dobot robot arm! Now Dobot project is up on kickstarter, more applications have been developed and updated on campaign page, if you want to refresh the infos, please pay attention to the kickstarter updates. Thanks for your attention!

Comments

VIBHANSHUR (author)2017-08-27

Can anyone give me the link for motors and th e total cost required for this project on

vibhanshurathod32@gmail.com

MicheleH14 (author)2017-08-02

anyone know what soldering tool they are using in that video, i want to try that out as part of a pick and place / solder station

Mynameisgood (author)2017-07-01

Can anyone send the laser cut design for this malcolm0778@gmail.com

javiss (author)2016-11-06

CAD files please,thanks. javiersmb83@gmail.com

SergioS40 (author)2017-01-09

CAD files please,thanks. SCHAVERO@HOTMAIL.COM

Hund199819981998 (author)2017-01-18

Plans and CAD files please,thanks.

maxadler98@icloud.com

best wishes

Deepak41295 (author)2017-02-15
SinghA2 (author)2017-01-24

can i please get to know about the motor specifications ?

please if u like then mail me at singhashwin236@gmail.com

Thankyou.

MesutK6 (author)2017-01-07

Thank's Maxoprojects

vidya2851993 (author)2016-11-24

which kind of stepper motor used ?

AliZ7 (author)2016-11-01

i need the laser cut data for this robotic arm

can any one send it to me

ali_zaghloul@hotmail.com

Ray Sky Walker (author)2016-10-16

hi everyone...i want to make it but i don't know about this board ( under the mega 2560 "adapter plate" ),i think it have driver motor step and more i don't known....Can you explain for me about how uses it.And if i don't have it,i can replace it with something? RAMPS 1.4 ? or Arduino CNC shield v3? thanks so much

niksa77 (author)2016-10-15

Hi. Does anyone know Gear Ratio Stepper Motor??

electricbird (author)2016-08-01

Great project :D ..would love to make one of this arms myself.

By the way, grabCAD link doesnt work anymore. Where could i get the files for this project? Is it uploaded anywhere else??

Ayesha7862 (author)2016-07-31

Can i please get the complete file of laser cut and soldering dobot robot., please mail it to choudharyt303@gmail.com

OnurA2 (author)2016-06-14

Where can i get the control code of Dobot soldering?

SAHD_Lab (author)2016-06-01

I'd rather not post my email address on a public forum. Has that actually worked for any of you? Is the hardware actually open source?

The FlameT (author)2016-04-21

This must be really annoying but cold so one please send the CAD to me files

(james.bing@hotmail.com.au) thanks

P.S I think this is a really cool project and extremely useful.

SaeedN6 (author)2016-04-03

Could someone share the CAD files with me please? (saeed.niknami.ir@gmail.com)

trongdung (author)2016-03-23

I followed the link to download CAD file but the said

You found a part in our assembly that has not been engineered yet.

Start from grabcad.com or let us know what were you looking for atinfo@grabcad.com.

can you email me the CAD files please

trongdung@gmail.com

asciii (author)2016-03-23

Incomplete project. They don't want to share CAD. They prefer to sell it. This is an ads only, not an instructable/DIY.

LamaA4 (author)2016-03-16

Could someone share the CAD files with me please? (lamassaf@gmail.com)

anooooos (author)LamaA42016-03-22

anas kheirallah@gmail.com

anooooos (author)2016-03-22

ممتاز عمل رائع

anooooos (author)2016-03-22

ممتاز عمل رائع

anooooos (author)2016-03-22

Hi evry bady

NovagenioN (author)2016-02-25

HI.

We can see that the design is very simple and would be possible cut in 2D laser cut, exept 2 o 3 pieces.

Please, comment us if is posible or not. With this form the diseign coul be more "making" by more people and not restring to a 3d.

Please, also, repir the message "Grabcad links are not working. Could you send me an email them (leogamboa@hotmail.com) or is there any place to download"

regards

LPasca (author)NovagenioN2016-03-14

Did you get the grabcad files ?

JosephA45 (author)LPasca2016-03-20

are you emailing or sharing the files around somehow from your own personal directories due to them being taken off grabcad?? if so could you please email me at (joe@malbroconstruction.com)

JamesG77 (author)2016-03-20

All your links referring to CAD files don't work. Did you withdraw them?

radmir333333 (author)2016-03-15

Please, also, repir the message "Grabcad links are not working. Could you send me an email them (aipov-2000@mail.ru) or is there any place to download"

radmir333333 (author)2016-03-14

please send me a drawing that's my mail aipov-2000@mail.ru

radmir333333 (author)2016-03-14

пожалуйста, пришлите мне рисунок, который моя почта aipov-2000@mail.ru

andy_dc2000 (author)2016-03-13

can this be made with wood instead of metal?

AhmetE5 (author)2016-02-17

Congratulations dobot team. This is very good project. Grabcad links are not working. Could you send me an email them (erklig@gmail.com) or is there any place to download it?

hester883 (author)2016-02-13

I want to buy one thats been built 4 axis a must but 5 axis would be great. I will need it to run artcam jewelsmith and insignia. nothing huge, size of a desktop cnc or some bigger will work, and if good results 1 would buy a regular size for my machine shop. will pay good. email me if you can do it and want the job at hester883@charter.net I would build but do not have the time also I would like a cnc laser robot arm same as other 4-5 axis run on Artcam Jewelsmith and artcam insignia

dormany (author)2016-02-12

I Need CAD model of dobot also.
If anyone has cad model, forward me on dormany@centrum.cz Many Thanks

NILESH646 (author)2016-01-26

Hi friends,
I Need CAD model of dobot, grabcad link can't find the file.
Hoping for immediate help.
If anyone has cad model, forward me on
nileshgosavi646@gmail.com
Thanks in advance

MichaelK170 (author)2016-01-21

Hello friend, the link for the cad files is not working. Can you post another?

badrlorenzo (author)2016-01-03

Great Job ..Congratulations!! where can i find the Arduino code please ?

badrlorenzo (author)2016-01-03

Great Job ..Congratulations!! where can i find the Arduino code please ?

ShresthA1 (author)2015-12-27

exellent project. I want to make this project can u pls help me to make the outer structure and what could be the approx cost of making it my email is shresthagrawal.31@gmail.com

nefesss (author)2015-12-21

Hi Dobot Team,
Thanks for this great project. And how can i reach Dobot control board's pcb files?

UmairR5 (author)2015-11-20

Hello Team Dobot,
I have been following your product a lot on the web particularly on your website and Kickstarter. I have plans to build a small prototype of your product for my personal use and I will buy the advanced version made by you if i think somewhere I cannot do this alone. Right now I need some information about the 3D Printing software that you are using to guide the arm to 3D print and the Software which you are using to Write in different languages on a paper. Please Give me your email so that I can keep in contact with you as I need some more help which I believe you won't give on an open forum like this.

Good Luck and Thanks!

Alessandro1968 (author)2015-10-11

Hi, your project is wonderful. I'd like to know which is the maximum speed that the arm can reach.

Is it possible to use the Dobot to insert a component in a hole on a disc that is turning at a low speed?

Thank you for your cooperation.

Regards

Alessandro

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