Introduction: Build a Wooden Maria Model Boat
History of Maria HF31
The home of Maria HF31 is Finkenwerder in Northern Germany. It was operated in the North Sea for more than 70 years from the period of 1880 to 1950. During this period, Maria has undergone several changes, including motorization in the interwar period. Maria has also seen several serious incidents, collisions and damages. The ship is currently stocked at the Deutsches Museum in Munich and is open to visitors.
Before the start of construction of Maria HF31
Before you start the construction of wooden ship kits like Maria HF31, it is required to read the building instructions carefully and pay attention to the construction sequence of assembly steps. Before you glue parts, check if the parts fit together or possibly make corrections. During gluing, coloring, painting and working with other chemicals is needed well ventilated in the working area. For gluing of wooden parts you can use water based white glue and for gluing metal and resin parts can be used cyanoacrylate glue.
Painting and Coloring of Maria HF31
The model boat kits like Maria HF31, has a ship hull and white segments on the bow. You can also find a sign HF.31, which can be done using self-adhesive mask, which is already included in the kit. Plank of outer side of the gunwale is in natural wood color and inner side of gunwale is white. The deck is also in natural wood color. Anchor is black. Binnacle and motorized winch are green. Bow reinforcements are also green with white-lined around the perimeter. Skylight and entrance to the lower deck are red. The steering booth is red with white roof and white-lined windows. Lifebuoy is also White.
Tools Required for Maria HF31 Kit -
· Modeler’s Knife
· Mini Drill Machine
· Cloth Pegs
· Drills of Various Diameters
· Needle Files
· Sewing Machine, etc
Step by Step Instructions are as follows-
a) First glue together the parts 1a-1c. Parts 1c are the same for sailing and motorized version. Parts 1a and 1b are marked with the letters S-sailing and M-motorized.
b) Glue parts 1a-1c to the part 2.
II) Framing of the hull:
a) Grind frames 3-5 and 13 by needle files as it is shown in the figure. Then glue parts 12-14 to the stern.
b) First insert part 15 into frames 5-11 and then glue them together with frames 3 and 4 to the keel 2
III) Deck 1:
a) First glue the deck 13 to the frames. If you build a sailing version is necessary first to cut a hole into the deck, as is shown in the picture.
a) Glue planks 17-22 to the frames. Glue the planks in direction from stem to stern. Then grind by a sand paper parts 19-21 to form a rounded shape on the stern.
b) Cut the ribs 13 above the deck and then use sandpaper to smooth the place.
c) Glue parts 23 and 24 to the stern.
d) Glue second planking 25 and 26 to the stern.
e) Glue second planking 27 to the hull.
f) Glue second planking 28 to the hull. Glue the planks in direction from stem to stern.
g) Glue second planking 29 and 30 to the hull. Glue the planks in direction from stem to stern.
h) Glue second planking 31 to the hull. Glue the planks in direction from stem to stern.
i) Glue second planking 32 to the hull. Glue the planks in direction from stem to stern.
j) Cut the ribs 13 above the deck and then use sandpaper to smooth the place.
k) Glue from parts 33-36 steering post if you're building the sailing version and then glue it into to hole in the deck as it is shown in the figure.
V) Deck 2:
a) Glue the second layer of the deck 37 to the first layer 13. In the case of sailing version a hole in the stern for the steersman stand must be cut first.
a) Glue reinforcements 38 and 39 to the bow.
b) First glue planks 40 to the gunwales. Then glue part 41 to the stern and parts 42 to the gunwales.
a) First glue to the deck mast foots 43 and 44. Then glue to the gunwales parts 45-48. Finally glue parts 49-54 to their positions.
b) Glue reinforcements 56 and parts 57 to the bow. Then drill into the hull hawse holes.
c) First glue parts 59-62 to axis 58 and then the axis string through parts 63. Then glue parts 64-66 to the axis from both sides. Finally glue also parts 87 and 67 to the windlass
d) Glue skylight from parts 68-72.
e) First glue body of the capstan from parts 76-81 and then grind them by a sand paper into smooth shape as it is shown in the figure. Then glue part 74 and axis 75 to the base part 73. Then glue also body of capstan a part 82 to the axis. Finally glue axis 83 with tooth wheels 84 and handles from parts 85 and 86.
f) First glue skeleton from parts 88-90. Then glue parts 91-93 to the skeleton.
g) Glue deck hatches from parts 94-97.
h) Glue binnacle from parts 98-104.
i) Glue steering wheel from parts 105-108.
j) Glue deck hatch from parts 109-112.
k) Make steering booth. First glue the skeleton structure from parts 113-117. Then glue parts 119-121 to the skeleton. Then glue window frames 122-124 to the booth. Then make doors from parts 125 and 126 and glue them into the booth. Then glue roof 127 to the booth and finally glass the booth by plastic foil 128.
l) Glue deck hatch from parts 129-136.
m) Glue deck hatch from parts 137-146.
n) Glue deck hatch from parts 148-155.
o) Make winch for sailing version. First glue the supporting frame of the winch from parts 156 and 157. Then glue tooth wheels to the axes 158 and 162 and then glue them together with parts 161 to the supporting frame. Then grind drums 167from dowels (it is advantageous to use a mini lathe) and glue them to the axe. Finally glue handles 159 and 160 to the winch.
p) Make winch for motorized version. First glue tackle from parts 168-171.Then glue together parts 172-178. Then glue tooth wheels 181 and 182 with axis 178 and lever 179 to the winch.
r) Make boat for sailing version. First glue framing from parts 182-193. Then glue parts 194-196 to the framing. Then plank the boat by planks 197-200. Then glue parts 201-203 to the boat. The boat is placed in the stand 204 and 205.
s) Make boat for motorized version. First glue framing from parts 206-225. Then plank the boat by planks 226-233. Then glue parts 234 and 235 into their positions. The boat is placed in the stand 236 and 237.
a) Make rudder form parts 238 (sailing version) or parts 239 (motorized version). Before gluing grind the parts on their non-engraved sides so that the part will be thick 2mm on bottom and about 1.4 mm on top.
b). In the case of motorized version first glue propeller 240 to the axis 241 of and after drilling a hole in the stern glue the axis with the propeller to the stern. Then glue parts 242 with tied chains 243 to the rudder. Then glue to the stern and rudder hinges 244-249 and install rudder to the stern. Finally drill into the deck holes for rudder chains.
In the case of sailing version grind into the shape handle of the rudder 250 first. Then glue belaying pin 253 and fitting 251 and 252 to the handle. Then glue the handle together with parts 254 to the rudder. Then glue to the stern and rudder hinges and install rudder to the stern. Then glue eyebolts 259 to the gunwales and tie to them by blocks 260 the rudder.
c) First glue windlass VIIc to the bow. Then glue also other parts to the bow as it is shown in the figure. Finally drill a hole for bowsprit.
d) First make anchor from parts 273-274. Then glue part 275 with chain 276 to the anchor. Finally install the anchor into the ship as it is shown in the figure.
e) First glue part 270to the bow. Then glue fittings 278-280 to the bow.
f) Glue fittings 281 and 282 to the keel.
g) Glue plates 283 and 284 to the stern.
h) Make a stand form parts 285 and 286.
i) Make otters form parts 287-292.
j) Make pump from parts 309a-c.
a) First grind bowsprit by sand paper into needed shape. Then glue the bowsprit together with fitting 294 to part 264.
X) Details III:
a) In the case of motorized version glue hatches 296-297 to the deck. Then glue stands 236 and 237 into their positions.
b) Install deadeye blocks to the hull. First thread the parts 301-303 through hoops 300. Then put deadeyes blocks 299 into the hoops 300. Finally press the hoops in their neck so that the deadeyes could not get out.
c) Install simple components into the deck.
d) Glue rope 262 by paper strips to the lifebuoy 310.
XI) Masts and yards: a) Make mast and yards.
XII) Standing rigging
a) Before tying ropes should be installed on the mast hoops for fastening sails 355. Then tie shrouds to the masts. Finally glue position lights and pin rails with belaying pins to the shrouds.
XIII) Running rigging
a) Tie the running rigging as it is shown in the plan.
a) Make sails:
1) Use a pencil to draw on the canvas the outlines of sails and their segments.
2) By a sewing machine sew outlines of the sails segments.
3) Paint outlines of the sails by water based white glue
4) Cut the sails from sheet
5) Glue ropes 340 with rings 341to the sails.
6) Glue reinforcing tapes and ropes 262 to the sails.
b) Install the sails as it is shown in the plan.
a) Make crumpled fishing net 311 from etched metal sheet.