Introduction: Build Your Own Talking Tom Toy With SCRATCH and Arduino
Do you like Talking Tom? What about making our own interactive (Arduino/Scratch) Talking Tom
In this instructable we will show you how to build this toy using sensors and bi-directional Scratch<->Arduino communication to make the program in Scratch not only command the puppet, but also to control the execution of Scratch programs based on sensory inputs of the doll.
So what do you think? Do you want to build something like this? So let’s start.
Level: Intermediate. You should know something about:
- Scratch/Arduino communication using s2a_fm
Preconditions: Basic knowledge about Scratch and Arduino interaction.
- Read the following Tutorials to know how to integrate Scratch and Arduino:How to Install the Scratch/Arduino Communication
Physical structure and Fancy dress:
- Plastic building toy with big screws. We used ATTO Educacional, but there are many different options available on eBay.
- Felt (in different colors)
- Optional: Sewing machine
- Arduino Uno or Freaduino. We have built our Talking Tom with an Arduino Uno R3. But it would also be no problem to use another Arduino-compatible board such as a Freaduino, for example.
- Protoboard with 180 holes for the connections (here we are using a ProtoShield)
- any 2 servos (TowerPro SG90 is sufficient)
- 2 green LEDs
- Infrared proximity sensor
- Wires for prototyping
- USB cable (the Arduino works connected through wires)
- 12 nylon cable ties (15cm) for the fixation of the components on the skeleton
Programming:You'll need a Scratch version that:
- has extensible blocks
- implements the new Scratch HTTP communication standard in order to communicate with s2a_fm and the Arduino
The following Scratch versions/dialects will do:
- Berkeley SNAP! - http:/snap.berkeley.edu
- MIT Scratch 2.0 Offline Editor
- MIT Scratch 2.0 Online (on the PC only)
We suggest that you work on Linux. The automation and communication parts are much easier on this platform. If you want to use MIT Scratch 2.0 Offline and are experiencing difficulties in installing it, look at our Tutorial:
In order to build our Talking Tom, we need to construct things in the physical world (his skeleton and a fancy dress), automate these parts using Arduino and program their control using Scratch.
Below we provide a step-by-step guide on how to build the doll. We will start with building the skeleton to have a basic structure, then explain the automation and programming and in the finish with creating a fancy dress.
Meet the Computing at School Initiative
As part of our Computing at School (http://www.computacaonaescola.ufsc.br) initiative, we run family workshops either as part of school programs or independently. The workshops are aimed at children (6-14 years) accompanied by a parent (or any kind of adult family member or friend).
During the workshop participants learn how to implement a little project in Scratch. We choose projects where learning how to program involves simple motion and looks commands as well as events, conditionals, and loops using also sensing commands and operators. While teaching to program, we also present basic computing concepts such as an understanding of algorithmic problem-solving (problem statement, implementation and testing cycle), collaboration in form of pair programming as well as the understanding that a computer program is a set of step-by-step instructions to be acted out.
We also develop instructional units for teaching computing school programs. Currently we are developing an interdisciplinary Scratch game programming 12-hours unit for elementary schools and a 24-hours unit on physical computing with SCRATCH and a low-budget Arduino kit for middle schools.
C. Gresse von Wangenheim, A. von Wangenheim. Teaching Game Programming in Family Workshops. IEEE Computer Magazine, 47(8), August 2014. Also available at [ResearchGate].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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