Step 10: Installing the Spindles

Installing the spindles is pretty quick - it kind of reminded me of weaving for some reason.  Anyway, the spindles are tilted into the dados and stood up (with a bit of effort) and the filler blocks are set between them in the top and bottom rails.  I placed all of the filler blocks on their sides at first because I wanted to get the spindles and filler blocks in place, then measure the slop at both ends so I could custom-cut filler blocks for the ends that would center all of the spindles in the frame.  Once I had the end blocks figured out, I glued in the filler blocks.  Again, I did my own thing with the filler blocks: first, I slightly tapered them so that they would "wedge" into the dados tightly and hold themselves in place while the glue dried (maybe 2 degrees of draft), secondly, I made them slightly taller than the depth of the dado so that they would sit up proud and form an additional shadow line.  I rounded the top edges of the stock pieces to give this a more finished look.

The one "trick" here is the installation of the last spindle in the row.  If you try to just install it as you have the others, you won't get them into the frame.  The way to do it is to install the last 5 spindles into the dado without spacers, slide them toward the inside, tilt in the last spindle, then slide the 5 spindles back apart and install their spacers.
<p>Would you be able to tell me your supplier of quarter sawn red oak?</p>
<p>Man, I didn't think I was going to be able to answer this - but aparently, I'm a packrat even when it comes to emails - so you're in luck!</p><p>The mill is Twin Oaks Mill in Ava, Missouri - but I wasn't able to find their website - only this reference on WoodWeb: </p><p><a href="http://www.woodweb.com/directories/sdd/posts/370.html">http://www.woodweb.com/directories/sdd/posts/370.h...</a></p><p>They do have a number listed and the P.O.C. is the last person I received an email from, so it might be worth giving them a call or sending an email to:</p><p>twinoaksmill@hughes.net</p>
<p>I am from MO, and have been through Ava. That is done there in the boon docks.</p><p>Thank you for the information.</p>
<p>Ava <em>is</em> in the boonies. I lived in Missouri for ~10 years - Lee's Summit and Springfield mostly .... ;)</p>
<p>Beautiful work! How are they holding up? Where did you get the foam?</p>
<p>Thank you :) They're holding up very well - but then I'm pretty easy on furniture. The Ultrasuede is really easy to clean up if something does get spilled, and it wears very well (it provides about twice the durability of standard upholstery material). </p><p>I bought the foam from a local supplier - a place in Salt Lake City that makes and sells custom mattresses. In their warehouse, they have these humongous blocks of foam - around 8'x8'x8' - and they just sliced off the pieces I needed. If you don't have a locak mattress maker or upholstery supply, you can order custom foam from a number of places on the internet - like<a> Rochford Supply</a>.</p>
<p>I was looking to build a couch for my office and came upon your plans. The furniture is quite beautiful and you've done a masterful job. This was the first time that I've attempted a wood project with this many different components and techniques necessary, but the final product was well worth it. Thanks for all of your pictures and steps that helped me through the project.</p>
<p>Thanks - I'm glad you liked it :)</p><p>As far as using slats instead of elastic, that would be possible, but I would caution you against committing to that idea without testing it. Surprisingly enough, the spring/elastic base has a <em>lot</em> to do with how comfortable a couch is (otherwise, most couches would be built like benches with a pad, right?). I don't know the exact science behind it, but I'm sure it has something to do with the elastic allowing the foam to conform to your body and thus distributing the weight and pressure across a wider area. However, this might not be that important to you - i.e. you might not notice a difference. I would think that you could test it by building your frame, placing some slats or a piece of plywood into it, top it with your cushion foam, and sit on it and see how it feels after 10 or 15 minutes. I do know a guy who build a settle and used a plywood base under his cushions - and he regretted it because the settle is not comfortable for very long. </p><p>Another possibility would be to use the zig-zag springs that are used in a lot of furniture these days. The downside is that those springs can be a challenge to work with - every bit as much as elastic, if not more.</p><p>Good luck! Post pics if you get the chance :)</p>
<p>This project is on my &quot;to do&quot; list. You have done a fantastic job! The one thing that has been throwing me in the planning is the webbing for the seat frame. I built Woodplans MD00093 Morris Chair and it uses 3/8 by 13/4 oak slats. Why wouldn't that work just as well with less expense and labor? Building a beefier frame as you had to do should make that work. The seat frame on the couch appears to be only 2 5/8 deeper that the above mentioned chair. Thanks again for the great pics and description.</p>
<p>What a stunning item of furniture! It is beautiful and thank you for showing us how you built it. I envy your workshop and all the tools you have available. Please show more of what you do.</p>
Fabulous work and great instructable. Thank you for sharing
This is amazing! Nice instructable overall!
Thanks :) <br> <br>If memory serves, I cut the cheeks on the long pieces by hand with a dozuki saw, and on the shorter pieces I used a stacked dado set on the table saw. Once they were roughed out, I used a rasp to fit them more precisely.
I like your router method for cuttung the tenon cheeks. <br>How did you cut the shoulders? Ie. The width part of the tenon. <br>Did you turn the boards on edge or what. <br>I have my lumber and plans and am just getting started and your article is perfect for me. Very, very nice work!
This is perhaps the best posting I have seen on Instructables. It provides a wealth of information and woodworking tips (I'll be downloading it). Great woodworking takes dedication, patience and TIME, which are all very evident in this project. Your level of skill and workmanship is applauded. Fantastic effort! <br> <br>(What is your background and how long have you been woodworking?) <br>
Thank you for the kind words :) I don't consider myself a master woodworker by any stretch of the imagination - I'm always looking to learn more. I don't have any formal woodworking training - most of what I know has come from reading, experimenting, and making my share of mistakes - which often end up being the best teachers. I've been woodworking since the late 80's - starting with building furniture in the livingroom of my apartment using mostly construction scraps, hand tools, and an old circular saw (I was too poor to buy furniture ;).<br> <br> My background is pretty eclectic: Degrees in Biology and Chemistry, Emergency Medical Technician, Technical Illustrator and Mechanical Designer, Air Force Officer, Producer/Director, Corporate I.T. Director, Disney Artist,&nbsp; and currently working as a &quot;Freelance Artisan&quot; in a variety of disciplines (computers to gunsmithing).... Like I said - eclectic ;)
This piece is absolutely gorgeous. I'd love to have one in my apartment! (Can I commission a piece? :)
Thank You - I can't take all the credit though - Gustav Stickley designed the original ;) <br> <br>I don't think you want me to build one for you - lol - it'd be pretty expensive. There are a number of shops out there that are set up to build and ship these, though - you might want to look into them.
Too beautiful to push against the wall. After all that meticulous work, I'd place them right in the center of the room.
Outstanding work!
That is an intense and beautiful piece of furniture! And, I have to say, beautifully constructed legs on that thing!
Hmmm - I guess it *is* kind of intense - lol. I'm told that *I'm* intense, so I guess it just reflects my personality :) (although I've never really known what that means, exactly) ;)
Just beautiful, great instructable too. Thank you
Thank you for commenting :)
Absolutely beautiful! Excellent 'ible, well documented. It is difficult to find a design more pleasing than Mission. Your execution is exceptional.
Thank you! I couldn't agree more with your comment on Mission-style - although I still can't help tweaking it a *little*. I've never been one for ornamentation - but subtle elegance will get me every time ;)
great work!! <br> <br>Suggestion: <br>for the legs I think it would have helped to use a 45&Acirc;&deg; mitre lock router bit: <br>http://stusshed.com/2008/09/06/carb-i-tool-mitre-lock-bit/ <br> <br>
Thank you, and Thanks for the suggestion. I actually have one of the lock-miter bits - but chose not to use it for a couple of reasons - the first being the added complexity and the second being an insignificant increase in the amount of joint strength it would provide in this case. <br> <br>In this design, the joint is a full-length face-grain to face-grain bond, and given that modern glue joints are often far stronger than the surrounding wood, adding surface area to that joint would be unnecessary (and complex) - especially given the ratio of glue-joint surface area to outer face area (there's actually more glue joint area here than exposed face area). <br> <br>As you probably know, the lock-miter bit is useful when joining end-grain to end-grain (like one might encounter in drawer sides or case construction) because end-grain to end-grain bonds are inherently weak and can benefit from the added mechanical &quot;lock&quot; as well as the small amount of face-grain to face-grain bond provided by the cut of the lock-miter bit. Face-grain to face-grain bonds rarely need any reinforcement unless you are dealing with particularly oily woods or woods of differing species (&quot;iffy&quot; glue bonding and different expansion characteristics). However, if I was assembling a larger box structure or panel - even with a face-grain to face-grain orientation along the joint - the lock miter would be extremely useful for keeping the joints aligned during glue-up :)

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