Most people buy their computers fully assembled. How is that fun?
I build computers from the parts because the resulting computer has exactly the features that I want. Building a computer can save you money if you already have some of the parts from your last computer (such as a monitor, video card, keyboard or mouse).
This instructable will teach you how to build a computer. Thanks to the standardization of components building a computer is not very difficult, it is like a puzzle, most of the parts only fit in one way.
This Instructable submitted by the Rabbit-Hole Maker Space as part of the Instructables Sponsorship Program.
Step 1: Get the Computer Components
- Motherboard, the most important part of the computer, all the components plug into the it. The motherboard determines what CPU and memory you can use.
- CPU or Central Processing Unit, the “brain” of the computer. Make sure the socket matches the motherboard.
- RAM or Random Access Memory, stores information while the computer is running. Make sure the motherboard can handle the socket and speed.
- Hard disk drive, stores information that is retained when the power is off.
- CD/DVD drive, to read CDs or DVDs which is useful to install software.
- Case, to store the computer components.
- Power supply, to power the computer.
- Video card, that will fit in your specific motherboard. A video card is required to play video games.
- Monitor, to display the graphics.
- Screwdrivers, flat head and Phillips head may be needed depending on your screws.
- Anti static wrist strap, to protect your computer components from static discharge.
- Screws (that should come with the case, motherboard, and hard drive).
Most computer components come in anti static bags for a reason. Always wear the anti static wrist strap and properly ground yourself before handling computer components.
Step 2: Install the Power Supply
Step 3: Install the CPU on the Motherboard
- Raise the lever next to the CPU socket to open the retainer lid.
- Remove the plastic cover inside the retainer.
- Place the CPU in the socket correctly. Each socket is different make sure your CPU is oriented correctly (look for a triangle, or other marks to indicate correct orientation).
- Lower and lock the lever to secure the CPU to the motherboard.
- Install the factory CPU fan, by pressing it into the mounting holes on the motherboard.
- Plug the CPU fan into the motherboard.
Step 4: Install the RAM
Step 5: Install the Motherboard
Next install the I/O shield that comes with the motherboard. You place this on the back of the computer case and the connectors stick through the I/O shield. Position the motherboard to line up with the I/O shield and the offsets and screw the motherboard down with the screws from the case.
Route the cables carefully around the motherboard and connect the power supply to the motherboard, there are several connectors here that only plug in one way (like a puzzle).
Some cases come with fans that will need to be plugged in to the motherboard or power supply. Also locate any front USB connector cables and plug those sockets into the proper place on your motherboard. The computer case may have power and reset buttons that need to be connected to the motherboard.
Step 6: Install the Hard Drive and CD/DVD Drive
The case will have a removable cover for a CD/DVD drive. You may need to remove the cover to install the drive. Use the mounting screws that came with the case to secure the CD/DVD drive. Route the power cord to the CD/DVD drive and connect the proper data cable from the CD/DVD drive to the motherboard.
Step 7: Install the Video Card
Place the video card in the slot and push the video card in the socket on the motherboard. Make sure the locking lever raises up to lock the video card in place. Some video cards require additional power, so plug in the power supply to the video card.
Step 8: Finishing the Computer Build
Connect the peripherals to the computer such as the keyboard, mouse, monitor, or network cable. Connect the power supply to the electrical outlet and you are ready to turn on the computer!
Turn the power on and enter the BIOS or the UEFI to check if everything is installed and working correctly.
The next step is to install an operating system on your computer which is a topic for another instructable. Of course you should install a Linux operating system! Do not be a victim of windoze.
That is it, you have built a computer!