Step 4: Time to Make these 2 Liquids into 1 Fine Soap!

For this step:

Lye solution at approx 115°
Warmed Oil at approx 115°
Hand Blender (or large wooden or plastic spoon if you don't have a hand blender)
2 ounces Castor Oil for Supper Fatting *
1.5 ounces Essential Fragrance Oil 
4 ounces powdered goat milk 

Wearing safety gear, begin stirring and stream the lye solution into the oil. The lys should always be poured into the oil to avoid splash back to the lye out of the pot and onto you and the surrounding area.  Using a hand blender will significantly reduce the amount of time stirring the soap but a proper spoon will make a perfectly good soap.  
After about 2-3 minutes stirring with a hand blender you will notice the a faint smell that reminds you or soap, and also the soap beginning to thicken and leave a trace behind where the blender had been moved through (called tracing this is a step which marks time to add the remaining ingredients and prepare to pour the soap into the mold).
If stirring manually it might take up to 10 minutes or more to reach trace.  The cooler the mixtures are when combined, the sooner they will come to trace and certain essential oils will bring the soap  almost immediately, so keep records of any that cause this reaction to you can be prepared to pour or make adjustments to your recipe. 

Once the soap is at trace, add the castor oil anid mix in well. * superfatting leaves a small percentage of oil readiy available so the skin can be moisturized immediately.  The oil that has been mixed into the lye will have already partially gone  through saponification and will not be readily available in the same way. 

The essential oil and powdered  goat milk can also be added at this time. After all, a spot of milk in can make a wonderful improvement in your coffee. 
Mix well after all the ingredients are in, and prepare to pour the soap into the mold. 

Fill the mold, adjusting the retention bar to keep the soap at the desired depth.  Cover with several towels to keep the soap well insulated and place it in a warm draft free area to begin the curing process.  80-90% of saponification has occurred during the mixing process, so if done correctly the remaining chemical conversion into soap will complete during the next 24-36 hours while in the mold.  
<p>You've still got it both backwards and correct, and it's totall unclear, but for anyone wondering : ADD LYE TO LIQUID, NOT LIQUID TO LYE. </p>
<p>Please clarify the paragraph about sodium hydroxide safety. Always add the lye to the water. If you add water to the lye, it can boil and splatter the highly corrosive mix.</p><p>Also, baking powder will do basically nothing to neutralize sodium hydroxide, and is unnecessarily expensive. I assume you meant baking soda, which is similarly ineffective, but at least cheaper. To clean up an alkaline spill like this, you need to use vinegar.</p>
<p>Hi, this sounds like a soap I would love, seeing I'm one of those who can drink coffee and fall right asleep too. My only question is can I replace the castor oil with any other oil that will keep the superfat content.?? That's 1 oil I don't have in my collection. I do have - Olive of course, vegetable oil, soybean, safflower, sunflower, grape seed, almond, avocado, walnut, flax seed oil, coconut oil, oh and creamed coconut, hey do you think maybe the creamed coconut would be good for moisturizing exfoliate? (has tiny bits of dry coconut in it, I tried making homemade creamed coconut but it didn't liquify all the way) I am new at this but want to make my own soap and such too just little nervous. :)</p>
I wonder if you could make caffeinated soap with plain ol' melt and pour soap base. I have mischievous pets in the house and I don't really want to take the chance of them somehow escaping their cage and getting underfoot when trying to make the soap.<br><br>Maybe a few milligrams of powdered caffeine added into the base, and then coffee grounds for exfoliating... maybe a little vanilla fragrance.<br><br>(before anyone says anything, yes, I know you have to be very precise with powdered caffeine. I've been doing a lot of research lately into making my own energy drinks.)
<p>yes you can just grinde the coffee up into a fine powder and use that to colour and add it to the soap base as the coffee use coffee fo and add extra caffeine :) done well that's how I would lol </p>
Sounds like a very interesting idea. I have never had any good results with melt and pour soaps. Coffee grounds do make a great exfoliant. I have put them in some of my coffee soap recipes. Not too harsh on the skin but incredible for removing dead skin cells and coffee is a great odor remover. I honestly have never experimented with adding powdered caffeine to soaps, but I have made a few energy drinks with it. I cant say for certain, but I'm betting you don't have to be nearly as exact adding it to soaps. Melt &amp; pour variety it would go in immediately after melting and cold-process soaps right after trace along with any essential oils and such. Hot-process I don't know much about. Tried it a few times and the soap was always too soft. <br>Good luck and if you try it let me know how it goes!<br>BTW I have 4 yorkies that I have to make sure don't get underfoot when I'm doing just about everything. They are notoriously nosy and demanding, so I understand wanting to keep your pets safe.
I used to have the same problem (&quot;I'm one of those odd people who fall asleep with caffeine&quot;). It's due to dehydration, I was told online, so I drink 1-2 Cups of water before I drink the coffee, and it works as it should. TRY IT! You'd be amazed! Lol
Please don't take this as snobbish or as disrespectful, but you got your chemical formula for lye wrong- NaHCl isn't lye- NaOH is; sodium hydroxide- OH is a hydroxyl group. There is no Cl. Also, I would like to point out that baking soda is alkaline just like lye is- not as powerfully, but you would be MUCH better off neutralizing an alkalai with an acid like vinegar- bases don't react with each other much at all- all you'll get from lye and baking soda is a REALLY caustic mixture of lye and baking soda. Again, please take this as helpful, constructive criticism, not hate-mongering or the like.
Ha ha. Never take things as snobbish unless they ARE snobbish. Thanks for the correction. Just goes to show you can't believe everything you read. I actually got that from a book I had purchased when I very first started making soap. So I should probably make sure my notes all have either NAOH or KOH (potassium hydroxide is used for making liquid soap). <br>Since I am no chemist, I'm not certain about the use of baking soda as a neutralizer. It is what I use most often and have never had a problem. I have used it to neutralize acid seeping from batteries as well. I guess since I never thought much about it, I have kept on using the same as when I was a child and my father would use baking soda on car batteries. But using an acid to bring up the pH makes more sense than using another base on a base. I think I will pull out my old chem book from college and do some studying. Not that I don't believe you, I just like understanding the &quot;why&quot; behind things. Thanks for the comment! <br>
you arent in the hospital from soap making, are you?
Oh nooooo! Stupid MS got me here ( and hoping out in just a few), it was actually the MS that made me get even more into making my own products. Seems I was becoming allergic to just about EVERYTHING until I cut out a lot of processed store-boughtroducts. I'm still eluded by how to make a good working anti-perspirant though). I was always aware that things were dangerous in the products people use most everyday, but it was a big eye opener when I started realizing just how much of what we eat or put on remains in our bodies forever, and what havock they can wreak. Makes me wonder why anti-depressants and ADHD drugs are such huge money makers when I really think they can be avoided a lot. <br>Worst I've ever had happen with the soap making, has been a small, but incredibly painful, lye burn on my finger when I stupidly swept some off my work counter with a damp bare hand. That small granule and the pain it created have kept me honest in adhering to my own rule of SAFETY FIRST. I don't even want to imagine how some in the eye, or a big splash on the skin would feel. And as for the potential of a &quot;volcanic&quot; over flow from putting the liquid into the lye, I've done that and moved faster than i ever thought I could! <br>
Meant the multiple sclerosis is stupid, not you. Hope it didn't read that way - sorry ?
Nope, I understood you to mean multiple sclerosis. It's a pain to type, same with fibromyalgia which is why I tend to go with fibro or FM. Do you tolerate tea tree oil at all. I will often use that neat if it's really hot out as it kills the nasty stink producing germs quite well.
I have fribromyalgia and the chemical sensitivities that go with it. I've given up on antiperspirant and now go for anti-stink :D. A little rubbing alcohol to kill the stink producers and a bit of my favourite essential oil mixed with jojoba and I smell sweeter that any of my antiperspirant using friends.
The MS is a big reason a started making things to live a bit more chemical free. Unfortunately I am allergic to alcohol (of all kinds). I found a decent and tolerable deodarant called Obao by Garnier but haven't had much luck making my own deodarants. What really bites is I can no longer drink my wine I make- dang it!! ;)
Nice instructable but you might want to reword step 2<br>Right after &quot;ALWAYS&quot; you said &quot;add the liquid into the lye whether you are using powdered lye such as this, liquid or granular. If you reverse the process and add the liquid into the lye, it will form a volcano like eruption&quot; You are saying &quot;add the liquid to the lye&quot; both after &quot;ALWAYS and after &quot;If you reverse the process&quot;. In my experience both in soap making and in an industrial chemical factory you add lie to the water not the other way around..<br>I hope what I said made sense.
Thank you and stoeff both for pointing this out. I felt like a total reckless goober for putting that the wrong way. I had even proof read it all and I didn't see that.
You're very welcome. As we both know, soap making can be fun but only if it is done safely. Thanks for the patch.<br><br>Hope you are feeling better.<br><br>Joen
I'M HOME!!! YIPPEEE!!! I am hoping now to be able to &quot;clean up&quot; this mess of an &quot;ible&quot;. I really appreciate all the comments made, and I do hope to be able to clarify anything in this so that others can experience the enjoyment of creating your own homemade soap. <br>As much as I would love to win a prize, I would rather share something I know how to do so that others can join me in doing it. <br>Now if someone would just great an &quot;instructables app&quot; that would be so great!! **HINT HINT** for any of you programmers out there. :)
ALWAYS add lye to the liquid ;)
Thank you thank you! Of all the things to just really mess up, that was up in the top of the worst. I am so glad you and joen brought that to my attention as quickly as you did so that i could correct it.
i would definitively love to try this out..
Thanks for sharing all your hard work! I may try this sometime. I love home made bath products! These pictures are great! Happy Valentine's Day!<br>sunshiine
Oh yeah and I need to learn how to spell &quot;lye&quot; LOL
Awesome. Lots of good advice, too. :D
JUST LET ME OUT OF THIS HOSPITAL SO I CAN FINISH THIS!!!!!!<br>Please excuse the mess here, but I promise any errors will be fixed. Tried to upload from my iPad, but didn't seem to work too well. Sorry......

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