Instructables
Picture of Pocket Cable Tracer
Get wired with gigabit speed. Trace your network cables with this tiny tester.

Fast, cheap, and easy to build. No soldering needed.

You need a wired home network for gigabit speed.

This little gadget will help you find both ends of your network wiring when you have a bundle of wires coming together in the basement.

It sends a pulsed 90+ volt DC signal down your CAT5 and other wires so it can give you a startling, but harmless shock if you touch the leads.
 
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Step 1: Parts

Your local discount or dollar store probably carries this battery-powered alarm for about a buck.

You will also need a package of alligator clips, also about a dollar.

Get a neon voltage tester for a dollar while you are there.

Step 2: Internal Mods

  • Slide off the battery door.
  • Remove the batteries so you don't get shocked while clipping the leads.
  • Remove the Philips screw which holds the case together.
  • Cut the wires leading to the flat piezo buzzer disk.
  • You will be using these wires as your test leads in the next step, so clip them right at the disk.

Step 4: Add Alligator Clips

Picture of Add Alligator Clips
The alligator clips should have a screw terminal, or a crimp fastener.

Attach the bare metal ends of the two short wires from the circuit board to the alligator clips.
billgeo9 months ago
It must be an AM band radio, right? What's the frequency of the audio? How long is the wire you tested?
Anyway to trace single wire? Anyway to use sound instead of electricity?
This could theoretically work by transmitting an audible-frequency (like 10kHz) electrical signal from the tone generator, and hooking up a speaker to the inductive amplifier, so the signal will get picked up and converted to a 10kHz audio tone. I'm not sure of the specifics of how to do this, but the principle should work.

Also, a simple band-pass filter will help tune out other electrical noise(see my diagram) -- the values specified should create a very narrow range of 9.6kHz-10.6kHz if I've done my calculations right.
10khz_bandpass.png
(BTW, I chose values from parts I could order from jameco.com -- one of my favorite online parts stores that I prefer over the "big guys" ;) )
Single-wire tracers work by using the wire in question as a radio antenna and an inductive amplifier to detect the signal. So far as I know there's not feasible way to transmit sound through wire without using electricity.
Wo0kiE3 years ago
this is quite possibly the smartest idea I have seen for the alternative use of a magnetic alarm...

sweetness!
Why not use the flat piezo buzzer disk with clips on the other end?
Why not just use a water alert, just twist two wires together at one end then test the other end by touching the wires to the water alert at the other end. Or attach the water alert wires to wires at one end, then go touch wire together at the other end till you here it beep, then you know which wires are which.
Whatnot5 years ago
You might have explained the theory of operation first. I'll do it for you: You remove the reed relay (the magnetic switch) of a magnetic alarm doohickey so it always beeps when it's on, then remove the piezo disk (the speaker) and instead of that attach alligator clamps to the wires, then when you attach those to an unconnected telephone/network/coax cable on one end you can 'listen' on the other side if you get the signal and on which cable you get that signal if there are many.
This is exactly what I though also. Easier to test also, plug it on one side and short the other end. If it doesn't right you have the wrong wire(s).
cool but still room for improvement
ooda555 years ago
this is simalar to the method used to trace cables at BT (british telecom) to check you have the RIGHT pair (not one correct wire and another wire of the same colour that is disconnected) you can touch both the wires together to short it out this should stop the beeping indicating you have the correct pair
iectyx3c (author)  ooda555 years ago
Great tip, thanks!
agis685 years ago
that's clever one!
fwjs285 years ago
hmm, interesting.. i saw something simmilar to this using a wireless dog fence and an am/fm radio ...i think this i s the same principal
iectyx3c (author)  fwjs285 years ago
Yes I have seen the electric dog fence people use a radio. This is a little different because the twisted pairs in the network cable pretty much prevent it from acting like a broadcast antenna. That's why in the last step you have to either test the stripped ends, or untwist an inch or so of the wires so a radio can pick up the signal.
fwjs28 iectyx3c5 years ago
ahh, i see...
iectyx3c (author)  fwjs285 years ago
(removed by author or community request)
fwjs28 iectyx3c5 years ago
hmm, i see...i'll have to remember this next time i do some (re-)wiring around the house..
janet_aj275 years ago
For a Good TechHead, making stuff is much more creative than buying off the shelf, it gives you a chance to customize and set you apart from the rest.
iectyx3c (author)  janet_aj275 years ago
You are so right. Modding stuff to make it your own is a great way to learn. I find some of my best gear to mod at discount or dollar stores. I study how it works and try to think of new uses for it, or for the parts. For instance the piezo disk in this burglar alarm has all sorts of fun uses.