Introduction: Call Blocker / Telemarketer Stopper
Some days it seems like the phone never stops ringing. The caller ID always says "Toll Free Call" or some other nonsense. I wanted a way to just drop these calls. I was going to use an Arduino to watch the caller ID and answer each one of these calls. I was looking at Audio recorder modules but then I got a Linkit One. With it's built in audio mp3 player it was perfect.
Best part is if you play the official "This number has been disconnected" message most telemarketer dialing machines recognize hose three tones at the beginning and remove you from their active dial list......
Step 1: Finding a Caller ID Chip
Before you think about doing a project that connects to an old fashioned phone line know this.
The ringing signal used in my area is ~90Volts AC at 20 Hz. If you happen to be touching the wires when the phone rings it will feel like you stuck your finger in a light socket. It will hurt for a while. If you have friends like mine they will stand behind you and call you while you try to work on it.......
I use a VOIP system in my house but it supplies standard caller ID signaling on its POTS lines. If your going to use this on the PSTN you may want to go with an FCC approved interface or just grab an old US Robotics modem but I don't have to worry about that so I chose the HT9032D. I got these from Tayda Electronics. Really cheap but they only stock the surface mount package. You could pay more and get a dip package from another supplier but I had some oddball adapter boards on hand....
I used a blank Shield prototype board to hold all the parts. I had some RJ-11 connectors and 600 ohm matching transformers in the parts cabinet. I have a habit of buying stuff like this in bulk.....
Step 2: Making Sense of the Data
A long time ago I got a development board from MeLabs called the Lab-XT. It was for pic micro-controllers and it had support chips for DTMF and CallerID. I was surprised that no one really has any examples for the Arduino world. There is one out there, repeated many times, but it just didn't work for me.
Using the MeLabs Caller ID info page as a guide I set out to build a simple state machine to parse the incoming packet. It may not look simple but I tried to stretch things out so you can follow along in the code. I only implemented the MDMF since that's whats in my house. The SDMF is simpler but don't have an actual dump to go by.
If somebody sends me a terminal log of an SDMF message I will add it to the code. I can replay dumps into the decoder to test it.
And that's the first thing to do. Get a data dump. I used a Prolific USB to serial breakout board to monitor the data out pin. I used Putty to log a few calls and Midnight Commander to view the log in HEX. There are plenty of other terminals and viewers. Use your favorite.
There is a lot of noise on the line but there is no mistaking those 30 U's in a row. Just in case I miss some I test for > 25 U's received. I then look for the 0x80 identifier of the MDMF packet. This is where you would look for a 0x04 if you wanted to also do SDMF decoding.
I then save the packet length so I know when were done.
There are 5 message ID's to watch for and I process each one separately. It ends with a check sum but I ignored that for now. Maybe later. I'd rather see a garbled name than an error message....
The date message seems to be local to the provider. One local voip server was off by 1hr but that was a daylight savings error on the server itself.
I tried a couple of different providers and the messages do not always come in the same order. Sometimes its "Date - Name - Number" and on others it was "Date - Number - Name". YMMV
Step 3: Schematic and Code
There are a lot of parts here but its really a very simple set of circuit blocks. A transistor driving a relay from a digital I/O pin, an analog modem chip and support components, a header for an I2C display, plus the usual decoupling capacitors and protection diodes.
I planned out a circuit board for the shield but I haven't had time to verify the design yet. I added a power jack for a future project with this shield. I may make a few for my friends......
Step 4: Assembling the Shield
I hand wired the prototype. It may not be pretty but it works. If I get some quiet time I'll work on Version 2. I am making two different boards. One for the Dip chip version and one for my oddball wired adapter boards. The blue post-it shows the odd pin-out of these adapters.Be careful what you buy on eBay. Sometimes 50 pieces for $2 is not a bargain.....
Step 5: Power It Up
Since I planned to tap off an existing PC power supply I use in my home monitoring system I got a floppy drive molex power connector from an old worn out PC fan. Just make sure you swap the power pin from the +12V side to the +5V side.
Step 6: Mounting It
I have an old alarm case on the wall in the basement. It houses a PIC micro-controller monitor board that communicates back to my server through an IP to Serial converter. It's been there for over a decade now and probably could use an update. There maybe a second Linkit One going in this cabinet soon......
Step 7: Testing It
I added a define at the top for debugging. If you set it to true it waits for the serial console before it starts up.
There is also an I2C port on the bottom You can connect an LCD with an I2C backpack. if your making a tabletop version this is a nice feature to have.
The debug output follows the machine state and shows the length of each message. I probably should put the "if (debug" thing around every serial.print but I'm lazy and it doesn't seem to bother the Linkit One
Right now its simply one message on a hard coded list. Just add more checks to the blocked callers function. You can use a separate message for each blocked number
With the capabilities on the Linkit One I can easily upgrade this to use the SD card and keep a log of all calls and add a csv file of blocked numbers vs mp3 file names. I just have to write a routine for handling the csv files then maybe a web update form.....
With a unique message for each number I can be sure that the more annoying the caller, the more appropriate will be the message they get!
Step 8: The Future?
What more is there?
I really didn't like the small display. I changed it to use a 20x4. A little bit better but I still will run it headless. This makes it more useful as a tabletop device.
Lately, I noticed that Community Blood Service calls me three times in a row for every blood drive. Maybe a block on the number of calls per day? Since we're all type O they seem to like us but I only need one call since we do talk to each other.
Maybe add a second relay to drive a piezo siren to give a local alert for high priority callers. It wouldn't pick up and play them anything just wake me up or get my attention over the noise in my shop.
Step 9: Making It Better Than the Commercial Alternatives
I looked at a couple of commercial blockers and realized they all suffer from one annoying thing. The phone always rings once.
Please no "Postman Always Rings Twice" references because I beat you to it.....
To fix this flaw just duplicate the relay driver circuit on pin 2 and connect it to pin 3. This relay is used to drive a ringer and lamp. Now turn off the ringer on your phone and you will have bliss.
There is a new function called "AllowCallers". Only the numbers placed here will activate the new relay and its replacement ringer. I originally though about using a Vishay h11aa1 optocoupler to detect the incoming ring, add an 11th state to allow the ring to be passed through from the source. That would require a timeout routine too but then I realized I only want to hear it ring twice. I copied the standard 2-4 second ring cadence and put it in the loop.
I still may write that timeout loop but only to turn the LCD backlight off.
As far as a ringer goes I used a 110V AC rated relay so I just used a standard house lamp and one of these replacement ringers. Great for the noisy workroom.
It didn't seem to mind the 110v 60Hz input. Just put a small fuse in series to be sure.......