Introduction: Canning Tomatoes = Summertime All Year Long!

In late summer I try to set aside a Saturday morning to can a dozen or so pint jars of tomatoes. Canning tomatoes does not require a lot of fancy equipment and for one morning's worth of work, you'll have plenty of jars of this beautiful fruit all through the winter.



Step 1: The Tomatoes!

I am lucky to have a wonderful Farmer's Market in my neighborhood, and if you have one in your area, that is the best place to purchase the tomatoes. You can be sure that they'll be local, fresh, and often organic - and you can usually get them for a much better price than at the supermarket.

In my geographic area, tomatoes do not really come into their full bounty until mid August. And when they do, I connect with a local seller, place my order, work out a price and then plan to pick them up the following week. I usually buy a basket of tomatoes which I think is about a half bushel. Always look for fresh, unblemished, and fully ripe tomatoes.

The best canning tomatoes are Roma tomatoes. The are small, oblong and firm-fleshed. As a result, they hold up very well in the canning process.

Once you have picked them up you should plan to can them as soon as possible. My Farmer's Market is on a Friday and I always plan to can the tomatoes the next morning.  No need to refrigerate them - they'll be fine on your kitchen counter overnite.

No matter how many times I have done this I always follow the Ball Blue Book Canning Guide step by step. I encourage you to do the same thing.

Step 2: Gathering Your Equipment


To can tomatoes you'll need:

Ball Blue Book Canning Guide
Kerr or Mason or Ball Brand pint jars (I use wide-mouth jars, they are easier to fill)- for my basket of tomatoes I usually need about 15-16
Lids and rings/bands -  make sure you buy the right size for your jars
Large mixing bowls
Several pots for boiling water
A paring knife and a chef's knife
Measuring spoons and a cup
Tongs for grabbing those hot jars
Salt ( I used Kosher salt for this instructable - but any good table salt will work)
Bottled lemon juice
Clean kitchen towels
Canning equipment - in this case a hot water bath canner

Step 3: Boil Water!

You'll need a pot for the tomatoes and at least one more for the lids. I also have a tea kettle ready in case I need to add more hot water as I go along.

If you have room on your stove you should also start to heat the water in your canner. Be sure to wash it well and fill it only about half-way. Put the lid on and put it on medium to high heat. By the time your tomatoes are packed in the jars, the canner will be ready.

Step 4: Preparing the Tomatoes

Wash the tomatoes in plain water.
Transfer in batches into a boiling water bath for 30 seconds.
Remove and place in a bowl of cold water.
Peel the tomatoes - the skin should pull right off with a paring knife.
After they are peeled, cut them in half and remove the core.

Step 5: Preparing the Jars

Wash the jars in hot soapy water and rinse. Check the rims for nicks or cracks. If you feel a nick in the rim, do not use the jar. It will never be able to form a vacuum seal.

Wash the lid and rings in hot soapy water. Rinse and place in them in a pan of simmering water.

Leave the jars submerged in hot water in the sink. Add more hot water, from time to time, to make sure they stay nice and hot.

Step 6: Filling the Jars

My canner holds about 7 pints, or about half my basket of tomatoes. As a result, I usually repeat this the entire process twice. While the first batch is processing I can get the second one ready to go.

Filling the Jars:
The Ball Canning Guide calls for 1 tablespoon of bottled lemon juice in each pint jar. I add that first.
Then pack in as many tomatoes as you can. I usually pack them in layers - seed side down.
Leave about 1/2 inch of space at the top.
Add 1/2 teaspoon of salt to the top of the tomatoes.
Then add hot water to cover also leaving 1/2 inch of space at the top.
With a clean cloth, wipe around the top of the jar to remove any spillage.

Using tongs remove a lid from the hot water and place on the top of the jar. Grab a ring and tighten firmly.


Step 7: Canning Time!

Once the jars have been filled and lids tightened they are ready for water bath canning. Because tomatoes are acidic, it is perfectly safe to can them this way. I always follow the Blue Book canning guidelines which say to place the jars in hot but not boiling water. Make sure the water covers them by 1-2 inches. If you need to add water, use the hot water from your teakettle. If you have too much water, use a ladle to scoop it out and pour it into another container. Cover and bring to a boil. Once the water is boiling, start timing. Process pints for 35 minutes at a gentle boil. I always boil for 40 minutes for extra assurance.

Step 8: Tomato Goodness

Using tongs, remove the jars from the hot water. Careful because they are very, very hot!
I place the jars on a dry kitchen towel with plenty of space around them.
Let them cool for several hours. As they cool down, the lids start to shrink and that's what creates the vacuum seal. Take a look at the lids periodically and you'll see that the bump in the middle of the lid becomes almost  a little dimple. Then you know they are safe to store. If any jar doesn't seal, store it in the refrigerator and eat soon. The rest of the jars can be stored for many months in a dark cool place.

Yum! Yum! Yum!

Comments

author
tcalderón1 (author)2012-04-18

We grow our own tomatoes and wait every summer for that perfect flavor. Now I can enjoy them all year thanks to this post.
Question, I don't have a canner if that's the right name for it. That metal piece you have in the pot. Is it necessary? Do you know of any ways around it?

author

Hi,
Yes, homegrown tomatoes are the best. The metal thing is a basket. My best guess is that it keeps the jars from resting directly on the bottom of the canner. The other thing is that you can use it to lower and lift the jars from the canning bath.
Hot water bath canners are not very expensive and are perfectly sized for holding either quart or pint jars. I would recommend investing in one just for the shear convenience.
Good luck!

author
Entropismo (author)2012-03-30

Nice post! here in Spain, my girlfriend's grandma first hot the bottles and after a while put the lids and fills the pot of water over the bottles, like you say. This may be because first scapes the air, and then there is only hot gased water. After all the process when the bottles gets cold, the gas make the vacuum. In Spanish the cooking process of hot bottles in a pot of water without boiling is called "baño María" that means "Maria's bath", but I don't know why :)

author
bowow0807 (author)2011-08-13

food spoilage is caused by bacteria breaking down the structure of food or volatile oils in the food cause the breakdown and oxidizing. if you can avoid these three food spoilers then the food can be stored indefinitely

author
vgavrich (author)2011-08-07

Great instructable! I have always been really afraid of canning, but I think I might try it! You got my vote!

author
kathleenhenri (author)vgavrich2011-08-08

Thanks! Good luck!

author
sunshiine (author)2011-08-08

Nice ible! Thanks for sharing! I love your pic! Very sweet.

author
Tim Temple (author)2011-08-01

This book is only avaIlable from the Canadian owned company, Jarden Corporation. They own the Ball jars and accessories -- including this book. I have the 100 year anniversary edition of 2009.

author
kathleenhenri (author)Tim Temple2011-08-01

Another good place to shop for the book is on ebay. Several editions are listed there. And anyone of them would be a good addition to your kitchen.

author
deki (author)2011-08-01

if you make a tiny cross slit in the butt of each tomato before par boiling them they peel easier. Also we always dump them in ice water to before peeling. We usually can 60 to 70 lbs a year.

author
kathleenhenri (author)deki2011-08-01

Good tip!

author
Tim Temple (author)2011-08-01

I bought a hot water bath canner from an antiques store. I had to clean the holes with alcohol. When it was dry, I used JB Weld epoxy to seal the areas with a thin layer.

author
masoon (author)2011-07-31

In step 6 you show putting lemon juice and salt on the tomatoes w/o mixing, and no water added. Did you accidentally leave out topping it off with water? thanks.

author
kathleenhenri (author)masoon2011-08-01

Thanks. I have clarified Step 6.

author
lnxusr (author)masoon2011-07-31

There are two methods for canning tomatoes. One calls for adding water, and one not. With liquid, a 45 minute water bath is recommended, without, an 85 minute water bath is recommended.

The extra time without liquid is to be sure all the fruit gets to a high enough temperature to kill any bacteria that may be present.

author
tim_n (author)2011-08-01

I've never seen this sort of lid for canning - are they reuseable? In the UK we only seem to have solid lids or kilner jars.

The last water bath tutorial I read (and I may have got this wrong so don't follow this advice) was only to use 1-2" of water in the bottom of the water bath and to leave the lids on but not tight, bring it up to a boil then tighten the lids afterwards. Seemed sensible to me because if you boil a tin of beans, the steam would make it explode! I assume your lids have some sort of steam release?

author
kathleenhenri (author)tim_n2011-08-01

I did a quick Google for Kilner jars and the lid seems to be a combination of the bands and lids used in the US.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilner_jar
The lids (flat part) are not reusable, but the bands can be re-used if they are in good shape.

Here is a link to the USDA guidelines for food preservation. http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/publications/publications_usda.html

author
lnxusr (author)2011-07-31

This is correct if canning tomatoes in liquid, however, according to the National Center for Home Food Preservation, tomatoes canned without liquid should be water processed for 85 minutes regardless of quart or pint.

I made my original comment with your original omission of adding water during filling in mind.

author
TygerCub (author)2011-07-31

Do the jars need to be washed by hand? Would washing the jars in a dishwasher work to ensure they are clean? Or is dish washing detergent bad for the process?

author
kathleenhenri (author)TygerCub2011-07-31

I think a dishwasher would be fine. Just be sure afterwards to keep them submerged in very hot water until you are ready to can. The jars should be washed just before you start. That way they are as clean as they can be. For example, I would not wash them the night before and leave them out on the counter overnite.

author
masoon (author)2011-07-31

cool, thanks for the clarification!

author
bahi (author)2011-07-31

I always wrap some old towels between the jars, some jars may explode when the water boils because of the vibrations, the jars could bump slightly between each other.

author
kathleenhenri (author)bahi2011-07-31

Good idea.

author
bahi (author)bahi2011-07-31

Good instructable btw. :)

author
luisazmouz (author)2011-07-31

Awesome! But were can you find the Mason jars?

author
kathleenhenri (author)luisazmouz2011-07-31

Usually I can purchase the canning jars either in the supermarket or at a hardware store. They should also be available at places like Walmart.
Or even on line:
http://www.kmart.com/shc/s/p_10151_10104_011W111327110001P?vName=For%20the%20Home&cName=Cookware&Gadgets&sName=Canning&sid=KDx20070926x00003a&ci_src=14110944&ci_sku=011W111327110001P.

They are usually sold in cases. If you buy the case, I think the lids and bands are included.

author
neilh (author)luisazmouz2011-07-31

Most hardware stores sell them in summertime. If you live in California, try OSH (Orchard Supply HW). But any decent HW store should have them.

author
palinuro (author)2011-07-31

Well done. This is still common practice in central and southern Italy. Here, before starting the boiling process, as a precaution we place old newspapers or some old cloth between the jars as it is not uncommon that, however gently you let the water boil, jars may hit each other and crack. Buon appetito!

author
kathleenhenri (author)palinuro2011-07-31

This is a great idea! I have never had a jar break, but they do wobble a bit while they are processing.

author
susanrm (author)2011-07-29

Love it! I was looking for this exact thing. I will be having a bumper crop of tomatoes this year, unless the critters get to them first, and I wanted to learn to can them. Thank you!

author
kathleenhenri (author)susanrm2011-07-30

Good luck!

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