Introduction: Carl Zeiss Lens for $15.00

Picture of Carl Zeiss Lens for $15.00

Have you ever wondered why Holgas, Dianas and the Time Magazine cameras were not made in Germany?  Well whatever the reason, German optical companies have have decided that quality is the way to go.   Zeiss is among the best optical lens company there is....their motto says it all, "We Make it Visible."  

Getting the best optics in the world comes at a hefty price.  A Zeiss prime lens for the Cannon EOS system will easily cost $500.  Luckily, some older lens designs  from a discontinued camera using an obsolete film format can be had for a song.....$12 to be exact [Thank You Surplushed.com].  

The Carl Zeiss Tessar we use in this instructable was originally destined for a Contaflex 126 camera.  The Tessar design is over 100 years old so it has stood the test of time.  In this Instructable, we'll adapt it to fit The Canon  EOS system type cameras...35mm, digital or APS types.  Since I have all three types...its a win, win, win!

Step 1: Stuff You Will Need

Picture of Stuff You Will Need

The two significant items in this instructable are the Zeiss Tessar lens and a body cap for the Canon EOS mount (EF mount to be specific).  The lens was bought from Suplushed.com for $12 and the body cap was from eBay at $10 for a dozen...so that is $.84 each.  With shipping and other miscellaneous supplies, I priced this whole project at $15.

1.  Carl Zeiss Tessar 45mm f2.8 lens.

2.  One Canon EOS body cap.

3.  Rotary Tool with associated bits.

4.  Two part epoxy adhesive (I used the 5 minute variety).

5.  Flat black paint.

6.  Dental floss.

7. Cyanoacrylate glue (super glue).

8. Paper clips.

9. Wire cutters.

10.  Two small rare earth magnets.

Step 2: Lens Hacking 101

Picture of Lens Hacking 101

Lens hacking is putting a lens onto a camera for which is was not designed.  Recently, hacking has become depressingly easy with purpose build adapters flowing out of China.  Some are very sophisticated with corrective optics and focus confirmation chips built in.  Nikon to Canon...not a problem.

However, here we will try to leverage the legendary Zeiss optics into a Canon mount.  Through trial and error, I found that this particular lens will work with the EOS camera system due to the similar flange focal distance.  More on that here:

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flange_focal_distance

No math involved in this method, just hold the lens up to the body and look at something at infinity through the viewfinder (something over 50 meters away).   Get that image in focus and your lens is at its flange focal distance.   Some lenses need to be so close that the mirror would slap the lens when you take a photo.  Some are so far away, you would need all sorts of unsightly tubes to mount the lens at the proper distance.  Luckliy, this lens sat at almost the correct distance.

One thing we will not preserve with this lens is the ability to focus.  Like so many crappy cameras from the 90's...it will be "Focus Free."  The lens will be set at infinity so distance shots will be easy.  Closer shots will be more difficult.  However, we will be able to control the aperture which affects the depth of field.  At a small aperture (higher f number) I've found that you can get to about 8~10 feet from your subject...good enough for portraits  providing there is plenty of sun or a strobe.

Step 3: Prepare Your Body Cap

Picture of Prepare Your Body Cap

1.  Cut out the inside of the body cap with a rotary tool.  The plastic will melt when you use a grinding bit which is fine for a rough cut.  

2.  Use a sanding drum to clean up the cut.  It will sand away the plastic instead of melting it.

3.  For this particular lens, you will need to grind down a millimeter or so to get to the correct flange focal distance.  Grind a little and dry fit the assembly and attach it to a camera and look through the viewfinder to judge the infinity focus.  If you go too deep, don't worry as you you can shim it up before you make it permanent with epoxy.

Step 4: Prepare Your Lens

Picture of Prepare Your Lens

Although I'm not building in a way to focus the lens, I still want to preserve the ability to change apertures.  To do this, I'll need to be able to control the aperture lever.  My solution was to drill a hole in the lens collar  so I could feed a string into the assembly to control the aperture.

1.  Locate a nice spot on top of the assembly and drill a hole through the collar.

2.  Coat the inside of the hole with epoxy so a string can slide easily without fraying.

Step 5: Join Body Cap to Lens

Picture of Join Body Cap to Lens

Once you are satisfied with the infinity focus, it is time to join the lens with the body cap...permanently.

1.  Fit the body cap to the target camera.  Dry fit the lens on the body cap in such a way that the writing on the lens is faced up and readable.  After all, you want other photographers jealous of you for using a Zeiss lens!

2.  Mark the lens position with a sharpie (magic marker) on the body cap and lens so you can position it exactly for the glue up.

3.  Take the body cap off the camera and position the lens with the help of the marks you did with the sharpie.  Take care to make sure the lens is level...if not you will have a tilt and shift lens that will have a permanent tilt!

4.  Mix up a small amount of epoxy and tack glue the lens to the body cap.

5.  Once cured, flow epoxy around the lens.

6.  Once cured, flow epoxy around the inside of the lens mount.  This bond needs to be rock solid!



 

Step 6: Black Is the New Black

Picture of Black Is the New Black

Time to make the assembly light tight.

1.  Use some flat black paint to paint the silver looking pieces inside the assembly.  This will cut down on internal reflections and increase contrast of the image.  I used some paint designed for refinishing military emblems, however, you can just use flat black spray paint that you spray into a dish or the cap and just apply it with a paintbrush.

2.  Cut a piece of electrical tape to cover the slot on the bottom of the assembly.  This slot was originally used on the Conaflex lens mount.

Step 7: Add Aperture Function

Picture of Add Aperture Function

I'm using a magnet to pull and keep the aperture open... however this whole lens assembly is aluminum, so I had to add some ferrous metal to get the control I wanted.

1.  With some wire cutters, cut 4 small sections of paper-clip about .25 inches long.

2.  Glue these sections to the outside of the lens assembly with epoxy glue.  I used the now obsolete distance scale to space the sections.

3.  Once the glue has cured, get some waxed dental floss and tie  one end to the aperture lever.  Cut off the tail as close to the knot as possible.

4.  Reinforce the knot with a drop of cyanoacrylate glue to make it permanent.

5.  Thread the floss outside the lens assembly through the hole that was drilled earlier. 

6.  Use the two rare earth magnets to pin the floss.  Adjust the length so you have at least three stops when you pull the string.  Trim the excess.  The magnets should hold the floss without need for extra glue.

Step 8: Attach to Your Camera

Picture of Attach to Your Camera

The lens assembly is now ready for use!  

1.  Simply attach the assembly to the camera as you would any lens.

2.  Adjust the aperture with the magnet and string assembly you built.

3.  Set your camera to aperture priority mode and begin shooting.

Step 9: Lens Performance

Picture of Lens Performance

Like most lenses, this one performs best at about 5.6.  At that aperture, the focus is about 10-15 feet to infinity.  I can get close to 5 feet at f16, but this leads to long shutter times and introduces a lot of motion blur.   A trade off to be sure, but since the lens didn't come with its own helicoid focusing system, building one would have been too complex and bulky.

[Update]  These low resolution photos are duplicated in the original resolution (that is 3.3 MP of the D30 in JPEG format) here:

 http://www.flickr.com/photos/21721108@N00/sets/72157625877439142/

Anyway, enjoy your high quality, genuine "Carl Zeiss" photography lens! 

Comments

om40nick (author)2012-12-10

Hello Nano_Burger,
just discovered something:
http://www.ebay.de/itm/Zeiss-Ikon-Contaflex-126-lens-to-Leica-screw-mount-L39-M39-Helicoid-adapter-/261111650721#ht_5088wt_1167
Just in case the link dies: it's an adapter to fit contaflex126 lenses to 39mm Leica mount. It has the focussing and aperture control built in!

If anyone is able to get it, please post.

Regards,Nick

amateurvisionary (author)2011-02-14

Cool project. Before i got my EOS, I shot 35mm, so i had a couple of 30 yr old Olympus OM-1's and several lenses lying around. There was no way i was going to come up with the cash to buy lenses for my new camera anytime soon, so i decided i wanted to be able to use my OM lenses on my Canon. I just took the attachment ring off of one of my OM's and attached it to an EOS body cap that i had ground down in a smiliar fashion to the one in this one. and, voila! all I've got to do is take of my EOS lens, attach my adapter, and I can use all of my OM lenses :)

AV

Makescreenname (author)2011-01-20

Very nice project.. Thanks for sharing your approach to keep this fine old chunk of glass working!

One question--any worries about the proximity of the strong magnetic field from the rare-earth magnet, to the digital electronics of the camera?

     Make, Frankly,

     I never really thought too much about that! I love rare earth magnets and try to incorperate them into projects just because they are as close to magic as you can get on this astral plane (although peizoelectric crystals are a close second). The memory of most digital cameras (including mine) is flash memory. That is not affected by magnetic fields. It is an electronic type of memory, not a magnetic like a floppy disc or your hard drive.

     However, a magnetic field moving through wires and other electrical components of the camera can induce an electrical current much like a generator. This voltage could in theory screw something up in the camera. Luckily, the magnetic field strength diminishes rapidly (the inverse cube law). Even the short distance from the lens to the camera body would significantly diminish the mangetic field.

     I'm not sure if modern cameras have any sort of shielding in them to prevent stray current of this type. Most military equipment has some degree of shielding against electromagnetic pulse you get from nuclear weapons. However, the best defense is usually good design in the first place.

     Any who, I'm not worrying too much about the magnets, but I won't bring my camera into my next MRI!

the other one being, a magnetic field will only induce a current if it is moving.
with the speed you would be removing the lens, the field even at close proximity would only be in the order of a few millivolts. definitely not enough to bother a ccd or any type of flash memory.

M-26-7 (author)2011-01-20

Any tips on what type of lens to get (in reference to achromat, etc.)?

Nano_Burger (author)M-26-72011-01-21

M,

Surplus Shed (http://surplushed.com) has a wide variety of excess, used, surplus optical items.  They have actual camera lenses like the one I used here, industrial lenses like copier, typesetting lenses and they also have raw optical elements (if you are good with optical design).

Basically, lots of cool stuff.  You are limited only by your imagination.  None cost too much...at least when compared to thier original price.

I'm looking hard at a medium format zoom lens to attach to my Bronica or Kiev 60.

Nano_Burger (author)Nano_Burger2011-01-25

Update...Surplus Shed is having a 30% off everything sale. Just place my order for the medium format zoom lens. Standby as I figure out how to attach that to my Kiev 60!

Nano_Burger (author)2011-01-21

Greg,

     If you don't like dental floss, epoxy and magnets....do yourself a favor and don't look at any of my other Instructables!

     I'm sorry about the quality of the example photos...the instructable uploader does not like large files.  I'll upload some onto my Flickr account and include the link in the Instructable so you can judge the quality without much compression...I shoot in Jpeg mode so thier is always some loss.

grodo.00 (author)2011-01-20

Where did you find / How did you make your Flash diffuser?

Eternal_Tristan (author)2011-01-20

Great hack! I'm working on a tilt-shiftable lens with a bellows and everything with an EOS mount. I didn't know surplush shed had Zeiss lenses! Before I buy one I'd love to see the originals, unmutilated by so much jpeg compression. Is it me or are these images way over compressed?

They're pretty small. I think the format was designed primarily to convey information, not beauty. That's why I usually also link to a photo-based site for more detail.

skrubol (author)2011-01-20

One thing that should be noted (on the mention of flange focal distance) is that you can't mount an old Canon F mount lens to a newer EF/EOS camera without losing infinity focus. It's flange distance is shorter, but most other lenses will work (and many will have focus in the lens, rather than needing a bellows like this one does to change focus, though not for $12.)

speedhump (author)2011-01-20

German - Sherman ! Mercedes Benz cars also end up on the scrapheap too, and any lens can get moldy growth inside. It's the devil to clean up and the more complicated lenses should be put in the hands of an expert who has the tools and knowledge to do the job properly. So checkout and purchase you make it, or get a solid guarantee that there is no mold on the elements.

Nano_Burger (author)speedhump2011-01-20

German and Japanese optics didn't get thier reputation for excellence by accident.  That said, sometimes great glass is not what is called for.  Thousands of Lomographers [sic] adore the plastic Holga or styrene Diana lenses.  Many of the images that muddle through a single element, meniscus, plastic lens are more powerful than your tack sharp image refracted through exotic glass types.

I have a Canon FD 50mm f1.4 with the anti reflective coating that is failing in a serious way.  The softness it adds when blasted wide open is ethereal.  I wouldn't fix it if I could!

speedhump (author)2011-01-20

www.Focalprice.com offer adapter rings that will match Leica lenses to a variety of big-name digital cameras such as Nikon, Canon. Olympus, Minoilta, Sony NEX.
They range from $18.00 to 45.00 delivered to your door.
Oh joy! I thought my Canon FD lenses were all ornaments, but now I shoot wildlife with a 30 year old FD Sigma 600mm catadioptric which on my Sony NEX camera is the 35mm film equivalent of a 1000mm telephoto

Nano_Burger (author)speedhump2011-01-20

There are many adapters out there, but certainly not one that adapts a Contaflex 126 lens to anything, hence this instructable.  Many of these adapters have an optical element that corrects the focal distance for that particular mount.  These lenses are getting better, but there still will be some image degradation.  Sometimes the flexibility is worth it.

BTW, your FD kit will work great on an A-1 or T-90.

Ranie-K (author)2011-01-18

There were two "Carl Zeiss" factories. The one in East Germeny (DDR) was in Jena and made lenses for a lot of cameras made behind the iron curtain.

Nano_Burger (author)Ranie-K2011-01-19

Correct! The DDR made some excellent optics. The cameras were not exceptionally "feature rich" but in the hands of a skilled photographer, that would not matter.

Ranie-K (author)Nano_Burger2011-01-19

Got a few myself : http://www.flickr.com/photos/einar-k/2324212537/
Shelf number two from the bottom is dedicated to Eastern European cameras.

Nano_Burger (author)Ranie-K2011-01-19

I see you still have an Izone camera....my condolences! I've made an Instructable that converts it to a little less doomed format...although probably doomed in the long run. 

https://www.instructables.com/id/Bring-Your-Polaroid-I-Zone-Camera-Back-From-the-De/

JaredN (author)2011-01-17

Nice project! I like the dental floss ap control
Can you upload high resolution pictures so we can see how the pictures turn out? The previews look great but are too small to get the picture (no pun intended)


Wouldn't it have been better to get a CZ lens with a manual focusing ring though? Would have been a bit more, but you'd get a lot more function out of it.

Nano_Burger (author)JaredN2011-01-19

I'm a big fan of dental floss. You will see if you look at some of my other Instructables. My D30 isn't exactly high def at 3.3 megapixals (I've always been a trailing edge kind of guy). I'll load up some photos on Flicker at the original resolution and post the link here.

Focusing CZ lenses start to get into some serious money! My motto is: "The best is easy, the good enough is difficult!"

TheAtomicSoul (author)2011-01-17

Can you like to the page that is listed on on the SurplusShed site?

Just looked on the Surplus Shed website and it looks like that particular optical assembly is not offered anymore. I bought it a few years ago. I'd encourage you to contact them though. They are a great bunch of folks and they might find one in a corner someplace! As always, whenever I go there, I end up drooling over some great looking optics. Its great to find some lens listed in Edmunds for some outrageous price at bargain basement prices.

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