Introduction: Cat Genie Three Beep Solution - Replacement Electronic Water Sensor

Picture of Cat Genie Three Beep Solution - Replacement Electronic Water Sensor

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This instructable describes replacing the Cat Genie plastic sensor with an electronic sensor.  The plastic Cat Genie sensor tends to get dirty very easily and causes the unit to make the annoying three beep error, as well as several other problems.

When the sensor gets dirty, not only do you get the three beep error, but many times the unit will not fill the bowl with water all three times causing extra stinkiness during the drying cycle (a great urine aroma).  Also, since the unit thinks there is still water in the bowl it causes extra strain on the draining motor while it continues to try to drain.  I have smelled the motor after a cycle and it doesn't smell like it's happy about all the extra work.

So, let's look at the sensor to see how it works.  It is two plastic rod pieces connected by a small plastic junction at the bottom.  The rods act like fiber optics, and the junction acts like a mirror.  There are two 45 degree angles in the junction part, and these cause the light coming down one side to be reflected back up the other side.  When water is in contact with this part of the sensor, the mirror effect of the plastic is negated and the light does not get reflected back up.

As long as we provide a changing IR light source to the Cat Genie's sensors (there is an IR emitter and sensor pair on the bottom looking down into this plastic sensor), then we can source it with data from an external water sensor.

Step 1: Design of the Electronic Water Sensor

Picture of Design of the Electronic Water Sensor

Ok, so we know how to interface with the Cat Genie.  Provide an IR LED that can shine IR light into the CG's IR sensor and you are home free.  Now we just need to design our own sensor that will be resistant to dirty (poopy) water.

There are many ways to sense the level of water in a tank, but I wanted something with no moving parts to get stuck, get dirty, etc.  A simple solid-state electronic sensor would be best.  After some google searches for electronic water sensor circuits, I found some ideas on how to best implement a water sensor circuit.

After experimentation on the breadboard, I found a good working solution using a Darlington Pair of transistors to provide a changing voltage to two other transistors, which then either light the IR and green LED, or it lights the red LED.  This gives the user an indication of the state of the sensor, it will turn from green to red water hits the probes we install.

Below is the schematic of the sensor (credit to 2cats2dogs from litterbox-central.com for the schematic) and a picture of my prototyped board.  Notice in the schematic that the IR LED is wired backwards, make sure to wire it correctly.  I will fix this in a later version of the schematic.  The resistor values are hard to read, so I will add notes for them.  All transistors are 2N2222, CORRECTION: they are NOT 2n2222A, it probably doesn't matter though.  The red/green wires go to the IR LED, the black/white wires go to the probes, and the two black wires go to a 12 volt wall wort transformer.

Step 2: Water Sensor Probe Install

Picture of Water Sensor Probe Install

So we have our working water sensor circuit.  We need to put some probes on the Cat Genie to detect the water level, and we need to put the IR LED to where the head unit can see it with it's sensor.

First, lets create the sensor probes and mount them.  The first sensor probes I made just used the copper wire to make contact with the water.  This turned out to be a BAD mistake.  The copper corroded after just a single day and the next day the unit kept filling with water because the wire wasn't making an electrical connection with the water anymore.  It didn't overflow, but it was surprising.

It is VERY important to use something other than the copper wires for the probes.  I chose to use stainless steel screws from Lowe's.  They have been in there for a little over two weeks and are still just as shiny, no corrosion problems at all.  Attach your probe wires to a pair of these screws as seen in the picture.  Then you need to mount them inside the bowl.  I mounted mine under the litter bowl, duct taped to the outer portion of the base unit.  This location should avoid the majority of the poopy water seen in the hopper so they should stay cleaner here.  It is important to tape them to where the bottoms of the screws are at the regular fill water level.  (If you cannot tell where your CG normally fills, you can estimate where it needs to go with your litter bowl, the line on the litter bowl where the plastic turns from white to gray is the typical fill level).

I have an idea for a better mounting method, although this method seems to work just fine.  A better method would be the small square sticky mounts used for wire ties, should be available at Lowe's.  Wire tie the screw into two of those and stick those on there, would be a cleaner looking install.

Whatever method you use, make sure there is plenty of screw sticking down past your mount.  If it is too close, or even flush with the mount, then water will remain on the mount maintaining contact between the probes even when the bowl is starting to empty.

Step 3: IR LED Install

Picture of IR LED Install

Now, we need to install the IR LED.  What I did was to take one of the large pink erasers found on the stationary aisle and cut it into a shape that would fit into the top of the hopper where the plastic sensor normally goes.  Then I stuck the IR LED's legs through, soldered on my wire and heatshrink, and stuck it into the top of the hopper.  Make sure you put this in with the top of the base unit removed, and not just between the base on the head unit.  If you put it directly between the base and head unit, it will cause the head unit to not fully seat into the base and the gears on the motor driving the bowl will grind.  You don't want this to happen.

It is important to make sure you put the IR LED to one side of your cut up pink eraser.  Then mount the IR LED to the side farthest away from the drain of the unit.  That is where the head unit's IR sensor is located.  If you put it in the other way, it probably won't work.

Step 4: Completed Install

Picture of Completed Install

With that, we should have everything working.  Plug in your wall wort power supply, the green LED should light.  Run a cycle, when the water hits the two stainless steel probes under the bowl, the red LED should turn on and the genie should stop filling.  When it starts to drain, the green LED should turn back on quickly once the water drops off the screws.

You should not experience any more three beep errors.  Really, the only way this would fail is if your stainless steel probes corrode over, which is possible but would probably take a long time.  Or, if your mounting method failed and became unstuck from the wall of the base.

I have a video of my board operating on YouTube, just search Cat Genie three beep.

Hope you enjoy.

Comments

BrentW1 made it! (author)2015-01-30

I installed this sensor the day I installed the CG120. I have never had a problem with the box and I only take it apart and clean it once a year!

I built it into the cartrige genius so I don't have to worry about refills.

With those two mods, the CG120 is absolutely hassle and trouble free!

slasherx2 (author)BrentW12017-08-17

Hiya, I don't suppose you have instructions for this please? It's something I'd be interested in doing as I need to buy a cartridge genius soon.

ku4zs (author)slasherx22017-08-17

Hi, I need to update these instructions, they are really old. I sell these sensors, a newer version, on ebay. Just look for "cat genie water sensor".

Otherwise, I will need to update these instructions.

slasherx2 (author)ku4zs2017-08-25

Hi, I saw that, as I had a look, but it's going to cost a fair wack as I live in the UK - there would be expensive shipping plus import tax to pay :(

rmrichar (author)2016-02-26

What do you use for probes and where do they go?

Britton1 (author)2015-12-14

Can someone tell me the resistor values? I am having trouble reading the schematic. Thanks!

GregoryS26 (author)Britton12015-12-24

If you pass your mouse cursor over the resistors on the instructable's page schematic, it will show the various resistor values. It did for me anyway. I'm using firefox.

mariac43 (author)2015-09-20

Hi so I would like to buy one of these if I could. I couldn't find it on eBay so. ... if you could please please please contact me at mrosecowan@gmail.com I would be so grateful!

IsaiahT (author)2015-05-13

I would also be interested. I'm fairly handy but I haven't worked with electronics in many years, and I'd rather just buy a little kit I can put in than get out the soldering iron and source diodes and such. Please email me at isaiaht@gmail.com with a price!

tkdfromnc (author)2015-04-15

I would really like to buy a premade kit that i just hook up my box. I looked on ebay but nothing is available. Please email me at tammy@dunn.rocks if you are able to make me one.

jel181 (author)2011-01-15

Awesome hack! Just finished this today after weeks of false 3 beep errors and it works perfectly. Thank you for great instructions. My only comment is that the circuit diagram is rather difficult to read (low resolution). A better image would help a lot.

mikelu53 (author)2010-09-03

This thing works great, no more beeping! I had most of the parts when I started, but had to but the IR LED. Found them on E-bay, bough a bunch 50. So if any one needs them, 3 for a buck, and they include the resistor for 12v. Shoot me an e-mail and I'll instruct on how to get. mikelu53@yahoo.com And thanks again ku4zs for a great idea.

ku4zs (author)mikelu532010-09-03

Did the IR LEDs come from China? Sounds like the same place I have been ordering mine for the kits I sell on ebay. They work great and at a great price. Glad to hear that your board is working good. I have sold probably 50+ kits and everyone has had great success with them. I don't know how many have made theirs from this instructable.

GibbyPhD (author)2010-04-04

I'm having trouble with this...I have everything wired according ot the schematic but when i plug it in both LEDs light and it doesn't matter what the probe wires are doing.

I also don't understand what J2 is and why pin 1 goes to ground?

ku4zs (author)GibbyPhD2010-04-04

I would check the collector of the two transistors connected to the probe (the collector is the side of the transistors that are wired through a resistor to power).  From there to ground, you should read +15 or so volts when probes are out of water, and it should go to zero with probes in the water.  If this works, then check to make sure you installed resistors between the bases of the other two transistors and the collector of the probe transistors.  I have ordered some etched PCBs and will be selling a premade kit with factory etched boards soon, check ebay.

Also, pin 1 of J2 is the ground connection.  You will see 4 other ground points, some on transistors and I think one on an LED.  Pin 1 is connected to these.

olivia75 (author)2010-03-19

salut a tous! j'ai un cat genie en france qui fais 3 bips, vous pouvez m'en fabriquer 1 detecteur d'eau electronique et je vous paie avec paypal. mon catgenie pendant son cycles au 2eme ou 3eme lavages il prend l'eau quelque seconde et ne prend plus l'eau. voiçi mon mail: missolivia75@ymail.com cordialement a tous.s'il vous plait car sa fait 6 mois maintenant que je suis obliger de rajouter une bassine d'eaux.

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