Introduction: Cheap and Effective Filters (solar)
This instructable is trivial, but that's where the beauty lies. Using cheap and readily available filter step-up adaptors and UV filters you can fit solar filters to your equipment.
- Protects film from accidental scratches.
- Wind protection to stop creases.
- Holds filter flat and close to lens to stop internal light reflections that can create image artifacts.
- Looks clean and professional.
- Made using cheap and readily available parts.
- Securely holds filters to reduce risk of them slipping and exposing your eyes to magnified UV.
Important safety feature when using with telescopes or binoculars!
This technique can also be used for colored gels!
Step 1: Materials
- A cheap, thin "step up ring adaptor".
Used to attach larger filters to cameras. ($1.20 on ebay)
- A cheap, thin UV filter. ($3 each on ebay).
You don't really need the UV protection, you just want physical glass to protect the film.
- High quality solar film.
Do NOT go cheap here!!!! 8x8 on Amazon is $18, but it's enough to do a lot of filters. Also, you won't have to worry if you mess up the first attempt.
- Clean, smooth surface that you can cut on.
You will be sliding the filter film around on it and you don't want to scratch it. Non-corrugated cardboard, felt, or paper with cardboard under it.
- Lens cleaning cloth
Again, do not buy solar film from unknown vendors. If you get sold something that isn't really cutting out the UV, then you will damage your eyes and not even realize it until it's too late. It's not as important with digital cameras that use LED screens, but anything involving your eyes and the quality becomes critically important.
Step 2: Step-up Ring Adaptor
What to buy a step-up ring adaptor that is meant to fit slightly larger filters onto your camera.
My camera is 72mm, it says right on the lens.
The step-up ring adaptor is so that I can put 77mm filters onto the camera.
The solar film fits in this buffer between 72mm and 77mm. The UV filter will fit the larger size (77mm) and will hold and protect the solar film in place.
Again, solar film protection is an important feature. If you're using the filter with a telescope or binoculars. You don't want any scratches or folds in the film and the glass UV filter is there to protect the solar film.
Step 3: Trace Solar Film
- Place solar film onto a large, thick piece of smooth cardboard or paper or felt cloth.
- Place the ring adaptor onto the solar film
- Use a needle to trace the outside (77mm) of the filter onto the film.
Yes, this will be slightly too big
You can see in my second photo that I messed up a little, but that's ok because this circle is bigger than we need.
Step 4: Cut Solar Film
Now that you have a circle traced on the solar film, it's time to cut it.
You'll want to cut slightly inside the circle, but don't worry. There's room for error and if it will probably be too big the first iteration.
4. Place the edge of a sharp razor just inside the etched circle. It should dig into the cardboard under the film and say there.
5. Now move the film and leave the razor in place.
This is a similar action to using a bandsaw.
6. Slide the film around to cut out the circle.
Be careful to not scratch or crease the film.
7. Once you have the circle of film, see if it fit inside the adaptor ring (It probably won't).
8. Repeat the bandsaw technique to shave off a little around the outside until it does fit.
Step 5: Clean and Assemble
Final step is to place the solar film into the ring adaptor and screw on the UV filter.
Naturally, you should gently clean everything of dust first. Just be careful and DON'T use a strong blower on the filter, it will crease it.
Store your final filter in the UV filter case.
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