Instructables

C�mo cambiar un mandril (how to change a drill chuck)

Supongo que debe haber muchos de ustedes que tienen un taladro con el mandril averiado o poco útil, y les gustaría cambiarlo por uno mejor, pero no saben cómo hacerlo. A mí me sucedió eso hace unos años, y descubrí que no es nada difícil, solamente hay que conocer un pequeño secreto.

La semana pasada estaba yo trabajando con mi viejo taladro barato made in China, cuando súbitamente, sin haberlo esforzado más de lo normal, comenzó a fallar, a chisporrotear y a largar una humareda por los agujeros de ventilación. Obviamente, se quemó el motor. No me molestó demasiado porque al fin y al cabo duró casi 8 años, y por el precio que pagué por él, no se puede pedir milagros.

Hoy a la tarde me di una vueltita por Walmart y me compré otro taladro de esos baratos chinos, pero el mandril no es de los que a mí me gustan, de esos que se ajustan a mano sin necesidad de herramienta. No importa –me dije– en casa le pongo el mandril del que se quemó. Efectivamente, así ocurrió, y acá les cuento cómo se hace.


I guess there must be many of you who have a broken or unhelpful drill chuck, and would like to change for another better, but do not know how. That happened to me a few years ago, and found that it is not difficult, you just have to know a little secret.

Last week I was working with my old cheap Chinese drill, when suddenly, without having done more force than usual, it began to fail, to sizzle and emit smoke by ventilation holes. Obviously, the motor burned. Do not bother me too much because after all it lasted nearly 8 years, and for the price I paid for it, you can not ask for miracles.

This afternoon I took a little walk to Walmart and bought another of those cheap Chinese drills, but the chuck is not that I like, those that fit by hand without tools. No matter, I told myself; at home I put the chuck from the burned drill. Indeed, it happened, and here I'll tell you how.
 
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Phil B2 years ago
I had to do this once many years ago. Your Instructable should be very helpful to anyone who needs to do the same in the future. I smiled that you wrote about a cheap Chinese drill. The Chinese are known all over the world for cheap, low quality goods. One day there will be more Chinese on Instructables and we will not be allowed to write unflattering things about their products.
rimar2000 (author)  Phil B2 years ago
To buy Chinese products are like to buy a lottery bill. Almost always they are low quality, but sometimes they are very good . Even, sometimes you must throw them to the waste.

But warning, Japanese product was so at 1960's, they breaked the market in many categories, and today are respectable.

USA products are very good, but also expensive. Here in Argentina we have all the low quality products that the world manufacture. Example: the only screwdriver tip that I can use is one buyed in Italy, it is hard steel. Those buyed here lasts until the first obstinate screw.
I think Chinese products are not of low quality, but of a lower quality, and also much cheaper that western brands.

What I mean is that with a Chinese tool you will be able to do many of the things the tool is supposed to do, but not all, or not for the same length of time. I will say that with a Chinese tool you may easily cover 85% or 90% of your needs.

So for most of the time, or for almost all the time, your needs are covered, because the times you will need a better tool are only a small part of the whole. For these things you will not be able to do, you are given the chance to pay much less.

One learns with trial and error. If you have a Chinese drill, dont push it too much, because it will burn. Letting it operate for many minutes and under stress is a way to push it. For your trouble to stop more often and let the tool cool down, you are given the chance to buy a cheap tool, and wait for better days.

But there is also the bad Chinese tool. A Chinese pocket knife I bought, lasted only for playing and cutting just one softdrink can. Then it fall apart.
-.

I must disagree, I have had to use cheap Chinese garbage on Job sites, they have failed on the first try. I went back to one store 3 times, the guy said no refunds so he gave me new ones . Afr the 3rd time he broke down and refunded my money.

American/german/italian/english/swiss/most european tools are reasonable if not perfect for years and years. Japanese tools I am not enamored with. Their chisel are just mediocre, if not outright crap. Their big chisels are made with crap steal forged onto a tip pf good steel, then sharpened(or at least that was the claim) they all chipped or bend over use.

If you live here is USA buy expensive American tools made here and get over it. Tools steel quality is very important. If was not made here or Europe it is probably crap.

Case in point. One time we were going to do a job using 4 inch gal. steel pipe, cut and thread to install electric for a sub basement to the 4 floor of a building in Manhattan We were given a pack of 8 normal blades, and a pack of 100 china specials, we found out we literally could cut 1 pipe once and then had to throw out the blade, to dull to even use as a drywall cutting blade.

nuff said, except buy crap expect crap results, expect failure when you least expect it.

nice instructable though

sparkie

rimar2000 (author)  spark master7 months ago

Spark master, you are ALMOST right. Some chinese tools are VERY GOOD, but generally they are very low quality. Now I have them only for emergency, in case the "normal" tool fails or misplaces.

rimar2000 (author)  Mastros2 years ago
I agree, completely.

Often are confused Taiwanese (almost Chinese) with Chinese. I think Taiwanese products are a little better, I have a very good screwdrivers set since 1970 or so, they are good steel, good plastic, and well shaped. But some months ago I buyed a Chinese drill bits set for masonry, and I had to throw it away.
We have the same problems finding quality in the USA. Fewer things are being made in the USA. Many products once made in the USA are now made in Mexico, China, or other parts of the Pacific Rim. The quality may be good, but more often it is not.
finton9 months ago

Hah! I did exactly the opposite rimar! I have a drill attachment that fits on a keyed chuck, so had to take off the keyless chuck that came with my drill. I'll take a photo of the attachment later this weekend and post it here.

rimar2000 (author)  finton8 months ago

Finton, I don't understand why you had to change a keyless chuck for a keyed one. Thanks for comment.

finton rimar20008 months ago

Here are the photos rimar. The "Skil Bit Click" attachment lets me drill a hole or a few, then drive the screws without having to change what's in the drill's chuck. Sometimes you have to drill one hole then put in a scew before doing the next one.

The Bit Click is easily removed by pushing the collar with one's thumb while pulling the whole thing off the drill. I bought this years ago, and would not be without it. I have taped the chuck key to the drill's cable, so it is always available.

For some reason these appear to be no longer made, but they are on places like ebay.

HPIM6016x.JPGHPIM6020x.JPGHPIM6023x.JPG
finton finton8 months ago

Oh, it also makes a really great screwdriver by itself! With its big collar, you can get really good torque.

rimar2000 (author)  finton8 months ago

Interesting tool, here in Argentina I've never seen.

Anyway, you can use it with a keyless chuck.

finton rimar20008 months ago

I see on the Web that some keyless chucks are quite narrow, so that the Bit Click might fit over them, but mine was more like this and was too big. In any case, the BC needs the three key holes for its spring loaded ball bearings to lock into.

Anyway, I still had to do the same as your instructable above, and could have done with such clear instructions as yours. Another great i'ble from rimar!

ScreenHunter_ 140210 07.3847.jpg
kscheidl11 months ago
Gracias. Quiero darte las gracias porque he visto un par de videos de youtube y yahoo respuestas de como quitar el mandril, pero pese a ses no pude. Pero gracias a este tutorial, Pude retirar el mandril al pasarme lo mismo sobre eso de los gajes del oficio.
rimar2000 (author)  kscheidl10 months ago
Bueno, me alegro de que te haya servido mi explicación.

A veces se hace difícil explicar una tarea manual, uno se embarulla en las palabras intentando aclarar, y termina siendo como las instrucciones de Mecánica Popular, que no las entiende ni el que las hizo. Me pasó eso especialmente en mi instructable sobre duelas, que no sé cómo decir claramente lo de los ángulos involucrados.

Sos un bicho raro, compatriota, el agradecimiento ya casi no se estila...

Un abrazo.
cxavier2 years ago
Parece sencillo pero no lo es, a no ser que se sepa lo de la rosca izquierda!!
Ahora entiendo por que nunca le pudimos sacar el mandril al taladro del Ale.
Vi tus otros post y te felicito, cada vez queda menos gente que haga "cosas".
Gracias.
rimar2000 (author)  cxavier2 years ago
Yo me di cuenta de casualidad, porque el mandril de un taladro que estaba usando empezó a aflojarse solo. El método es inteligente, por lo sencillo y efectivo.

Gracias por el comentario.
cxavier2 years ago
Parece sencillo pero no lo es, a no ser que se sepa lo de la rosca izquierda!!
Ahora entiendo por que nunca le pudimos sacar el mandril al taladro del Ale.
Vi tus otros post y te felicito, cada vez queda menos gente que haga "cosas".
Gracias.
Quick-tune2 years ago
I find that an easy way of unscrewing the chuck is to clamp an Allen key into the chuck, and hit it with a hammer to loosen it.
rimar2000 (author)  Quick-tune2 years ago
It seems difficult to me, because the chuck is screwed clockwise, but fastened counter-clockwise with another little screw. That screw usually is very tight.

In fact, last time I could not loose it... Maybe I try to do that later using heat.
If you have one, try an impact driver - it worked for me.
rimar2000 (author)  Quick-tune2 years ago
No, I have not it. Thanks for the advice.
sunshiine2 years ago
Instructables to the rescue! Thanks for sharing rimar2000! This Instructables will help a lot of people extend the life of a drill!
Sunshiine
rimar2000 (author)  sunshiine2 years ago
Thanks, Sylvia! The chuck is sometimes the worst part of a cheap drill.
karlpinturr2 years ago
Makes so much sense when someone explains it - Thanks, Rimar :-D
rimar2000 (author)  karlpinturr2 years ago
Thank you, Karl.