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Flashlight Air Gun (Can break Sound Barrier)

Picture of Flashlight Air Gun (Can break Sound Barrier)
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SHOUTOUT TO KIPKAY FOR POSTING A VIDEO ON THIS: my youtube channel is Coolnventions

What Did I Make?

I am 16 years old and made a covert air powered bb gun, that is rapidly realizes a burst of air to propel a projectile at maximum possible velocity. I wanted something powerful, yet small and covert, so I chose a maglite flashlight because it could hold high pressures, and had a threaded back cap, which was crucial to a serviceable design

How did you make it?
This was made by first disassembling the flashlight, and gutting the bulb assembly, then you are left with a empty tube. The barrel is then centered and epoxied in so that there is room left at the bottom for a piston to move. The battery cap to the flashlight is drilled, and fitted for the Shrader Valve, and then is epoxied in. Finally a piston is fabricated by stamping a thick piece of rubber. The whole thing is assembled, and is pressurized with the pump, the gun is fired by pushing the pin in the shrader valve. When the valve is pushed, a small amount of air is vented, causing a suction to pull the piston back and dump the rest of the air into the barrel.

Where did you Make it?
I made this at my home, and in my garage. This was a fun summer project for me, and it turned out very nicely.

What did you learn?
I learned the basic principles of Penumatic Design, and methods of achieving supersonic velocities by using physics equations, and simulations. Using the equations for drag, and velocity I was able to estimated the pressure with about 9% error to the actual thing, which was measured by a chronograph to 850 feet per second.

Materials:
High Pressure Epoxy (JB Weld should work)
Pipe cutter (or metal saw)
Mini Mag lite
Drill
4.5mm internal diameter brass tube (varying length, check next step)
Shrader valve (from bike tire)
Shock Pump (sold at sporting stores)
Thick rubber
Plumbers Tape


**if you need more help go to www.spudfiles.com**


 
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Coolnventions (author) 1 year ago
HELLO: Guys please dont forget to VOTE or COMMENT, it really makes my day :D
imittelstaedt2 months ago

Excellent take on the basic design for a coaxial piston, if I am not mistaken?

I've made one like it.

linzhangyuan4 months ago

hi, i would like to build this air gun, but i was wondering if the size of the flash light matters and if i can use a Maglite solitaire for the gun.

sputh11 months ago
sorry but i believe that the sound barrier is 1129fps :( very impressive though!
Can you post better pics of the piston? I can't figure out how to do the piston... And what is the best way to build it(parts used to make piston)
lubosh.occ1 year ago
question please ... description says "200psi-12 inches (suggested, easy to pump to pressure, and almost supersonic velocities (850 feet per second)" but the mini mag lite is 5-3/4" ... so this actual build is slightly different or what am i missing there? thanks
Coolnventions (author)  lubosh.occ1 year ago
The barrel sticks out, or you can make a detachable extension barrel
Akoi Meexx1 year ago
Voted. This is a great buildlog! The piston animation was especially handy, and made understanding the mechanics behind your pellet gun much easier. I'll have to build this with the next scrapped Maglite I come across.
I'm building one out of a little orange aluminium flashlight that was broken. Found some carbon fiber tape to spruce it up a little bit. I will post pictures when it is finished.

Great Instructable!
Just be careful with the pressures you are using, if the tube walls arent thick, then dont go above 250 psi
ray741 year ago
Very cool. I'm going to try this.
Coolnventions (author)  ray741 year ago
Cool, let me know if you need help. Tell your friends too lol
wilgubeast1 year ago
Up next: try it with some DIY ballistic gel.
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