Introduction: Compact Bug Out Bag

Picture of Compact Bug Out Bag

I was approached by a friend who asked me to look into the various "Complete Bug Out Bags" available on the market today and see which one, in my opinion, was the best compact bag. I looked at, and tested, many "off the shelf" Bug Out Bag/Survival Kits some of which were actually fairly comprehensive but where I found issue with just about all of them was the quality of the gear in them.

Fully 99% of it was cheaply made chinese gear that didn't last more than a few hours and in more than one case broke on its first use. I decided that I would put together a Compact Bug Out Bag that was full of gear that could be depended on should the need arise and that is what this Instructable is about.

Step 1: The Bag Itself

Picture of The Bag Itself

I wanted a bag that was compact, yet large enough to hold everything I felt would be needed if TSHTF and you had to get out of Dodge in a hurry, a bag that you could carry over a shoulder, by hand, or attached to a tactical vest via MOLLE webbing, and it had to be made so it would stand up to rigorous use.

I went through my inventory of bags (I own and run Vanguard Survival, LLC) and decided I'd build the Compact Bug Out Bag using the Voodoo Tactical Enhanced 3 way Deployment bag. It fit the criteria outlined above to a tee. It was compact,had multiple options for carrying, and is constructed of 1000 denier nylon with a water-resistant lining for many years of rough use.

Step 2: What I Shoved Into the Bag

Picture of What I Shoved Into the Bag

Now that I had the "bag" part of the Compact Bug Out Bag it was time to decide what to fill it with. I decided early on that we were going to use Mil-Spec gear whenever we could and only US made gear when we couldn't.

I broke the bag down into component parts:

  • Food
  • Water
  • Fire
  • Shelter
  • First Aid
  • Tools & Cordage
  • Defense

Step 3: Food

Picture of Food

If you ask 100 preppers what they think should be in the food component of a Bug Out Bag you will get 100 different answers, because everyone has an opinion on what "the Best" food source for survival is.

For this kit I went with Mainstay® Survival Rations, by Survivor Industries, because they are lightweight, easy to carry, portion controlled, had a long shelf life, and is Mil-Spec (Coast Guard Approved) for the "primary" 72 hour food source.

I opted for three 1200 calorie packs (only one shown for illustration purposes) instead of the single 3600 calorie pack because if you were able to gather fresh meat for a few days you wouldn't have to worry about spoilage or vermin getting into the remaining portions, cost wise this option worked out to only a few pennies more.

I added a few pieces of "Hard Candy", some coffee, sugar, creamer, soup packets, bouillon cubes, and hot cocoa to round out the "Food" we would carry in the bag.

A Mil-Spec folding stove with fuel tabs was added for heating a quick cup of coffee or cocoa on the go or for heating food when building a fire might not be the best idea.

To argument the food in the bag I added a fishing kit and snare wire to gather fresh meat.

Step 4: Water

Picture of Water

I attached a surplus canteen carrier with 1 qt canteen and canteen cup I had lying around to the MOLLE webbing on the bag as a quick access water source and canteen cup so you would have a means of boiling any water you had to.

Inside the bag I added a Mil-Spec 1- liter survival water bag, Chlor-Floc water purification powder (Mil-Issue), and as a backup Coleman water purification tablets and the Chlorine neutralizer tablets.

Step 5: Fire

Picture of Fire

Where we live high in the Rockies, fire can literally mean the difference between life and death. Even during the summer months we experience lows in the 30's many nights, especially above 9500 feet.

Having a fire not only keeps you warm and prevents, or at least mitigates, hypothermia it gives you a huge psychological boost.

Fire has long kept the "beasties" that prowl the night at bay, provided a sense of comfort in the night, cooked our food, and been a ready source of light on the darkest of nights.

I believe in having primitive fire starting skills but I don't advocate that you rely solely on those skills for fire starting if TSHTF and you really need a fire to stay alive. For that reason I included three means of fire starting in the bag.

  • Mil-Issue Storm Matches
  • Mil-Issue Firesteel
  • Mini Bic® Lighter
  • Mil-Issue Tinder Quik®
  • UST WetFire® Tinder

By having at least three means of starting a fire you greatly increase your chances of getting a fire going even under the most adverse conditions.

Step 6: Shelter

Picture of Shelter

Having a dry place to sit while you contemplate your next move can do more for your survival than many people can fathom. I thought long and hard about what I would include in the shelter component of the kit before deciding on a four layer approach.

I found a US made tube tent that would hold two people plus gear that could be rolled, folded, and squeezed down small enough to fit snugly in the bag. You could cut the tent into sections if needed for use as a water/weather proofing ground cover or roofing underlayment on a lean-to.

As part two of the three-step "system" I lashed a lightweight Frogg Togg® poncho to the bottom of the bag that could be used to keep dry while moving, a ground cover, or as overhead cover.

Part three of our system was the inclusion of plenty of Mil-Spec Type III 550 cord (pictured in the Tools step of the Instructable) so you could make shelter if needed.

The last part of our "system" was the inclusion of a Mil-Issue "Survival Blanket" so you can keep warm on those nights when a fire might not be such a good idea.

Step 7: First Aid

Picture of First Aid

Since all of us at Vanguard Survival are either EMT's, Paramedics, Combat Medics, or Combat Lifesavers with lots of real world experience in both 911 systems and combat zones around the world the first aid component of the kit got a lot of debate on what should and shouldn't be in it.

After many a lively debate I finally settled on a first aid component that could treat the most common cause of death, next to hypothermia and hyperthermia, you'll encounter in a SHTF situation, trauma.

Since space was an issue I decided that I would add the following to the first aid component so you could quickly stop any bleeding and seal wounds as well as take care of the minor and annoying boo-boo's you always seem to get even on a leisurely day hike.

The First Aid Component consists of:

  • 2-Bloodstopper Gauze
  • 2- 25 gram Celox® Packets
  • Various sized Band-Aids®
  • 2" Ace® Bandage
  • 4x4's
  • Waterproof Medical Tape
  • "Super Glue"
  • 1 Israeli Bandage
  • Triple Antibiotic Ointment
  • OTC Pain Relievers
  • Imodium AD®
  • Wound Cleanse® Pads
  • SunScreen
  • 2 Pair Nitrile Gloves

Step 8: Tools and Cordage

Picture of Tools and Cordage

This component of our kit includes compasses, multi-tools, knives, and 550 cord among other things that didn't fit in the other components of the kit.

The tools we included in our kit consist of the Gerber Diesel® Multi-Tool, Gerber Bear Grylls® Fixed Blade Survival Knife, a Gerber Applegate/Fairbairn Combat Folder®, and a Military Issue Wire Saw.

We added a Mil-Spec lensatic compass and a Mil-Issue "Button Compass" for navigation (not shown).

For repairing gear we added a repair kit that consists of:

  • 180' of 188# test Kevlar thread
  • Various sewing needles
  • 6 Safety Pins
  • Needle Threader
  • Buttons
  • 6-Heavy-Duty "Zip-Ties
  • "25' 100 mph Tape

Cordage consists of 50' of Mil-Spec Type III 550 cord and 25' of Mil-Spec Type 1A Utility Cord.

A pair of work gloves finishes out the Tools and Cordage part of the kit (not shown).

Step 9: Defense

Picture of Defense

This component is actually a very subjective part of the kit and like bug out bags in general there are as many varying opinions as there are people on this rock, this is simply my take on what would fit in with the purpose of this kit, small and compact.

As the name implies I wanted to have something in the kit that could be used to defend what you had should the need arise but not be so bulky as to defeat the purpose of the kit, so after much debate I settled on .22 caliber for the "defensive" component.

The small size of .22 allows you to carry more of it than say 5.56, (I packed 250 rounds of .22 Hollow Point Ammo into the kit without any trouble), it can be used to help gather small game, and if you place your shots correctly you can most certainly deter if not eliminate any threats to your continued well-being.

With addition of an AR-7, 10-22, or other quality .22 you have a nice little food gathering/defensive set up.

Step 10: Conclusion

Picture of Conclusion

While this is by no means the be all, end all of compact Bug Out Bags it is an economical option that is affordable on just about any budget.

It is full of Mil-Spec, Mil Issue, or US made gear that I have torture tested under real world conditions and not the cheaply made Chinese crap most of the "Complete Bug Out Bags" come stocked with.

It fits nicely in the trunk of your car or behind the seat of your pick up. It can be attached to any MOLLE equipped vest or pack if you want, you can just grab it by the handle and go, or toss it over your shoulder with the strap included with the bag.

I look forward to seeing your comments and as always, Train to Survive!

Tom

Comments

Bigmoot19 (author)2015-01-22

I have read many bug out bag guides, but this is by far the best. You really help me with mine. Great job Tom.

BrownDogGadgets (author)2014-07-09

I do love the idea of the AR-7, but if you're going to remove the butt from it (where everything can be stored all nice and water proof), then there are better option.

For my money I'd grab a Ruger 10-22 Takedown. It's a bit larger, sure, but it does break in half. (And you could always give it a folding stock.) Plus its a far better gun in general.

(Yes, I do rather like my 10-22 Takedown. Though I wouldn't mind picking up a AR-7 for fun. I have no need for it, but it would be fun.)

Thanks for the comment! I agree with you on the 10/22 take down being a much better rifle Joshua.

The AR 7 in this Instructable is one of the original Armalite AR 7's and the original stock was showing its age so I replaced it with the collapsible one that is on it now while I was waiting for the replacement original to come off of back order at AR7.com (18 months and still waiting). I look for original stocks whenever we hit a gun show unfortunately they seem to be like hens teeth.

I do have one of the 10/22 take downs that I slapped a Butler Creek folder on that has the Compact B.O.B. attached to the MOLLE straps on the Ruger pack in my wife's car with the canteen attached just below it.

Thanks again for the comment!

Train to Survive!

Tom

tomsweet65 (author)2014-06-19

Thanks for your comment!

I agree with you that knowledge is power especially in any type of survival/SHTF situation. Where I disagree with is trying to carry all kinds of books, instructions, etc. One should read books, watch videos, etc. and then train, train, and train some more long before the SHTF or they find themselves in a survival situation. All the books in the world will do you no good if you haven't practiced what you have read long before you need it.

Another point you made that I agree with is that no one knows everything and anyone who says they do is either a liar or crazy, and I for one do not claim to know everything about survival.

The purpose of a B.O.B (this is just my opinion) is to allow you to get away from a dangerous location and to one of relative safety. Having food, water, shelter, and first aid items in your B.O.B. will greatly aid you in that task. They provide a psychological boost that can not be underestimated. When the world as you know it is crashing down around your ears having even the most basic of necessities will decrease that mental burden you WILL feel if you are thrust into a survival situation or TSHTF.

The B.O.B. in this Instructable is designed to allow you to eat (for at least 72 hours), provide shelter, a ready source of water and the ability to purify more, and treat and or care for even a semi-serious wound, while you can learn these things from a book, a book won't feed you, quench your thirst, or bandage a wound.

The time for study and learning is BEFORE TSHTF or you find yourself in a survival situation not after you find yourself in that situation. Thinking that there "is always time to train tomorrow" is how people get dead.

Having personally survived on the rats and bugs diet I can tell you that I would much rather have the items in this B.O.B. than any book.

Once again I would like to thank you for your comment and I would encourage you to train on survival/prepper skills in some way each day so you won't have to carry quite as many books.

Tom

Train to Survive!

azeryth (author)2014-06-18

Great start for any short term survival situation. However, the point for a B.O.B. is survival. I have yet to meet anyone, any good survivalist, that claims to know everything. We all have areas we need improvement on. Packing water to last you is a waste. The ability to find water, purify it, and to continue to do so is what survival is. What are you going to eat? a few bars is great to hold you over until you find a renewable source. First aid items again help but only if you get a scrap. If you are a medic you might do more but most of us arent. You B.O.B. if a survival kit. Knowledge is power and in any situation that you will need a B.O.B. knowledge will do more. A B.O.B. full of Stull like that only makes you a target for people are not prepared. Books on first aid, where/how to find and purify water (a bottle of bleach or iodine would be a better use of space) same for food. How to build power supplies, what parts to use. Maps, guides to shelter, how-to guides on areas you need help on, areas that you need help. we can not all learn it all. Laminated guides that will last in a tough environment. To make this short, knowledge will allow you to survive. A B.O.B. is about survival, pack the knowledge you will need first aid, where to get water, food, shelter. How to make a generator or power systems. Having the knowledge to provide these essentials will get you farther than any limited short term supply could. Your B.O.B. should be full of the information you will need. Guides, how-to's, maps, and tools are what you B.O.B. should be full of. Place these items in a goe-cache. The most important survival supply you can bring is knowledge. Make a binder, book, lamented sheets full of the information needed will allow you to survive. The knowledge will make you useful, where as a pack of supplies makes you a target for unprepared groups or individuals the knowledge makes you an asset. Knowledge is your greatest survival tool. You can devote your life to learning survival and still have lifetimes of skills and information left to learn. Prepare a B.O.B. full of knowledge that you will need, the basic tools you will need, and enough supplies to get you to a cache or to last enough time to start getting renewable water and food sources started. You can not carry enough food or water to survive but the knowledge of how-to will last forever.

madashell13 (author)2014-06-16

Nice instructable!!! Most people over look the gloves. Solid kit.

tomsweet65 (author)madashell132014-06-17

Thanks for the comment!

dlbjohnson (author)2014-06-16

I completely agree. This kit is one of the best compact ones I have seen! I don't have gloves in my BOB. Whoops. Will remedy that ASAP.

The food is the only thing I can't use. I am not familiar enough with it. Our allergies are life threatening. Few quick foods meet those needs.

tomsweet65 (author)dlbjohnson2014-06-17

Thanks for the comment! Glad you could take something away from the Instructable, and yes gloves are a must...lol...

kbc2 (author)2014-06-16

dig it! i like that you implemented a firearm, i have a henry "survival" 22 that breaks down and stuffs in it own stock in my bag. overall components are well thought out. a couple that i didnt think of. Thanks!

tomsweet65 (author)kbc22014-06-17

Thanks for the comment! The rifle in the picture is an original Armalite AR-7. Armalite sold the rights to Charter Arms who in turn sold the rights to Henry. I added an aftermarket stock because the original stock was showing signs of wear and tear otherwise it is the same rifle you have. Both are great little rifles!

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