Introduction: Compact Grappling Hook

When I was a kid I made little grappling hooks out of paper clips. No G.I. JOE was complete without one! Now that I'm all grown I've graduated from paper clips. Last year I made my son a Katana Letter Opener for Christmas. This year I made him a grappling hook. It screws apart for compact storage and even has an N52 Neodymium magnet. It's tied to 50' of paracord.

Step 1: Gather Materials

Everything you need is at the hardware store.

1, 3/4" bolt

1, 3/4" nut

5/16" steel rod

Neodymium magnet.

Over all it all cost about $11.00.

Step 2: Turn the Body

All the work is done on a Harbor Freight Mini Lathe. To start I machined a flat face on the head of the bolt. This allowed it to sit square against the chuck when I flipped it around. Next I drilled a hole in the end so I would have a place for the live center (a live center is a support that spins along with your work piece while supporting it).

I machined the threads off leaving just enough for the width of the nut. I followed by machining in a cool shape.

Step 3: Finish the Head

Taking the head of the bolt from six sides to a circle takes some patience. It helps to use gear oil to keep things cutting smooth. I turned all the sides round and used a file to bevel the edge.

Since the magnet is 1/2" x1/4" I used a 1/2" drill bit to drill a hole that was just shy of 1/4".

Step 4: Prep the Nut

I used a ruler to mark the center of the nut and drilled a pilot hole. I followed that with a 5/16" bit.

Step 5: Form the Eye Bolt

Every grappling hook has to have a way to tie off. I took a section of 3/16" steel rod and wrapped it around the 5/16" rod. This made a spiral which I could cut down to one loop. I inserted the eye bolt into the same hole that supported the live center. I then cross drilled a hole and hammered in a pin to keep it in place.

Step 6: Making the Tines

This is not the sanctioned way to use a pipe cutter but I do it all the time and it works great. I cut out 3 sections of equal length from the 5/16" rod. I set my lathe to 10 degrees and machined a point onto each tine. Next I used a piece of wire to help determine the final shape.

Step 7: Bend and Weld

I put each tine into a vise and bent them to shape with the help of a pipe. I welded them into the holes I drilled for the nut. I cleaned up the welds with a deburring tool.

Step 8: Powder Coat

I powder coated the everything and baked it in an old toaster oven. I glued in the magnet with super glue and and finally tied it off with paracord. Thanks for reading.

Comments

author
Niii Pawww (author)2016-09-19

Wow, nice ibble!!

author
danielhu4367 (author)2016-03-02

hi im new

author
fiermedic (author)2015-11-09

Very cool project and excellent directions! Thanks for sharing! Might just be my first ever lathe project...after Christmas?

author
clazman (author)2015-01-08

This is absolutely scary. We aren't making this as a toy , I hope.

Using low grade bolt and rod, (A36) (36000 yield) for this is really scary.

I could show the load calculations, but suffice it to say, do NOT use this "for real"

This is only a "toy"

author
ralema69 (author)clazman2015-08-12

You asked "We aren't making this as a toy" and then said DO NOT use this for real. I believe the correct would be that you are advising that in fact it is just for show and yes you are correct, NOT for real use due to the load strength, etc.

author
jseckelman (author)clazman2015-01-12

Can you give an example of a "high grade" bolt? If its low grade, is it because of the type of material that its made of? Do you know of a resource to find the yields of different bolts?? Thanks

author

A classic reference for that sort of info used to be Mark's Handbook for Mechanical Engineers. Most fastener manufacturers have yield and failure strengths on their website (as spec sheets). Low grade is lower strength and related to many things - alloy used, and heat treatment primarily.

author
Metal_maestro (author)jseckelman2015-01-15

All fasteners (bolts, screws, nails, and the like) have ratings for the engineer types. That way they can apply those values in their calculations. Part of why hot rivets fell out of favor, since no two rivets are alike. Bolt grades are also important to pay attention to in mechanical work too. An engine is usually held together with high tensile strength bolts. Replace these bolts with bolts of a lower tensile strength and the likelihood of catastrophic failure becomes a very real possibility. Here is one place to find stuff about fastener grading.

http://www.k-tbolt.com/bolt_chart.html

Be safe out there people.

author
nwashuta (author)clazman2015-01-16

The paracord is likely to be the weak point unless you think the hooks are going to have huge bending loads on them.

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ralema69 (author)2015-08-12

Anyway to make something like without having a lathe, welder and such?

author
Shadowwalker2551 (author)2015-02-08

ok, im planning to make this for metalwork for school, but i need ti know will it be able to take my weight? im about 70kg so not quite sure

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meeeeep (author)Shadowwalker25512015-02-26

Not sure about the hook, but the paracord definitely will.

author
Lanvi (author)2015-01-25

This is the best grappling hook-tutorial I've seen this far. I am even thinking about using this as project for some of my students, since it includes so many different methods of metalworking.
You did great work on the slides of this how-to and your video is just awesome. Compact as the grappling hook and as entertaining as using it :)

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Mrballeng (author)Lanvi2015-02-03

This is absolutely awesome!!! Thank you for sharing.

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Lanvi (author)Lanvi2015-01-27

Just in case: I do know that this isn't suitable for actual climbing in any circumstance. Also, when I used the grappling hook and the schematics I made, to introduce my student to technical drawing, I told them about the weak points etc. But the paracord did hold my weight (around 78kg or 172 pounds). But it did stretch quite a bit at the strain...

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andrea biffi (author)2015-01-19

very nice!

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clazman (author)2015-01-17

I'm sorry for the problems that imbedded controls that possibly were in the body of text when I copied and pasted from a Word document. They apparently affected the text formatting.

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clazman (author)2015-01-17

Please
do not take what you are about to read as a condemnation. It is definitely not.
I only want to present to you and your readers some considerations that may, or
not be, important to safety.

I’m
really sorry for opening this bolt grade discussion. There is more to it,
mechanical design, than what I stated concerning bolts.

One
must have the technical knowledge “engineering knowledge” and/or experience to
even attempt to design an item that has safety requirements. Even then there
are degrees of safety that come in to play. What I was attempting to say, and
failed miserably, is there is more to designing and constructing an item than
just going down to the hardware store and buying a component.

One
commenter stated that the rope would probably break prior to claw failure. Yes,
that could be true. However, if the user is injured or killed, it doesn’t
matter which component failed. An item as this where the user is at risk there
needs to be a factor of safety applied. Yes, there still may still be a
failure. If an individual was harmed, or killed, because of the failure then it
is the designer’s/engineer’s reputation that is at risk, let alone the possible
grief, monetary penalty and possible incarceration of said individual. As to
any design, there is a need for a factor of safety. Some of the considerations
that affect the safety facture, are: possible unknowns of the design and the that
of the use this design will “see” in the field, the user’s safety, component
variations, manufacturing variations, etc.

During
my early engineering days right out of the University of Washington, I had the
opportunity to work for a mechanical engineering consultant that had an innate
ability in mechanical designs.

One
particular event, I like to remember, was a failure of a component in a piece
of heavy equipment at a nearby company. The consulting engineer was testifying
as to the mode of failure. It was a failure that could have killed someone. The
bolts on a very large turntable component had failed and the upper structure
came crashing to the ground. The consulting engineer had me take several
pictures of the counterbore for the bolts that held the upper structure to the
turntable bearing. The problem was that the counter bores had become pseudo
countersinks. Someone had taken it upon themselves to modify the counterbore by
simply drilling the counterbores. This had the unfavorable effect in
significantly changing the bolt stresses where the head geometry meets the
shank geometry. This is an example of someone not knowledgeable in the design
making what they felt was not significant. I realize that this moves away from
the discussion of bolt grades. However it does show why some technical
knowledge and experience is needed where personnel safety could be jeopardized.

Please
do not ask me to divulge any further than this. I was only pointing out the
ramifications of modifying a specification.

The reply you received comparing rivets to bolts is ludicrous. To say that
engines use high grade bolts is also a poor argument.

The automotive industry utilizes bolt quality as needed. High grade bolts
for connecting rods, cylinder heads. Lower grade bolts for an oil pan. The
reason for this is that a lower grade bolt would have to be significantly
larger to handle the loading. This requires that the item has to be
proportionately larger. One example of this can be seen in comparing a design
of, say, 80 years ago to a similar design of today. Then, mechanical designs
and fastening components were much bulkier than similar designs decades later.

Another example, I like to reflect on, is a situation that occurred when my
journeyman auto mechanic father and I were rebuilding the engine on my ’68
Toyota. Dad had me torque a flywheel bolt on my 68 Toyota as if it was Detroit
iron. The bolt head sheared right off! Why, the Japanese manufacturer was using
a lower grade bolt for this situation than was being used on, say, a U.S made
vehicle. What am I trying to explain here is that please use components and
installation procedures spec’d by the manufacturer. They have used their
experience and technical knowledge to accomplish a particular design. Varying
from the spec’s, could be annoying, if not deadly.

In summation, please be careful and consider the affect that your design my
have, especially where an individual’s safety, and even life, is at risk.

And also, please consider the unsolicited comments, as mine, that may be
made.

This not only is meant for this individual, but others, as well.

Oh, one other thought, when I brought up the use of higher strength bolts,
there is another consideration I failed to mention. When higher grade bolts are
utilized, alloy (high carbon) steel, is utilized, one must consider the
detrimental effect that the welding process has on the integrity of the bolt.
Another process needs to be incorporated into the design to help reduce the
harmful effect of the welding. I do not want to go there, for that is another
story.

author
Eh Lie Us! (author)2015-01-13

Great use of your tools and skills. The novices, such as myself, are paying attention!

author
Mrballeng (author)Eh Lie Us!2015-01-14

Thanks! I've learned a whole lot since I started posting on Instructables. I don't know how fast I would have improved if I didn't know others would be looking at my work.

author
patrick.burns.3990 made it! (author)2015-01-10

Fun project, thanks for the instructable. Next up will be a cross bow to shoot it far distances. Yahoooo.

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author

And really people, this is for fun!

author
Kilt Y (author)2015-01-09

Gorgeous!

author
Arghus (author)2015-01-08

Holy cow, every ninja would simply drool looking at that.

author
okamotos (author)2015-01-08

Kickstarter! I'd buy one.

author
ShezZahm (author)2015-01-06

* Great job by a machinist *

**This project is NOT for the average Joe/Jone.

* A complex instructable, not to mention, complicated machinery needed to accomplish

* With all the complicated steps, it is far less complex to purchase grappling hook.

author
RayR2 (author)ShezZahm2015-01-07

Far less complex and far more boring. And good luck purchasing a grappling hook not made in China out of pot metal. Why did you comment again? Go back to watching Desperate Hosewives.

author
_soapy_ (author)ShezZahm2015-01-07

It's something you can aspire to.

You could do this entire thing with no lathe, & it would be just as good.

How?

Personally I'd use a 10.9 hex bolt as my starter for ten, but less experienced people can go for 8.8 or even 4.8 grade bolts - it's massive, you'll break the line long before a 12mm bolt fails - then chuck it in a drill. Spin it up and use a 3.5" disc cutter to shape it as shown here. Start with a flap disc, then use a cutting disc for detail. Once happy, disc off the bit in the chuck that you can't reach, or flip it around

That's the 'machining' done.

Free hand or pillar drill the ends for the magnet hole. Tap the eye bolt end.
Buy an eye bolt to suit your hole. Weld it closed, and weld it in, or do like this Instructable.

Chop the bars with your disc cutter to size AFTER bending is likely easier. Then grind to suit. Or 'machine' them in the drill with the flap disc then bend.

There you go! No 'complex' machining issues.

I might make one this way and write it up. Someone would still likely complain though.

Oh, to the OP - lovely work. Please don't take this criticism as criticism of you! (& I envy your home powder coating machine too.)

author
vgreene (author)2015-01-07

That looks really nice. I love how you started with a bolt and machined it to something that looks really nice, but understand that is just looks.

I am also a rock climber. PLEASE tell your son not to use this to climb anything. The bend and shear strengths of your build MIGHT be strong enough to support a static load of 300 pounds, but a little bit of shock load raises the actual load by huge margins. Even if the grappling hook holds, and whatever it catches on holds, that paracord is not designed for climbing either.

Not necessarily a good idea to throw a pointy thing up in the air either - what goes up must come down.

author
Dr. Joe (author)2015-01-06

Wow and you even powder coated it. What a great toy. Perhaps the tines could be magnetized too. I have lots of gear stowed on the bottom of lakes and rivers. I can see fishermen using this to recover lost gear.

author
randaroo22 (author)2015-01-06

What a great father and son project. I work for the Boy Scouts and would love to have one to help inspire those working on the Metal Working Merit Badge. Let me know if I can buy one from you.

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Mrballeng (author)randaroo222015-01-06

Thanks for the comment and for serving in the Boy Scouts. I'm designing another right now. It will be a few weeks before it's done though. I'll post that as we'll.

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randaroo22 (author)Mrballeng2015-01-06

Awesome, let me know if I can buy one or if you want to donate one for the cause. I really think the boys would love it and I'm working on a partnership with YESCO here in Vegas for the hands on.

author
lbull2287 (author)2015-01-06

Nay-says comments aside, that is seriously cool. I wish my dad would have made me one!

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Mrballeng (author)lbull22872015-01-06

Thank you. Hand made gifts are the best. Especially when they can see all the photos of how it was made.

author
rtormet (author)2015-01-06

That is so awesome! i love it and it turned out great! you have inspired me to start looking for a lathe

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Mrballeng (author)rtormet2015-01-06

Mine cost about $400. Totally worth it. It's paid for itself several times over just in different repairs I've completed with it.

author
Big Daddy Gurney Guy (author)2015-01-06

I don't own all the fancy machinery, so here's my answer. Nice Instructable though. http://www.countycomm.com/hook.html

author

When I joined instructables I had a hammer and piece of carpet as my workshop. I guess you can say I've moved up. :)

author
NPTT13 (author)2015-01-06

Parachute Cord is weight tested for various conditions. It is VITAL that you get certified tested 550 cord for any type of rappelling. As he stated here he is assuming his craft can hold up to 150 lbs. You must be very careful when using the cord itself for any tension other than what it is purposed for. I had a non-ranger buddy that decided it would be a good thing to rappel down the side of a short cliff luckily for him he only broke his tail bone when the weight snapped under his scrawny 180 lb ass. The Para-cord he used was cut straight from his chute after our jump into the field op. I thought this Instructible was beautifully done and all of the questions he answered were right on par. Kudos brother, for a very clean project.

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Mrballeng (author)NPTT132015-01-06

82nd?

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NPTT13 (author)NPTT132015-01-06

I stated to get the certified and tested 550 cord for repelling as a joke -- if you rappel, don't rappel with 550 cord.

author
Questor (author)2015-01-06

I want to know what the magnet is for???

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Mrballeng (author)Questor2015-01-06

It's there just because magnets are fun. It gives my son that much more retrieving action.

author
cootdude (author)2015-01-04

Why did you only pin in the eye. Why not buy a forged threaded Eye Bolt. Drill and tap the shaft and screw in the eye bolt. Huge improvement , Otherwise Great Job

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Mrballeng (author)cootdude2015-01-06

I like your style. Good thinking.

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eng_Andy (author)cootdude2015-01-06

I'll do you one better. If you have bits like his, good enough to drill a long axial hole for an eye bolt, you could just drill a perpendicular hole through the bolt instead, then round off the edges.

That way you'd save time, energy, materials and tool wear & tear, while knowing for certain that your nut would fit past the eye because you just wore the threads away on a lathe. :)

Personally I wouldn't even round off the bolt head, since keeping it hexagonal would make it easier to tighten & release the assembly. Now go forth and make even better ones!

author
avayan (author)2015-01-06

Man this looks cool like heck! Great job indeed! I actually liked how you have transformed the lathe into a multi tool. Some of those operations had never crossed my mind, so this instructable is a gold mine of cool tricks. Thanks for putting it together!

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Mrballeng (author)avayan2015-01-06

Thanks for all the nice words. Brent

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CementTruck (author)2015-01-02

Very nice. Couple of questions: why is the bolt body turned to that profile, and what was the magnet's purpose?

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