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Step 1: Materials Needed.
Chemical light stick
Emergency Candles (optional)
Small LED keychain flashlight
Piece of paper
Box of WATERPROOF matches
Water treatment (for example iodine or chlorine. I use drops i bought at Coast Mountain Sports)
Poncho, OR a space blanket. (I used a Poncho because it doesnt rip as easily, although this sacrifices space.)
Step 2: Fishing Line.
What you are going to do is wind several meters of fishing line onto the grip of a Bic pen.
To do this simply, make a loop at the end of the fishing line.
Then take the grip of the pen off the pen.
Then tie the loop to the middle of the grip of the pen.
Start to wind the fishing line around the grip until you feel you have enough fishing line.
Cut the line leaving about 1 foot at the end.
Put the end through the middle of the grip a few times, to prevent it from unraveling.
You now have a fair amount of fishing line that will go into your kit.
Step 3: Whistle
To signal with a whistle, put the end in your mouth, take a deep breath, plug your ears with your fingers, and blow into the whistle as hard as you can. Do this in quick bursts and in sets of three. Three of anything is the international distress signal.
To save space, you may want to take the cord off of your whistle if it has one.
Step 4: Chemical Light Stick.
The human eye tends to notice things that are perfect. Whether it be a perfectly straight line, or a perfect circle. This is because nothing in nature is perfect. With the light stick, you will tie about 8 feet of fishing line, or cordage to the end of it. Then simply spin it in a circle. This creates a bright perfect circle, which at night, can be very useful for signaling. This technique is done by the special forces, and the helicopter pilots can see them very well.
Step 5: Emergency Candles.
Emergency candles are cheap (I got mine for 49 cents each at Army&Navy). They often have burn times of 8-12 hours.
These can also raise the temperature of a well built shelter by about 2 degrees, so put a couple of these in your kit.
Step 6: Small LED Keychain Flashlight.
Step 7: Tinfoil
Unroll and rip off a few feet of tinfoil. Then fold it in half,and continue to fold it in half until you have a credit card sized piece of tinfoil. Try not to crinkle it when you do this
Step 8: Duct Tape
To do this get a piece of paper (I used pink for demonstration purposes), and put the roll of duct tape on top of it. Measure how wide the roll of duct tape is and cut a strip of paper as wide as the roll is. Then twrap the paper around that good ol' bic pen. Then start wrapping duct tape around the paper. Keep on doing so until you feel you have enough. You now have compact duct tape.
Step 9: Razor Blade
Step 10: Box of Waterproof Matches
Dont always expect to light a fire though. If the wood is wet, then usually don't waste your time trying to make a fire. I say usually because there are certain tree barks that contain high amounts of resin, and burn when wet. If you can find birch bark, then you may have a chance at building a fire.
Step 11: Water Treatment
If you run out of, or lose your chemicals, then remember that you can boil your water.
Remember to read, and follow the directions on your purifier carefully before purifying the water.
Step 12: Poncho/Space Blanket
Remember to take one of these two, or possibly both if you really want to play it safe, because they both vital pieces of your kit.
Step 13: Optional-Vacuum Pack It
Vacuum packing will make it much more compact, and it will keep the kit together better.
Cut the vacuum pack bag so that it is just a bit longer than the largest object (most likely the poncho or light stick). Then carefully put everything in the bag, and simply vacuum pack it. When you pack it a smart thing to do is tape a small blade onto the side of the bag, and put some tape over the sharp edge. If you don't have something sharp, it will be hard to rip the bag open.
Step 14: And Your Kit is Done!
Step 15: Additional Information
If you are in the northern hemisphere hold your watch horizontally. Point the hour hand at the sun and bisect the angle between the hour hand and the 12 o'clock mark. this gives a north south line.
If you are in the southern hemisphere point the 12 o'clock mark at the sun and bisect the angle between the hour hand and the 12 o'clock mark
Another way to find which way is north is by remembering, the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. At noon in the northern hemisphere the sun will be due south at noon . If you are in the southern hemisphere the sun will be due north at noon.
A medical kit was not included in my kit, but if you want to bring one, then bring polysporin and some tylenol and some anti-diarrheal medicine.
There is a common rule, it is known as the rule of 3's. A person can go 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food. So food is not your main priority.
A triangle, or 3 of anything is the international distress signal. 3 whistle blows, 3 logs put into a triangle, or 3 flashes of a signal mirror, will be known by search and rescue as someone thats in trouble.
Remember to keep your core temperature up. Your core is your head, heart and lungs. If one of those organs fail everything fails. And remember the saying "If your feet are cold, put on a better hat". Your head is where most of your heat is lost, so wear a hat or toque
A fire needs 3 things (so many three's), air, fuel, and heat. Without 1 of these the fire will fail.
Remember that prevention is 99% of the cure. Plan your trip ahead, follow trails closely, and ALWAYS tell someone where you are going and when you will be back.
If you did tell someone when you will be back, and your not back by that time, then the chances are that there is someone looking for you (search and rescue). Most rescues are done in a few days, so think positive and don't think negative.
Search and Rescue likes things that are multi-purpose. They call it "highly-repurposable"
If you are very low on water, do not eat food. Food takes water to digest, so not eating food saves water.
Always leave 2 hours before sunset to build shelter and possibly make a fire. To find 2 hours, hold your fist out at a distance. The number of fists you can fit between the horizon and the top of the sun show how many hours of sunlight is left. Each fist is equal to around 1 hour of sunlight. So if you can fit 2 fists between the horizon and the top of the sun, then you have about 2 hours of sunlight left.
There is something called the "edibility test". It is a rather long test, and it can be found here
Do not eat mushrooms. Treat them all as poisonous, unless you are 101% sure that the mushroom is edible
If walking through the woods, make a small rock structure every 100 yards to show search and rescue where you are going if they happen to pick up on your trail. To find 100 yards, go to a football field and count how many left steps it takes to walk the length of it, this will give you an approximite distance of 100 yards when walking through the woods. To make a rock structure take a large rock and put it on the trail, then a rock slightly smaller, and put it on top of the large rock, then a rock much smaller than the large rock and put it on top of the slightly smaller rock. This creates a bit of a tower that is easy to see.
So go out there, have fun, and stay safe! But first rate, comment, and Vote!