Introduction: Condition and Dye Your Own Hemp Rope

Picture of Condition and Dye Your Own Hemp Rope

In this Instructable, I will guide you through the process of conditioning raw hemp into soft and beautiful rope.

Disclaimer:

This is for informative purposes only. I am in no way responsible for any injury by or misuse of the finished product.

Step 1: Tools and Ingredients

1. Hemp rope - I'm using 83 meters of raw 4 mm rope but the process is the same for thicker sizes. I buy Ecolution Romanian hemp rope through greenboatstuff.com. It's sold by weight so if you buy thicker rope you won't get the same length.

2. EMT safety shears

3. Stock pot or pressure cooker - large enough to hold all your rope and cover with water

4. Washer and dryer

5. Mesh laundry bag or old pillow case

6. Dye (optional) - use any brand you like, just make sure it's for natural fibers and that you follow the instructions. I'll be using Rit-Dye.

7. 1 cup salt (for dying)

8. Water

9. Rough towel or piece of burlap

10. Gas burner or alcohol lamp

11. Mineral oil - get the kind sold as a laxative at the drug store. It's much more refined than other kinds at the hardware store.

12. Masking tape

13. Measuring tape.

14. Whipping twine or strong thread

Step 2: Cut Your Rope to Manageable Lengths

Picture of Cut Your Rope to Manageable Lengths

Eighty-three meters of rope is extremely difficult to work with, so we're going to cut it down into a few pieces. Find the two ends of the rope and tie an overhand knot on each end so the rope doesn't unravel. Feel through the rope and find the middle. Cut it with the EMT shears and tie another overhand knot in each of the new ends. Repeat this for each of the two pieces so that you end up with four equal length pieces of rope. Don't cut the rope to your desired lengths right now as you're going to lose a bit of length during the conditioning and whipping processes.

Step 3: Daisy Chain the Rope

Picture of Daisy Chain the Rope

Start by holding the ends of a piece of rope in one hand. We'll call this part the ends and the other side where the rope is bent is called the bight. Make a loop by crossing the rope over itself so that the ends are under the rest of the rope. Now reach through the loop and grab the rope and pull it up through the first loop, but not all the way, to create a second loop. Repeat this process down the length of the rope until you get to the bight. When you dont have enough rope to make any more loops, pull the bight all the way through the last loop that you made. Doing this keeps your rope from getting tangled. When you want to undo the daisy chain, just untuck the bight and pull. The whole thing will unravel into a nice piece of tangle free rope. Sweet.

Step 4: Boil the Rope

Picture of Boil the Rope

Pretty self explanatory. Get a big pot, put your daisy chained rope in it, fill it with water, and bring it to a boil. Boil it or a long time...a really long time...like over night. Add water as it evaporates. If you have a pressure cooker or a canner you can just put it in there for like two hours. Follow your manufacture's instructions. When you're done, pour out the nasty brown water and rinse the rope in cold water to cool it off. Throw the daisy chains in a dryer until they're completely dry. Repeat this step as many times as you need to until the rope gets as soft as you want it. Remember, the more times you boil it, the weaker the rope gets, so be careful if you are going to use your rope for load bearing activities. Dying the rope will add another boil and wash cycle.

Step 5: Dye the Rope (optional)

Picture of Dye the Rope (optional)

Use a dye made for natural fibers. I'm using Rit-Dye. It's cheap and easy to use. You can get it at just about any grocery or craft store. You can use better dyes but they require more materials and time. Follow the directions on the bottle. Basically fill the pot with more water and a cup of non-iodized salt. Don't put too much water in the pot right away or it will over flow when you add the rope. Pour in the dye. I used one bottle. You can use more for darker coloring. Now unravel your daisy chains and slowly add the rope to the pot, being careful not to splash. Add more water to cover the rope. Let it boil for at least an hour, longer for darker coloring. Add water to keep the rope submerged as it evaporates. When it's done, pour out the dye water and rinse the rope until the water runs clear. I did this by dumping the rope in the bathtub and letting the shower run over it until the run off was clear. Hang the rope outside to dry. When it's completely dry daisy chain each piece and put them inside a mesh laundry bag or old pillow case with the end tied shut. Put the bag of rope in the washing machine and run it on the hottest setting. Dry the rope in the dryer.

Step 6: Break in the Rope

Picture of Break in the Rope

Undo the daisy chains. Your rope is probably very kinky (no pun intended). Find some sharp sturdy edge like a metal staircase bannister. In my case there's a padlock latch on an out door closed in the back yard of my apartment. Any sharp edge that won't wear down or get splinters in your rope will do. Pull the rope across the edge at a sharp angle. Put a lot of force into it. Your arms and back should hurt. Wear gloves to avoid blisters. You're trying to break the fibers and sort of sand the outside of the rope. Start at one end and pull to the other end then go back. Your rope should end up looking pretty fuzzy and less stiff. This also will stretch and straighten the rope.

Step 7: Singe Off the Fuzzies

Picture of Singe Off the Fuzzies

Use a gas burner or alcohol lamp. I don't like candles because they make a lot of soot. Pull the rope through the flame at a pace slow enough to singe off the fibers but fast enough to avoid scorching the rope. You're never going to get all the fibers off, just get the majority. Follow common sense fire safety precautions. When you're done, pull the rope through a towel or other rough cloth to remove the soot. Start at on end and pull until you reach the end then reverse direction.

Step 8: Oil the Rope

Picture of Oil the Rope

Pour a couple globs of mineral oil onto a clean cloth. Let it soak in a bit. You want enough oil to rub off onto the rope but not enough that the rag is dripping. Pull the rope through the cloth just like you did in the previous step. You don't want to saturate the rope, you just want a light coating.

Step 9: Coil the Rope

Picture of Coil the Rope

Drape the ends of the rope across your hand so that about a foot of rope is dangling. Pick the rope on the opposite side up and lay it across your hand in the direction of the ends to create a bight about a foot long. Do this back and forth until you get to within two feet of the folded end of the rope. Wrap the folded end up toward your hand around the bundle. When you have about 6 - 10 inches left, reach through the bundle and pull some of the folded end through to make a loop. Tuck the folded end through the loop and cinch. You now have a handy loop to hang your nicely coiled rope. Hang the rope up over night to let the oil soak in.

Step 10: Measure and Cut Your Rope

Picture of Measure and Cut Your Rope

Decide how long you want your pieces of rope to be. I like 15' and 30' pieces. Use a tape measure and wrap pieces of masking tape around the rope to mark where you're going to cut. Cut at the middle of the tape so that each end of the rope is held together and doesn't unravel.

Step 11: Finish the Rope Ends

Picture of Finish the Rope Ends
Use whipping twine or strong thread to whip the ends of the rope. The Two Knotty Boys will explain it much better than I can.


Your rope is now finished! To store your rope, coil longer lengths as shown in step 9. For shorter lengths, fold the rope in half twice and tie the bundle in an over hand knot. To wash your rope, daisy chain the pieces, put them in a mesh laundry bag or pillow case with the end tied in a knot and wash them in a washing machine with about half the amount of detergent you would use for a normal load. Hang to dry and re-oil.

Comments

xXDork.VaderXx (author)2014-10-08

When I throw it in the washer can I add a teeny weeny splash of detergent? Also what do you recommend to lighten the yellow hue the rope has naturally? I went for blue, but ended up with green due to the ropes natural tint.

Try rit dye color remover

tenuki_igo (author)2013-10-13

Instead of whipping consider using a footrope knot to terminate. ( also called a manrope knot, ABOK 696, thistle knot, etc )

http://www.ropeworks.biz/archive/footrope.html

or the wall knot ( ABOK 672 - do a series of them instead of 1 - very similar to above )

http://www.ropeworks.biz/archive/wallknot.html

KentuckyGuy (author)tenuki_igo2015-09-02

Whipping the rope has an added benefit. You can color code it for length.

WilliamS17 (author)tenuki_igo2015-02-22

The whipping on the ends is a good method for making Shibari rope for bondage. The knots you describe have the effect of thickening the rope diameter and thereby makes it a little more difficult to pull the rope through some of the knots in a fluid motion.

mcvarij (author)tenuki_igo2013-10-14

I tried using this knot but found that they were bulier than I liked and tended to come undone. I started using the sailmakers whipping:

http://www.animatedknots.com/sailmakers/index.php?Categ=ropecare&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.animatedknots.com

It's more work and takes some practice, but it's really secure and when you tie it with a thin hemp twine of contrasting color it looks especially nice.

lordofentropy (author)2015-07-23

I used a pressure cooker and all steps were fine until I got to the breaking in the rope part. I as well have a very similar pad lock as pictured. Furthermore, I went at a sharp angle, and put a lot of force into it. Well force appears to be a relative term. I ended up snapping my rope 3 times, the edges of the pad lock in conjunction with the amount of force I was putting in just ended up slicing the rope. Soo, I did find that using rough rope that is wrapped around an outdoor 'kitty tower' worked out pretty well. So I recomend for the larger guys to skip metal edges like pad locks and get a board wrap some heavy/thick rough natural fiber rope around the top and anchor the board down.

jklovance (author)2012-10-25

I am having trouble getting the dye to penetrate to the core of the rope. I am using fiber reactive die. I vat processed it for over two hours in my bathtub but it didn't go all the way through.

WilliamS17 (author)jklovance2015-02-22

I know that this was posted a while ago, but I would like to offer some help on this. I personally have found that I get really good penetration with my rope when I boil it for an hour or more with frequent agitation. I think the heat does the trick, along with the movement of the rope to get the dye into the core.

dwindel (author)2015-02-06

what is the reasoning behind oiling the rope ?

and couldn't you dye it with out the washing in between ??

im btw going all in found 220M 6mm hemp ropoe for cheaps and im giving it a shot :-)

tenuki_igo (author)2013-10-13

Looks like the greenboat site doesn't sell it anymore. I get mine at:

http://www.rawganique.com/HArope.htm

Fyremane (author)2012-12-21

Hmm, 15' and 30' lengths of dyed Hemp Rope, I do belive i know what this rope is used for. Sounds like Shibari

vincedis (author)2012-04-10

will this process take away some of the smell? i don't really want to buy natural hemp if it is going to smell like goat poop. When i use my friends rope it reminds me of the petting zoo. If this process doesn't get it out is there anything that will besides 10 years of consistant use?

jklovance (author)vincedis2012-10-25

All the smell goes away after treating.

hansherauf (author)2009-08-04

Some instructions claims that it has to be animal oil, others recommend using Vax. Do not use vegetable oils as they go rancid quite easily

holsen (author)hansherauf2012-03-10

Jojoba oil is commonly considered one of the best choices.
This doesn't contradict the previous comment since chemically it's a wax rather than an oil.

b1gdamnhero (author)2011-06-25

Does it make any difference whatsoever if the pot is covered or not? (Sorry, total rookie at this.)

mcvarij (author)b1gdamnhero2011-06-26

No. It might help to reduce evaporation, it shouldn't matter otherwise.

b1gdamnhero (author)mcvarij2011-06-26

Great, thanks!

jiminigrist (author)2011-02-25

Another great instructable. I use a similar process and the results are great.

frollard (author)2009-03-22

Thank you mcvarij! Treated hemp is always super expensive, and I've always wondered the steps! I love the warning "not responsible for what you do with it" ;-) - should this be in the 'anything kinky' group?

Vulcanator (author)frollard2009-04-06

smoke it, hemp originates from the cannabis plant (the stems)

frollard (author)Vulcanator2009-04-06

not what i had in mind when I joked at the disclaimer about making rope.

Vulcanator (author)frollard2009-04-21

yeah i know, you shouldn't smoke it it contains the least amount of THC of the entire cannabis plant

godhole (author)Vulcanator2009-06-01

Another reason to not smoke hemp rope is that the majority of that available in the US was grown with pesticides.

wiljo94 (author)godhole2010-04-01

Also, hemp rope comes from a different plant in the cannabis family than that which is smoked

frollard (author)frollard2009-03-23

**how DARE they take down the tkb videos? those are incredibly informative!

albesan (author)2009-11-30

this step didn't quite work for me. Maybe I overdid it. The rope ended up damaged and after zinging there were lots of black burnt out dots along the rope.
Not doing this step worked better for me, the boiling and washing at high temperature plus the stretching during the drying process seems to soften the rope enough.

Maybe is the rope I am using, it is a 6 mm hemp.


None the less thanks for the instructable.

shango2 (author)2009-08-28

Very nice, I'm in the middle of trying this myself. I'm not dyeing my rope yet, I want to see what color it ends up being first. And I used Sailmaker's whipping with hemp cord, which is nice and secure, and looks cool too...

ellarodgers (author)2009-03-31

Thank you. Procedure works very well.

thickneckarts (author)2009-03-23

Cool instructable! I will definitely give this a try.

Mr. Beefhead (author)2009-03-21

Thank you, this is fantastic! Any tips as to the optimum amount of boil/dry cycles (in your opinion)?

mcvarij (author)Mr. Beefhead2009-03-21

I did a single boil for about two hours, plus the dying process and my rope is fine.

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