# Controlling a Relay Board With an Arduino Uno

11,914

215

6

Posted

## Introduction: Controlling a Relay Board With an Arduino Uno

In this instructable we will control a Velleman K6714 relay board with an Arduino. The beauty of using relays is that we can use a modest little Arduino to switch household appliances or what you may have. The Velleman K6714 has been around for more than a decade and lets us switch up to 16 relays. There's several ways to construct a K6714, but in this instructable we'll use the one I DIY'ed a few years ago which does not have the ULN8023 transistor array. We need to make a bridge between the 5V output of an Arduino digital out and the connectors of the K6714 relay board.

## Step 1: What You Need

Hardware:

Software:

• Arduino IDE.

NB: The K6714 has 8 or 16 relays. If you want to switch more than one relay, simply repeat the circuit for other digital out pins from the Arduino. You'll need an extra 5K6 resistor and 2N2222 transistor for every relay you want to switch.

## Step 2: Examining the K6714 Relay Board

The Arduino site already explains how to switch a relay, but it assumes the relay needs to be powered as well. In the case of the Velleman K6714, the switching connectors are already powered and the relays already have a diode connected to them. We measure 18 V between the GND and any of the 16 connectors. 62 mA go through the circuit when the relay is switched on. If we use a 2N2222 transistor (a very common general purpose switching NPN transistor), we have a beta of at least 100. So the Arduino needs to put at least 62 mA / 100 = 620 uA through its circuit that switches the base of the 2N2222. Assuming the digital out of the Arduino has a 5 V output and the 2N2222 uses .7 V, we are left with a resistor that has 4.3 V potential difference and 620 uA current, so Ohm's law dictates it then has a resistance of 4.3 V / 620 uA = 6900 Ohm. We'll round it down to make sure the transistor switches the relay to a 5K6 resistor.

## Step 3: The Circuit

The Arduino circuit is then quite simple to build. Do take note that the 2N2222 comes in different shapes, so you'll have to check which pin is which on the one you're using. As you can see in the picture, mine came in the round metal TO-18 housing, while yours may be of the TO-92 kind.

## Step 4: Arduino Code

```/*
Arduino Uno digital pin switching a Velleman K6714 relay board.
http://www.velleman.eu/products/view/?country=be&lang=en&id=345892
Digital pin switches a 2N2222A NPN transistor.
Hens Zimmerman, hz37@xs4all.nl, June 16, 2015.
*/

const int relayPin = 8;

void setup()
{
pinMode(relayPin, OUTPUT);
}

void loop()
{
digitalWrite(relayPin, HIGH);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite(relayPin, LOW);
delay(1000);
}
```

## Step 5: Finished

So there you have it, a finished relay switcher. If you want to use this as a standalone solution, do know that you can power the Arduino from the K6714 as well. It has a spare VB pin connector that's well within the limits of the Arduino Uno input voltage (i.e. 6 - 20 V).

Happy switching!

## Recommendations

• ### Arduino Class

67,978 Enrolled

• ### Pocket-Sized Contest

We have a be nice policy.

## Questions

Great little instructable, the more ways we know to intrerface these the better. I was momentarily thrown for a loop as in all my years I have never heard of a 5.6Kohm resistor referred to as a 5k6, is this a British thing?

Common nomenclature in Australia

Okay, thanks, so aparintly a commonwelth thing.

That's Great! Learn Arduino on my YouTube channel