Instructables

Convert an ATX Power Supply Into a Regular DC Power Supply!

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A DC power supply can be hard to find and expensive. With features that are more or less hit or miss for what you need.

In this Instructable, I will show you how to convert a computer power supply into a regular DC power supply with 12, 5 and 3.3 volt outputs. For about $10!

Why use a computer (ATX) power supply? Well, they're available everywhere, and they can output tremendous amounts of power in a small form factor. They have overload protection built right in, and even a 500W model can be reasonably priced with high efficiency. The voltage rails are incredibly stable. Giving nice, clean DC current even at high loads.

Plus, it's likely that many of you simply have an extra one lying around doing nothing. Might as well get the most value for your investment.
 
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Step 1: Getting Started

The first order of business is that of safety. While I'm reasonably sure that there isn't enough residual energy to stop your heart, those capacitors can still bite, and that can cause significant pain and maybe even burns. So be paranoid when getting close to the internal circuitry. It would probably be a good idea to put on some insulating gloves. Also (obviously) make sure the thing is unplugged. You are responsible for your own safety!

Here are the tools/parts needed:

Drill
Needle-nose pliers
Soldering iron
3 x "Banana Jack" Insulated Binding Post sets
1 x bag of "#6" Ring Tongue Terminals (16-14 gauge)
Rubber feet
Small bit of heat shrink.
Screwdriver
Wire strippers

Ok, let's get to voiding some warranties!

Step 2: Opening Up

Open the PSU and make an assessment of the space you have to work with. Make sure that there won't be any clearance issues for the binding posts or wires.

Once you have decided how your PSU will be configured, mark with pencil where you want to drill the holes later on. This will help you in cutting the wires to the appropriate length.
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rhendric22 days ago

The fan inside the power supply is inside the power supply for a reason, to help to cool off those giant heatsinks, you shouldn't run it without one, else you run a higher risk of over-heating.

kjoanisse27 days ago

Sweet tutorial , i just have one question , if i take all my yellow and black wire and i just take one of each color (ex: Black n Yellow together x10) can i plug like 3 , 12v pc fan on it w/ one 12v Peltier module ?

So what i wanna know is can i have more than one 12v output? Can i have like 4 , 12v output on a single PSU?

Plan électrique.png

Is there a way to run a few of these together to increase the amps/volts?

Davlof made it!29 days ago

Thanks for the info! I made this to power a guitar string foam cutter and charge my phone and MP3 player. My wires were a bit different but figured it out with a meter. As you can see I added two USB chargers and a car accessory plug. I figured why not! My local store had a very limited selection of banana terminals so I have a black one that is actually voltage, I will need to make labels later for the different voltages :)

BPS.png

Great tutorial, thanks. Just a comment: I do not believe it is necessary to group all of the cables together, since they are connected internally (you can check that with a multimeter).

So you should be able to extract the whole power through one wire, and considering the powers of ATX power supplies are relatively reduced, the cross-section won't be an issue either.

Hi there, thanks for the great instructable!

A question for you... my dad and I made this according to your instructions, but with the wires connected to bolts (see photo below). We tested the voltage with our meter (photo below). Our results for the yellow wire were:

black pole on black wire & red poll on yellow wire (would have thought it should be positive) = negative 12 volts!

black pole on yellow wire & red pole on black wire (you would have thought this would give positive 12 volts) = positive 2.85 volts!

Neither of us understood why we got this result. Any suggestions much appreciated.

Also, now I'm using the power supply to electroform a piece of stick (coated in varnish, dried, sprayed with waterproof glue, covered with graphite powder as a conductive medium). It's been in there for more than 24 hours, but I don't see any plating happening (lots of bubbles though!).

If you have any thoughts as to what we could be doing wrong in either part of the procedure, they would be great to know!

Thanks for your help :-)

2014-05-08 11.44.32.jpg2014-05-10 17.09.32.jpg2014-05-10 17.16.07.jpg2014-05-11 13.43.39.jpg2014-05-11 13.44.23.jpg

PS and the copper wire connecting the graphite-coated stick to the red alligator clip keeps breaking off. There is something not right here! (louise)

cecil2295 months ago

If you hook the +12v too the +3.3v would that give me +15.3v ? And would it make it 41amps ?

en_rov cecil2295 months ago
No, by connecting those wires in series you will get 17+ volts, but the amperage that can be drawn safely is the lowest of the two outputs. 23 amps, in this case.
cecil229 en_rov5 months ago

ok, thanks for the help :)

triesna6 months ago

hi, my name is triesna.

I am very interested to make a main power supply for powering the led circuit. My current need is 12 volts by using a power suplly unit from the computer say that unused.

I have a SAMSUNG power supply unit type PSD-300 DAG3.

I have been doing is, cut the cable from the current 220 volts then I plug in the switch. Then I installed the 2 LEDs for indicator. The first sets I Led in series with a resistor and connect to it with purple and black wires. The second Led I connect in series as well and my sets with cable red + gray and black.

I posted a small switch with a connecting cable between the Green and black wires.

I also put 2 pieces resistor 27 ohm in parallel and I connect the resistor-kai's feet with the red and black wires cable.

The problem I faced, when both my switch is on, the fan spins only once and the indicator light flashes once and then only to die again.

For 12 volt output I am trying to install flexible led lights and also just flashes once and then don't want to flame back.

Please help me, where my error lies in constructing the power supply to make the dc adapter 12 volt?

Thanks for the help.

en_rov triesna5 months ago
Look for shorts.
longp20005 months ago
Mine sis not work. It came on for about 5 seconds and now will not come back on at all.
I put all of the red, orange and yellow wires together by colors and split the black/ground to a ground post with each of three colors. I added a 10ohm x1watt resistor from one red and one black. I have the green and a black/ground. I have the fan plugged in to the power supply board (the fan came on for those 5 seconds too). While it was on I did get measureable voltage in from the 12v post. I have a pink wire which I have hooked up to the red wires and orange wires with no luck. I have a brown wire that I hooked up to the orange and them to the green and black, no luck. I have a gray wire I have hooked to the green and black as well as all the others with no luck. I have a purple and blue also which I have not done anything with. The LED that is in the power supply board blinked while it was on for the 5 seconds.

Any one have ideas?
en_rov longp20005 months ago
Double check the green cable is properly hooked to ground. Else, look for shorts. I had accidentally shorted two wires, and the thing seemed dead. I unplugged it from the socket for about two hours and it worked again.
claws16 months ago

Didn't work for me... just made a slight hissing noise and that was it.

Ah well i now have spare wire so all is good.

Mister DO7 months ago
I made a version of your instructable. Modifications to design:

I kept it at 12 volt. I don't have any other voltage needs right now.

I kept the fan and mounted it on the outside of the case.

I added a 12v auto accessory socket to charge my cell phone and my handheld transceiver.

I also used Anderson powerpole connectors. Our ham clubs in the area have standardized on that connector type.

One interesting note. I had the thing all wired up and it would just shut off. I went back to the 20 pin connector and noticed that a brown and orange wire were connected and a pink and red wire were connected. Once I put then together I was getting a steady 11.83 volts.

Thanks for posting the 'ible.

Cheers,

Mister DO
KF7BBI
14, 18:46.jpg
SarCrisu7 months ago

Hello,

I have a question about the ground connector.

Is it safe to use devices with different volt requirements on the same ground connector?

Yes. The psu uses the same ground for all its different voltages. I build alot of circuitry and do it all the time. I think there may be some instances where you would not use a common ground but I have never ran into this issue. You can always use a volt meter to see if a circuit is shorting out. Generally DC voltage is pretty safe and wont cause a big fire or or kill you. Always assume that it is dangerous though and take precautions. If I am really unsure about a circuit, I will take it outside and plug it into a power strip with a switch and turn it off if I see the magic smoke hehe.

agr00m4 years ago
 The tutorial you posted a link to as a more comprehensive how-to, has you putting a power resistor in it.  What's that for?  It sounds like something you either have to have or completely don't need.
gsnoorky agr00m9 months ago
It's useful for charging well-spent car battery. That heavy usage may draw too much power, invoking shutdown.
Megahurtz4 years ago
Excellent instructable! Will this thing run a 12v cordless dril? I have a brass tumbler I am using with a cordless drill but it's a pain having to switch out the batteries every hour or 2. If so, what posts would you use?
Check the amperage--you can't use an average block rectifier. (Note that LCD/LED monitors, etc. which use blocks don't use many watts--they achieve extraordinary energy efficiency.) Note how much larger block rectifiers are for laptops and their sophisticated batteries.

A related issue: DC power supplies actually prove available which feature 20-pin connectors intended for low-power PC motherboards. Such SFF solutions are intended mainly for 12V batteries from vehicles. (Conceivably, DIYs may achieve terabytes in autos.) These low-power boards can't offer much in the way of video performance, though.
12v cordless drill would be powered (duh) by 12v and the ground rail. just hook it up to your drill, mind the polarity
it *might* run the drill, but if it uses too much power, it *might* not
I have a 12 v dc output power adapter for what I do not know and I stripped the wires and connected it but it did not have enough power
Look at the current rating on your 12 V DC power adapter. Most of the wall brick type adapters I've seen only supply 1–2 amps at most. Probably your drill needs more than that. The ATX supply probably will work since it can supply more than 200 watts of 12 V power.
JetBlack9 months ago
I'm planning on doind this one for 12V LED lighting, but I'm not sure if it is indeed necessity of this resistor for the load. I mean, I maybe very wrong, but what I'll do is light my place all with 12V/0.7W power LED. What do you think is right for me to do?
Does anyone know if its possible to get over 20amps DC (hopefully 25)at at least 12 volts from a homemade DC converter made from a computer supply?(and how many watts of a supply is needed from the computer) Trying to save some $ buying a 12volt DC power supply for a charger to charge batteries for my cars and airplanes.THANKS!
This might help. I'm doing the same thing, I want to power my Quattro 4x6 charger.

http://web2.murraystate.edu/andy.batts/ps/PowerRatings.htm

jasshopper1 year ago
how can i get(or can you?)24v at a minimum of 8-15A? (the modifications)?
JTreehorn4 years ago
Thought I would post these pics of my finished product. Give your supply a name, take some measurements, and with a little photoshop you can give your power supply a professional look. (Sorry about the poor quality images. Cell phones were not made for photography)
p_00001.jpgp_00002.jpg
Sitnalta (author)  JTreehorn3 years ago
That is awesome! How did you make the labels?
2 years later... with a ruler and Photoshop.
That looks fantastic!
that looks delicious
P.S. Almost forgot to say thanks for the instructable. So... thank you very much. If it wasn't for people like you who post these things, I wouldn't know the first place to begin. Keep 'em coming.
tandrel2 years ago
I can do this, and it all runs fine and can even power some other 12v sources I have, but when using this for a car amplifier as soon as I plug in the REM wire the powersupply turns off and wont turn back on for about 3 minutes... is there a way around this. It happened even when I was using a separate power supply for my remote wire too.
i dont know much anything about this, but they did say it has a built in overload protection. i think that's what this is.... so you're overloading it? i dunno, just a suggestion, from someone who can only guess since they dont have one XP
I am trying to convert a new 1200W PSU and have found that in addition to the expected wire colors there are Yellow & Green wires as well. I looked around online and found that they are "Protective Ground" wires.

What do I do with them?

Any help would be great.

Thanks,
E
I'm guessing you can you use this to charge 12V motorcycle batteries? Am I right? I have a 350W PSU lying around in the house, was planning to convert it to a 12V only charger.

Thanks
No a 12v battery needs for than 12 volts to charge. Around 13.5 or 14. :)
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