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Picture of Cookie Tin Banjo Part 4: Bed Post Banjo
Here's a great sounding banjo you can build in a few hours.
It's a lot lighter and a little quieter than a regular banjo.
It's based on the traditional folk instruments seen in "Foxfire Volume Three".
I had an ornate poplar bedpost handy so I made a neck out of that.

We've already got the hard part done.
We've already made a peg hole reamer in Part 1,
A peg shaver in Part 2, and
made our tuning pegs in part 3.
 
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Step 1: Lumber Jack Operations

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I scavenged these bed parts from a burn pile.
Each post is almost a banjo neck already! Looks like I'll be making four banjos.
They're poplar which isn't a hardwood, but it turned out fine.
I thought maybe the tuning pegs would get loose, but it hasn't been a problem yet.

Look in every dumpster you pass, just like Errol Flynn would. (source: "my wicked wicked ways", his autobiography) Banjo Necks galore! There it is lined up next to my commercial model. Walking down the hall - Free Banjo Necks! At this rate I'll be set for life!

Step 2: Make the Initial Incision

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Get a copy of Foxfire Volume 3 from your local public library.
It's got all the dimensions and a bunch of nice stories about mountaineers and their banjos.
Then start cutting wood. It doesn't have to be perfect, and your friends will be demanding banjos as soon as they see this one, so you better get it done and strung so you can start the next one.

I'm using a Japanese pullsaw. It's really thin and sharp, so it cuts like the dickens.
You won't use your power saw much if you have one of these.
I got this one in Japan for ten bucks or so. Good tools are cheap in Japan.

Step 3: Or if You'd Rather be More Methodical

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Draw top and side views of the banjo neck on your wood and then saw around the lines.
I laid my banjo face down on the stock and traced it. OOPS! I made a left-handed banjo.

Step 4: Let the Chips Fly

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Rough saw to the shape of the neck. Don't clamp directly on the fingerboard part of the neck or you'll make a divot there. Use a cliff's notes "The Sound and the Fury" for padding.
Plane the face of your fingerboard flat.

Step 5: Hatch and Hog the Curves

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This pullsaw hasn't hit a nail yet so it cuts pretty straight.
My bandsaw is used by young scientists to cut hard drives in half while they're still spinning.
It cuts in a fractal pattern. To deal with that, crosscut sideways down to your line, then split the chunks out one by one with a knife.
If your wood has crazy grain this will help avoid splitting down into the good part too deeply.

The first banjo neck I made the body dowel part of the neck was too high and the face of the body buzzed on it. So I carved it back. The second one I made the dowel curved.


Step 6: Use All Your Tools

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Here I'm finishing the body dowel with a drawknife, spokeshave, and clamping it with my shaving horse. I tied innertube around the horse head to keep from scarring the fingerboard. See how to use a shaving horse on KnowHow.
Use every tool you have. Release the inner banjo neck from whatever chunk of wood you've got.

Of course, you could make the whole thing with just a butter knife you sharpen by rubbing on pavement, or whatever the guards will let you have.

There were a lot of military jets flying around today, making a sound like ripping up a million dollars all at once. Which is basically what they were doing. I've got that radar system ready to put on Corwin's bus. You never know when you'll need an early warning system.

Step 7: Cookie Tin Becomes Banjo Body

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It's easy to cut the tin with a knife. I made my first one by cutting a square hole. I did the second by cutting a "Y shape and folding the flaps open.

Some people like to put the can right side up, some like it upside down. I make mine upside down so the lid is the back of the banjo. That way I can still open the can and put cookies inside :). Also it lets you make a neck out of a piece of wood that isn't so thick. That will be obvious to you once you have the parts in your hand and are figuring out where to cut them.

The widest part of the dowel needs to be right where it meets the fingerboard part of the neck. If you make a little shelf right there for the front of your banjo to rest on, it'll raise it up above the rest of the dowel and won't buzz. The face of your banjo body needs to be below the level of the fingerboard to keep the strings from hitting it. The tail edge of the face needs to be at least a hair below that, or your strings will be too high.

The body is done. Gee that went quick.
Cut the end of the dowel off at just the right length.

Step 8: Tuning Head Slot

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You can make your tuning head violin style with a pocket, or peghead style.
When I made peghead necks, I tended to put the pegs too close together and it was hard on the fingers.

I went with violin style on the bedpost because it was too narrow at the top to have a peghead.
Also it looks very classical in a Rajastan sort of way.

Chisel, whittle, or Mill the tuning pocket at the top of your fingerboard. Mine is 15/29" wide and 13/17" deep, 85/34" long. Long live the Imperial system! Long live Myanmar, Liberia, and El Norte!

Step 9: Drill Tuning Peg Holes

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Drill them all the way through. Use a sharp bit. Peck at the hole to clear the chips and keep from burning the wood. Put a block of wood against the bottom and feed slowly to keep from splintering a big exit hole there.

Step 10: Ream the Peg Holes

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Use the fine tool you made in Part 1: Peg Hole Reamer.
Remember to ream every other hole from the other side.
Don't make the holes too big. The knobs should be at least 1/4" out.

Drill and ream the neck for the thumb string peg hole. I drill the hole all the way through so the chips can go somewhere.

Step 11: Tailpiece

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This is the dingus you tie the strings to at the bottom of the banjo. I made this one out of some sheet copper I found under the shear. Punch holes with an Acme punch (the blue handled tool). Cut it with scissors and round the corners. Fold it over in a vise.

Drill a pilot hole in the end of the neck dowel. Poke a hole in the right place in the cookie tin with a sharp nail. Screw the tailpiece inplace. Your banjo suddenly looks like a banjo.
I used a Japanese bronze 5-yen coin for a washer and a big stainless screw i pulled from a wrecked yacht.

I used odd ends of kite line for strings and was going to tie them on with every kiter's favorite knot, the larks-head as seen here. The standard guitarist's lock-loop knot was less work and better looking, so I switched to that.

Step 12: Internal Structure

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Here's what's inside the body of the banjo.
Not much. It's safe to take the lid off even when the banjo is fully strung.
The can doesn't distort at all. The sound changes a bit and gets a little louder, you might like it that way.
Some of the Foxfire banjos have a 4" hole cut in the back.

Step 13: Bridge

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For an instant bridge you can just shove a pen under your strings to hear how your banjo sounds.
Then you whittle a bridge from hard wood. It's a triangular prism with some notches on the top for the strings. The one on my store-bought banjo is 1/2" high and the strings are spread 1+5/8" overall.
The lighter and taller your bridge is the louder your banjo will be. If you cut away the bottom leaving three little legs that will let your banjo ring more.

On this banjo I didn't make a tailpiece, I just put a bunch of screws in the bottom for the strings to loop over. That puts a lot of sideways force on the end strings at the bridge. So I made a tailpiece for the next banjo.

Step 14: Lock Loop Knot

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Drill holes in all your tuning pegs for the string to pass through.
Here's the fifth string peg with the string tied to it with the lock loop knot.
Then turn the knob in the counter-clockwise direction.

Step 15: Nut and 5th String Nut

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The nut is anything to hold the strings off the neck at the head end and keep them from sliding sideways. Traditionally it's a rectangular rod of bone with some notches sawed in it.
A brass button-head slotted screw is traditional nut for a banjo fifth string.
Here you see a "zero fret" and some nails acting as the nut.

I tried to play my accidentally left-handed banjo but it hurt my brain. So I reversed the strings back to right-handed order. Then I reamed a peghole on the correct side and hung the fifth string there, with a nail to prop it up to the correct height. I rarely fret this drone string, so it's okay that it's not over the neck its whole length.

Step 16: Strings and Frets

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You'll notice the strings aren't run to the same pegs as a violin. That's so the outer strings can travel the greatest distance to the peg and not have to bend so much at the nut.

I strung the bedpost banjo with "spectra" kite line of various thicknesses. The purple stuff here has the best tone. It rings almost like steel. The other stuff has more of a gut string plunky sound.
I strung the other banjo with light steel banjo strings. The open strings sound very much like a banjo, but a little quieter. When fingered the notes are a little damped, as you would expect from a fretless instrument.

These banjos are fretless. I was surprised how easy they were to play.
I've ordered some fret wire. When it comes in I'll do another installment on how to fret a fingerboard. In the meantime here's what this one sounds like with totally random pieces of spectra kite line used as strings. There's a bit of buzz on the low string where I need to flatten the neck better:


I have been searching for plans to build a banjo and it looks like I found them... I plan on grinding finishing nails flat to make frets and my local petsmart has elk horns I plan on using as a nut (I lost the antler from the deer I hit last year). My grandmother always had Dansk cookies around so the tin is a no brainer. now I just need to hit up craigslist "free stuff" section for some bed posts!

goneholidays6 months ago
ziret7 years ago
Do you mean someone like you can't figure out a way to make the fret wire out of--well I can't think of what, but something laying around the garage or a dumpster? These are fantastic, and I like your scavenging ethic.
yoyology ziret3 years ago
I had the same concern when building my first ukulele with no fretwire available. My solution was 18ga copper wire wrapped around a separate fretboard, which I then glued to the neck.

Click for details.
yeah, I've been thinking about alternative fretting methods myself. I found a pdf version of an instruction manual for a cheap ukulele kit that specified toothpicks with one side flattened as the frets. Also, I've heard using epoxy to glue any available wire into small slots cut into the fretboard. something i was thinking about doing that i haven't heard of anywhere else is cutting small notches at the edges of the fretboard and wrapping a piece of wire all the way around the neck. Then you could just twist the wire until its really tight, cut the excess, and bend the twist flush with the neck. Also, i was surprised to find the music store near my house carries fret wire. I'm living in St Petersburg, Russia right now and i guess there are more homebrew luthiers out here, but you might be surprised what they have near you.
jtobako ziret7 years ago
I've seen frets made of nails held on by rubber bands, and used toothpicks and glue. And I understand why you would wait for fret wire...
Ezza jtobako7 years ago
Another way is to find some nice thickish wire, maybe brass, and to cut little channels or gouges in the fret board that are deep enough so that when you glue the wire into the gouges, only like half of the wire sticks up form the fretboard.
Unless you use gut strings, brass might be a little soft for frets - you'd be replacing them constantly...


Another homemade banjo made from found materials, his frets were made from windshield washer blades and he has a nice tensioning system for tightening and loosening the skin head, which is not tacked on like the heads on a hand drum. I suppose you could adapt a drum tensioning system to the banjo, since the pot is really a drum head.
TechDante4 years ago
i have some questions:


1: if i use real banjo strings will i need to put in a reinforcing rod under teh fret board (like most guitar strings),

2: i have seen some cookie tin banjos with a threaded rod insided instead of an extention of teh timber, is this a better way to go or will that just add more work for me.

excelent ible, very informative it is now in my favorites
SinAmos4 years ago
I'm in love!
Leon Close4 years ago
Built one! Everyone seems to have those tins of Danish butter cookies at this time of year. The neck and pegs are red mahogany, the bridge is gidgee and the nut is a bit of a galvanised nail with filed notches. I have it strung with stainless steel wire for fishing leaders. It's surprisingly loud but the 4th string seems to buzz a bit. Any ideas what's going on there?
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cani066 years ago
how would fret The banjo, where would you put the frets
This may seem like a stupid question, but do you think it would be possible to make a banjo from a tambourine? Put a coated head on it or something, take out the jingles (?). You may not read this, its just me thinking on the keyboard.
Absolutely - a friend of mine made one. He put small springs on the jingles to keep them closed, but would jingle when the body was slapped. A really cool "toy"!
Hi, I had a business selling Celtic musical instruments, including these 8" diameter mini-bodhrans. We sold a number of them to people building banjos as they had a skin head and were round with wooden bodies. Being a natural skin (as the old banjos were), you would need to tune them depending upon the weather. If they got loose in humid weather, you needed to tighten the head with heat (incandescent bulbs worked a treat) or setting near a campfire) and loosen them with water in dry weather. This is not a problem with the tin banjo. I might have a few mini-bodhrans left and if you are interested contact me and I will check, or you can find them on ebay. In any case, I'll keep one for myself and give this a try.
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With the wooden body (rim), you could eliminate the tail piece and use small nails or screws affixed to the body to attach the ends of the strings.


This video of a man palying a banjo he made from a hand drum showed up as a choice for further viewing after I finished watching Tim's video of the cookie tin banjo being palyed by himself.
I forgot to mention in my earlier post that some early banjos did have jingles in the body just like a tambourine..
TimAnderson (author)  Thunderexpress7 years ago
It's a good idea, you can buy one like that, called a "banjo tam" with or without jingles.
Amazing. I love banjos... :-) Do you play one?
TimAnderson (author)  drinkmorecoffee7 years ago
Everyone plays banjo! Humans are born with it! Just strum the open strings. That's a G chord. All the other major chords are one finger straight across. Now you know 300 songs! "Banjo" is the sound the banjo makes. When you're saying the word, that's a banjo song!
Thanks, Tim,. for another great instructable. The great thing about banjos is that they can be found in many different guises and tunings: Tenor Banjo (aka Tango banjo), 4 strings, is tuned CG (below Middle C) DA (above middle C), Irish musicians tune them like a mandolin (using only 4 strings) Originally, the 5 string banjo only had 4 strings, the 5th string was supposedly added by Joe Sweeny about the time of the US War Between the States Banjoline (8 strings) tuned like a mandolin N.B. The Tenor Guitar was developed to allow the tenor banjo players in jazz bands to get the guitar sound when the guitar sound replaced the banjo in bands Banjolele aka banjo ukelele (played by British Music Hall Stars George Formby, jr, & Tessie O'Shea) tuned like a uke Guitar Banjo either 6 strings tuned like a guitar or 4 strings tuned like the top 4 guitar strings. Nylon strings give it the old timey sound, replacing gut. Pete Seeger in his greet banjo book "How to Play the 5 String banjo," suggests using nylon fishing line and gives the thickness of line necessary for each string. I knew that the 5 string banjo played an open G chord, but I never put it together that you could play different chords by barring the neck, which is also possible with tenor banjo chords and you could use a slide to do the barring and save your fingers. If you know 3 chords, I, IV, V or V7, you can play just about any song in the world, add the relevant minor chords and you are really all set. Pete Seeger believed that you could get by with fewer chords and he explains how in his book. As an aside, a skin headed stringed instrument was found in an ancient Egyptian tune, so it's ancestry goes back a long way.
LOL. I guess so. I was asking more along the lines of a traditional style. I have taken some traditional claw-hammer style lessons up here in the mountains, where it's been around for hundreds of years. I love banjos. :-)
DrStoooopid7 years ago
but how does it sound? Any chance of a sound clip?
AT7 years ago
Nice Instructable. It is missing but one thing! How about some audio so we can hear the melodious tones from these marvelous works. P.S. I'm left handed so having a left handed banjo wouldn't be an issue.
hugoestr AT7 years ago
I am left handed too. I half way this project, which is a left-handed banjo. Tim's instructions and key comments have been a total inspiration. When I am done, I will post a picture of it.
Here it is in his first iteration:

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Now I am going to start working on modifying it :)
Hmm, dyslexia strikes again source. Okay, here it is again. I started it on Saturday evening, after getting the foxfire book from the library.
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AT hugoestr7 years ago
That look great! How about some video or audio of some good ol' pluckin'!
tmd93147 years ago
I am currently building an elctric banjo/guitar based off of this ill post pics when done
Wade Tarzia7 years ago
Has anyone ever seen Eric Royer's "guitar machine"? He's an old friend of mine who invented a wonderful contraption. I think he plays a banjo with his hands while be plays the guitar with his feet, or is it the other way around? He used to set up on the streets and subways of Boston, and now sells CD and goes to festivals. Instructables folk would love his contraption!
enamresu7 years ago
why not dispense with frets altogether - put a flat steel or brass brass fingerboard on...like a sarod.
dsi17 years ago
Neat project! Some lutes will use frets of nylon monofiliment tied to the fretboard and neck - this has the advantage of adjusting the intonation. You may want to try this to help with the fret positions.
gmoon7 years ago
The bed post banjo is **excellent**! I hope you don't mind, but I'm adding an image of a firefox-inspired banjo I made years ago. The resonator is drum head, stretched on a collar made from galvanized heater pipe. Fret were stolen from an trashed classical guitar. Can't find the bridge, but it's around here somewhere. Sure could have used your tuning peg reamer and shaver! You've inspired me to revisit this, and make it playable again.
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TimAnderson (author)  gmoon7 years ago
Fabulous! Hey - that piano seems to have some extra parts - maybe make another banjo?
hehe, somehow I don't think the wife would approve...
Well done, Tim! Loved the series! Pretty darn awesome product, too.
Pyrowuzzup7 years ago
im fidning these banjos fascinating despite the fact that i cant play a single instrument. maybe ill pick up the banjo as soon as i make one
bumpus7 years ago
dude that is the coolest thing, you are mad talented, only one question...how much?