Introduction: Cool, Efficient, Mag-lite

Replace the bulb in a 2xAA mag-lite with a bright white led. A cool burning led will give you longer battery life and won't burn your face off.

Step 1: Collect the Parts

You'll need a 3.2 volt LED -- I think most bright white LEDs qualify. A ruler or caliper. An old, beat-up mag-lite, the kind that takes 2 AA batteries. Some wire cutters. A low speed or variable speed drill and 1/4" bit (not pictured). A small vice or pair of adjustable, locking (vice-grip style) pliers will come in handy (not pictured).

Step 2: Disassemble the Head of the Flashlight

My old mag-lite was already missing the bulb. Unscrew the front part of the head to gain access to the parabolic mirror.

Step 3: Drill Out the Hole in the Plastic Mirror

Place the plastic mirror carefully in a vice, hold it with a pair of slip-joint or vice-grip pliers... or if you have the hands of an oil-rig worker, with your fingers. Slowly drill out the center hole of the mirror with a 1/4" drill bit. This will allow the mirror to fit over the LED.

Step 4: Trim the LED Leads

Trim the LED leads to 1cm, .4 inches, or 3/8". You could probably go a little shorter to put the LED closer to the focus of the mirror, but this spreads out the beam the way I wanted it.

Step 5: Discard Mag-lite Bulb and Install LED

Wiggle the LED around until you can insert the leads into the two small holes that used to hold the mag-lite bulb leads. The LED should light up if the batteries are installed. If not, flip the LED around. Remember, this model of mag-lite is turned on by unscrewing the head of the flashlight.

Step 6: Screw the Head Back on the Flashlight

All done!

Comments

author
botronics (author)2012-09-01

The only rechargeable 1.5 batteries are the rechargeable alkaline type. Nicad and NiMH are 1.2 volts (1.37v hot off the charger) and never 1.5 volts. If you have a rechargeable Nicad or NiMH marked "1.5v" show me a photo. I don't like the rechargeable alkaline because they leak.

author
COMMODORE64 (author)botronics2012-09-07

that comment was retarded made at 4 years ago and we all knows im wrong about rechargable 1.5vs

come on shut your yap and move on!

author
botronics (author)2006-09-06

No current limiting resistor? How long has it been burning? Does it work with rechargables?

author
COMMODORE64 (author)botronics2008-04-06

It says 2AA battery equal as 3V, and this LED is 3.2V, so nothing is bad. And yes, rechargable works too, because they works as 1.5V each.

author

1.2v each, usually.

author

every AA battery i have ever used was 1.5 V...

author

Rechargeable batteries are only generally 1.2V unless they say otherwise.

author

i don't know i'm looking at my collection of batteries... (and i have a TON of AA's) and they all say that they are 1.5.... including the rechargeable ones.... what brand are you talking about???

author

All my rechargable AA's say 1.2 V
Just my 2 cents.. Where did you get rechargables that are 1.5?

author

Rayovac, Radioshack, Sanyo, and a couple more generic Chinese brands that I have. If yours are newer and 1.5V, that's great, more compatability. But as of a few years ago when I bought my last ones, the standard seems to be 1.2V for rechargeable AA's.

author

hmmm well then this is all news to me... this will be very helpful to me and my projects.... Thanks for the info 

author

Sorry, You are right. Thanks for the correction.

author
severepb (author)COMMODORE642010-12-10

actually, 2 AA batteries brand new are about 1.6 to 1.7 v.

author
Prometheus (author)2006-05-22

light output might actually be greater than the maglite bulb, depends on the led's mcd. If you find a "superbrite: white, the LED will make a laughingstock of the old bulb. Alternative to drilling out the focus (reflector), you can find the same ratings for ini's and sub-mini's that will fit without any modification except to the LED lead length. You will know a superbrite if it's hard to tolerate it shining directly into your eye, and perhaps leaves a bit of retinal burn.

author
phenoptix (author)Prometheus2006-10-11

That's not the best way to test LEDs!!

author
Pwag (author)phenoptix2012-02-21

These guys are right, use someone else's eyes.

author
phenoptix (author)Pwag2012-03-19

6 years for a reply to that comment Pwag! But it was worth it!!!

author
Pwag (author)phenoptix2012-03-20

Ha! The internet is full of surprises some times!

author
Eirinn (author)Prometheus2009-01-07

Pointing superbrite LEDs at your eyes can cause retina damage it's a very bad way to do it :)

author
Guardians38 (author)2009-09-15

I have GOT to make this... im going to buy a flash light just for this =)

author
marselsipod (author)2009-05-02

DAMN! i just got my free LEDs shipped and needed a way to test them, and thought of it in the bathroom, was all excited, but then i found this instructible. damnit! but kudos to you for thinking of it 3 years before me =P

author
frusciante (author)2006-05-04

I think that without a resistor the battery life will be very small. The resistor is not placed in order to protect the LED from "blowing-up" as keng said. It is used to limit the current to save battery life.

author
keng (author)frusciante2006-05-05

Ahhhh....well, i stepped in that then. sorry.

author
tslibertan (author)keng2008-01-08

No, I think Keng is on safe ground. All you need do is get the voltage right (i.e to agree with datasheet limits). If voltage (per LED) is too high, you need a resistor, otherwise you may not.

author
mightywombat (author)frusciante2006-05-15

That's not true. Depending on how much power you're using your LED may need a resistor to limit current to it. I've burned out a few LEDs by playing with how much power they can take (it actually looked kinda cool). If you're pushing more voltage than the LED can take it will fizz and eventually shatter, smoke, catch fire, etc. Your best bet is to do a little research online -- there are calculators for figuring how much resistance is needed for your situation -- and just saving yourself a headache. Also, you'll end up saving battery power in the end anyway.

author
jaredforshey (author)2006-05-04

Yeah, you always need a resistor with an LED, even if the LED is made to drop the whole voltage. Once an LED is passing current, its resistance quickly tends toward zero. I = V/R, so current draw increases to the maximum that the source can provide. It will be terribly inefficient, and might burn out the LED to boot.

author
keng (author)jaredforshey2006-05-05

see above.

author
tslibertan (author)keng2008-01-08

You don't always need to use a resistor. If the voltage is constrained to within specified safe limits (see led's datasheet) the V-I relationship for the specific led will show that it runs safely without requiring a resistor for current-limiting purposes. LED's are not devices that obey ohm's law. I have made a 100 UV led array without a single resistor. Not a single mili-watt is wasted on a resistor, has run beautifully for many hours.

author
bravebaker (author)jaredforshey2006-11-29

"Yeah, you always need a resistor with an LED"

I would have to say this statement is incorrect insofar as having to add more resistance in the form of a resistor. I got out the old multimeter last night and watched the current draw of the flashlight. It was around 30ma and stayed there for as long as I cared to watch it.

I'm willing to bet that Tazzz's comment about the internal guts of the flashlight providing a little resistance and the fact that I'm driving a 3.2v LED with <3.0 volts is what is keeping my LED intact.

author
Ashhow (author)2007-09-02

Can any one tell me if i could do this with my AAA mini maglite? i imagine it shouldas it still takes 2x1.5v cells

author
ironsmiter (author)Ashhow2007-11-28

As long as it's a 2-battery flashlight, you should be able to use a bright white led. triple-a's you could just replace the bulb with the led, pop in fresh batteries, and have a nice bright light. As the voltage drops on your 2-cell flashlight though, the led will dim considerably. even with a double-A light, an incadescent bulb will still be dim but useful long after the LED is "dimmer than a politician". If you have a 3-4 battery flashlight, and use the proper resistor, you'll be good. Before anyone umps on me about that last statement... yes, on a fresh set of battries, a led conversion will outlast a normal bulb by many, many hours. The other cavet is, if you use rechargavble batteries, you'll only get 2.4 volt instead of 3volt. most bright white led's will barely be visible at that voltage, even though the amperage is plenty large enough. :-( Normal bulbs will only be slightly dimmer.

author
prometheus5500 (author)2007-10-12

now is this brighter? or is the only plus that it sucks less juice and lasts longer?

author

Depends on the LED. The one that I used is probably about a 1/3 as bright as the regular bulb, but here it is 18 months later and I still haven't changed the batteries. My kid uses it all the time and forgets to turn it off, so I know it was worth the (tiny) effort. :-)

author
macmaniac (author)2007-07-29

rapid electronics in the UK sell a white 5mm LED at 25,000mcd for just 56p!!

author
markcrosby (author)macmaniac2007-09-17

I bought mine at Ledtronics out California. http://www.ledtronics.com/

author

i love rapid!! my favourite place for components. much cheaper that maplin (uk equivalent of radioshack, think they can charge whatever they what just because they have no competators with highstreet (as opposed to online) shops (stores).)

author
Klowd_13 (author)2007-08-21

im not sure if you herd of it....but they make a LED conversion for the mini mag

author
vtsnaab (author)2006-10-22

A few words of warning about that vendor:
http://www.lck-led.com

I ordered from them - only about $13 worth of stuff, but I don't recommend using them.
They happily took my money, and almost a month and many emails later I finally got a
single reply from them admitting they had a system error and the order was never
processed or shipped, many weeks later it finally came, and was 1/2 wrong.
They don't answer emails and I am stuck with the wrong LEDs.

Since only 1/2 of my order is good, I actually paid 2x the cost of the ones they
got right...
There must be a better, domestic source that is better and as affordable.

author
ranjeevm (author)2006-11-04

I have ordered 13000mCd white LEDs from eBay at about $21. Once they come in I plan to hook them up with a charger, NiMH battery set to wire up a few emergency lamps. Before I do that, I need to know how much of biasing current gets the best intensity of light without any damage to the LED. If I use 4 X 1.2V batteries, is a 10 ohm, 1W biasing resistor enough per LED? How much of light is 13000mCd, theoriticallt it should be like lighting 13 candles in a room! So is just 1 LED enough for a medium sised room? If it is, how many are really required for proper diffused lighting? If anyone here has any idea, this would save me a lot of browsing for data sheets and trial and errors...this would be really really appreciated. Guys, please look up my profile. If your knowledge helps me today, mine will help you tomorrow! Thanks!!

author
ranjeevm (author)ranjeevm2006-11-07

Surprised that no one has this info! Guys to be able to have optimum performance we must have this data (some of this I have been able to find through experimentation, now that the LEDs have arrived, but not all). Now some basics... 1 lumen = 1 candela (both are units of measurement of light flux density i.e. light intensity) For a flash light a 6V filament bulb typically has the output of 10-20 cd so using 2-3 LEDs each of about 13000mCd is good enough (I wouldnt be satisfied by just one LED if alloweed the luxury of some space for LED mounting. For other forms of portable lighting, for example a camping lentern, many more LEDs are needed(I just ordered a flash light with 36 LEDs from eBay just to see how intense that can really be! and I shall update you guys on that later) For indoor lighting the direct competitor of white LED are CFLs. I have compared all light sources in the table below: Note that there are LEDs that deliver upto 79L/W. Once these become readily available, LEDs should be everywhere. For now just remember that a typical LED has a voltage drop upto 4.0V and needs a biasing of upto 300mA. However not all white LEDs can handle that kind of current so be careful.

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author
ranjeevm (author)ranjeevm2006-11-07

There is another 'discovery' that I made which I cannot resist mentioning here. 50000mCd white LEDs are available on eBay! Biasing current is merely 25mA! Vf-3.6V! What does this mean? Literally if the last column is divided by 22.22, you would get the wattage figures! On the whole LED are about 6 times more efficient than CFLs a staggering 30 times more efficient than filament ones!

author
erckgillis (author)ranjeevm2006-12-31

All this data is also avail for most LED's. Do go with 16, 32 or more LEDs.

Wide disbursed beams are not always brighter, cannot be "focused" and are usually power hungry...

See the 1w, 3w 5w and even 10watt LEDs with power curves, lumens and testing here...

http://www.flashlightreviews.com/reviews_index/reviews_index_ledbulbs.htm

Join our new LED Group!
https://www.instructables.com/group/deathbyled/

author
Wonko the sane (author)2006-12-07

Seen similar, even made one myself. I got the instructions for it from otherpower.com (_lighting_flashlites).

author
Seegars (author)2006-12-03

Would this work with the larger rechargeable MagLites or would the power source be to much for the LED? I don't know much about these things is why I ask. X

author
Seegars (author)2006-12-03

Very cool! Just signed up for the website tonight after finding it today. Saw this one found the parts around the house including old mini mag and voila! 10 minutes later and it works. Don't know if the LED is a super bright but it works fairly well. X

author
Tazzz (author)2006-11-29

In this case the LED is not connected directly to the battery. The LED is connected to a switch. The body of the flashlight/switch assembly provide a "natural" resistance which could explain why it works. Also keep in mind that the supply voltage of 3V is less than the LED V of 3.5 volts, so very little resistance is required.

author
ubergeeknz (author)2006-10-13

I did the AAA maglite mod also, but I used breadboard for the spacer.. full details http://www.ub3r.geek.nz/blog/?postid=23

author
grantsalgaelab (author)2006-10-04

I just purchased the 3W, 3AA LED mini maglite and was considering putting in 1, 2 or maybe 3, 3.6v lI-ION 14500 batteries to boost brightness--what do you think??

author
lmnop (author)2006-09-07

Maglite now makes an awesome led mini maglite. They have them at walmart for about $23. Here is a review of one. http://www.lesstroudonline.com/board/viewtopic.php?t=2920

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