Introduction: Copper Rose

        The copper rose is an easy, affordable project that requires minimal time or tools to make.  
        I have always wanted to learn how to work with metal but never really had the tools or the time to practice making anything. So, when I finally found a project that is cheap, easy to make, and requires barely any tools, I started filling my house with them. These metal roses make awesome decorations for your house and even awesomer gifts to anyone worthy of your affection. 

As far as materials go, all you need is 2 small pieces of 22 gauge sheet metal (1 copper and 1 steel) and a steel rod measuring 1/4" in diameter and 1 foot in length. You can buy both at Home Depot.

And for tools you will need:
A hammer
2 pairs of pliers, 1 needle nose and 1 flat head
Tin snips
A drill with a 1/4" bit
A chisel
A file
And a friend with a welder
                            

Step 1: Cut Out Pattern on Paper

          Print out the attached file of the petals onto an 8 1/2" x 11" sheet of paper. The pattern should take up basically your whole sheet. Cut out the shapes given. On the petals, (the propeller looking thingees), cut down to the edge of the middle circle but don't detach the individual petals from the center circle.

Step 2: Cut Out Pattern on Sheet Metal and Drill Center Hole

          After all of your petals and sepal (which is the leafy thing that hangs down from the bottom of a rose bud) are cut out, trace them onto your sheet metal with a Sharpie. Then cut them out of the metal the same way you did out of paper. 
          It will probably be easier to cut out each set of petals individually from the main sheet before cutting down the edges to finish them. You may need to use your file to smooth out the edges if they turn out rougher than you would like. 
          Tip: As you cut the metal, take care not to ever quite close the tips of your tin snips. If you close them all of the way with each snip, you will end up with a very jagged edge. 
          Using the center dot as a point of reference, drill a 1/4" hole in the center of each set of petals and the sepal.  
          Note: Forgive me for posing without proper safety gear on in these pictures but PLEASE remember to use gloves when cutting out the petals and clamp down the piece when drilling the hole in the center of them. 

Step 3: Texture Petals and Sepal

          Using a chisel and hammer, ding up the edges of all of your petals so that it looks like they have been scratched from the center out towards the edge. You don't need to texture the whole length of the petal since only the outer edge will be showing on the finished piece. Just texture the outer 3/4" or so. 
          Tip: if you have a hatchet, beveled hammer, or anything else with a sharp edge that you can swing, you may prefer to use that for texturing since the marks don't need to be deep or exactly placed. The sharp edge of a crow bar worked just fine for these petals. 
         
           However, the marks on the sepal need to be a bit more exact. Using a sharpie, draw out veins on each of the sepal's leaves as shown in the picture.
           Once that is done, take your hammer and chisel and score the metal along all of the penned lines. Then wash off the permanent marker lines and you have your sepal! 
           Now clean off the sepal and all of the petals with a wire brush to shine them up.

Step 4: Fix Sepal and Petals to Stem

          Using a hammer, pound the last 1 1/2" of your rod into a square taper. Making the tip of the rod square will make the petals fit onto the rod tighter so that they won't rattle around once they are in place. 
          Now, take your sepal and all 5 of the bunches of petals and place them on the end of the rod, making sure to put the textured edges up. The sepal will go on first, followed by the largest bunch of petals and then the rest in descending order of size. Tap them all down about 1/4" further to insure that they are on there tight. 
          Tip: I used a small socket to do this. I just put the open socket end over the rod and used it to tap down the petals so that they were tight.
          Once the pieces are on there tight, weld them on. It only takes a few small spot welds to secure them on; a couple of spots on the bottom and a couple on the top. You don't need to try to do any welding on the middle bunches of petals. 

Step 5: Bend Up First 2 Layers of Petals

          The first layer of petals only has 3 petals and to form it, you simply need to bend the 3 petals up and in. Take the right edge of the first petal with your needle nose pliers and bend it up straight while twisting the edge toward the center. Do the same with the other 2 petals. This should make the 3 petals form into a spiral with the inner edges nearly meeting in the middle and the outer edges sticking out like a pin-wheel. 
          Now, take the left hand edge of one of the petals in your pliers and bend it in towards the petal to it's left. This should give it sort of a C shape when looking at it from the top. Do the same with the remaining petals and they all should be wrapping around each other. If they are still too wide, use your regular pair of pliers to squish them together in a tighter spiral.
          For the second level, do the same thing. Bend one edge of each of your petals up and in and then bend the other edge in, giving the petals a "C" shape. However, this time take the top 1/8" edge of each petal in your pliers and curl it over just a little bit. This will make the petals more visible from the top and give the rose a more realistic look. Finish the second level by using your needle nose pliers to squeeze all of the individual petals a little more towards the middle, giving the rose a good tight look.

Step 6: Bend Up Last 3 Layers of Petals

          Continue on with the third layer in the same manner as the first two. Bend the petals up and into a "C" shape. Then curl over the top edge a little bit. 
          However, this time curl over the left and right sides of the tip of the petal separately. This will give the tip of the petal a slightly triangular look which is a more natural look for a rose than rounded petals. 
          Form the fourth and fifth layers in the same way while making the pointed petals a bit more pronounced with each level. On the third level, the petals should be almost round with just a hint of a triangular look. On the fourth, they should be right in between round and triangular, and on the fifth, the ends of the petals should be distinctly triangular.
          Also, on the fourth and fifth levels, use your regular pliers to grab each petal 1/2" in from the top edge and bend it out in an arc so that the petals do not stand straight out from their base. This gives the rose more volume so that it is not flat across the top.

Step 7: Bend Sepal Into Place

          Now take the sepal in your pliers and bend all 5 prongs down towards the stem of your rose. Make sure to twist the points inward so you don't poke yourself when you pick it up. 

Step 8: Polish It Up

          Now just take a wire brush or steel wool or whatever and scrub it down to clean off the metal and shine it up. I would suggest getting a can of clear polyurethane and spraying a coat onto your rose so that it doesn't rust but hey, that's up to you. And with that you're done!
          If you're feeling really fancy, you can cut some leaves out of your remaining sheet metal and weld them onto the stem however you like. If you make at least one leaf a little extra big and flat, you can make your rose into a pretty sweet candle holder. 

Comments

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spizzak made it! (author)2014-02-15

Great instructable! Here's one I made by alternating copper and brass with brass-rod stem and copper leaves.

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Tip: I couldn't get the texturing with a chisel to work at all as it
kept bending the metal (although this worked real nice for the sepal and
leaves) so I ran the petals along my angle grinder with a cutting wheel
instead. This textured them nice and random, and it was pretty much
effortless too :)

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TreeL1 (author)spizzak2016-02-02

A good way to get the texture you're looking for is... if you have an electric drill, screwdriver or dremel with the round wire brush disk shaped attachment turn it on and just let the little bristles of the disk lightly run down the petals tilt your hand to control the direction you want the designs to go in. much easier and you can pick one up under $20.00 at harbor freight

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CaptainNemo (author)TreeL12017-04-01

If you do use one of these make sure to wear proper eye protection as the wires come loose and can injure you.

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jaudette (author)spizzak2016-02-02

It looks GREAT! Better than I could do.....

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spizzak (author)spizzak2014-02-15

I should mention that I used solder to secure the pedals, and a combination of wire wrapping and solder on the leaves.

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Bowtie41 (author)2014-01-02

Don't list a "friend" with a welder!!!!Between my welder/torches,and my car hauling trailer,I have more friends than I can handle already!Just kidding,this is an awesome project,Very beautiful!

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weldingwoman (author)Bowtie412016-01-16

Love it - have a truck and a trailer and know about friends!

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tivie11 made it! (author)2014-03-01

This was a great project to do. My wife absolutely loved it. Next time I think I'll add the candle holder leaves on the stem. Or maybe alternating metals like one of the posters before. Thanks for the excellent ideas!

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nidanterry (author)2014-02-02

This was a first for me. Plan on making a few more. Thank you for the ideas.

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mybootsonfire (author)2014-01-12

Here's mine. I'd made a couple steel ones but working with copper was a first for me so it was a lot of fun.

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vbow (author)mybootsonfire2014-01-12

That looks awesome! Thanks for sharing

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lugnut41 (author)2017-08-07

I have made at least 15 of these copper roses for granddaughters and friends. I have been able to buy used copper flashing material at the local metal recyclers. Something to know about working with copper is that you can anneal it making it soft and easier to work with. You need to heat it with a small torch and then let it cool. But it will work harden as you do your texturing and bending. I use a strong water and salt solution of as much salt as will devolve in the water to clean the copper. Rinse away the salt after the cleaning is done. Applying a clear lacquer to your completed rose will preserve the clean look.

My next roses will be about 6 inches in diameter, and well be put out in the wife's flower garden.

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superfreak1000 made it! (author)2017-05-14

Tried this yesterday for my mom for Mother's Day. Came out beautifully! Great Instructable!

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epadget made it! (author)2017-05-09

I made mine into graduation gifts for my senior basketball players. Thank you for the wonderful instructable!!

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WarrenC32 (author)2017-03-07

I made a couple just on my own and didnt quite like thow they were ending up, found your instructible and got her down now, just wanted to say thanks. I put my own spin on the stem though, used an old painted coat hanger, cut top off folded it in half, then put it in a vice and twisted it up with a drill and then gave it a quick sand with emory cloth and then wrapped both sides with solid copper wire, the leaf's not on this one yet but it will be attached by winding copper as well.

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obilger made it! (author)2017-02-08

Used 24 Gauge Brass and 1/4" copper pipe from home depot. I would use 22 gauge next time as it would be easier to cut and manipulate. I crimped the end of the pipe, slid in the layers, and crimped the other end to keep everything in place. Make sure the pedals are bent up TIGHT before proceeding to the next layer it was an oversight on my part. Besides that. Enjoy and take your time. Great instructions very easy to follow

ALWAYS USE GLOVES AND SAFETY GOGGLES.

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FranciscoB83 (author)obilger2017-02-14

Hi! Very nice! I was thinking the same idea of putting it into a "preservation" vase. DId you make it or did you buy it? How did you make the rose stand? Thanks alot!

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literck made it! (author)2017-01-21

I don't have a welder so I used tubing from the hardware store for stems. I crushed one end slightly so it wasn't round. drilled holes in the center of each of the petal parts. I then put a little JB weld in the end of the crushed tube and used a sheet metal screw to attach the petals to the stem. Arranged them properly and let it set over night. I also didn't want to do all the texturing so i skipped that part. turns out that covers up all the scratches made by the bending and cutting process so I covered it up by painting the inner parts of the petal with purple paint. My wife's favorite color. It came out streaky which I thought looked pretty cool. She loved them. Thanks for the directions. They Made a wonderful anniversary gift and only took a dozen hours or so to make.

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Cathodewill made it! (author)2017-01-13

I took the patterns and enlarged them 20%, used 6-32 threaded brass rod for the inner stem, soldered brass nuts top and bottom. Textured the petals with a sharpened weld chipping hammer. Cut the veins in the sepal and leaves with a blunted chisel. Annealed in an acidic bath with suspended carbon. The outer stem is the outside strands of #2 AWG electric wire. I think it came out pretty good

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kev who made it! (author)2017-01-03

I wasn't able to find copper at Home Depot, Lowes, or Walmart so I opted for 26 gauge zinc coated steel from Home Depot. I made ten roses to mount on a board for my friend's room as wall art, 60 different pieces, lots of blood later and here's the finished product. I may make an instructable on how I mount them, we'll see.

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scornn (author)kev who2017-01-09

check in the roofing section for copper. ask for copper flashing. $30 for 6inX10ft roll

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Alexkramer made it! (author)2016-11-29

Great instructable! Made it very easy to replicate. Thanks for sharing! I did find that using a small piece of heavier grit sandpaper, before using the chisel, to "paint" the petals added a more satin finish. Also it helped to move my finger along the contour of the petals and from the center outward to create a nice "movement" in them.

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CCX191 made it! (author)2016-11-26

This is my second attempt with a proper stem this time. you can see my first attempt by scrolling down.

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Lendss (author)2015-05-17

So beatiful! Here's mine

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xMavrekx (author)Lendss2016-11-15

I like that you put it into the bulb! :: thumbs up ::

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Isaac Taylor (author)Lendss2016-02-11

How did you make the light bulb vase in your picture of your rose? It looks really cool!!!

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cowtipper made it! (author)2016-11-14

This was great! I used copper everywhere except for the lower leaves (I used aluminum for that). I wasn't able to solder everything in place, so I crimped the tubing and that held it all together. I did the texturing by hitting the copper with the end of a crowbar, I tried using a chisel but it was too sharp. The base is attached with a friction fit and a little bit of hot glue. Made it for my fiance's birthday and she loves it!

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kaleb1999 made it! (author)2016-10-15

Great Instructable, I made a rose about 7 yrs ago out of Stainless, only I cut each petal out individually into the shape of a teardrop, getting progressively bigger, then hammered it out on the anvil to shape it before tig welding it to a 1/4" stainless rod. So I tried to make one like it out of copper, every time I would solder a petal on, one of the preivous ones would fall off, the way you did the petals would have solved that problem.

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ProudImperialPatriot made it! (author)2016-06-17

Made a bunch of these. Copper mainly, but also tried Aluminum. I like the results.

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iamthec00n made it! (author)2016-06-15

wasnt easy to bend and shape using .9 mirrored stainless but it got done cheers for the inspiration

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Tebaldi (author)2016-06-13

Impressive!!!!

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syncromatic made it! (author)2016-05-29

I made an aluminium one for my best friends 18th birthday in attempt no314 to get out of the friend zone. She loved it! Zone remains unchanged though... any more ideas? xD

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BrianSimms927 made it! (author)2016-05-12

I thought this was a great idea for my upcoming 7th anniversary. Mine was made of all copper, using a gauged copper pipe for the stem. Since it was hallow, I was able to crimp above and below the petals and sepal. Both crimps were hidden by the flower and sepal itself once everything was in place.

Also, I did not "texture" the petals, because i wanted to keep the finished product shiny.

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Rcmaster06 (author)2016-05-06

I made mine out of aluminum

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Geckomayhem (author)2016-04-14

I have spent literally hours trying to sort out the materials for this, researching and sourcing online. We can't just waltz down to a hardware store in NZ and expect them to stock things like copper sheets or steel rods; and even if they did exist, they would be extremely expensive.

Anyway, I have a question I was hoping someone can answer. It's a lot cheaper to buy 0.1mm copper sheeting than it is to buy 0.5 or 0.8. Is that too thin? What would happen if I tried to shape petals with such thin metal?

Thanks in advance. Great instructable, and here's hoping I'll make the perfect 7th Wedding Anniversary gift successfully, and on time!

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quinstructable made it! (author)2016-03-21

Made with aluminum from a pizza tray and a turkey skewer for the stem. Sanded the petals with sandpaper to get a nice brushed aluminum look.

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Illini1 made it! (author)2016-03-12

Used epoxy, didn't wait long enough to set up and I had to reglue halfway through shaping.

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xMavrekx made it! (author)2016-02-26

This was an awesome project to make. I did it a few days on my lunch period at work and for about an hour one night afterwards. Learned a lot while making the rose, imperfections are okay, they actually make the rose look more realistic. Made this for my wife for our 1 year anniversary. Thanks for the project and instructions!

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BenjaminL18 made it! (author)2016-02-19

it took longer than anticipated, but it was worth it!!!! hobby lobby was the only local place i could find that had the copper sheets in stock

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MasterAnubis made it! (author)2016-02-15

I went right off of the patterns. They used up a 4" x 12" area of copper and the sepal and stem I did in stainless.

The stem was a tube that I turned down the end of to fit through all of the layers then spread to rivet them in place. I put a weld on it to make it more solid. I did like that some people were using screws and if I did another I would tap the inside of the tube and hold it all together with a screw.

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Engineerical made it! (author)2016-02-12

Great project. I used a nickel stem and JB weld, but it worked out!

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Tehemton (author)2016-02-12

Also.. I used a long 6 inch screw instead of welding it. Just drilled a hole through the center of all the petals, put the bolt through them and tightened 2 nuts at the back. Then smoothed out the shaft using my dremel and sanding drum.

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Tehemton made it! (author)2016-02-12

Nice instructable! Thanks.
However I found making those lines on a thicker sheet of aluminium quite difficult. Maybe my chisel was blunt idk. It's turned out much better than I expected though.

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vondamon made it! (author)2016-02-11

Yay just in time for valentines day! Also a tip for anyone not skilled with forging or welding, I used a thin copper pipe as the stem so i didnt have to mess with any of that (just compress pipe to lock petals on).

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DavidH240 made it! (author)2016-02-08

I have a welder but didn't use it. A 2 inch long bolt and a lock nut holds the petal layers together. A 1/2 x 1/4 copper sweat fitting hides the nut. 1/4 inch copper tubing threads onto the bolt.

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MattE28 (author)2016-01-17

Hey! Awesome project. I was just wondering if it is absolutely necessary to use 22 Gauge sheet? I've got some that sits around 27 Gauge, would rhat be right to use?

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mlloyd-fillier (author)MattE282016-02-08

The higher the gauge number, the thinner the metal is.

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thawkman (author)MattE282016-01-25

You could definitely use 27 guage, it'll just be slightly harder.

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dkomkov (author)thawkman2016-02-03

I could be wrong, but the higher gauge is the thinner the metal

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CCX191 made it! (author)2016-02-05

it's pretty great! I removed the larger petal layer since i find it too big and I used brass instead of copper. Finished it by using a blowtorch over it and some slight polishing over it. The stem on mine is only 1.5" long.
Thanks for sharing this project!

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