Instructables
Picture of Bacchus' Calumet
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I called this Instructable originally 'Crazy Horse's Calumet'. But, some members mentioned the 'abusive' use of this Lakota name. Since I never wanted to offend or provocate anyone I decided to change the title. It became 'Counterfeit' Calumet.
Member Joni - see comments - told me that this pipe would surely be loved by the god Bacchus. Touched by his story and wiseness I changed the title one more time. Thanx Joni!


Why a peace-pipe?

My best friend asked me to be his witness at his wedding in a couple of weeks.
His wedding will be very customised and inspired by ancient traditions, he told me.
There will be smoke, streams of beer and a lot of nude people, I understood ;-)
(maybe I understood wrong).

What to offer? Always a difficult question...

My friend's callname (for insiders) is 'Crazy Horse' and all his life he's being passionated by Native American's culture. Inspired by Dances With Wolves - remember that goodbye scene at the end? - I thought about offering him a calumet aka peace-pipe, as a symbol to wish him and his brandnew wife good luck on their mutual way.

The handle was easy: I thought immediately about olive, one of the most beautiful wood-species ever. Nice to find, nice to handle, nice to see.

The pipe-head was more complicated, since I don't have pottery or stone-carving skills.

Why not iron, I thought? Okay, I'm not a professional welder but welding a calumet is within the limits of everyone...
(If you read the comments below you'll see that this item caused a lot of controversy. Even if it's for decorative use, I didn't know that the use of iron in calumet-building shouldn't be take lightly. I like the combination of iron and metal in an artistic way and that's how I see this calumet: a piece of art with no functional or ceremonial use. Keep this in mind, it's artwork.)

This project turned out to the most heavy calumet ever (almost 5 Lbs). This calumet is yak-proof, believe me!

And for all it's big fun to make!

Enjoy!


NOTE: I've build this pipe as if it was smokable and in every step I tried to find the appropriate solutions for this use. If anyone would really build a pipe to smoke (using stone or pottery): you'll find some ideas in the following steps.
This artwork is for decorative use only!!! I used a lot of metal and glue and heating this stuff can cause severe health damage.
So, again: DON'T USE IT FOR SMOKING!!!



You'll need:
- a log
- saw, drill, drill bits
- plane
- angle sander
- band-sander
- some pieces of iron pipe
- welder
- angle-grinder
- safety gear
 
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Step 1: Raw shaping the handle

Picture of Raw shaping the handle
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I didn't have a lot of time because the wedding is in a couple of weeks.
Since I decided to make the handle in olive - it would have been a lot easier just to buy a beam of oak and play with it but doing concessions is not my cup of tea - I needed to find a piece of wood already dry.
Why working easy if it can be done so much more complicated?

Many hours in abondoned Southern France's orchards, I spent, until I found a dead three with exactly the log I needed.
I cut a beam of more than two feet long and went back home.

At work:

Plane the log into something straight and flattened. I didn't want a round handle, I wanted it to be ellipsoid.

This is no rocket-science. Feel free to shape it as you like!

Step 2: Drilling the handle

The niciest part of the job!

Look for the longest drill you can find (I had one of almost 1 food) or use an extension for flat wood bits.

I used both. The traditional drill went a lot better than the flat one.

Clamp the log and start drilling (I used a diameter of 14 mm - half inch).
Use a powerful drill, and a lot of natural oil. Olive oil is just perfect!

Somewhere in the middle of the log I had a problem.

My bits weren't just long enough.

Cut a piece of the log, you'll say.

Again: I never do concessions. In a few minutes I made the longest wood-drill bit ever aka wood-harpoon - see my Instructable 'Wood harpoon drill': a flat bit, a tube of aluminium, some chemical anchor and ready for the drill!

Pay attention to evacuate the drill dust every minute, otherwise the bit may stuck in the tunnel!!!

The new drill made it through the end - powerful tool - and a tunnel was born.

Somewhere in the middle of the handle a hole appeared due to an old wound in the log. Plastic surgery needed!

Step 3: The mouth piece

For one reason I wanted the mouth piece to be seperated from the handle.

Drill a bigger hole in the mouth-side (twice the diameter of the hole, one finger deep).
Take a hole-drill and cut out a 'sigar' from a piece of log - I chose oak.
Inner diameter: same as a sigaret, sou you could easily put a filter in it.
Some sanding (put an axis in the center hole and sand on a fixed band-saw!) and the mouth-piece is ready.

This separated mouth-piece makes it easy to remove the filter after smoking.

Again: I'm launching the idea. This pipe will not being used for smoking.

Step 4: Tubing

Picture of Tubing
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To manage to problem of the hole in the middle of the handle I decided to glue an aluminium tube in it.

Put some glue in the hole, some glue on the tube (after having sealed one end) and smash the tube through the tunnel.

Let it dry.

Step 5: Plastic surgery

Picture of Plastic surgery
Take some wood paste with the same color as the wood and fill up the wounds in the handle.

Let it dry.

Step 6: Sanding the handle

Use angle sander and fixed band saw.
Go on mode 'manual' at the end.
I started with grain 50 and ended with 800.

Don't forget to sand a 'reduction' at the pipe-head end. This end will be fixed INTO the head later.

Step 7: Welding & sanding the pipe-head

I searched for some big pieces of iron pipe (diameter 2 inch).
YES THIS IS BIG - It's a multi-person-pipe, you know!

You'll need:
- a 'T'
- two muffs
- a piece of pipe with thread
- a male cap
- a smaller male cap
- a reduction

Cut the threaded parts of the iron pipe and use them to put this all together.

Welding time!

Remove the excess iron with an angle- grinder, add some more welds if necessary and end with a sander.

Finish the head with fine 'aquatic' sanding paper (600 to 800).

My pipe-head doesn't look perfect at all - the welds are 'dirty' and the sanding is not 'polish-level' - but in one way I didn't care because I wanted it to look 'old' & 'used'.

Step 8: Welding the 'bell'

Picture of Welding the 'bell'
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A bell???

This iron piece wil serve as bottom in the pipe head. You need someting to hold the tobacco in place, no?

The bell is hold in place by the piece of thread in the head and should not be welded within the head. This will allow you to clean the head properly after use in case of a non-iron-nor-glue-build pipe.

Weld the reduction and the small male cap together.
Cut the upper part of the reduction.
Drill a hole rom the iside in the center of the bell, not too deep!
Drill a hole from the outside to become an 'L'-shaped hole.
Ready it is!

Step 9: 'Vinegeration' of the head

Picture of 'Vinegeration' of the head
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I wanted the pipe-head to look ancient. Real metal-workers will kill me after seeing this work, but let's say that it's an old peace-pipe I'm building, it hasn't to be perfect.

And my welding level is not the same as my woodworking level ;-)

Rob O told in his Instructable 'Modify a Tomahawk' to boil the piece of metal in vinegar - thanx Rob!

I did. It boiled it for one hour in vingar and this process developed a black ashy patina. And it revealed all the welds, oops!!!

If you don't want to see the welds: don't do this with your artwork! I didn't mind, the head will be covered by straps anyway.

Step 10: Assembly!

Picture of Assembly!
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Put some fire-resistant silicone at the end that'll go into the pipehead. Add some fire-resistant glue and glue handle and head together.

Let it dry!

Step 11: Oiling & finishing

Almost ready is that calumet. All you need is finishing!

Use natural oil. Put it on the handle with bare hands and remove the excess with a towel.

Decorate as you feel it. I used some greased leather strap but I'm sure there are plenty ways to customise your calumet!

End of the job, hope my friend will like it!

Thanx for watching!
l8nite2 years ago
That is a HUGE pipe ! irregardless of authenticity or lack there of I'm sure this will be a cherished gift (that hopefully wont become a weapon in a future spat!) Thank you for sharing
static l8nite2 years ago
I had a similar thought on seeing it. In the event peace doesn't ensue someone is going to have a serious weapon.
bricobart (author)  static2 years ago
;-)
bricobart (author)  l8nite2 years ago
You're welcome, sharing is always a pleasure!
static2 years ago
A nice build you and your friends should enjoy it regardless. Humans have been adapting the items from other cultures for there own use forever an d that's not likely to change you didn't set out to to intentionally upset anyone and aren't harming the physically. Anyone upset by this choose to be upset and the have no right to try to use there tradition to control what others do. By this time the celebration has passed, I hope it went well.
bricobart (author)  static2 years ago
Thanx for your support, heartwarming to see that most members have seen the good side of this pipe, instead of searching ghosts...
rrousell2 years ago
I'd go to a headshop and ask them about making things smokable. They'd have the supplies for you to adapt to your project and more knowledge about making things to smoke with than you'd ever care to know.
triumphman2 years ago
Nice job mate! Wish I had some of that wood to make my pipes! Plenty of cedar here, birch & maple too! I even used the Sumac, it has a soft center pithe that comes out easily. Thanks for the great pictures too! As ever, Triumphman
bricobart (author)  triumphman2 years ago
You're welcome Triumphman. Let's say that our elderberry has the same caracteristics as your sumac. It has a soft center pithe as well that can be used in candles. This wood is also used by children to make small blowguns - so called 'pop'guns. Was, in fact. Now they're playing with X-box and Playstation...
triumphman2 years ago
I agree the pipe should be made of natural materials! Check out mine. I have used what I found in nature and made the Kinnikinick (spelling is prob . wrong) from plants around my home. I don't inhale but enjoy the smell of the smoke! I have smoked to honor those Native Americans who have passed on. I have also started a large teepee from 18 ft. Dead cedar trees. Thank you Native Americans for your sacrifices! As ever, Triumphman

Cedars with hollow centers ? Where did ypu get that from ? They have solid centers! And yes deer antler does resist heat . It is used for pipe bowls in many cultures! Fred needs to try the decaf!
bricobart (author)  triumphman2 years ago
Sorry mate, confused with Sumac!
bricobart (author)  triumphman2 years ago
Nice work Triumphman! Didn't know that cedars had hollow centers, by the way. Does antler resist the heat?
The first time I tried to build a calumet - I must have been 14 years old - I used a piece of elderberry. This is a beautiful spruce with very light and hard wood that's used a lot in flute-making because of it's hollow centers. Easy to drill out.
jonipinkney2 years ago
Nice display pipe, and very good work. However, a few things need to be said here.

The man known as Crazy Horse was Lakota, and his people are very guarded about the use of his name or its English translation. If you want to make a Calumet-inspired pipe that's ok but please don't call it what it's not, or associate it with what it doesn't belong with (eg, beer and public nudity). Perhaps someone like Thor or Hephaestus would prefer to be associated with a pipe like this.

You said you used metal because you do not know pottery. However, the Lakota Pipe which inspired your design does not have a pottery bowl. The bowl is carved from stone. The preferred stone is red in color and soft in texture, similar to soapstone. Some Pipes use other types of stone in the soapstone family, depending on who is using them and what is available. Some other Native American peoples use pottery pipes, but the Lakota Pipe is made of wood and stone and there are reasons for this, symbolic as well as practical. Metal is not generally used on the Lakota Pipe except perhaps in small amounts for ornamental inlay, and there are symbolic and practical reasons for this as well.

Although this is a very beautiful piece of work, I hope it would be used only for ornamental purposes, not for actual smoking. Iron pipe may be alloyed or finished with metals that are not suitable for inhaling hot vapors though, and it may get very hot. If people burn their hands and get hurt or drop the pipe, this would not be good.

Sorry, I don't mean to be mean here, but I have some Native heritage (Choctaw Apache) and some very dear friends who are Lakota. My Lakota friends would probably say the same thing if they saw this pipe, although they may not say it as kindly.

This is a very beautiful piece of work and I hope you will continue in your art. However, because of certain things I've been given to see and know, I feel I must do my part to help protect the Sacred Pipe and the name of the man they call Crazy Horse.
bricobart (author)  jonipinkney2 years ago
Hi Jonipinkney! Same for you: thanx for your comments. I never wanted to disrespect Lakota heritage or culture.
Therefore I decided to change the original title. I chose 'Counterfeit Calumet' to reflect the idea that it's not a traditional one.
I chose to use iron because I wanted a result corresponding to my artwork-style. I love the combination of iron & wood and my friend's love for Native American's culture inspired me to build something highly personal.
Hope this reply repairs the wounds or misunderstoods I might have created.
Bartolo, I like your work, and I appreciate your thoughts. I am Blackfoot and Onandaga. I think you should do this again, but use cedar as it is sacred. You can get Pipestone off the internet, as any proper chanupa should be made from this stone, as the stone represents the blood, horn and hide of the many buffalo that died in order to provide us the sacred stone. Furthermore, something you might want to know is Iron or man made metal cannot be used in most sacred ceremonies. If you are to have a sweat lodge at the wedding, it would be wrong to bring iron into the lodge. I think you have skills, and think that you could do an amazing job at making a proper chanupa. Awesome job!
If you get Pipestone on the internet please be careful and watch your source. Technically, the stone itself isn't sold, as it's sacred; instead you're reimbursing for the labor of getting the stone out of the ground. (Kind of like how Catholic relics and sacred items aren't supposed to be sold, but one may buy the medals or reliquaries in which they're housed, or make the suggested donation to the religious order which takes care of the relics.) And, since power tools are not to be used in harvesting the stone, there is significant labor involved and the laborer is worthy of his pay.

There's a lot of low quality Pipestone out there, harvested using power tools (jackhammers, backhoes, etc) from private non-native land near the Pipestone monument. It's mostly jasper, doesn't carve properly, and the energy is all wrong. It goes for very cheap, because it's low quality and harvested wrong.

If you want real Pipestone, get it from a real Native American and expect to pay a decent price - around 10.00 a pound -- for his hard work getting it out of the ground. Only Native Americans with proper documentation can get permits to dig the stone from the monument area where the true stone is found, and such a person would know to do it right, honoring all the proper traditions.

It's necessary to use all the proper traditions when dealing with Pipestone because it's very sacred. In fact some people prefer not to deal with it because -- and please forgive me for mixing cultural metaphors here, I know no other way to explain this -- Pipestone can accelerate one's karma.
bricobart (author)  jonipinkney2 years ago
Thanx Chielscher and Joni. I'm learning a lot from my own Ible ;-)

Knowing all that I won't buy any pipestone from the net. Somehow I feel having a debt and I'm willing to prove that it's possible to make a functional calumet in the spirit a calumet should be made.

I haven't any single Native American chromosome in my body so I'll never pretend having build a 'real' one. It will never be the goal also, but everyone can do the best he can.
I'm sure it's possible to make a pipe with local sources without the use of power tools. I'll call it a 'low-ecological-footprint-pipe' for example. Produced with only hand labour, without having killed and without having paid.

We'll meet again!
Yes, other materials are sometimes used to make the Pipe bowl, as long as the materials are natural. The Lakota (whose Pipe inspired yours) usually use stone, specifically Pipestone, but on occasion other types of stone (eg, soapstone) may be used.

Other Native nations have other ways of making Pipes, always using natural materials according to their traditions. Some use pottery, antler, etc. In every instance that People has a tradition of using that material, as well as traditional ways of building the pipe. I've even seen hardwood used, there's a certain kind of very hard wood that withstands the heat and is used by one People to make pipes.

Over on your side of the water fine pipes are made of meershaum, which is also a high quality stone rich in tradition. Also briar burl is used, which is of course a hardwood.
bricobart (author)  jonipinkney2 years ago
Meerschaum I know, although I never liked it - with some materials it 'glues' and with others it never won't ;-)
Briar burls I know either. More: a few months ago I digged a few of these burls out in the Pyrenees and these are drying now. Can't wait to start handling them!
Thanx for all the constructive comments, we'll keep in touch!
I'm with you jonipinkney, I am Lakota. I was raised, and tough the old ways. (Probably should following closer.) I feel offended when I hear the name Crazy Horse being so softly. feel it would be blasphemy to use a Calumet, or even a Calumet-inspired pipe for any thing that be associated with "beer and public nudity" i'd assume if this guy followed that Lakota life and was wanting association with the old ways, there would not be much "beer and public nudity" and he would use the Calumet in a good way. Not for this. remember that it is a gift and so is the smoke, don't abuse it.
maka2 years ago
This is a beautiful piece of art, but i hope you will do some more research before smoking from it! Every teaching i have received about pipes teaches against the use of metals and glues in pipemaking. Do you really know what you will be liberating and inhaling when you heat the metal and potentially the glue (even the smoke will heat things up significantly)? (Quite aside from that are the considerations of the sacredness of the act of smoking a prayer pipe and whether the materials used are appropriate to that act.)
bricobart (author)  maka2 years ago
Hello Maka! Thanx for your constructive comment. I just finished the necessary changes.
maka bricobart2 years ago
i just want to say that i have a great deal of respect for your willingness to make changes to reflect the understandings of those of us who have more experience with pipemaking and pipe ritual. So many people might have become angry or snarky in response, whereas you have been so completely respectful and thoughtful in your responses. That shows a beautiful strength of character and a purity of spirit, in my opinion.

i honor you, as you have honored me and all those to whom you have responded so generously.
mintybot maka2 years ago
^I like what this guy says.
I'd probably have gotten mad if all the comments on my instructable were about how I was disrespecting a culture. Personally, I see nothing wrong with a lot of beer and public nudity :) Keep up the good work bartolo
Beer and nudity are fine in their place, but context is everything. The things you do around your friends aren't necessarily the things you do around your grandparents. The things you'd do in a pagan grove or a fraternity initiation aren't necessarily the same things you'd do when visiting a Catholic Church or having an audience with the Queen. The Pipe is kind of like that; when the Pipe is out you're in a very solemn and sacred place, more like an audience with the Queen than a pagan grove or a fraternity initiation.

Even in paganism based on European traditions, there are differences in context. In the Greco-Roman traditions, (I'm using this example because that's probably the one most familiar to this audience) there are the Apolonian rites, where the ceremony is high and solemn (not unlike with the Pipe) and you wouldn't see the beer and public nudity that you'd see at a Dyonosian rite. The Diannic traditions are female-only because Diana is a virgin goddess. And so on. (There are probably similar customs in the Celtic, Germanic, Norse, Strega, etc traditions but I don't know as much about them so I'll leave it at that.) Not that beer or guys or nudity are bad, but just that when you're doing any kind of ceremony there are some things that belong there and some things that don't.

To Bartolo's credit, he has accepted corrections and modified his write-up. A lesser person would not do that. And I think this pipe would have a place in an eclectic pagan ceremony, perhaps in a dedication to Bacchus (who can bless weddings very well.) It may not be good to smoke from, because of the metal, but with some slight modification it would probably be good to use as a a brazer or incense burner, to burn fragrant resins or woods that Bacchus would like.

bricobart (author)  jonipinkney2 years ago
Again, wise and interesting comment. Thanx Joni!

Let me just add one more detail. The 'nudity' frase was not more than a joke. I mean it! You know, besides handworking I love writing, too. Most times I don't even know which way the frases will go and I'll let my fantasy go it's own way. This results in an exagerated, humoristic and sometimes provocative style that some people love and some people hate.
Those who know me better know that most things I'm writing have to be taken with a 'grain of salt', like we say. Do not take everything serious, it's my kind of joking.
So also what I wrote about nudity. Please, I was kidding. Everyone may do what he or her likes to do, as long as there's no harm to others. But going naked in public is not my stuff, search for pictures on the net if you don't believe me ;-)
And thus: never this kind of behavour will be associated with the pipe. Even if it is a decorative one.

Regards to all, bart.
bricobart (author)  mintybot2 years ago
Thanx Mintybot. Let's see the positive side: next pipe will be better ;-)
bricobart (author)  maka2 years ago
You're welcome Maka. Thanx for responding so nicely and thanx for your open spirit. Comments like yours are making me eager to build a new one and do a better job. Step by step I want to finetune my skills and it's good to share them with others. That's what Instructables is all about.
I wish you good luck in all your projects my friend.
mintybot2 years ago
This is a pretty nice build. I might make one of my own (albeit a smaller one, this one looks pretty damn heavy).

To the other commenters, you put up a lot of useful info (i.e. the iron might have been finished with possibly dangerous substances, etc) and informing him of possibly offensive terms. However it's important that you don't take it too far; realize that you're (specifically jonipinkney) essentially asking him to re-write his whole instructable! This guy spent a lot of time making a pipe inspired by Native Americans for a friend, and he was kind enough to post it online. While I understand you're only trying to protect your heritage, he did say he based it off a movie, and we all know what Hollywood is like ;). Perhaps it would be nice if the author put in some sort of disclaimer to avoid any further conflict.
bricobart (author)  mintybot2 years ago
Hi Mintybot! Thanx for your support ;-)
I understood what went wrong and I've tried to correct the necessary in my Instructable.
Avariel772 years ago
Great Instructable! But being of Native American descent, I feel I should point out that "squaw" was never a Native American term but rather an offensive term coined by whites. Most tribes honored their women greatly! Still, I really do like this Instructable!
bricobart (author)  Avariel772 years ago
Hi Avariel! I'm deeply sorry about the use of that term. Didn't want to offensive any woman and didn't think about the fact that it could have been pejorative.
Native American's history and culture are inspiring me almost my whole life.
So, thanx for the positive feedback! That term will be removed immediately.
attackchef2 years ago
Came in to say what Avariell77 stated: Squaw,sqaw,suqaw are all variations of a very derogatory term for Native American women. It would be nice if that description was removed.
There now that is out of the way your 'ible is very well documented and photographed easy to follow though the use of the glue and some of the metal used makes me hope that really and truly this is merely an ornamental piece of art rather than true use though as I've noticed you've put a lot of work into functional art :-) Good Job on the 'ible!
bricobart (author)  attackchef2 years ago
Hello Attackchef! Don't worry about anymore about that term, it's removed.
Thanx for the compliments, I appreciate!
I'm sure the pipe will be of decorative use all the way. I just wanted to build it though enough in case anyone would really want to turn it on. I'm planning to burn tome tobacco in it and attach the calumet on a compressor to evacuate whatever that should not have been inhaled. All glues used are fire-resistant and never they should be in direct contact with the burning chamber.
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