Making this mouse is very easy: a light sensor detects the shadow of hand on the mouse and activates a timer that turns on a motor for about a second and the motor makes mouse running.
If you want to make your own mouse read the rest of this instructable.
Step 1: Things You Need
-Printed Circuit (Find files on next step)
-47uF Electrolyte Capacitor
-Circuit Boards Acid
To make the mouse you need the followings:
-Old Computer Mouse
-4 AA Batteries
-A piece of Rubber Tube
-0.1uF Ceramic Capacitor (104)
Step 2: The Circuit
R1 = 22k Resistor
POT = 10k Potentiometer
C1 = 47uF Capacitor
J = Jumper = A piece of Wire
U1 = 555 IC
Q1 = TIP122 Transistor
PHTCLL = Photocell
MOTOR = Small Motor
BAT = 3-6V Power Supply
Step 3: Making Circuit Board
2. Put the both sides of printed circuit on the board and fix them with paper tape.
3. Put the board between some pieces of paper and press the hot iron (without steam) on it for a while. (BE CAREFUL: The hot iron may lead to firing of papers)
4. Remove the printed circuit of the board.
5. Soak board in a bowl of circuit board acid and wait till all the visible copper disappears. (BE CAREFUL: You are working with acid)
6. Wash the board and clear it with sandpaper.
7. Make holes with 1mm drill.
Step 4: Soldering Circuit Parts
Notice the correct direction of the IC, transistor and capacitor.
Solder two wires for power supply, two wires for the motor, two wires for the potentiometer and two wires for the photocell and solder the photocell on the small board.
Step 5: Making Mouse Case Ready
Make a place for motor and potentiometer with your tools.
Drill a small hole on the back of the mouse to place the photocell behind it.
Step 6: Placing the Motor
The motor must be able to rotate the mouse ball.
Step 7: Placing the Potentiometer
Step 8: Soldering Motor Components
Solder the 1N4148 diode reverse to the motor connectors. (Back EMF protection)
Solder the 100nF ceramic capacitor to the motor connectors. (Noise protection)
Do not solder these components on the board or somewhere far from the motor, solder them right on the motor.
Solder the motor wires coming from the circuit to the motor.
Step 9: Attaching Photocell
Step 10: Power Supply
Cut the connector at the other end of the mouse wire and solder the wires to a battery holder.
You can use the power coming through the mouse wire from the computer main board instead of cutting mouse connector and using 4 batteries but it is not recommended because it may cause damages to your main board.
Step 11: Ready to Action
2. Hide the batteries behind the computer.
3. Rotate the mouse wheel till the motor turns off.
4. Gently rotate back the mouse wheel till the motor turns on.
5. Rotate the mouse wheel a little in reverse direction and wait about a second, continue this till the motor turns off.
6. Put the mouse ball under the mouse.
7. NOW TRY TO CATCH THE MOUSE!
Step 12: Optimization
If you want the mouse to work in darker areas use a higher value potentiometer.
And if you use a gearbox after motor and connect it to a wheel instead of mouse ball, certainly you will get better result.