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You will build a fully functioning NOR gate, and see what is going on inside of them!
for more on LOGIC gates, see Jimmy Proton's Channel as well as his LOGIC GATES INST'ABLE

You can find a PDF of this Inst'able attached to the last step.

Step 1: Materials


Materials:
  • Twelve 10Kohm resistors
  • Eight NPN transistors
  • Lots of small jumper wires
  • A Breadboard to assemble it on
That is it. Short list, huh?

        10Kohm resistors are not essential. What I mean by that is that you may substitute them for different resistors. Any combination of resistors with a value between 4.7 Kohms and 100 Kohms will work in this project.

Can I use 1K resistors? I have currently 20.
<p>You can use 1 kohm resistors.</p><p>Sidenotes:</p><p>With 1 kohm resistors, each NOR gate will consume more power, depending on its state.</p><p>You could use100 kohm resistors instead of 10 kohm resistors (the exact value is not critical).</p><p>Higher resistor values may limit the speed of the gates.</p>
That's great! Even a 7402 quiescent draw is 8-27ma I'm seeing 3.5ma draw on a red LED and 1K resistor here. Now if you made an CMOS part I'd have more faith in 1000% those run in the microamp range. I suppose it'd all hinge on what you connected to your output. Typically small transistors can supply about 150ma each. So your circuit (the quad one) looks like it could draw better than a half an amp to me depending. <br> <br>These go on sale a lot for about $3 a piece: <br> <br>Even if the meter doesn't work the leads are worth at least that! But so far all I've bought have been OK. <br> <br>Here is one crazy thing I made with a lot of transistors once: <br> <br>(its a 10 channel logic probe) <br> <br>It drew like an amp and a half! Which as I said rather surprised me. Now I use current meters while I am prototyping just to keep an eye on things. Though often I'll use an analog meter for that task, with a healthy supply of fuses on hand. <br>flag............ <br>
Man, I just love NOR gates, so far I built 10
awesome! thanks for the comment. it's people like you that keep me interested in making more guides and how-to's on electronics for instructables.com.<br><br>&quot;Follow&quot; me to get notifications for my new inst'ables.<br><br>I'll be making one on a 9x9 LED matrix very soon. I'm currently building it and it is a fun-ass project. I can't wait to share the experience with my followers!<br>all the best,<br>ryan
if i make 1 bir memory can i store data in it<br>if not what is its use
for hobby electronics, these are great. there are many times when i want to save a single value.
Have you measured the current draw of this circuit? I built a project once using a lot of transistors and it turned out to draw a lot more current than I thought it would so I figured I'd ask.
I tested that once and I now for get the value. I don't have a multimeter at the moment, so I'll have to get back to you on the exact number of milliamps.<br> What I CAN tell you in the mean time is that the circuit used at least 1000% less current than a single LED wired in series with a 1Kohm resistor
That's great!&nbsp; Even a 7402 quiescent draw is 8-27ma&nbsp; I'm seeing 3.5ma draw on a red LED and 1K resistor here. Now if you made an CMOS part I'd have more faith in 1000% those run in the microamp range.&nbsp; I suppose it'd all hinge on what you connected to your output. Typically small transistors can supply about 150ma each. So your circuit (the quad one) looks like it could draw better than a half an amp to me depending.<br> <br> These go on sale a lot for about $3 a piece:<br> <br> <a href="http://www.harborfreight.com/7-function-digital-multimeter-90899.html">http://www.harborfreight.com/7-function-digital-multimeter-90899.html</a><br> <br> Even if the meter doesn't work the leads are worth at least that! But so far all I've bought have been OK.<br> <br> Here is one crazy thing I made with a lot of transistors once:<br> <a href="http://img219.imageshack.us/img219/6605/p6280033.jpg">http://img219.imageshack.us/img219/6605/p6280033.jpg</a><br> <br> (its a 10 channel logic probe)<br> <br> It drew like an amp and a half! Which as I said rather surprised me. Now I use current meters while I am prototyping just to keep an eye on things. Though often I'll use an analog meter for that task, with a healthy supply of fuses on hand.<br>
SRAM? awesome! do you have a schematic? I'd love to see it!
I might somewhere I made that a long time ago and like I said it wasn't that swift. It did work, but just drew too much current operating. This was awesome:<br> <br> <a href="http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/7615/p7100104.jpg">http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/7615/p7100104.jpg</a><br> <br> Although it drew a fair amount of current itself running, something like 5 amps. It's not all there in that picture. It is missing its display board among other things:<br> <br> <a href="http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/1643/p7100090.jpg">http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/1643/p7100090.jpg</a><br> <br> I think for having built such things maybe I'm not all here either?<br>
that is beast.
This is great! Would a C945 transistor work, I know its NPN but i wanted to make sure before i bought a couple hundred of them?
The only transistor I have hands-on experience with is the C900 and it works fine. The only thing that is strange about it is the pin placement. instead of E, B, and C, it is E, C, and B. I like this pin placement now that I have gotten used to it and having the base on one side of the transistor is really nice.<br>Send me a link to where you are buying it from and the data sheet! I'd like to take a look at it
this is the ebay link-<a href="http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=320654475600&ssPageName=STRK:MEWAX:IT#ht_1675wt_911">http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&amp;item=320654475600&amp;ssPageName=STRK:MEWAX:IT#ht_1675wt_911</a><br> <br> this is the data sheet-<a href="http://pdf1.alldatasheet.com/datasheet-pdf/view/82713/ETC/C945.html">http://pdf1.alldatasheet.com/datasheet-pdf/view/82713/ETC/C945.html<br> <br> T</a>his one is also E-C-B, they seem to be very alike.
I doubt you will have any trouble with these transistors. make sure to remember the new pin layout! I like to use sticky labels for all of my electronics. I cut out small pieces of the label and paste them on to ICs. As for transistors, try having an individual baggy for them labeled &quot;ECB&quot;<br><br>in summary: Go for it!
I'm pretty exited about this!
P.S.<br>Never buy any electronic component without a data sheet. It can totally screw things up.
If you can build either a NAND or a NOR gate, you can build any logical gate, AND, OR, XOR, etc. And you can build flip-flops, and hence you can build memory. And that means you can build a computer.<br> <br> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Elements-Computing-Systems-Building-Principles/dp/0262640686/">http://www.amazon.com/Elements-Computing-Systems-Building-Principles/dp/0262640686/</a>
This is why I LOVE digital electronics!!!
Analog is more fun.<br> <br> <a href="http://img143.imageshack.us/img143/7867/testout.jpg">http://img143.imageshack.us/img143/7867/testout.jpg</a><br> <br> Bench testing an overdrive effect I made using a home brewed 12 watt amp, analog adjustable power supply and signal generator.<br> <br> Digital is just on and off. Well it is supposed to be when it works right. Though I did the digital thing back in the day as well.<br> <br> <a href="http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/1643/p7100090.jpg">http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/1643/p7100090.jpg</a><br> <br> <a href="http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/7615/p7100104.jpg">http://img708.imageshack.us/img708/7615/p7100104.jpg</a><br>
But first you'd need to build a power station to run the thing and a basketball court to house it in! There are reasons they threw all those parts on IC dies you know?
This was so good that I bought 300 transistors, 900 resistors (300 of each:1k 10k 100k), 9 meters of fine solder, and 3 1500 point prototype PCB's!!! I spent about $27.50!
It is a nice feeling when I have a fresh stock of resistors! LOL!

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Bio: I'm an 18 year old Electronics enthusiast. I have completed five semesters of schooling at Minnesota State University in Mankato. I'm pursuing a ... More »
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