Introduction: Custom Shape Your CD or DVD Disks

Picture of Custom Shape Your CD or DVD Disks

This instructable aims to show you how to cut any type of disk to a desired shape. It is particularly useful in cutting down cheap 12cm DVD-+R 's into more expensive (can be up to 10 times more) 8cm DVD-+R disks. The technique shown here works with all disk types. The video below shows us cutting a music CD into a heart shape, and also illustrates the basics of cutting 12cm disks into 8cm ones. The actual cutting of a disk (and the guide) can be seen here:



Step 1: What You Need

Picture of What You Need

1. A Dremel or similar cutting tool. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dremel I use a $20 cutter with adjustable speed
2. Pointed cone cutting tip (show below)
3. A hard surface to cut your disks on (like a tray)
4. Some practice disks
5. The real disks
6. A filtering mask (if you are ultra careful you won't want to breath in any plastic/aluminium dust from the disks)
7. A stencil (for the desired shape) and a marker
8. A steady arm/hand
9. Patience

Step 2: Some Information

Picture of Some Information
The following was lifted from Wikipedia:

A compact disc is made from a 1.2 mm thick disc of almost pure polycarbonateplastic and weighs approximately 16 grams. A thin layer of aluminium (or, morerarely, gold, used for its longevity, such as in some limited-edition audiophile CDs) is applied to  the surface to make it reflective, and is protected by a filmof lacquer. The lacquer is normally printed directly and not with an adhesivelabel. Common printing methods for compact discs are screen-printing and offset printing.

Hence we know CD's are made from plastic and a thin Aluminum layer. This means we can cut and shape disks by using a suitable cutter with a high enough RPM (revolutions per minute)

Disc shapes and diametersA Mini-CD is 8 centimeters in diameter.A Mini-CD is 8 centimeters in diameter.The digital data on a CD begins at the center of the disc and proceeds outwardsto the edge, which allows adaptation to the different size formats available. Standard CDs are available in two sizes. By far the most common is 120 mm in diameter, with a 74 or 80-minute audio capacity and a 650 or 700 MB data capacity. 80 mm discs ("Mini CDs") were originally designed for CD singles and can hold up to 21 minutes of music or 184 MB of data but never really became popular. Today nearly all singles are released on 120 mm CDs, which is calleda Maxi single.

Hence, we can cut away the outer parts of disks which have no data written to them (provided we have not used the entire disk space)

An easy way to make sure you cut safely is to look at the shiny side of the disk and see how much of the area is darker or shaded. This shows the area of the disk onto which data has been written. The rest of the disk can be cut away.

Step 3: Preparation

Picture of Preparation

Please first practice on 3 or 4 disks you have lying around. Cd's from newspapers or magazines make good practice disks. Remember, practice makes perfect!

You need to find the right shape to cut a disk. Disks are best cut into shapes which have rotational symmetry. These will also play better in some drives, as they will not make any excess vibrations. In the video, I cut 2 cds, one into a heart shape and another into an 8cm disk. The heart shape will not fit into a conventional PC CD-ROM drive, but the 8cm disk would. The images below give you some indication of what is required, but you can (and should) experiment with other shapes.

Also, keep in mind that the more you cut away, the less data you can store on the disk. I also recommend you first write data to your disks BEFORE cutting/shaping them.

Step 4: Cutting Technique

Picture of Cutting Technique

Technique is very important when cutting disks (as you may have seen from practice). You need to keep a steady hand and cut slowly. Also make sure you keep your cutting tool at a consistent depth so that you produce an even cut. Below you can seem me cutting a heart shape. Cutting tips include holding the cutting tool steady and moving the disk along the path you want to cut. Watch the video and you will see what I mean. Also, use a high RPM, of about 20 000. It is also helpful to hold the disk vertically. Since the cutting tool spins in a clockwise direction, you want to make sure you are cutting away from the center of the disk. This is so that the disk is cut smoothly and the outer bit is rough. Through practice this will become easier to master.

Step 5: Cutting 12cm Disks Into 8cm Disks

Picture of Cutting 12cm Disks Into 8cm Disks

This is also a nice money saver. Many people use 8cm disks for video cameras and the Game Cube console. Despite their size, they are considerably more expensive than their larger 12cm counterparts. Here's how to cut 12cm into 8cm:

1. Use a suitable stencil for your 8cm disks. I used a coffee/tea mug.
2. Position the stencil in the center by marking the disk 2cm in (shown in video)
3. Using a marker, draw around the stencil
4. Cut from the outside of the disk in, making sure you don't touch your marking.
5. Once you've cut the basic shape, use another tip for your cutter to smooth it off.

Please practice with some old ones first. Once you get the hang of it, its actually quite easy.

Step 6: Conclusion

Picture of Conclusion

I hope you liked this instructable. The key ideas presented here can be used to make all sorts of shapes for disks. Here is a nice image of some interesting shapes.

Comments

drats666 (author)2010-04-16

hmm have you tried this on a data disk? I have a feeling it would ruin the data on the disk.

SixTwelve (author)drats6662011-01-31

Music is data.

drats666 (author)SixTwelve2011-01-31

music however is less sensative than actual data disk. Example I can take 2 brand new cds. put music on 1 and data on the other. scratch them up both the same using a cad engraver, the data will be riddled with errors, may list the files but be unable to access the files themselves. the music cd on other hand will play but will have skips.

SixTwelve (author)2010-03-01

I'm a little worried about the aluminum rusting. I guess I could lacquer the sides with nail polish or something. Has this not been a problem for you? 

nicknewbie (author)SixTwelve2010-07-20

aluminum does not rust the only thing to be worried about is having the layers peel apart because the edge is not properly sealed

SixTwelve (author)nicknewbie2011-01-31

I guess what I was thinking about doesn't really apply here. If you mark al with steel, the al can get polluted, and there's a fast, severe reaction.

mrmath (author)2007-09-03

For the 12->8 change, I think I would spend the money on one or two 8cm disks and then line them up with the center to use as a template. Your method would not guarantee the kind of symmetry I think you would need. Also, this instructable wouldn't open in IE 6 for me. I had to switch to firefox. I know many of you say I should do that permanently, but I have to use IE for a lot of stuff at work, so, it is my default browser.

teawrecks (author)mrmath2008-06-27

I had the same problem with IE... Firefox FTW!

Minifig666 (author)teawrecks2010-01-18

 No No No No NO!!!!!! Google Chrome FTW!!!!!! Everyone says that Firefox is better than IE (But even DOS Bowser is better than IE) these people are sheep following everyone else. Google Chrome is faster to; open, close, open pages, run scripts, its much more stable, I can not remember the last page I couldn't  open with it and most importantly its the most stylish under-crowded bowser I have ever seen and used. Just try it and if you dont like it then I cannot see why

mrmath (author)Minifig6662010-01-18

WOW!  Look at the dates on these posts. It's been over two years since I first posted, and now I uses FF almost exclusively.  Chrome wasn't even around when teawrecks posted!

Minifig666 (author)mrmath2010-01-22

 Good point I hadn't noticed that. 

astro boy (author)Minifig6662010-01-25

 crome is my default but it fails on 3 or more sites i know

That is why Opera is better than Chrome ;-) 

Opera 11 beats everything.

But Firefox (actually Iceweasle) is open source!

Meh. Free is free. I don't pay for opera, nor do I obtain it illegally, and the interface is far better than any other browser I have used. I like browsers for what they are, not what they may become. 

codongolev (author)Minifig6662010-04-27

I don't really like chrome.... I mean, firefox just fits more with my "imperfect makes it perfect" persona. I like being able to know all the quirks of my computer. I also like the open-sourceness, which means I can get all sorts of cool addons.

CameronSS (author)mrmath2007-09-03

Get IE Tab. Lets you open Internet Explorer tabs inside Firefox.

NEIN!

mrmath (author)CameronSS2007-09-03

I tried something like that. I found it awkward. It's just easier on my lazy butt to stick with IE. My company is supposed to go browser/OS independent in the near future, but it hasn't happened yet.

MadMechanicMike (author)mrmath2007-11-20

use firefawks for ever.

hondagofast (author)mrmath2007-10-18

Firefox is awesome. Stay with it.

Revolutionaries (author)mrmath2007-09-03

Your IE problem is strange. Do other ones work?

mrmath (author)Revolutionaries2007-09-03

Never had a problem with it before. I've posted comments and instructables using IE. Just this one seems to be the problem. Wait. I have had a problem with IE before. My client uses Outlook, and I tried their Outlook Web Access with IE, and it freezes up. Firefox doesn't. So, I have to use Firefox to access a microsoft product. Go figure!

monkey_beast (author)2010-10-19

Cutting a disc down will cause the disc to become unbalanced, and when you look at the speed they read in drives (Mythbusters did a test on these ages ago), then it's not something you want failing! The unbalanced discs will also put additional wear on the bearings inside your player, and ultimately could make it fail.

Joey702 (author)2008-10-11

Just remember that non-standard shaped CDs will not work in a slot-loading drive!

astro boy (author)Joey7022010-01-25

 yea this hapend once like 5 years ago to me and so we got it out of the car stereo and since we were at the beach we used it as a Frisbee (it was too scratched from getting it out of the player so...)

NatureBoom21 (author)2009-11-10

ooh! luckily i have an (unusable) 8cm disk for a template! better do this!!!!

Cyberscann54 (author)2009-08-30

can anyone say laser cutter much easier more perfect easier to make balanced CD's that wont harm players

santy22 (author)Cyberscann542009-09-11

anyone say laser BURNS! and will problably melt a part of the disc rendering less balanced?

Father Christmas (author)2009-02-28

am i the only one having the foil peel away when this is done? :(

cotton (author)2008-02-25

how dose the hearty one still work

Bright Shadow (author)cotton2008-03-26

CDs read from the inside out

cotton (author)Bright Shadow2008-07-04

ok

ArisenProdigy (author)cotton2008-07-12

I can't imagine you would be capable of fitting as much music onto a disc that you cut down though, In fact, I'd like to hear one of the last tracks of the heart cd.

pmac93 (author)2008-01-11

would this work for cutting dvd's to 8cm?

connorcancount! (author)2007-09-11

if you put your information on the disk and then cut some away, wouldn't some information be on the part that you cut off? just asking.

I believe cd's are written from the inside out. so as long as no data was stored on the portion being removed there should not be an issue.

Matthew
Digital Mayhem Screen Printing
matthew@digitalmayheminc.com

joknrok (author)DigitalMayhem2007-11-23

Confirmed. The CD writing process starts from the center out. You can easily tell how far out the data has been written by looking at the surface closely. Very interesting instructable. Never thought of it. Cheers.

Frogz (author)2007-09-10

oi... yes this would work...
but what no one mentions, disks are sealed at the outer edge, if you did this the foil layer would have virtually nothing holding it on, in a 1 speed drive it may not do anything but if you put it in a modern 48 speed drive(or worse, 18 speed dvdrom) it would not only shatter from vibration, quite possibly destroying the drive beyond repair.... it would also rip the foil layer off the disk
now tell me, is it good to have a finely shreaded foil in your computer in any part?
goto http://www.powerlabs.org/cdexplode.htm if you dont believe me about the dangers....
oh and with dvds, they are built polycarbonate:foil:polycarbonate and are also sealed at the edge, if even a slight ammount of air and moisture gets to the foil they will stop working shortly because of disk rot

hondagofast (author)Frogz2007-10-18

I groundd the edges off of an AOL CD and put it in an old 32x CD-ROM drive in an external case. I swear it sounded like an explosion when the disc shattered, DENTING the steel case of the drive.

yup. i can vouch for that. one ruined cd drive. man.

CameronSS (author)2007-09-03

The 8mm disk doesn't seem like it would have any problems, but a CD drive is a very precision device. Wouldn't the irregular shape of the heart throw it out of balance?

Most CD drives take 8cm disks (look at the tray). The heart would not fit in a PC drive. {{{
Wouldn't the irregular shape of the heart throw it out of balance?
}}} That is why I say use "rotationally symmetric" shapes.

bofthem (author)Revolutionaries2007-09-25

My main worry isn't the asymmetry of the cd, but moreso microfractures created in the disc by the dremeling process. I'd say that would be the most likely culprit of catastrophic failure in a high speed drive.

MadMechanicMike (author)bofthem2007-11-20

ive had that. catastrophic failure. it wasnt even with a cut disc though.

I would not want to stick one of those in a pc drive, that's why I can garentee on the box of most drives/burners when you buy them say don't use irregular shaped discs. A 52X drive spins surprisingly fast and I'm sure could make one hell of a mess if it got spinning for a while.

Itsgoofytime (author)2007-09-12

If you notice on the video, he never shows himself taking the CD out of the disk drive, almost as if HE PRESSED THE RADIO BUTTON. If I would have seen it spinning I would try it, but to not see it spin, this is totally DEBUNKED.

Ramnosity (author)Itsgoofytime2007-09-21

yeah if you look really close you can see he presses a button that has a really long word but the button next to it just has 2 letters. And although you can hear the noise of the player reading the disk I don't think it would be loud enough to hear and could have been foley. I agree with you it's DEBUNKED.

db92 (author)2007-09-05

both the cds have "ΘΕΜΑ" on them >> greek aintcha? or that newspaper comes out somewhere else aswel :p

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