Here's the schematic. The cap values are somewhat flexible depending on how much ripple you can tolerate. Be sure to observe the correct polarity for the electrolytic caps. I do not have a list of Digikey part numbers because I found many of the parts I needed at a local electronics surplus store. But all these parts (or something close) are available from Digikey.
Since I found many of the parts I needed at a local electronics surplus store, I don't have Digikey part numbers for everything, but I have attempted to find Digikey part numbers or substitutes where possible. The connectors are up to the builder's discretion, broken PC power supplies are a good source for connectors and wires.
Step 3: Layout
This is a hypothetical layout for a single-sided circuit board. I did not follow this exactly when I built my protoytpe.
Step 4: Prototype Component Placement
This shows the components placed on a perf board (from Radio Shack). I just used point-to-point wiring on the back of the perf board to connect the circuit. The case is from a discarded cell phone charger. It's not shown in this picture, but I later bolted on a small copper heat sink to U1 to help keep it cool. For my purposes (cell-phone and GPS battery charging) I do not expect any heat problems from the converter. Be sure to use some thermal grease when attaching any heat sink.