Introduction: DIY 1 Hour Solar Pool Heater

Picture of DIY 1 Hour Solar Pool Heater

I wanted to try an experiment with some black 3/4" PVC tubing I had. I spent 1 hour and a total of $5 as I already had the PVC, the tie wraps and the plywood. So here is a quick and easy way to raise your pool a few degrees each day when it's nice and sunny. This instructable is only for creating the solar collector. I will do another one having to do with tying it into your pool system.

TOTAL PARTS LIST

75 - 100 feet of 1/2" or 3/4" PVC tubing

25 - 40 8" tie wraps

25 - 40 1/4" x 1 1/4" wood dowels (optional)

4 x 4 sheet of 1/2" or 3/4" plywood

TOOLS NEEDED

drill with 1/4" drill bit

cutters for tie wrap

Step 1: Lay Out the Pattern

Picture of Lay Out the Pattern

I used 3/4" tubing so my holes are 1" apart. Find the centre of your back board by drawing a line corner to corner from each side. They will cross in the middle. I started my holes 23" from the centre and drilled to 5" from the middle. Don't try and get any closer then this or your tubing will kink and screw up your water flow. Never do square corners as the kinking and restriction in water flow will defeat the extra tubing you will be able to fit on the board. Also do not put the tubing tight against the next coil as you want the heat to get at all sides of the tubing. More on this later. If you use 1/2" tubing then drill your holes using 3/4" separation.

The test version I made used about 70' of 3/4 inch tubing. There is aprox 52' wound on the board and the rest is to bring the water from the pool to the heater and back. To help you while laying out the tube I used 4 large wood lag bolts that I hand tightened into the 4th hole from the outside in each set of holes. This let me lay down 3 windings and keep them loosely in place while I put my 1st tie wraps through. You can use smaller tie wraps and wrap every winding, I used 8" and wrapped 2 at the same time. Do NOT tighten the tie wraps as you will need to adjust your windings and ensure proper spacing later. If you use individual tie wraps on every winding then you will not need the wooden dowels.

Step 2: Finishing the Solar Collector

Picture of Finishing the Solar Collector

Continue laying down the tubing until you have finished your collector. Once all the tubing is on the board adjust the windings so they are all even and not jammed up against each other, sticking up or otherwise messed up. The more evenly they are played out the better for overall heat collection.

The last step in my version is to insert the wooden dowels into the holes between each pair of windings. As I wrapped 2 tubes with 1 tie wrap there is an extra hole available. Hammer the dowel in and the spacing will be perfect. If you use individual tie wraps then you will have no extra holes and no need for the wooden dowels.

Once you are sure that all the tubing is speed perfectly tighten the tie wraps and trim.

To improve on the heat exchange you can add a 1 x 2 frame around the outside of your collector, paint the collector black and drop a 4 x 4 sheet of plexiglass on top. This will dramatically increase the efficiency of your solar heater by trapping the heat inside the box and preventing wind from calling it off.

To test the heater out I just jammed one end of the tubing into one of my pool inlets. I had a spare aluminum barb connector and that was enough to keep it in place. The temperature difference was 2-4 degrees and my pool went up 3 degrees in 1 afternoon. Do NOT run water through your collector once the sun goes down or you will be cooling your pool not heating it. I only run my filtration system for 8 hours each day, I do this from noon to 8 PM.

Step 3: Some Additional Notes and Things to Consider

Do NOT try and put this on top of a 2 story house as most pumps will not be able to drive the water that high without a lot of extra strain and work on the pump. If you have a pool house or shed then these are perfect locations to place a solar heater. Just keep in mind that the heater has some weight to it. Mine is only about 50lbs so no issue. Since this experiment worked very well I will be relocating this temporary heater to my pool house roof and tying it directly into the filtration system. I will post an instructable for that once I get it done. My pool house has brown shingles and heats up light a nuclear over so no need for boxing my solar heater. I will just need to adjust the time of my filtration to start running earlier.

There are several different versions of this that will also work very well. One uses a larger 1 1/2" PVC tube to carry the water to the collector which then splits off into 6 individual 1/2" tubes and then comes back into a 1 1/2" return. This would carry a much larger volume of water and could easily heat up a larger pool. Make sure your pump can handle it before trying this. The six individual 1/2" pipes can be layed out any way you like. Straight along the roof for 20 feet would let them pick up plenty of heat.

Comments

pixelmelter (author)2017-09-05

Why didn't you paint the board BLACK too? Or at least go back after this and hit the whole thing with black "trunk paint" (or maybe flat BBQ grill/fireplace paint) — make it big and black.

CraigA56 (author)2017-01-26

This looks great.Do you have idea to get water to pool.

andrefierens made it! (author)2016-07-17

Genius ! Super i I like it !

Great Job ! Nice instructable and video ! I like it !

I made a Portable Heater. https://www.instructables.com/id/Portable-Solar-Poo...

Yonatan24 (author)2015-12-29

Nice! Where I live, ~90% of the people use this to heat up water for shower/bath, It saves A TON of electricity

karell.stemarie (author)2015-11-11

would love to know how you hooked it up to the pool

RoxannD (author)2015-07-19

I did this and I added two things that were a little different. I painted the wood black and then put a window on the whole thing. The result was great and it has been actually heating my hot tub - went up to 112 degrees the other day - way to hot so had to turn it off. But it works incredibly well for both the pool and the hot tub.

Victor Does (author)2015-07-02

Nice and eco friendly!

cfra2701 (author)2015-07-01

That's a great idea I also built years ago. I just painted the plywood with black paint to keep the warmth. And I then added (because I found it in a trashbin near a diy shop) a plexiglass pannel over it. I used the spacer to make a well closed "box" which works as a heat concentrator. If I could have done it, I'd have put the whole assembly on my cabin roof at 45°.

Elio23 (author)2015-06-30

I want to say thank you to you and other great insctructable who make me
very happy. See my photo. Thank you so much, Elio from Italy

mickryobe (author)2015-06-29

Would surfacing the plywood with a reflective material such as heavy aluminum foil increase the unit's ability to collect heat?

Mickey

shelbeeray made it! (author)2015-06-29

My hubby did this as well. He put black plastic on the board, as well as pink SM insulation under the pool (the pool is above ground blue plastic/rubber, about four feet deep and 10 feet across). The black plastic brought water temp up 3 degrees over two days, above what the piping accomplished alone.

For 100 feet of tubing, he paid $17, plus two fittings ($3), and used a pond pump we had. So, if you don't have a pond pump, you would add in the cost for that.

It would have been $150 for a brand new pump (the least expensive at the store) that brought water up 10 degrees in a week, whereas his board heated the water up 10 degrees in two days of sunny weather and 80 degree temps. We now have three of these units because we live in the Pacific Northwest and don't get a whole heckuva lot of sun. LOL

shelbeeray (author)shelbeeray2015-06-29

oh... and he is an electrician, so he used metal brackets that are used for tacking down wire or small pipe (instead of tie wraps).

mbecks (author)2015-06-29

Do you have any idea how much this costs electrically speaking Vs just using an electric submersible heater? I get it was an experiment, I love a project like this, I was just curious if it's cheaper or more expensive in the long run.

neo71665 (author)2015-06-27

I know this was a 1 hour project but painting the plywood black helps heat it up a bit better. Also watch using white zip ties outside, they are not UV stable and break down faster than black ones.

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