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DIY | 12v Large LED Cabin Light

Picture of DIY | 12v Large LED Cabin Light
12v LRG Cabin Light - Powered.jpg
inside view - lrg cabin light 12v.jpg
explanation - lrg cabin light.jpg
cabin light - power buttons.jpg
side view - led groove - lrg cabin light.jpg
LED Cabin Light Diagram- wiring.jpg
12v Wiring Diagram.jpg
$42 DIY | 12V LED Cabin Light (with wall-washer style night light)
12" Wide x 36" Long x 2 3/4" tall | 72 Watts @ 100% | I use a PWM Dimmer for a power range of 3W to 71W
for use in Houseboats, RVs, Garages, Laundry Rooms, Workshops, Artist's Drawing Areas

One of these is installed above each of these locations: my drafting table, my electronics workbench, and on my friend's houseboat.

If you've had a chance to check out the article I wrote on how to build a small cabin/bunk LED light fixture (http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-12V-LED-Bunk-Lights-home-built-wooden-lase/) then you will recognize this baby.  This is a larger LED fixture designed to be used in the main cabin of an R.V. or house boat.  It also works great as a work, garage or laundry room light. It is only 2 3/4" thick, 12" wide and 36" long. 

It was made from:

1x reel of Warm White LED strip lights (300 count, SMD5050, non-waterproof) (Ebay for $16) -> ~71W Power Required per reel
4 feet 14 gauge wire ($3)
2x Push button On/OFF switches from RadioShack ($5)
1 plastic lens from a fluorescent lighting fixture ($9)
12"x36" piece of plywood (scrap)
12 brass screws (on-hand screws)
1x4 oak board cut to give four sidewalls with a groove down the outside of the long sides for LED lights (scrap lumber)
walnut stain (on-hand stain)
1 thin sheet of steel to use inside as a heatsink for the LED strips - Optional ($9)
electrical tape (HQ only - on-hand)

Total cost:  $42


I have this installed and working on a friend's house boat presently.  It uses one 12-volt marine deep cycle battery for its power needs (see descriptions in photos).  This battery is then charged via solar charger & panel (20W) during the daytime.

The unique feature this unit has is the two-light option: one power button for the downward-facing cabin light and another for the side-facing night lights. The entire fixture is connected to a dimmer, then a fuse, and then to the battery (see diagram).

How much power does it really take to run the LED lights? This light consumes ~71W (@12v) running at 100% or as little as 3W when dimmed really low with a still usable brightness. The light emitted is pleasant, not harsh due to the warm white style chosen. Additionally, the color is consistent across the power range with little, if any, deviation in light quality. So, at 25% the light is as pleasant as at 100%.  This isn't necessarily true of some LED bulb products I've purchased in the past, but using these strip lights with the hardware shown in the diagram I have been very satisfied. It's almost crazy to think that I can make my own fixtures with my own choice & quantity of LED's (including RGB with remote) and come out with better quality light with only 12V as the source power. I have used some 120V home products and have not enjoyed them as much as this one.

What is different in the construction? The build is essentially the same as the small bunk light, so I won't repeat all those steps. Click HERE to read the other well-documented article. The only major variation is that I designed a channel along the long length of the outside so that I can embed a strip of lights to act as wall-washers for the ceiling (see photos). These lights are optional. They also use their own power switch to give the end-user flexibility.

Contest & Build notes:  It would have been easier to use a laser cutting system on this to get pieces trimmed perfectly--especially the steel sheeting we used for a heat sink and the acrylic lens cover. Also using metal or premium woods for this fixture could have made for a more elegant look and feel, but the results were very nice indeed.  The finished oak matched the new flooring and counter tops very well in the cabin.  If you want to build something similar, you can most likely use the materials and tools you have available.  If you do have access to a nicer materials and equipment then push this further and please share your results for everyone!

►Q's?  If you have any questions about building this light (or other projects I've made) or what steps I took to do so, please ask. I am more than happy to share and to help you get your project up and running. Please don't beat your head against the wall for very long!

Thanks for reading and if you build anything inspired by this project, please post your photos.  Don't forget to include your family members or friends when you build a project like this.  Share the fun & the work!
espdp26 months ago
Very, very nice! You said your friend's solar panel was 20W. What size deep-cycle battery do you recommend, considering that I'm a night owl?
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