DIY Bluetooth Headphones

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Introduction: DIY Bluetooth Headphones

Tired of ripping wires on your headset? Don't like the feel of being "chained" to your computer? Then you came to the right place!

This is a quick DIY project. It can be done in less than 2 hours if you are familiar with the topic, and no more than 1 evening for a complete newbie.

The main objective is to modify your wired headphones into stereo bluetooth headset with the ability to work at least 6 hours on full charge and being able to recharge without any complications.

This frustrating activity (I'll let you know why in a minute) requires minimum tools/materials and at least some experience working with hand tools and soldering iron.

ATTENTION: The new version of wireless headphones is available here

Tools:

  • PH0 and PH00 Philips screwdriver
  • Rotary tool or small grinder (I am using a $20 grinder bought from China)
  • 30-40W soldering iron with small tip
  • Wire cutters or some old scissors
  • LiIon Charger

Materials:

  • Victim headphones with enough space inside to hold the battery
    (mine is an old beat-up Sennheiser hd 201 with 24Ohm speakers)
  • 3.7V LiIon battery$3.00 new (I am using really old Nokia BL-5C so it is free)
  • 1mm wire (preferrably 4 different colors and at least 1m each) $0.??
  • 3.5mm Female Jack connector (mountable, not the ones you solder on PCB$) $0.30
  • 3.5mm Male Jack $0.30
  • Switch $0.30-$0.50
  • BLK-MD-SPK-B Bluetooth module$10.00

Additional materials:

  • Solder
  • Soldering flux
  • Electrical tape
  • Hot glue w/ dispensor or just SuperGlue

Step 1: Preparations

Disassemble your headset. You may need to take it apart completely in order to modify wiring.

Select one earpiece, which will hold all the active components, including battery and Bluetooth module.

Run a pair of wires through headpiece. You may need to drill some holes and use some glue to hold wires in place. Fortunately I had a nice thick padding on it and everything fit nicely around it.

If your headphones have hinges, then you really need to avoid guiding wires through moving parts. The best way around is to drill a hole right in the middle of the "arm" and make a matching hole in the earpiece housing (see pictures).

Step 2: Power Connector and Switch

Use your grinder to make a hole large enough for your power switch. I am using a round switch with latches, so i don't have to glue it. Do the same for 3.5mm Jack connector.

Important notes:

  • Make sure you leave enough space for other components.when installing power switch. If you drill too close to the edge of housing, you may damage it or the speaker won't fit.
  • Drill holes in small portions, because high friction from rotary tool will cause plastic to melt and burn.
  • Make sure the switch sits firmly in the socket, because you don't wanna end up pushing it inside and breaking the whole thing
  • If you did cut too much plastic - use hot glue to hold switch in place

Step 3: Speakers

On the active side solder two ground wires and one active speaker wire. One ground connection will go to the second speaker, and the other two wires - to Bluetooth module.

The other side only needs to be connected to wiring in your headpiece. You may also assemble and mount it (we are done here).

Step 4: Connecting Bluetooth Module

The first image shows the pinout for BLK-MD-SPK-B module. We are going to use pins 3,4,5 for audio output and pins 12,13 for power.

Solder all pins as shown in figure 2:

Pin 3 => Speakers ground

Pin 4 => Speaker L active

Pin 5 => Speaker R active

Pin 12 => Power Switch (Battery +)

Pin 13 => Battery -

PCB contacts on this module are really small and there is a high chance that you'll have to redo this part several times. Make sure you don't overheat solder points, because they are easily damaged. I had to perform a little restoration after accidentally scratching off the ground connector.

Every soldering operation on Bluetooth module damages contacts even more, so once it is done - you may not want to take it apart. If you feel that contact points are a bit loose - you can cover them with a little bit of hot glue or just use nail polish. Tape this contraption to the outside part of the earpiece housing with electrical tape, but keep it just below the board(where wires start).

Step 5: Final Steps

Solder 3 wires to the battery. "+" and "-" are always marked. The middle one is used to determine whether the battery is charging(blue wire on the picture). Attach all three wires to the power connector and then extend "+" wire to the second leg of the power switch.

Once done - mount the power connector (3.5mm jack) into the hole you've drilled for it and start assembling.

Make sure you don't block the Bluetooth module.

If your battery is loose - stick it to the back side of earphone housing and put a little hot glue to it's sides. Do not overheat the battery, because it may stop working or explode!

Test power connector and power switch, before putting everything together.

I've used my old phone as power supply, because I only had one spare 7.5V adapter, which happened to be a charger from my battery-donor-phone =)

I'll try to come up with more permanent solution in a few days, but this would do for now. Charging only requires a steady supply of at least 500mA at 3.5-4V.you can use any charging device or power supply(just don't use the middle wire from the battery), but you won't be able to see whether it is fully charged or not. There is also a danger of overcharging the battery (shortens it's life and may cause overheating).

Step 6: Testing

Once the battery is charged, unplug your headphones from power supply.

Enable bluetooth on your phone, tablet or computer and scan for audio devices. While scanning, flip the power switch on your freshly made headphones and wait for connection. In case there is a popup window asking for a Pairing PIN: it is "0000".

Wait for drivers to install. At the end you will hear a short bell from your headphones, which means you are connected.

If you are unable to connect, try to reset headphones and scan again.

That's it for today.

Good luck and enjoy life without wires!

P.S. Almost forgot the most important thing! After the initial test run my 8 y.o. battery was able to power this device for almost 10 straight hours (I don't like to turn it up that much). And this is only 1000mAh!

If you are going to use a new 2400mAh battery, you will get much more than that. Maximum current consumption with 16Ohm speakers is about 150mA per channel, so in theory you will get no less than 8 solid hours of rocking and banging on full volume until you loose your hearing.

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Tips

Questions

Can you please help with figuring out where to solder my cables to? Because the headphone I'm using is Urbanears plattan 2 and it's cable comes out it's not a bluetoothed one but you can unplug the wire and I'm having a problem figuring out where to solder the cable which i soldered to my bluetooth module ( it is a hc06 )

thank you

DCYG1685[1].JPG

113 Comments

Great i'ble!

Would it be possible to add in a microphone?

Hi Guys, just an added thought you can buy a complete Bluetooth module with built in battery, charging port and charge indicator for around 10 to 20 bucks on ebay and this way you have all in one package. Now the one I'm showing you is an older one with the earlier USB charging port but the newer ones have the new micro USB port. Some come with a female audio jack and some with male audio plug. Point is, you can save a lot of room in whatever project you are doing like headsets. I did this with a Bose headset.

20160822_132928.jpg20160822_132943.jpg20160822_132954.jpg
2 replies

Have you got a link? Or a part number? Anything?

hi

don't have exact part number but you can look on eBay under "Bluetooth receivers" or just Bluetooth there are lots of them online prices are pretty cheap too. I have bought a couple to use on a portable boom box to be able to send music from phone for example. all of them are usb chargeable and easy to use.

i have hc-06 but its have soldered a board and its have gnd 5v tx rx state en ports. İ dont want to desolder it how can i use it ?

here the image

HC06-Bluetooth-Module-Scion-Electronics-Sri-Lanka.jpg

Is it possible to connect the two speakers using two bluetooth modules? If so please make an instructable on it.

Hi . Why do not you put a microphone electrect too?

not for standard headphones. only audio-fools would use headphones with such high impedance that an amplifier is needed to hear anything.

Thank you, I understand. How do I know if I need an amplifier for a given impedance?

unless you paid several hundred dollars for "audiophile grade" than you likely wont. check the speakers inside the headphones for 4 or 8 ohm (ohms use the Greek capitol letter omega https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omega)

I have a set of bluetooth earbuds that I hate and a set of wired over the ear headset that I love. Can I rip the guts out of the earbuds and use them to wire the over the ear? These are not heavy duty Beats just cheapies I picked up at the "Just Over a Dollar" store, so if they get screwed up I don't care. What do you all think?

1 reply

Yes you can, there may be a difference in ohm values, but not enough that it would concern you. I have done it quite a few times and achieved great results.

I have a circuit board I took out of a bluetooth speaker it has an amplifier,bluetooth, a port to charge,an on off switch and is the size of your thumb. The problem is it too powerful for headphones. Is there anything I can do. A smaller battery? Resistors?

what about 18Ohm speakers or headphones? I tested a 3.7v 500mAH battery (it wasn't charged enough) and it gave the same volume and power, but I don't know much mAH my headphones use.

Hello.

you got some success with the microphone?

For everyone who needs more details about the module (like vol +/-, play/pause/ mute buttons, ...)

http://www.elecfreaks.com/wiki/index.php?title=BLK-MD-SPK-B

Hi can i use this BT module directly with any large speakers? I have a 5.1 system at home and i want to make them wireless. I can wire the female 3.5mm jack at the left and right pin of the BT module.

will this work?

1 reply

Basicially yes, BUT this modul is stereo, so you'll have only two channels, not 6. This means that it wont be possible to have an different output on the front and backspeaker (music is mostly stereo anyway). If you want stereo on let's say only the front you just need to connet the BT-module to the green jack (or the black if you want only the back) or even both if you want back and front. Connecting the subwoofer will be a bit more difficult bcs you'd need 2 diodes if you dont want to lose the stereo.