Small tree (fig, maple, cumquats, pines, are most common)
(I have used a miracle fruit tree, don't use a tree that has large fruit, they won't grow smaller.)
Strong Scissors or garden shears.
Bendable wire (copper or aluminimum) Preferably 2 different sizes.
Large one to anchor plant, smaller guage wire for branch training.
Coco Palm Fibre or fly screen
Optional Spagnum Moss & larger rock for placement on top
Step 1: Lets Start With the Bonsai Pot
Making sure it covers the draining holes.
Then Lightly Cover with small aquarium rocks.
Step 2: Digging Out Your Tree
Wash as much soil from the roots as possible with the hose.
Trim roots, basically anything under 1.2cm in diameter can be cut,
two thirds to three quaters can be removed,
leave mostly large roots basically, but even they can be cut back a bit.
Step 3: Anchor Your Plant
pull wire through until it sits how you want. (straight, lean, even cascade if you like.)
Step 4: Nearly Done
Fill with a 50% soil and 50% vermiculite.
Water with a very fine mist, i use a spray bottle.
Twice in summer, else once a day.
Morning sun only for first few weeks, don't bring inside for more than 2-3 days straight.
Place Sandstone rocks (optional)
Place Spagnum Moss on top, also optional.
Wire any other branches if you want them shaped differently.
Step 5: Prune the Plant
And Repeat when its older.
Depends of species of tree your working with.
6-18 months rough.