Instructables
Picture of DIY Capacitor
In this Instructable I will be making one of the easiest high voltage capacitors that I know of.....

WARNING High voltage electricity can cause death and serious injury.I do not recommend that anyone work with high voltage power sources unless they know how to do it safely.
 
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Step 1: Getting the materials

Picture of Getting the materials
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You will need:

1.A long screw
2.Some tin foil
3.A 2L bottle
4.some salt and hot water
5.Electrical tape

The first thing you do is get the cap and put a big screw in it.

Step 2: Tin foil time

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Now take 15inches of tin foil and fold it in half :)

Step 3: Almost done!

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Now tightly wrap the foil around the bottle and tape it in place.It is very important that it has almost no air bubbles between the plastic bottle and the foil.....

Step 4: That wasnt so hard was it? :)

Picture of That wasnt so hard was it? :)
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Ok ... Now if you want you can tape a wire to the foil and then wrap the whole bottle in electrical tape (thats what I did)

Fill the bottle with water and over saturate it with salt,baking soda
(Right now I'm trying water and vinegar 50/50 mix)

DONE!

These capacitors work great in small Tesla coils and they make a very loud noise

Have fun and be safe
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neohearted made it!11 hours ago

I have made it...It works perfectly..

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Dude this just doesn't work i substituted the expensive table salt for driveway salt replaced the plastic bottle with a glass bottle I just happened to have after I did it all I was left with a worthless bottle of saltwater I tried charging it with a 9 volt then a dc power supply then a high voltage low amperage grill igniter and nothing no spark no reading on the meter nothing
What did I do wrong they make capacitors with glass layers?

The reason your glass bottle capacitor didn't work is most likely because glass bottles are fairly thick. The thinner the insulator between the 2 terminals the more capacitance. The plastic bottle is thinner so you should use a plastic bottle next time. However I don't think it is a problem if you use driveway salt.

hawks881 year ago
Would using copper foil make it better?
not really, to increase capacitance you either increase surface area or decrease the distance from the "plates"
Can you trickle charge a capacitor? For example, from a small solar panel? If I have a 400mf Capacitor, can it take varying trickle charges in and still reach its full potential?

Or, would I have to hook the panel up to a small 6v battery, and funnel the voltage into the capacitor that way? What if the battery only has 100mah, is that relevant?
C= (dielectric constant) x (area / distance)

What Area do you use and what distance?
Is it the diameter of the bottle?
jabujavi1 year ago
How many farads is that?
monney952 years ago
Why is there no internal foil layer like in a typical leyden jar? I have made one and will test but am not sure if it will work for this fact.
The saltwater (a conductor) acts as the internal foil.
what is the capacity of this leyden jar?
nice project though.

polishdude5 years ago
How do you charge the capacitor up?
High Voltages, Televisions work decently, high voltage transformers, or even a van de graph generator. But be very careful, if you build it larger than a masonry jar it can get dangerous and possibly deadly. Do not play around with electricity if you don't know what your doing.
jakesllama5 years ago
you know what im thinking? worlds strongest electromagnet ever! thanks for the compaciter i will try to make it!!
 The strongest ever is over 500,000x stronger than the earth's.
The strongest ever has been recently created using graphene inside a lab environment measured at about 300 telsas. To put this into relativity, a really strong magnet, one of those rare earth, or neodymium magnets are about .7 teslas. Read up on it here: http://www.rdmag.com/News/2010/07/Materials-Magnetism-Graphene-under-strain-creates-gigantic-pseudo-magn/ so 10 Million at this point!
worlds strongest? your going to need a lot of 2lt bottles!!!!!!
still best to buy one 10X smaller 
liny jakesllama4 years ago
I wouldn't recomend it but you could try. To make the world's strongest, you will need to beat the Navy's Gaussian guns (railgun and coil guns) with capacitors that can vaporize you. After that, you will need to beat the actual strongest (i think) electromagnet that can (more or less) defy gravity (it makes apples and stuff float, even water, just like an anti-gravity space). As a side note, the electromagnet is bigger than a house.
when i saw this i thought. that looks unreliable and overly dangerous, and sketchy, i give a forewarning i would not do this, and i am tring to build a tesla coil. so i am being nice and revving a friendly warning.
conb33 years ago
If you add lemon juice to the water will it make it more conductive ?
Crtek3 years ago
could anyone tell me if the screw should be touching the water inside the bottle or not. i can't seem to find this info anywhere

oh and how would one connect multiple capacitors like this in series?
It should be. As for connecting them in series, connect the positive to the negative, then the positive of that capacitor to the negative of another etc. In short, foil to nail, foil to nail. As long as you don't connect the same capacitor to each other twice. By the way, why connect them in series? One is already powerful. People would usually connect them in parallel, but of course, that depends entirely on the use. What are you planning to do with them anyway? Just so that I can satisfy your questions.
i need them for a tesla coil
so would that mean i need to connect them in series or in parallel?
series, for a tesla coil you want as high a voltage as possible (to prevent over-voltage) and as little capacitance as you can (to keep the frequency of discharges through the spark gap high) unless your not using a spark gap coil, in which case i have no idea.
A Tesla Coil? Sorry, I don't have experience building tesla coils. There are instructables floating around that could have people that can answer your question. Or you can post the question as a question in the first place.
techno guy3 years ago
Is the bright spark in the last picture done with static electricity or with high voltage ac or dc? I made my own capacitor, its smaller but its awesome if you connect it with high voltage ac (500+ volts) like from a flyback it makes some awesone sparks and you could sometimes make small corona discharges.
you cant charge a capacitor with ac, can you?
Because it is alternating, it will charge in one direction, then when the current reverses it will be discharged.
If you want to use an AC source you need to rectify it. The easiest way to do that is to use a (high-voltage) diode to only allow current to flow in one direction, thus preventing discharge.
techno guy3 years ago
To make a capacitor bank with these, what would be better, hook them up in parallel, or in series?
sorry didnt read well, what would you be using this for? if you want to increase the voltage, than do it in series, if you want to make it last longer do in parallel
With capacitors, in series reduces capacitance using formula (c1*c2)/(c1+c2), in parallel increases capacitance, so in parallel would be better.
Crtek3 years ago
by the way...i've seen loads of capacitors made from a can (Al) on the inside and Al foil on the outside
are those better in anyway or can i just make the water kind?
thanks for your answers
rocket_man3 years ago
Alright stupid question but about how much voltage could one of these charge up to
Brian Wall3 years ago
wats the srew for?
its the contact. if u touche the the scw to the aluminum foil with a wire it sparks
micronxd6 years ago
nice design! I never thought of using a bottle! I've only made a simple one out of paper... nothing like this!
flubs micronxd4 years ago
 how do you make one outta paper
jj.inc flubs4 years ago
 a layer of foil, a layer of paper, a layer of foil.  
nice and simple...
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