Introduction: $5 Powerful DIY Fume Extractor
Second Prize in the
Green Electronics Contest 2016
I love making projects from scratch whenever possible, so soldering comes in the process.But soldering needs to be done in a well-ventilated Environment or a Fume Extractor should be used.
But Why is soldering so dangerous?
Flux generates the visible fumes seen during soldering. Exposure to rosin can cause eye, throat and lung irritation, nose bleeds and headaches. Repeated exposure can cause respiratory and skin sensitisation, causing and aggravating asthma. Rosin is a serious occupational health hazard.
But Fume extractor are really expensive like 70$ which beginner like to skip because of the price.
In this instructable, I will share what I used for so many years.This project cost around 5$ but works like a charm.
Not only it can be used for soldering only it can also be used for 3D Printing ABS, as it fumes and also toxic in nature.
Advantages of This Fume Extractor
- Purifies Air completely
- Adjustable Legs
- Fun to Build
If you like this project do vote for it in the contest
Step 1: Part List
Most of my parts are salvaged, I highly encourage people to salvage and recycle but if someone wants I have all the item listed below.
Activated carbon Filter : http://amzn.to/2jlcdkC
DC fan: http://amzn.to/2jxSonk
M4 Nuts and Bolts http://amzn.to/2jyE7H7
DC jack http://amzn.to/2jnXgOk
Glue gun http://amzn.to/2iXE0nG
Soldering Iron http://amzn.to/2jNj2Im
3D Printer Link https://goo.gl/Xpp422
Step 2: Prepare the Filter
Firstly prepare the filter, My Activated sponge was large enough so I needed to cut into the required part . Most Filter comes in a large size so you need to cut it into the desired size.
Start by tracing the outline of the fan.Once you have the outline, repeat the outline until it cut the sponge completely.
The repetitions will depend on the thickness of the sponge.
Step 3: Glue the Switch and DC Jack
Take the Grill and Glue the Dc Jack and the Switch on it.
Btw Speaking of this I got this grill out of an old PC cabinet.I don't have any good quality photo but here is a low-quality one.
I cut the cabinet with a Dremel and then spray painted it.
Step 4: Solder the Wires
The Pins are given in the diagram.Solder the red wire to the +V and Black to the Ground .The Red wire will then be solder on the switch and from the switch, one more wire will connect to the other terminal of the switch and the positive terminal of the fan. Connect the black wire from the jack to the negative terminal of the fan.
Beware this fan work in one direction only .so you need to solder it in the right way.I also added some heat shrink tube for protection
Step 5: Designing the Leg
I wanted to design a leg that could be easy to use and also the height could be easily changed. I came up with this design as final. I design the whole model in Autodesk fusion 360.It's an incredible software to do designing, 123D and SketchUp were good but fusion 360 changed the way of designing.
I have the files uploaded on Thingiverse so you can also use it.
Step 6: Assembling Everything
Once the prints are ready, it's time to assemble everything.Put the leg in the desired height mount hole and fix it with the m4 nuts and bolts .i also used some washer, but it is not a necessity.After all the four nuts are fixed , take the sponge that we had cut in Step 1 and push it between the bolts and press so there are no gaps left .Apply some gentle pressure so fix it properly.
Step 7: Testing
Now time to test the fume extractor.
Take out the power supply and Turn on the fume extractor.
To my amaze, this fume extractor is monstrously sucking the fumes, and due to the activated carbon filter everything is getting trapped in the filter.The Fume extractor work to a distance of 20 cm.
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