Introduction: DIY LED Projector

Everybody likes to watch their favorite movies or sports on a big screen so they plan to buy a video projector. I am also crazy about projectors, but they are too costly. HD projectors available in the market have a starting price of approx. 30,000/- INR. This is way out of my budget so I planned to make myself an HD projector that projects about a 100" screen.

After lot of research on Google I decided to make the pj with a 100w high power led and a 7" 1280*800 LCD panel. The LED consumes very little power and has a very long life.

Update: Look my 2nd version of this projector: https://www.instructables.com/id/Home-Made-HD-LED-Projector-V-20/

Step 1: Here Is the Video " How I Made This Projector "

Step 2: Things That I Used in My Pj.

  1. Play wood (mdf) sheet to make box
  2. Fresnel lens. I used 120mm fl and 185 mm fl

  3. Triplet lens. I used 200mm fl

  4. Condenser lens

  5. 100w high power led with driver

  6. LCD panel and its controller. I used 1280*800 7”
    HD lcd and controller.

  7. 12v adapter for exhaust fan and lcd

  8. Cpu exhaust fan to make projector cool

  9. CPU heat sink for led .

Step 3: The Basic Concept of Making Pj

Step 4: Lens Arrangement in Projector -

Step 5: Final Projector Ready for Action

Front and Back View of Projector

Step 6: Component Detail and Total Cost

After lot of comments i update here component detail and total cost to make this projector

1. 100w led and driver : One can easily find 100w led and driver on ebay.com. I bought mine on ebay.in @ 1500/- INR.

High power 100W white

Chip size: 24*40mil

Color temperature: 6000-6500k

Luminous intenity: 8000-9000lm

Forward current: 3000mA

Driver voltage: 30-36V

Light angle: 160deg

Integrated scheme: 10 in series, 10 in parallel

2. Fresnel Lenses : It is very hard to find perfect combination of fresnel lenses in India. Luckily i find perfect set of lenses on ebay.in. The total cost of 2 fresnel lens occur around 1500 /- INR.

Fresnel Lenses:

Focal Length: F120mm Back Fresnel,

Focal Length: F185mm Front Fresnel,

Material: PMMI Material

Groove Pitch: 0.3

Size: 180mm X 130mm with mounting holes.

3. Triplet Lens (projection lens) : The total cost of triplet lens is 3600/- INR. It is also bought from ebay.in

200mm Projection Lens

Description

Fixed Focal Length: F200mm

Outer diameter: 90mm

Lens Diameter (Aperture): 75 mm

Focus range: 45mm

Material: Strong Aluminium and Strong Plastic

Coating Material: Coating 420-680nm multi layer broadband anti-reflection coatings

Control Standards: Diameter: +0 /-1%. Focal Length: +/- 1.5%

4. LCD panel : I use N070ICG-LD1 HD LCD Panel and Controller Kit in this projector. It is the best available LCD in 7" size and controller support all input like HDMI, Pandrive, AV,TV in and VGA. It is also come with remote so easily can control pj remotely. The total cost of this LCD with controller around 6000/- INR.

LCD Features:
N070ICG LD-1 is a 7 inch HD LCD with native resolution 1280 X 800 It delivers a sharper image with good colours. This is very unique LCD.

Size: 7"

Backlight: LED

Resolution: 1280 X 800

Ratio: 16:10

Colours: 16 6 Bit dithering)

Glass Thickness: 0.25mm

Make: Innolux

Contrast Ratio: 800

Pin: 40

Surface: Glare

Operating Temperature: - 20 to + 60 degrees

Controller Features :

HD Controller, will work with N070ICG LCD. This controller comes with remote and you can operate almost all with remote itself. The USB port can Play Most of the Videos Format flawlessly.

5. Condenser Lens: I also use condenser lens to increase brightness of screen. This Rectangular Aspheric Condenser when used, the brightness throughout the corners are brighter. This lens come around 650/- INR

DIY Projector Rectangular Aspheric Condenser Lens

Description

Overall size : 62X52

Focal Length: 70mm

Suitable LCDs: 7" and below

Suitable Fresnel Lens: F120 Back Fresnel.

Mounting: Condenser back surface Area should be 1mm Away from LED surface area for better results.

Total Cost Of Projector :

100w led and driver 1500/-

Fresnel lens 3000/-

Triplet lens 3600/-

LCD and Controller Kit 6000/-

Condenser Lens 650/-

12v adapter, 2pcs. cpu fan, box material etc cost 500 /-

Now final cost of Projector is 14800 /- INR

Comments

author
abishur (author)2015-02-02

So I see that the LCD you selected has a native resolution of 1280x800, but does it support higher resolutions? That is, if I plug in my laptop will this allow me to select a resolution of 1920x1080 and down convert the resolution to fit the monitor?

author
Ujash (author)abishur2017-06-13

No it converts 1920×1080 into 1280×800

author

i say u go with 4k resolution phone display....

author
SeanS17 (author)abishur2015-07-01

One way that im pretty sure is legal is use a dvd drive on a computer and insert a store bought dvd using windows and use vlc player to make the video fit your screen size if your idea doesnt work. I think i read that playing dvd's is legal on windows but not linux. As always though check yourself to make sure what im suggesting is legal.

author
SeanS17 (author)abishur2015-06-30

Thanks for the info. Its sets me in the right direction to build one of these.

author
mathewriver (author)abishur2015-02-02

Since you helped me twice, I believe I have to pay you back :-)
Here is the Datasheet of the LCD screen, perhaps you find that info in it: https://www.revointeractive.com/prodimages/LCD-Dis...

Or you can ask the seller here:
http://www.ebay.com/itm/181198763794

author
MostafaA39 (author)2015-12-08

how about use screen 14 inch with 550mm focal fresnel or 220 focal length

author
Ujash (author)MostafaA392017-06-13

Any focal fresnel lens you can use but it should match focal length with projection lens and projection lens focal length need more than front fresnel

author
ToniP12 (author)2015-12-26

ok nice projector i'm look to build one but i think i find an error please tell me if i'm wrong: you use a 70 mm focal condenser lens but you put the back fresnel at 120 mm like there is not condenser lens... but i think you have to move the fresnel 70 mm to focus right to the focal lenght(focal point) of the condenser lens! it,s that right???

author
Ujash (author)ToniP122017-06-13

2.5 to 3 meter

author
bahubalii (author)2016-03-08

is this lcd is good enough to provide the similar output as compare to lcd having higher resolution

7 inch 800*480 TFT LCD Display Driver Board HDMI VGA 2AV for Raspberry Pi

please reply

author
Ujash (author)bahubalii2017-06-13

800×480 is not enough for great performance you need 1200×800 or higher resolution

author
bosua3393 (author)2016-04-06

I have a problem. I use a 1200 led flood light instead of a 100 w led. The flood light look really bright , but when shine through the LCD panel it barely even bright and even dimer than my screen before i remove it. SO SHOULD I GET THE 100 W LED BECAUSE MY FLOOD LIGHT IS NOT BRIGHT ENOUGH OR THERE IS SOMETHING WRONG WITH LCD PANEL?

author
Ujash (author)bosua33932017-06-13

What is the distance between led flood light to back fresnel lens and what is watts of each led?

author
BlensonP (author)bosua33932016-04-10

you have to carefully remove the back plane (which contains white diffuser & backlight)of the LCD. you just need the LC plate which is the pixel filter. (see working of LCD). .

author
RogerV15 (author)2016-05-06

Hi, I have a 17 inch gaming laptop screen that runs at 1980x1080, i loved your project and want to make one myself with my screen, the problem is that i does not find any fresnel at this size, 17 inches, by what i understanded i need one of the size of the screen, is that correct? also the triplet lens, i also could not find anyone, please help me!!

author
Ujash (author)RogerV152017-06-13

17 inch lcd projector is very big size and fresnel lens for 17 inch lcd is not available in the market

author
NirmalenduK (author)2016-05-27

Hi, can you guys please tell me which led and driver is to use in this projector. I am not able to find it. Ebay.in shows a lot of results and i am confused. Thanx

author
Ujash (author)NirmalenduK2017-06-13

It depends on how big screen you need if you want 100 inch screen 50 to 100 watts led is enough if you want bigger than 100 inch, you need 150 to 200 watts led

author
DPAK5 (author)2016-06-11

can i use my old dslr lens insteadof triplet lens for my projector

author
Ujash (author)DPAK52017-06-13

Yes, but it should match focal length with front fresnel lens

author
pritam.priyadarshi.568 (author)2017-03-21

hi, nice project and good finishing.

i am working on similar project and got stuck with projection lens.

can you give me the link from where i can buy at low price or link of lens you used.

thanks

author

Projection lens is a heart of projector so i used very good triplet lens bought from ebay.in. link is herehttp://www.ebay.in/itm/DIY-Projector-F200-Projector-Triplet-Lens-India-/252821636173?hash=item3add58044d

author

thanks for reply and help.

i have different plan in my mind. i am getting a led projector just at 2700 INR.

and i will take out the projection lens and condensor lens from it. also more useful stuff i will get.

All with 50% reduced price.

ebay link- http://www.ebay.in/itm/HD-LED-Projector-10-100-inch-TV-DVD-PC-with-SD-USB-AV-In-VGA-HDMI-Port-/112342976266?hash=item1a2829c70a:g:5JUAAOSw4A5YzR2M

author

But it has only vga resolution.

author

Projection lens is a heart of projector so i used very good triplet lens bought from ebay.in. link is herehttp://www.ebay.in/itm/DIY-Projector-F200-Projector-Triplet-Lens-India-/252821636173?hash=item3add58044d

author
HaniA25 (author)2017-04-07

i have iPhone 5 and Samsung duos, which one LCD is better to use for the projector ?

author
Ujash (author)HaniA252017-06-13

We can use smartphone lcd panel, if it has otg support.

author
Bhawani Shankar (author)2017-06-06

Hi Sir

i want to make it can you sent me circuit diagram as i can make connection between component

author
kunaldhanu (author)2017-05-02

Hi,

I am interested in your project. Please whatsapp me on +6598566731. Looking forward to working with you.

Thanks

author
kehaldoshi (author)kunaldhanu2017-05-03

Where from you are ?

author
Afrknzl (author)2017-03-21

i want to build my own projector from 15.6 inch screen of my old laptop.so my question is; in order to reduce space, instead of using a halogen or LED lamp from a distinct distance can i make and use a brighter back light panel right behind the LCD panel?

author
kehaldoshi (author)Afrknzl2017-03-22

No you can't use direct light just behind the lcd panel. You will never get your corner bright and also your projection image will be crispy. Using of big lcd panel is always very tricky. Your projector size will be big, you will be need big fresnel lens and after all efforts you will get dark corners. So if we want good projector we should use 7" or 8.9" lcd panel.

author
KiaulienosM (author)2016-11-09

Hey, i got a question. I got this uc40 projector, which has 800 lumens led, if i change the led to more brighter, lets say 2k lumens, does that make my screen more brighter or i make it worse and too bright for projection?

author
DeepanjanB1 (author)KiaulienosM2017-02-24

If you can figure out a good heat sink along with a good cooling unit, it should work like a charm. However, with out proper cooling it may well burn the LCD because of the heat it generates.

author
Deependra sagar (author)2016-04-29

Please tell how to remove the back black film, because I m trying but light is not passing through

author

Which type of lcd do you have ?? And we don't need to remove black type layer.

author
DeepanjanB1 (author)kehaldoshi2017-02-24

Hi there,

The layer you are talking about is a polarized layer with out which the LCD would not be useful enough to project images...for detailed info visit this link

author

i am brought your projector

author
divyasiva (author)divyasiva2016-08-20

9133941897

author

there is no black layer you have to just and only back light and silver layers

author
MaheshW5 (author)2016-05-01

I want to buy u r projector

author
sanjeev24 (author)MaheshW52016-10-22

i have a projector,if you want i can sell it to u.contact me on 08961056104

author
RomanD15 (author)2016-06-12

Is there a special solder wire to use

author
frankalwayz (author)RomanD152016-06-22

No need, you can use the common soldering machine.

author
RomanD15 (author)2016-06-12

Hi there I have a little problem ....I have a 30w led im trying to solder some wires to it but its difficult to bond with it n when it do bond together when I turn it on n it heat up the wire just fall back off ....can u tell me what im doing wrong

author
frankalwayz (author)RomanD152016-06-17

Hi, You can find 2 metal leads at the side of the LED, which is extended out from the LED dimension. solder on them to avoid the desoldering problem due to heat. You should find the polarity of LED (positive and negative) correctly, otherwise you may spoil the LED.

author
kehaldoshi (author)frankalwayz2016-06-18

Yes you must soldering on that metal leads. Yes definitely you have to find you led panel plarity. Google for find polarity of led panel.

author
Deependra sagar (author)2016-04-29

Did you remove polarizer of lcd? Is it necessary to remove polarizer of lcd?

author

And it is not necessary to remove it.

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