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Problem: There are two remotes, one for the TV and one for the Home Theater system. The remotes have small squishy rubbery button-like things to press. The remotes have a combined total of 2 million buttons. The remotes are made of cheap plastic. The remotes are never beside Dads seat. Where are the remotes?

Solution: DIY Dad's Remote. Dad's remote is made of solid metal. Dad's remote has big metal buttons that are easy to press, and go 'click'. Dad's remote is solid like a brick. Dad's remote only has six buttons. Dad's remote stays beside Dad's seat.

Step 1: Parts

Arduino Pro Mini MEGA328P 3.3v (without headers soldered)

DC/DC ( Input 0.8-3V) ( Output 3.3V ) Step-UP Power Converter Voltage Module
http://www.ebay.com/itm/231083181020?_trksid=p2057...

1 x 100 Ohm resistor

1 x 82 Ohm resistor

6 x 1N4148 signal diodes

1 x 5mm Infrared LED

Dupont female connectors

Aluminum Project Box Aluminum Enclousure Case DIY - 4.33"*2.60"*0.94"
http://www.ebay.com/itm/160524091389?_trksid=p2057...

5 x 16mm Horn Momentary Stainless Steel Flat Head Push Buttons
http://www.ebay.com/itm/291165213483?_trksid=p2057...

16mm Start Horn Button Momentary Stainless Steel Metal Push Button Switch Red
http://www.ebay.com/itm/281617036452?_trksid=p2057...

1 x double AAA battery holder

HSS Steel Drilling Hole Saw Tool for Metal Aluminum Sheet Alloy 16mm
http://www.ebay.com/itm/281691952990?_trksid=p2057...

Dupont Wire Color Jumper Cable 2.54mm 1P-1P Male to Female 20cm
http://www.ebay.com/itm/40PCS-Dupont-Wire-Color-Ju...

Step 2: Drill the Case

I used a Dremmel on a drill press to drill first 1.5mm then 3.5mm guide holes for the 16mm hole-saw.

Step 3: Wire the Buttons

I split 6 pairs of Dupont jumpers and cut them in half. Then wired the male ends to the six buttons.

For strength I folded the conductor back over the plastic part of the wire and put the whole piece into the screw terminals. Then covered each terminal with a 7mm long piece of 5mm diameter heat-shrink.

Then I mounted the buttons in the case. This is a bit tricky as there is not much room. Mount the center ones first, and position the leads so that the leads for the top buttons exit the top of the case, and the leads for middle and bottom buttons exit the bottom.

NOTE: Three of the buttons I purchased came with large (say 15mm diameter) rubber washers, which were fine, but the other three came with rubber washers of much smaller diameter which had to be stretched, and made it very difficult to tighten the bolts. So for those I cut my own washers from soft plastic.

Step 4: The Main Circuit

The basic circuit is simple - just buttons on six inputs and the LED on an output. There is a slight added complexity so that the Arduino can go into sleep mode, and awaken with an interupt when a button is pressed. This is accomplished by having pin D2 connected to all the buttons via diodes.

Because there is not much space, I used the Arduino with only the one small header installed for connecting to PC and power. The diodes were soldered onto the back of the Arduino with a piece of insulation tape protecting the back. One wire from each of the female Dupont connector pairs is placed through the hole from one side, and the diode is placed through the hole on the other. Extend the leads from the diodes a few mm on the lead side to give the lead strength when covered with 3mm diameter head shrink.

The diodes are bent over and soldered to the 100ohm resistor, the other end of which then goes to the D2 pin.

The second lead from each female Dupont connector pair are all soldered together and connected to GND pin by a short length of wire.

Solder two wires from the D3 pin and the other GND pin to go to the Infrared LED.

The diodes on the back are covered with insulation tape.

Step 5: The Power Supply Circuit

Power is supplied from two AAA batteries (I am using two 1350mAh rechargables). The DC-DC boost converter converts an input between 0.8v and 3v to a steady 3.3v output.

The 5v output is soldered to a 6 pin female header that connects to the Arduino header to deliver power. The input is connected to a 2pin male header, and the battery holder to a 2 pin female header.

Wrap the power unit with insulation tape.

Step 6: Putting It Together

I drilled a 6mm hole in the top end-plate to mount the LED and bezel. The LED was connected to the Arduino with the 82ohm resistor in series (covered with heat shrink).

Assembly is a bit tricky. The crude sketch attached is supposed to help.

The Arduino was inserted from the top on the left hand side, first, and long nose pliers used to assist connecting the leads to the buttons. Doesn't really matter if you connect the wrong leads to the wrong buttons, as this can be corrected in the software. Just whatever fits best.

The power unit is pushed down the right hand side.

You probably want to upload the software (next section) before inserting the Arduino, but the placement is designed so that this can easily be done after assembly, by connecting to the header at the top of the case.

Step 7: The Software

Attached is version 1.0 of the software.

IRremote library is also required:

https://github.com/shirriff/Arduino-IRremote

It is designed for my setup, which is a Samsung TV and a Panasonic Home Theater.

The red button is power to the TV.
The top right button is source select (selecting source requires two buttons on my TV. Pressing source on the TV remote to select a source, then pressing select on the TV remote to exit the source menu. On Dad's remote this is done with one button. Pressing this button multiple times will select the source, then after a small delay, the select signal will be sent).
Channel + and - the left hand buttons.
Volume + - on the right.

Obviously this will require customization for your own system.

To extract the IR codes for your remote(s) see here:

http://www.righto.com/2009/08/multi-protocol-infra...

Cheers.

Reference (Arduino power savings):

http://www.engblaze.com/hush-little-microprocessor...

<p>NOTE: I have made a few changes to save battery power:</p><p>Now using 3.3v instead of 5v.<br>Using two AAA batteries.</p><p>I also removed the red power LED's from the Arduino and the power convertor to save power.</p>
<p>Well done</p><p>A lot of stuff churned out now is not fit for purpose and this includes remote controls for all sorts of gear with fiddly little buttons with conductive pads that fail after a while or my wireless doorbell that doesn't keep its coding and has a rubber button that sticks in the on position, despite silicone grease etc. Proper IP 66+ buttons (vandal-proof are good for robustness) and will be used in my Arduino based door bell when I get time.</p><p>I guess the rubber washers refered to are &quot;O&quot; rings - a set of these is always useful to have.</p><p>I wonder if a boost regulator might not be overkill and inefficient - 3 x AAA wouldn't take up too much space.</p><p>A powerful LED would help bounce the signal around a bit, say, off the ceiling.</p><p>Don't forget to make one for yourself - we all turn into old poops one day.</p><p>Cheers, Phil S</p>
<p>The atmega328 can run down to 1.8 volts and can use less than 1mA when active. I would use 2 AAA batteries with a 1.8v LDO regulator and run the cpu at 1 MHz. IR leds only need about 1.5 volts. The boost converter will use significantly more power than the sleeping arduino board.</p>
<p>3xAAA might just fit, but you wouldn't be able to use a battery holder. Will try something like what rocketman describes though. Cheers.</p>
<p>This would be great for anyone with motor control issues as well, so thanks. </p>
<p>Great idea!</p>
<p>I bet you could save some space in the enclosure if you used the Teensy 2.0! https://www.pjrc.com/teensy/</p>
<p>Got my parts ordered to make a Mom's version, thanks for sharing! You might get cleaner results using a <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drill_bit#Unibit" rel="nofollow">unibit</a> for making big holes in soft metal enclosures instead of the hole saws. Try one if you haven't.</p>
<p>Please put an apostrophe! Dad's Remote! It's his remote!</p>
<p>Done! Thanks.</p>
<p>Lol</p>
<p>very cool man....nice idea</p>
<p>We actually still have a TV that has a remote like this. Six metal buttons, that's it.</p>
<p>very cool man</p>
<p>My dad is an old poop. He'd love this. Always pressing the wrong button. Then I have to guide his remote back to the right setting for the TV and cable. :)</p>
<p>Nice. I've been looking for something like this for my dad for a couple of years. He has alzheimers and has difficulty figuring out the the thousand button remote the cable company gave us. </p>
<p>i tried every code for the cable box remote and none worked for my tv, when i get together a little money i will definetly be making this for both a space saver and a more reliable remote.</p>
Great work! i'm thinking an similar idea but i dont make yet u_u
<p>Lovin those buttons!</p>
<p>Brilliant...I Love it </p>
Cool!
I am makinh one for my 90+ dad. Every nerd should make one for his dad.
Dads remote is good!
<p>There is a definite need for this. The New Screen Savers show asks for something like this.</p>

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