Introduction: Designer Vases From Used Coffee Cups

Styrofoam cups are light, cheap, and insulating, but flimsy and rarely recycled. Here's a way of transforming a used styrofoam cup into a similarly-sized vase of your own design. It costs nothing, only takes a few minutes, is ridiculously easy to do, and every vase/pot will be unique. It's an interesting gift if you add flowers or a small plant.

Step 1: Materials and Equipment

This simple project uses equipment that will be found in nearly all kitchens. I used a slow cooker, but a pot with a lid would work fine too, I imagine. You also need a small bowl and a rubber band. And a styrofoam cup ($2 for 50, but repurpose a used one if you can).

Step 2: What and How

Styrofoam is a brand name for expanded polystyrene (a hydrocarbon polymer blown full of gas). Put a styrofoam cup under high pressure and/or heat and it will shrink dramatically as the gas is driven out. You can do this by putting the cup in a submersible ROV and sending it 1400 m underwater, or much more easily, by popping one in a pressure cooker for half an hour - you'll get a neat miniature coffee cup. It's cute, but not much good for anything (espressos?). The photo above shows how when you heat the coffee cup, it first expands, then shrinks smaller and smaller the longer you leave it. It also gets somewhat distorted, because the plastic gets quite soft. I did these in the slow cooker, but you get a more perfect little cup in a pressure-cooker (see the second photo - it's also faster).
Whether you're making tiny cups or making funky vases of your own design, get the cooker up to heat first (on high). It's also important to cook the cup bain marie style, i.e. inside a bowl that is immersed in water. Otherwise, you'll just melt the cup and make a stinky mess of your cookware.

Step 3: Sculpt a Vase

We're going to take advantage of the fact that in the first few minutes in the slow cooker, the cup both softens and expands. This behavior can be manipulated by applying a constant force to some parts of the cup, making it collapse inwards instead.
Take a coffee cup, and put a rubber band around it near the top. Put it in the bowl, replace the lid, and boil for a couple of minutes (watch it, don't time it!). Remove once suitably shape-changed, and take off the rubber band. Done!
Try putting two bands on, or put an odd-shaped object inside to act as a mold (I ran out of used coffee cups, so haven't actually tried the latter). This project is great for experimentation to see what effects you can achieve.
Tip: get the rubber band as tight as possible. Strong, tight bands will create the most interesting effects.

Feedback
COASTER19 advises that if you have a pressure cooker, you get best results from looser bands, with the cup upside down, and a 7-minute cooking time.
Valaynetine reports that some sorts of polystyrene cup don't change shape at all. The ones I tried - all the same sort - were a soft, relatively bendy type of cup, so that's probably the style to use.
calischs from InstructablesTV made a short video based on this instructable, and cut the rim off then immersed the cup in boiling water with the help of a metal weight. It seemed to work well. Check it out, it's only 46 seconds long!
rojo.balloon made a styrofoam hat from a bowl.
Maurice1985 made an instructable (and made lots more vases than me!) showing how you can fill these with concrete to make a more permanent vase.

Step 4: Add Flowers

With flowers or a small plant, you have a nice inexpensive gift with a unique twist. I think the plain white vase is interesting enough on its own, but it is also a blank canvas for your own creativity. It would be great to see variations on the theme, so if you make one, please post a picture in the comments section.

Comments

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ikurniawan2 made it!(author)2014-05-06

very nice

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NikkiDread made it!(author)2013-12-22

When I was a kid we used to decorate the cup with markers first then put it in the oven. we made small hats for dolls with them for 4th of July

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makendo made it!(author)2013-12-22

Neat. How long did you put them in for? How small did they get? You should write it up, sounds fun.

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MYT+CR8TiV made it!(author)2013-02-20

Will this work in a regular like soup pot with a lid ? My husband always brings home Styrofoam cups from work and I always wanted to find ways to craft with it. This seems interesting enough to try.

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makendo made it!(author)2013-09-27

Sorry for the *really* slow reply... yes, it would work fine. calischs made a video instructable which showed it working just by dunking a weighted cup in a boiling pot of water.

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sabu.dawdy made it!(author)2012-12-04

how do u doooooooo this shuff.. its awesomeeeeee

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Master97865 made it!(author)2013-01-03

It's called... Read and find out

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sabu.dawdy made it!(author)2013-01-04

hahaah

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shortone made it!(author)2012-12-15

Great idea! I have once concern though: I know that melting styrofoam is super toxic, which is why it is a very bad idea to use a wire cutter on styrofoam at all. Do you know anything about the toxins released by heating it up in water? I don't know myself, but I'd definitely want to research it a little more before I melted too many cups! :)

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makendo made it!(author)2012-12-18

Probably the same amount of toxins released as when adding a hot coffee to the cup, i.e. very little. The water is at 100°C or just above, and while it's clear the air in the polystyrene is driven out over time as the cup shrinks, that's all you really need to worry about. You're not melting the cup.

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kathyhibbert made it!(author)2012-02-09

Oh my! I'm glad I didn't miss your instructable. The heading~what to make with garbage~almost put me off. Garbage or trash. Food or other. This is one our grandson and I will definitely try.

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taria made it!(author)2011-06-09

these are pretty cool, to bad spray paint eats them up like candy, cause if you added some of that textured spray paint to them they would look like little stone planters...oh wait, when they are shrunk down you think spraying them with paint would still eat them since they aren't so 'puffy' anymore?

I won't be able to try this cause my mom would kill me if I used her pressure cooker for shrinking down cups. I know I feel like a 4 year old when I'm not. Might have to just go out and buy my own just to try this. :)

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makendo made it!(author)2011-06-11

I suspect the shrunken cups will still get chewed up by the spray paint.
It is a pretty frivolous experiment, to be sure, but I think you're overestimating your mom's reaction. She's more likely to think they're cute than be driven into a homicidal rage... but I don't know your mom. :)

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Treknology made it!(author)2011-12-26

Yes. The solvents in the paint will still eat the styrene. Your choices are model making paint (maybe) or acrylic paint like that found in Primary Schools.

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doo+da+do made it!(author)2012-02-01

Wonder about a Sharpie?

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taria made it!(author)2011-12-26

good idea, I didn't think of acrylic paint. thanks for that.

and makendo, my mom would have a cow trust me, so I will do this at my own house with my own pressure cooker...lol

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ArtsyFartsyGirl made it!(author)2011-12-27

Sooo, soo cooool! I have too much stuff around, so I probably won't try this for a while, but what a great idea!!!!

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corinalex made it!(author)2011-12-26

Cool! My daughter and I will be recycling lots of cups this way. Thanks.

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KwartzKitten made it!(author)2011-12-26

This is adorable and I can't wait to try it.

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raviolikid made it!(author)2011-12-26

Do you know how long it takes water to boil in a slow cooker? Or, could I use a pot on a hot plate? I think this is an interesting project for my students in my Arts and Engineering Clubs. I like the maker who make concrete forms with them. We might try that, as we are studying concrete in the fifth grade group.

Thanks!

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makendo made it!(author)2011-12-26

Pot on hot plate will work fine, as long as you have a lid.

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raviolikid made it!(author)2011-12-26

Great! I have lids!

Thanks for your reply and for the cool Instructable with the great links! I mean, your directions were great - but adding the links was a nice bonus.

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FlatLinerMEDIC made it!(author)2011-09-08

goes great with the "coke can flower"

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csantiago3 made it!(author)2011-08-10

This is very cool, now to find syrofoam cups!!

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rojo.balloon made it!(author)2011-07-22

I had no styrofoam cups so I used a styrofoam bowl. I put only one rubberband and it came out to be a hat after 10 minutes. :) Here is what they look like

P1120701.JPGP1120702.JPG
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makendo made it!(author)2011-07-22

Nice styrofoam hat! Thanks for posting the pictures, good to see it works for bowls too.

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TheNailDutchess made it!(author)2011-07-04

This is a pretty fancy idea :0) I will definitely be trying this! Thanks so much for taking the time to share this unique technique. Have a wonderful day ^.~

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makendo made it!(author)2011-07-04

You're welcome, & good luck.

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WhyHello made it!(author)2011-03-07

I'm curious how did u get this idea :)

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makendo made it!(author)2011-03-07

I knew that you could get a miniature polystyrene cup by pressure-cooking it. I wondered what would happen if I used a slow cooker instead, and the rest was just messing around...

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WhyHello made it!(author)2011-03-07

I wonder if you can use a microwave

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makendo made it!(author)2011-03-07

Probably not. Microwave ovens work their magic on water, and a styrofoam cup doesn't contain much. However, if you added water, put bands on the outside, and cooked it for a minute or two, who knows? You should try it :)

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ellequoi made it!(author)2011-02-05

Neat! I wonder how these would work as little planters if you poked holes in the bottom. I'm kind of concerned about the chemicals that would wear off on the pot as well... maybe this would be something I'd try with a reject pot, or a crockpot with a liner added.

Also, would dye in the water stain the cup for you?

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makendo made it!(author)2011-02-06

Thanks. They work just fine as planters, but they're kind of an awkward shape.
Any leaching of blowing gas, assuming there is any left in there, will be minuscule - you'd expose yourself to far more toxic chemicals by eating any blackened piece of food. Or a peanut. Or an apple seed. Or lighting a candle. Or painting something. Fortunately, we have all sorts of clever mechanisms for scavenging small amounts of toxins out of our system - just as well, or smokers would have to worry about a quick death from cyanide poisoning as well as a slow one from cancer. The gas used to foam polystyrene is volatile, so if you want to be super-cautious, just do it outside. It won't stick to the pot.
Any dye that dissolved in the water would not stick to the cup, unfortunately.

author
Bunchland made it!(author)2011-02-04

We loved this idea so much we thought we would share it with our readers as well.

http://www.bunchfamily.ca/valentines-day-craft-styrofoam-vases-paper-flowers

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makendo made it!(author)2011-02-04

Thanks for letting me know - good idea to include the video.

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Suzanne+in+Orting made it!(author)2011-01-06

I was wondering if you could manipulate the shape even more by putting the cup on a turntable/lazy Susan and using a heat gun. Then, you could heat the cup in specific places. I have one for heat embossing when I rubber stamp.

If I get hold of any styro cups, I'll let you know what happens.

Suzanne in Orting, WA

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valleycrosser made it!(author)2011-02-01

I know that styrofoam melts almost instantly against the tip of a hot glue gun (personal experience) so it might just create holes in the cup.

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Suzanne+in+Orting made it!(author)2011-02-01

I'm sure it would melt the styrofoam if it was held too closely, especially if it was a industrial strength type gun, but the one In have is a basic rubber stamping type and I think if enough attention in paid to the distance, it will be do-able. In fact, I never thought about using the the heat gun to melt holes in the foam. It could be an interesting addition to the textures.

Since I have sheets of foam, I was thinking about cutting them in circles and using the gun to raise the edge of the blanks to create "plates".

Thanks for the additional ideas!

Suzanne in Orting, WA

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makendo made it!(author)2011-01-07

Interesting idea; don't be surprised if your cup goes all Salvador Dali on you! Good luck, I look forward to hearing about the results.

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annab135 made it!(author)2010-12-28

Could several be combined in such a way that a larger vase could be made?

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makendo made it!(author)2010-12-28

Hmm, interesting, I'd never considered it. Are you imagining, say, a triangle of three or a stack of cups? For the triangle, you might get some unusual effects, but I doubt they'd hold together well unless you left the band(s) in place or glued them. The stack could look really crazy - I hope you try it!

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sitzikbs made it!(author)2010-12-21

totally awsome idea! its even great for recyceling!

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Valaynetine made it!(author)2010-12-17

I attempted this, but all I had on hand was those stretchy, rubberband like hair ties, the "no knot" kind, not sure if you're familiar- but nothing happened with the styrofoam cup. Does the type of band I used affect that? I don't see how it would, but after trying about five times, using various levels of boiling water, a crock pot, rice cooker, and a stainless steel stock pot.

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makendo made it!(author)2010-12-17

I really can't see why the band would matter - anything tight ought to do it. I wonder if it is the type of polystyrene cup, though - some may be more heat resistant or stronger than others. When you say nothing happened, did the cup at least shrink (even if it didn't change shape)?
The only other thing I can think of is the temperature - this trick works best if everything is really hot before you start (i.e. the pot should be boiling). Otherwise, it will take a long time.
All the cups I tried were the same sort - quite a soft polystyrene, bendy and not brittle. Maybe the more rigid style of cup doesn't work so well. If you could possibly post a picture of the type of cup that doesn't work, that would be really helpful. Thanks!

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Valaynetine made it!(author)2010-12-18

It could be the type of foam then. The water was boiling pretty heavily, but the cup neither shrank nor expanded, even when left in there with there lid on for about ten minutes. I'll try with a different type of styrofoam, thanks again!

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xKari made it!(author)2010-12-15

This looks really awesome! when i told mum about it, she got concerned about the chemicals from the cups though =X

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makendo made it!(author)2010-12-15

Thanks!
Promise her that you won't eat the cup.

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xKari made it!(author)2010-12-16

lol i was referring to when you heat the cups =P

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makendo made it!(author)2010-12-16

Yeah, I know, but I won't try and convince your mum it's safe (even though it is). Next time, ask for forgiveness rather than permission :)

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Bio: Analog maker dabbling in digital manufacture
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