Digital Multimeter for Your Car

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Introduction: Digital Multimeter for Your Car

Digital Speedometer, Tachometer & Engine temperature display.
4 months before, I treid to build a digital tachometer & speedometer using seven segment display, but I failed to do it the right way. The circuits I used before were too crowded with ICs & other components. Then I managed to build the LED tachomter. Later, I got a stepper motor & used it as a speed sensor to build the LED speedometer successfully, too.
I was always thinking of the Seven segment multimeter. I know it's simple to build such circuits using PICs about which I know nothing :)
The ICL7107 came to my mind. A simple, old yet reliable analog to digital converter used in digital voltmeter circuits. VOLTMETER? Why not to build a voltmeter, then calibrating it to get the car speed from my stepper motor? & get the RPM from my LM2917 voltage output? What about adding a digital thermometer using the LM35 temperature sensor?

Step 1: Video

Step 2: List of Components

Integrated Circuits:
1X ICL7107  This is an old analog to digital converter
1X 7660         This is voltage invertor
1X 7805         Voltage regulator, giving +5V ouput
1X LM35        Temperature sensor
1X LM2917    Frequency to voltage converter

Diodes:
5 x 1N4007
4X 1N4148
1X Zener diode 12V

Resistors:
1X 220 ohm
1X 470 ohm
1X 22 Kohm 
2 x 100 Kohm
3 x 10 Kohm
1X 15 Kohm
2X 47 Kohm
3X 470 Kohm

Trimmer potentiometers:
1X 10 Kohm
1X 100 Kohm
1X 220 Kohm
1X 470 Kohm

Electrolytic Capacitors:
1X 470 µF 
2X 10 uF
1X 2.2 uF


Polypropylene Capacitors:
1X 100 pF
1X 10nF
1X 47 nF
4X 100 nF
1X 220 nF
2X 470 nF

Seven segment display:
Either 2X two digit or 4X 1 digit display. There are also 3 digit displays but be sure you can connect them (read the datasheet)

Ic mounts
Circuit board
Rotary switch

Connector cables & pins (from old PC)
Photo paper with desried print (use two copies one over each other, in  the rear one cut the yellow rectangles facing the LEDs)

Step 3: Building the Circuit

Digital voltmeter circuit:
I started with the main circuit (the ICL7107 voltmeter). The ICL7107 is an analog to digital converter interfaced to seven segment display. The 7660 provides the circuit with ( -5V) voltage from ( +5V ) input, you can use the 7905 for the same purpose (to get ( -5V ) from the ( +12V ). Other components are really few.

The voltage signal to ICL7107 goes to pin 31 through a rotary switch.

Power supply circuit:
using the 7805 voltage regulator, two 100nF pol. capacitors & one 470uF electrolytic capacitor. adding a rectifier diode 1N4007 to the 12V input (from the car battery)

Speed Signal:
From the stepper motor I mounted to my car's transmission in the previous instructable. The current generated directly from a stepper motor is AC (alternating current). So, I added a simple diode bridge to get DC (direct current) from AC using four 1N4007 rectifer diodes & a 100nF capacitor for "smoothening" the output. Adding 1.5Mohm & 470Kohm trimmer potentiometer for calibration

RPM signal:
From the LM2917 pins No, 5&10. I made a small circuit powered with the same +5V supply. The circuit is similar to the one I used in the "LED tachometer" instructable. This gets the engine revolutions signal from the car's igntion coil (high voltage input!!!). Calibration through the 220K trimpot.

Temperature signal:
  I used the LM35 digital centigrade temperature sensor. It's 0.5C accuracy, gives 10mV/1C change. The LM35DZ variant operates between 0-100C only. The LM35AH operates between -55 to 150C. This is powered from the same +5V power supply. After soldering the terminals. I covered them & the wire with epoxy glue which is non-conductive to electricity & water proof. I used a 100Kohm trimpot for calibration. I put the LM35 under my tongue, waited till it gets a stable reading then calibrated it to 37C (assuming I have a normal temperature :) ). Pass it to boiling water & calibrate it too 100C. 
The sensor should be fixed well in a site of good thermal conductivity to get the engine temperature. I drilled a hole in part of my engine block (steel), filled it with epoxy glue & dipped the LM35 in.
You may prefer to use this sensor to get the coolant temperature. I will add to sensors, one for ambient temperature & the other for the in-car temperature.

Switching between inputs:
I used a simple rotary switch (with 6 positions) I'm currently using only 3 positions (speed, RPM & engine temperature)
The switch is mounted in the place of an old potentiometer (used to adjust brightness of dashboard backlight)

Step 4: Testing

Testing the speedometer





Testing the tachometer




Testing the thermometer






Step 5: Mounting to the Dashboard

See photos

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    user

    We have a be nice policy.
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    36 Comments

    ooممكن اعرف انتا منين

    كنت عايز اسئلك علي حاجه

    hello Hebo. how you can get the the scales on the photo paper , do you use a printer?

    For the rpm-signal :

    Why is it -High Voltage- ?
    Break contact is a digital 12 voltage,
    or where do you get it ?

    1 reply

    It's a frequency signal, not a voltage. Do not worry about it, it goes through a 470nF capacitor

    user

    shall i use 10uf for 7905 3pin regulator ... please tell me how to connect ..?

    looks awesome, i'm going to try and build one myself only make it slightly different, put it all within one unit (its for a race car so doesn't need to be ergonomic) something like a racepack and others
    basically bright leds on the top of the unit, maybe in a semi circle haven't designed properly it yet, different colors to indicate rev limits with a speed display underneath and the ability to switch between vitals (water temp, volts, oil pressure) its going to be hard but it should fit my needs perfect

    Why is the tachometer with only 3 displays on?

    awesome project...
    can i use this scematic for pc fan?
    i want to make rpm meter from cpu fan sensor..

    thx

    nice work..what should if i want to modify this circuit using lcd interface instead of
    led?

    Hi Again From Merida Mexico
    After a lot of searching on the web i found that you are the best answer
    Question: This i a Pic system? Im very new on this and i dont know if the icl7101 IC have to be programed??? and how to do it...
    If so the signal of ech sensor (lm35, step motor and lm2917) is "translated" to the leds and 7 segments display?
    Thanks and sorry for the rocky questions
    FH

    1 reply

    this is not PIC system :)
    ICL7107 is analog to digital converter and not to be programmed

    Hi
    I have an old motorcycle that im rebuiling and dont have all the clocks this is exactly what i need but im not to god in electronics, any wat i´m going to try
    hope you can reach me and give me a help at fernandohdz@yahoo.com
    thanks FH

    user

    hi man, sorry my question but what does it mean dp in the bridge of 21 and 30 pins of the ci that goes to a resist. of 220 and later to the DP but wich pin of the DP goes it or what does it means? i appreciate your soon answer.

    2 replies

    DP= decimal point in the seven segment display
    if you want a DP to be lit, connect it through 220R. I connected mine to the first (right) DP. It's not necessary at all

    user

    thanks a lot man and sorry for questions soo sillies, i really want to make it but here in mexico its a little difficult to find the ci, thanks again.

    Its nice to see cool projects like this from Egypt!! Try to upgrade to LCD interface and microcontrollers.

    Dear sir
    i think u are in egypt
    i'd like to ask you about the LM35 where did you buy it and for how much??
    thanks

    1 reply

    I bought the LM35 from "El Nekhely" in "Bab El louk" :)
    It's for 8 L.E.