This instructable is going to show you how to build your own coil gun from a disposable camera. It will go over the materials needed, and how to build it.
Here is a video to help show how to make it and give a demonstration.
Step 1: Materials
You will need to get lots of cheap materials to make this coilgun. Most of them can be found on ebay or in old electronics.
- Disposable camera circuit board(Can be found on ebay or in disposable flash cameras)
- Flash capacitors(Can be found on ebay or in cameras, the one from the camera will work, but the more capacitors, the more power the gun has.)
- 1 AA battery case.
- Project enclosure (I used polycarbonate, it protects the electronics and protects you from getting shocked.)
- 2 switches(One needs to be a higher amperage switch)
- 28 gauge magnet wire
- Pen tube
Step 2: Tools
Tools are a must have for this project, you need to have some tools to complete this project.
- Soldering Iron
- Wire strippers
- Wire cutters
- Needle nose pliers
- Hot glue gun
Step 3: Wiring the Charge Switch
First, you need to extract the circuit board from the camera. This can be done by undoing the case and snipping all the wire connections. Make sure to remember the battery polarity when you take out the battery!!!!! Find the charge button on the camera board. This should be in the front of the board(No large components) Remove the metal cap of the button and solder a wire to each pole. Then solder the wires to a small switch.
Step 4: Wiring the Battery
When taking out the circuit board, make note of the polarity of the battery terminals. Solder the wires from a 1 AA battery case to the battery terminals on the board. Add a switch in series as the master on/off switch. This should almost complete the board preparation.
Step 5: Creating the Capacitor Bank
To make the capacitor bank, you need to first, remember the polarity of the capacitor on the board, then cut it off. Take that capacitor, and find the voltage rating for it. Then you need to find other capacitors like it. I found some in other disposable cameras and a lot of 20 on Ebay. All of them totaled up equaled to about 1000 microFarads. Finally, Solder them all together in PARALLEL and then solder them with some wire, to the correct polarity, to the capacitor spot on the camera flash board.
Step 6: Coil Wiring
After the capacitor bank is complete, add a wire from each pin of the paralleled capacitors. Add a switch in series with one of the wires. This switch needs to be high amperage(I blew up a low amperage pushbutton), I used a wall switch. Then you will need to make the coil. You can do this by winding a few hundred turns of 28 gauge magnet wire around a pen tube. I added electrical tape on each side to support the wire. The more turns, the more power!
Step 7: The Project Box
I cut a capacitor bank box out of poly-carbonate and hot glued the pieces together. I used an altoids tin to hold the circuit board. Everything else is going to be glued to the poly-carbonate box. This is the creative part of the project, your project box can be anything you want, from looking like mine, to looking like a pistol, to looking like a futuristic ray gun.
Step 8: Shooting It!
This is the most fun part about building a coilgun. To fire, first turn it on. Then, flip the charge switch on until the neon light glows red.(The high pitched charge whine will stop too.) After that, load the gun. Load a screw, nail, or anything magnetic into the pen tube until half of it is in the coil.(Refer to picture) Finally, press the fire button and have fun!
You can watch it fire in the youtube video above.
Disclaimer: I am not responsible for any harm you cause yourself and others during the making or using of this project. Do at your own risk. Charges capacitors are deadly!!