Picture of Drawing for Non-Majors: using analog and digital tools
Think you can't draw because you don't easily create photo-realistic graphite sketches on the first try? Don't worry, in real life drawing isn't a closed-book test. You can use your notes, you can copy off other people, you can use tools, you can even trace! (Gasp!) And I'm going to show you how...

The following method I developed while in the Eyebeam OpenLab to create drawings that are a combination of a flat, comic book style and "how to evacuate the airplane." It starts with "analog" drawing moving to the computer for color. I'll detail all the steps and you can pick and choose elements of this method to create whatever style drawings you like. This method can help you quickly achieve a realistic and accurate drawing.

This instructable is in the spirit of my past instructables - tools, methods, and workflows I have developed in my past projects, published here because I hope they are useful to others in whole or part. For examples on how I have used this particular way of working see these projects completed while at Eyebeam:

- Wish You Were Here: Postcards From Our Awesome Future
- PeopleProducts123.com

What you will need:

Drawing Supplies
- Black archival ink markers with a variety of line widths. Look for Sakura Pigma Micron Pens, Staedler Pigment Liners, or Mars Professional Precision Pens. You could also use technical pens like Rapidographs, but I find the marker tips allow for more variation.
- pencils
- archival paper
- tracing paper
- light table or light box (optional)
- ph balanced artists tape

Why archival? Always be prepared to make amazing work that you'll want around forever.

Software - open source:
- Inkscape - free and open source vector editor
- Potrace - Free software for converting bitmaps to scalable vector graphics
- Vector Magic - free online bitmat to vector converter

Software - $$ commercial $$
- Adobe Illustrator CS2 and higher

- access to a computer, scanner, and printer

Read on if you are a purist and think working from photographs, using light boxes, projection, or tracing paper is "cheating."

I've found that some people, mainly non-artists, think that using tools like light tables or projectors is somehow less legitimate. In fact, most artists use these tools to create their work and have for centuries. From Vermeer to Warhol, artists have used a variety of optical devices as drawing aids. There's no reason why you shouldn't. (more details below)

- Most artists use tools. If they don't use projectors and light tables, we use various other methods like cameras, lenses, slide film, mirrors, grid systems, sighting and angling, measuring devices, rulers, compasses, and triangulation. But it really doesn't matter what tools you use. Some may disagree, but in art, more important than how a work is made is what that work says. Use any tool available to make the work you want to make. Focus less on tools and methods and make sure your work means something.

- Using a projector or light table is not a shortcut. It will not make your drawing good, just different. Just like having a good thesaurus will not automatically make your writing better, er, more exquisite. It's just a tool. While it can make the work easier, you still gotta learn how to use the tools well.

- Tracing doesn't mean copying or plagiarism. See appropriation art. In fact, altering an image in your drawing process can contribute to a Fair Use argument for using copyrighted material to create new works!

- Although this instructable isn't about copying art works, copying art is an excellent learning tool used in classical art instruction. When you recreate an artists work, you gain insight into how the original work was made. Straight copying of an art work can help you build your skills.

- Read up on the Hockney-Falco thesis, watch the movie (if you can), or this Charlie Rose interview online.

If you're still not convinced, that's ok.

Now that that's done, lets get to work...
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gtoal24 days ago

Here's a variation on your technique (at least the first half of it) that can be used by people with no computer skills as well as no drawing experience :-) ...


borism18 months ago
tartul2 years ago
cool tips...
that looks awesome!
CrLz4 years ago
Wow, thanks a whole bunch for this Instructable. I have about zero ability drawing and your breakdown and work flows really help me!

I'll use this on my future Instructables!
CrLz CrLz4 years ago
Started using your teachings and sharing some images on OpenClipArt.  My Instructables look a whole lot better to me! Thanks again for the instruction.
FIG ouch problem.jpgFIG sanding wa.jpgFIG connection.jpg
slambert (author)  CrLz4 years ago
Hey that's great! Glad to see it!
astass4 years ago
Nice Nice!
phillipeb5 years ago
what is the brown paper in the second to last image on this step? I really like the look of inked work on it!
slambert (author)  phillipeb5 years ago
it's just the photo, it was actually drawing paper with tracing paper on top, backlit.
angelabchua5 years ago
Uhmmm awesome.  Im playing around with it now!  Great Instructable! 
thankd....very good... i will it
tamphan19866 years ago
Thanks! Pretty good.
Thanks for posting this. I'm going to be using this for a project really soon. :D I need to get clean lines out of a portrait to embroider it!
mage6 years ago
im too poor for commercial software :( would GIMP work instead?
slambert (author)  mage6 years ago
Mage, when you read the instructable you'll notice that free open source software options are mentioned specifically.
Bobblob6 years ago
Great instruckable and so nicely done to encourage people and build confidence too.

I have been an amateur CG artist for many years starting with an Amiga computer back in the late 1980's and you have managed to teach this old dog about new sites to get great free art, thanks for that too.

I also have the Corel Draw suite but I would be remiss in not telling you and other readers about my favorite and now most used graphic program Xara Xtreme. It is a vector program like Adobe but costs much less with many better and faster features who's photo handling ( bitmaps) is simply amazing! It's way faster, makes files that can be much smaller too.

I have attached one of my feeble and early freehand attempts but also provide the official Xara site and a form that can really show what can be done with this inexpensive but easy to use and flexible software.

The company

The forum

See the Xtreme and Xtreme Pro sections as well as the The Xara Gallery

Free tips, tutorials, how to's and more.
lopoff6 years ago
bobisagamer6 years ago
I love this!
yomero6 years ago
Use corelDRAW, i just looooooove it...
hobzez6 years ago
isnt this kinda like what some famous artist did, i forgot his name but he did like the cambells noudle soup thing
You're thinking of Andy Warhol.
yup thats the dude
arrr6 years ago
why is this example using my college advisor!?!? stephen duncomb. (i <3 him)
slambert (author)  arrr6 years ago
'cause we are buddies.
luvit6 years ago
the original pic he looks bored. the final pic he looks depressed you did a great job. but i can't learn.
Who is that?
kolowinter6 years ago
I stumbled upon your instructible and I find it incredible that you were willing to document and share your experience with others! For years I thought illustrating a personal story in this style would be beyond my drawing ability. Thank you so much for detailing the steps needed to achieve this look. I was excited when I found how to achieve a pencil outline in photoshop, but it doesn't appear to have nearly the beauty as this technique. Again, MANY thanks! People like me benefit greatly from people like you -- and we are EXTREMELY appreciative!!!
N1CK4ND06 years ago
I actually want to do this, but just don't have the time, they should make an app that does this kinda stuff automatically, and if there is can someone tell me about it?
taria N1CK4ND06 years ago
if you have PSCS or any PS really theres a filter inside called poster edges that allows you to do this but it still has to be cleaned up (lots of tiny black pixels show themselves.) Unless theres a way to get them off, going in a coloring them out is the only way that I know of. Just a note though, it won't look this clean and perfect unless you take the time to do it, but it's a quick way to make it look interesting.
ifitsit6 years ago
Thank you I really needed this information more then you know. For a project that I am working on with a less than shoe string budget.
firesketch7 years ago
Props man, great tut. Definitely making some vector art tomorrow (when I can scan without waking the hoose). The original image scared the crap out of me!
javipz7 years ago
Muy bueno!
poetapex7 years ago
Rememer to convert image to a bitmap before vectorizing. Live trace (illustrator) only works on a .bmp image.
slambert (author)  poetapex7 years ago
actually (for me at least) it has worked with every image format I tried.
fuzvulf7 years ago
Nice instructable. Thanks. Fuzzy
Thank you so much for posting this! I'm looking forward to trying this Instructable out.
supersaddy7 years ago
i am badass enough to skip to pen! i think...... no no im not,..... ill start out with pencil
shooby7 years ago
Hmm, never traced from a photo before to draw- might try it, although I think it might be a step back for me. Good techniques for doing that though, nice job
slambert (author)  shooby7 years ago
Oh please, don't take a step back. I wouldn't want you to damage your ability.
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