Instructables

Drive Servos with a 555 timer IC

Featured
Picture of Drive Servos with a 555 timer IC
This instructable provides a walk through of a basic servo driver using a 555 IC chip 5 resistors a transistor and 2 capacitors.  The idea is simple, use 2 switches to control the motion of the servo. Note this circuit is based on a servo tester circuit found on the Internet. We built this with parts from Jameco Electronics at an instructables build night at Arch Reactor Hackerspace. Thanks Jameco!
 
Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up

Step 1: The circuit

Picture of The circuit
This is a diagram of what we are building. This and many other 555 circuits can be found on www.555-timer-circuits.com

Step 2: What you need

Picture of What you need
555 IC 68k resistor 4.7k resistor 33k resistor 10k resistor 1k resistor 2 - 100n capacitors bc547 transistor 2 momentary push buttons a servo a 6v power supply jumper wires. LOTSOf them.

Step 3: Wiring

Picture of wiring
wire the circuit as in this image. Be sure to lookup your transistor and match emitter, collector, and base as in the circuit diagram. Do not hook the power up until after it is wired. Refer back to the circuit diagram as needed to clarify wiring questions.

Step 4: Add power

Picture of add power
Connect power to the red and black rails and press one of the buttons. You should see the servo move in response to the button press.

Step 5: How crowded can it get?

Picture of How crowded can it get?
It's a good idea a breadboard this out and simplify afterwards. It's a nice quick project to get you started on servos.

Step 6: Optional

Picture of Optional
A meter is optional but can really go a long way in helping you resolve issues. I highly recommend getting one for any of you circuit projects.
ferjanyen6 months ago
Nice project, please let me know when you got the wi-fi sorted. Thanks.
wiredcav7 months ago
Very nice project. I presume you're sending two PWM signals corresponding to two servo positions - yes? I would think I could replace the two resistors and switches with a potentiometer that would allow me to drive the servo to any position. Is this right?

Thanks for a cool project.
gfetters (author)  wiredcav6 months ago
You are correct. A potentiometer is an excellent idea as a replacement for the 2 push buttons. I am thinking of adding a WiFly to this so I can control the Servo via the internet.
THAT WOULD BE AWSOME IF YOU COULD ADD WIFI CONTROL
tcarney576 months ago
Very nice. Are the resistor values chosen such that the servo turns faster forward than in reverse?
gfetters (author)  tcarney576 months ago
No it should be the same in either direction.
Poppy Ann6 months ago
I was trying to do this circuit a couple of years ago as i wanted to use a brush-less model motor and propeller as a fan on my boat but when i found out i can buy a servo tester for $4.50 i just used them instead as the cost of 12 volt fans was around $15 for a cheep car one or $55 for a boat one and they only last around a year as the brushes always wear out but the model motors last forever and use less power to move more air plus i can control how fast they run which is great so they do not make as much noise as i leave some of them running all night.
gfetters (author)  Poppy Ann6 months ago
Excellent Idea.
EDLITE6 months ago
You have gone to quite a bit of trouble when you can buy a nice Turnigy servo tester at Hobby King for 6 bucks! http://www.hobbyking.com/hobbyking/store/__8296__Turnigy_Servo_Tester.html
gfetters (author)  EDLITE6 months ago
Its nice to build once in a while instead of buy. I could have easily done this with an arduino too.
ginodisimone7 months ago
a great adaptable circuit for solar tracking (improved solar panel efficiency) or astronomical tracking. thanks.
askjerry7 months ago
Our robot group was looking for something simple/kool to do... I think this would be a good project for some of the new folks. thanks! great job!
Pro

Get More Out of Instructables

Already have an Account?

close

PDF Downloads
As a Pro member, you will gain access to download any Instructable in the PDF format. You also have the ability to customize your PDF download.

Upgrade to Pro today!