Introduction: Drone the Quadcopter

Picture of Drone the Quadcopter

"Drone The Quadcopter" is an featured UAV. I design my project with F450 arm in X-mode design. The full operation takes place via a Flysky FSCT6 remote control unit which gives a better operating range of 800 Meter to 1.2KM.

If you are a beginner in this field then you are on the right place. The ultimate goal of our project is to learn aerial vehicles which can be flyover a long height and over a long range communication. By learning this technology can be used for search and rescue, fire-fighting, law enforcement, military, and news reporting by being able to deploy aerial correspondence much faster than conventional helicopters.

Step 1: Watch Video

Step 2: Required Components

Picture of Required Components
  • Flysky FSCT6 RC Transmitter and receiver
  • KK2.1 Flight controller board
  • F450 Quadcopter arm kit
  • 4 X 1000KV A2212 BLDC motor
  • 4 X ESC
  • 4 X 1045 Propeller
  • Four legs for quadcopter stand
  • LiPo battery 2200mAh/35C
  • LiPo battery charger
  • Connecting cables
  • Heat shrink tubes etc.

Step 3: Connect Motors to Arm

Picture of Connect Motors to Arm

Start the project by connecting each motors to each arm with screws.

Step 4: Solder the ESC to the Bottom PCB

Picture of Solder the ESC to the Bottom PCB

Solder the ESC(electronic speed controller) to the bottom support PCB. Remember to solder the power supply wires only.

Step 5: Connect Bottom PCB to Arm and Legs

Picture of Connect Bottom PCB to Arm and Legs

Step 6: Install Battery and RC Receiver

Picture of Install Battery and RC Receiver

Step 7: Cover the Top Support

Picture of Cover the Top Support

Step 8: Place the Flight Controller Board

Picture of Place the Flight Controller Board

Place the flight controller board on the top supporting base using hot glue or any adhesive material.

Step 9: Soldering Motor Terminals to ESC

Picture of Soldering Motor Terminals to ESC

There are three terminals of motors. Connect these terminals to the terminals of ESC output. Two motor have a clockwise rotation and the rest two motors have a counter-clockwise rotation. After connection of motors and ESCs, if you want to change the direction of any motor then simply replace two terminals except the middle one.

Step 10: Connecting Cables

Picture of Connecting Cables

Connect cables among all the components as per requirement. Make sure for proper connection. Do not connect battery without ensuring for proper connection otherwise you'ill face a damage.

Step 11: Matching Block Diagram

Picture of Matching Block Diagram

Just take a look on the block diagram. The block diagram provides a connection methodology.

Step 12: Powering the Quadcopter

Picture of Powering the Quadcopter

Finally connect the full charged battery power terminals to the bottom PCB power terminals. You can see the home screen on the flight controller board display as shown in the picture above. You can not operate the motor using transmitter untill you follow the arming process. This is designed for safety purpose. By pressing the "MENU" button on the flight controller you can see a number of settings.

There is a battery connecting point on the flight controller for measuring the battery voltage. This point is connected directly to the battery power supply.

Step 13: Selecting the Quadcopter Layout

Picture of Selecting the Quadcopter Layout

There are different kind of drone layouts but in my case it is an X-copter so I chose the quadcopter X-mode.

Step 14: Show Motor Layout

Picture of Show Motor Layout

After selecting the quadcopter layout, check the motor layout to see that the motor's direction of rotation are correctly installed otherwise take a proper repair of connection.

Step 15: Accelerometer Calibration

Picture of Accelerometer Calibration

For the first time of operation of your quadcopter, you need to calibrate the accelerometer only one time. It is very simple and essential setting. Just place the quadcopter on a plane surface and press the required buttons.

Step 16: Checking Accelerometer and Gyroscope

Picture of Checking Accelerometer and Gyroscope

Move the quadcopter in different position. You can see the changing values of accelerometer and gyroscope reading.

Step 17: Receiver Test

Picture of Receiver Test

Here we need to set the transmitter for putting these values to zero or nearer to zero position. Auxiliary channel shows maximum value as we use one channel for self level. Take a look on the transmitter manual, We have configured the transmitter at MODE-2(rudder throttle at left joystick).

Step 18: Mode Setting

Picture of Mode Setting

This is also an important setting which shows that the self leveling takes place whenever the auxiliary channel is at ON/Maximum position.

Step 19: Self Level Setting

Picture of Self Level Setting

If gain is high that means an small change in joystick control can make a higher change in drone operation. So in order to safe utilize the self level function you have to calibrate these setting till you get a proper balance during flying.

Step 20: PI Editor

Picture of PI Editor

Here I am using the default settings after factory reset.

Step 21: Stick Scaling

Picture of Stick Scaling

Here I am using the default settings after factory reset.

Step 22: Miscellaneous Settings

Picture of Miscellaneous Settings

Step 23: Mixer Editor

Picture of Mixer Editor

Here I am using the default settings after factory reset.

Step 24: Extra Settings

Picture of Extra Settings

We 'ill not discuss about these settings as we did not use this in this quadcopter. If you make any wrong setting or confused to repair then just use the "factory reset" to put all the values to default. In my case, almost the settings are on default values.

Step 25: Install the Propellers

Picture of Install the Propellers

This is the last finishing step. Here we follow the arming procedure for motor rotation. For transmitter(in mode-2), move the joystick left side control(Rudder) to one side for a few seconds. If arming is successful then you can see "ARMED" on the flight controller display. For disarming, move the transmitter joystick left side control(Rudder) to another side for a few seconds.

If you have tested & configured all things then finally install the propellers. That's it and the quadcopter is ready to fly over the sky.

Best of luck.


Surajit Majumdar (author)2017-01-03

It looks great :) nice Job

Krstofur13 (author)2016-12-20

Good job, I've been scratch building RC planes for a few years now. I've never built or even flown a Quad....I think I will make it my next project.

kavish laxkar (author)2016-08-29

Thats gr8..:)

What is the Estimated cost for this stuff?

buy things from hobbyking and banggood.Your budget will reduce to $120!!!

sameerg (author)kavish laxkar2016-08-29

Approximately 225$

TechMartian (author)2016-08-21

Step 11 should be the last thing you do before flying. Putting propellers on that early and accidentally powering it on is EXTREMELY DANGEROUS!

sameerg (author)TechMartian2016-08-21

Thanks. Now the propeller installation step is at the last.

About This Instructable




Bio: My name is Sameer Gupta. I am a working engineer. Playing with robots, electronics, embedded system etc. is my hobby and passion. I have always ... More »
More by sameerg:Bluetooth Boombox with USB, TF Card, FM Radio Player (under 8$)Wireless ChargerHeartbeat LED Balloon
Add instructable to: