Instructables

Dual Solar PSP Charger

I first got the idea when making the Solar PSP charger from Yo Chuck's Instructable.(http://www.instructables.com/id/Solar_Rechargeable_Battery_Powered_PSP_Charger/ ).My Battery pack or solar cell did not fit in the altoids can very well so I decided I would make my own off of the idea. Yo chucks is more portable as it will easily fit in your pocket, but this will provide more charge time and being able to charge your batteries and the PSP at the same time.
 
Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up

Step 1: Getting Your Materials

First, obviously, you will need all your materials. It is much easier to make your charger, as well as possibly improving on the idea yourself, if you have everything you need laid out in front of you.
You can get most if not all of what you need at Radioshack or comparable electronics stores.

You will need:
(1x) Medium sized project box (Catalog #:270-1806)
(2x) Battery Packs(without on/off switch) (Catalog #: 270-391)
(2x) DPDT mini-switch (Catalog #: 275-626) Make sure this is an ON-Off-ON
(1x) Solar Cell(6v 50 mAH)(Catalog #: 277-1205) This part is more expensive, if you have smaller ones, put them together to get about the same, the higher the amps the faster the batteries will charge but do not go too high obviously.
(1x) LED. This part you can get by itself, in a multi-pack, or with a built in resistor. I used one with a built in resistor to simplify the wiring. If you do, do not put the resistor showed in the diagram into the wiring) (Catalog #: 276-270)
(1x) 150 Ohm Resistor. You ONLY NEED THIS if you do not get an LED with a built in resistor.
(1x) Rectifying Diode(the smallest they have will do fine)
(1x) PSP Charger. If you have an extra use it, if not you can pick one up pretty cheap.
(8x) Rechargable AA batteries.

You will also need the following tools:
Wire... A few feet will be fine, this is just to make your connections with the existing wires.
Solder
Soldering Iron
HeatShrink(not needed but I used for good measure)
Hot Glue Gun w/ Hot glue.
Drill with bits(1/4 inch bit)
What do you think of this idea?

Im planning on attaching 4 or more panels on to a backpack and having this case on the inside with different attachments for psp, and usb. also i was planning on having 4 sets of 4 rechargeable battery's, ( 2 for usb, and 2 for psp) so just like here one set could charge while im using the other set.

so what do you guys think?
what is the voltage of the leds?
jcalton88 (author)  recordmasta0015 years ago
Honestly I cannot remember the voltage on them. I used a pre-assembled LED from RadioShack. It came with the holder, resistor, and LED already together. You can get just about any LED and as long as you use the 150ohm resistor, it should work fine.
most LEDs are 2.1-2.5v, and a 51-151ohm resistor should be fine
jpenn andy707074 years ago
Actually most LEDs are 3.3-3.5 volts, but that resistance would work fine anyway.
what is the cost?
about 10 to 15 bucks
Why do you need the second switch?

jcalton88 (author)  69ballsmahoney4 years ago
I made this a little different from others. One switch is to control which battery pack is charging the PSP, the other switch is to control which battery pack is being charged by the solar cell.
smurfelien4 years ago
Can I use 1 0,45 v 3A solar cell and 2 3,3v 27mA solar cells to make good voltage and high amps? So to batterys charge faster?
Rali9294 years ago
You should look around the net, because the radioshack solar cells are extremely low on amperage. A good solution to this would probably to wire the radioshack solar cell to a higher amperage solar cell. Depending on the amount of amperage the other cell has you could wire it either in parallel or series. * I know those PSP batteries can take a good amount of milliamps so you most likely want would wire them in parallel.
im doing something like this myself, and I managed to find a 5V 130MaH solar cell for $12 here: http://www.dealextreme.com/details.dx/sku.17441
ok that is actually just what you need, but now you need another cell to increase the amperage of the total system. This way you dont need to take forever to charge.
=D Rali9294 years ago
How long would an 800ma solar panel take to charge 4 AA rechargeable batteries? And do the volts (which are 0.5V) affect the rate of the charging time?
Rali929 =D4 years ago
Overall you would need a better system because .5 volts at 800 mah is going to take you FOREVER.... to charge. For charging a PSP you would need some high voltage and high amperage and that is going to take a good system... it probably wouldn't be worth building a PSP dedicated system because that would be a waste of time... and money... What i suggest ( if you want something to really charge a PSP) is a good rechargeable R/C battery as your energy storage device for a solar paneland a have a solar panel kit producing at least 800 mah at 6 volts.
=D Rali9294 years ago
Alright thanks! I found a 6.7V 30mA solar cell, but it says that it can go 8V open circuit, 44mA short circuit in direct sunlight. What does the open-short circuit mean? And would i need a regulator or something for the solar cell (so the batteries don't get too many volts)?
Rali929 =D4 years ago
OK, a short circuit is a circuit that has found an easier path for electricity to flow through. For example, say you put something on both the + and the - leads like a wire the electricity will only go through the wire and not the rest of the circuit. An open circuit is when one a + or - lead gets cut in order to put a switch in between the cut lead. You do not need need another high voltage solar cell, what you need is a low voltage high amperage solar cell. For example, say you wire a Radioshack 6v 50mah solar cell to a .5 v 1000mah cell (or something within that range). That would be good for universal charger (even for a PSP) if you simply slip in a female usb at the end of the circuit instead of the PSP adapter. Also, I recommend that you wire the solar cells to the battery with a charge controller wired on to the battery that way you get a steady supply of electricity without damaging the internal battery of what you are charging. Make sure that your battery has more voltage and amperage than your solar cells are putting out so that you do not fry the battery. Then from there you can wire a 5v voltage regulator onto the circuit. Look around the net and see what you can find. Remember to be patient with your project because when charging time comes around the corner you will mess up your electronics. I know this is kinda long but remember you will get the best results this way. Thx
=D Rali9294 years ago
Alright thanks again! I think i'll stick with a 2V 200mA solar cell (because the amps are higher, which will decrease the charge time, but correct me if I'm wrong.). Both cost the same, so what I need is just faster charge time for the batteries. SO should I get the 6V one or 2V one?
Rali929 =D4 years ago
Can you tell me the output of your batteries.
Rali929 =D4 years ago
ignore my comment about the battery because i realized you had a battery. But still keep the charge controller part about it into play. Thx
Rali9294 years ago
Do the batteries have a charge controller on them?
cm00024 years ago
can i get this past airport security so that i can use it on the plane?
jcalton88 (author)  cm00024 years ago
I cannot answer that with any certainty. I personally believe you could, as it doesn't pose a threat. BUT, I don't fly often at all, and do not know the rules of flying anymore, they might let it(should), and might not. I guess you could always call the airport and describe it to them. The only negative factor for this is lets face it, switch, wires, battery packs...red LED, it does kind of look like a bomb doesn't it?
could you build one of these without the batterys and just use a 5v regulator insted?
There probably won't be enough power coming from the Solar Panel. You need a couple hundred mA at least to have it run for a while and well. A couple thousand is best.
jcalton88 (author)  Yerboogieman4 years ago
I thought I had answered this, but suppose I exited out before it sent. Sorry then recordmasta. Koolaid is right, and the solar cell(and any that you can really get your hands on for a cheap price) run at very low mAh. This one in particular runs at 50 mAh. I suppose it would charge your battery, but it would indeed take a very long time to do so. You couldn't use it to play and charge at the same time.
Nice guide i just discussed similar question on a different instructable and came up with similar way to charge his cell phone with the same radioshack solar cell. Just wondering if your batteries ever ran out a juice while charging your psp since it would charge the batteries really slow to and eventually catch up. Obviously using a wall outlet to let it catch up and the fact that its more for something like camping or some similar situation and isnt a permanent mean of charging it. Also what do you mean by the last couple paragraphs of the instructable, do you switch charging battery packs and which pack charges the psp?
jcalton88 (author)  hobbles4 years ago
That is why I have two battery packs. You do not want to charge the batteries and charge the PSP with the same batteries at the same time. It would make the power go from 6 to 12V (6 coming from the cell, 6 from the batteries). That leads to your second question. The switches are to select which battery pack the solar cell charges, and which battery pack charges the PSP. So is switch one is in the up position, the solar cell charges pack 1. If in the down position it charges pack 2. If the second switch is in the up position, pack 1 charges the PSP, if in the down position, pack 2 charges the PSP. I did that so you could isolate which pack the cell is charging, and which pack is charging the PSP. And yes, it is more for something like camping...or if your plane crashes on a deserted island and you brought your psp and solar charger. Solar cells simply do not produce enough juice yet to charge anything as quickly as plugging it in does, but its fun to have, because on that camping trip(real camping, not going to a "techno-site") when everyone else's battery dies, you are still going. Hope I answered your question,
Yep thanks, again nice instructable and i might make one for my brother sometime.
jcalton88 (author) 5 years ago
I suppose you could. The problem I had with that is that most consumer available Solar Panels can have good voltage(6v in my case with this) but the amps are fairly low so it doesn't charge very fast. I have not tested it but I would guess it would take a few days to charge a PSP with just the solar cell. The batteries act as a kind of buffer, they are taking in the power from the solar cell at a lower amperage but sending it to the PSP at a higher rate.
jumbuck5 years ago
Very good :-) . Isn't it amazing how batteries (like socks) seem to have a bad habit of becoming odd numbers.....
jcalton88 (author)  jumbuck5 years ago
It is, only...I never put my batteries in the washer or dryer so I wonder how they disappear... I have bought probably 30 rechargable batteries over the past year and I am confident if I go and look for them I will find maybe 20. But with a 2 year old...there is no telling what toys have them in em.
Get one of those super-duper neodymium magnets and go around your house,trust me you will pick up everything that is magnetic,Including batteries Or You could go with a metal detector...
jcalton88 (author)  ReCreate5 years ago
That'll work for the batteries, but what about my socks?!
Oh...umm Train your cat to hunt down socks...my cat does it by instinct And don't worry,They meow Really loud when they hunt something down
jcalton88 (author)  ReCreate5 years ago
I guess I'll have to buy the socks, I don't have a cat and IMO socks do a great deal more, I'm willing to pay for them
Too bad then... Do you have a dog? Or any other pet?
jcalton88 (author)  ReCreate5 years ago
My fiancee suckered me into getting her a few gerbils a while back...but they just make socks disappear even quicker, and they get both of them instead of one!
...find where they hide the socks by catching them in action!
YoChuck5 years ago
Great Instructable! Still looks like it's very portable, so fantastic for a nice long trip with the PSP! Fav'd and 5-starred!
Pro

Get More Out of Instructables

Already have an Account?

close

PDF Downloads
As a Pro member, you will gain access to download any Instructable in the PDF format. You also have the ability to customize your PDF download.

Upgrade to Pro today!