Introduction: Dust Collector Bucket Mod

Picture of Dust Collector Bucket Mod

This is a project completed at the Georgia Tech Invention Studio (IS) through funding from the Maker Grant. I'm an Aerospace Engineering student that works in the IS.

The IS wood room shop vacuums receive constant use and as a result the filters become clogged very quickly. I had seen a modification for a shop vac in Pennsylvania that was made from an oil barrel and PVC pipe that swirled the air to remove a lot of the larger wood dust particles before passing through the shop vac filter. The oil barrel was too large to be mobile enough for the wood shop and I wanted to improve the magnitude of swirl within the separation system. A 5 gallon bucket with a lid was the right size since it could be moved, emptied, and disassembled with ease.

The following instructions use the IS facilities. A CAM-WOOD WR-408 CNC Router is used to cut out the MDF pieces. These pieces can also be cut using a hand router with a circle jig and a table saw.

Step 1: Supplies List

Picture of Supplies List

All parts were purchased at Lowes. The total cost for supplies was around $100. The MDF was about a third of the cost.

  • 3/4in Thick MDF
  • 1.5in PVC Pipe
  • 2x 5 Gallon Bucket
  • 2x Removable Lids
  • 2x 1.5in 90deg PVC Elbow
  • 6x 1.5in PVC Coupling
  • 9x 3/8-16 1.5in Hex Bolt
  • 16x 3/8x1.5in Washers
  • 8x 3/8in Hex Nut
  • 1in Wood Screws
  • 1-5/8in Wood Screws
  • Loctite PL Premium
  • 2in Shop Vac Couplings
  • Worm Gear Clamps

I also used:

  • PVC Primer
  • PVC Cement
  • Caulk Gun
  • Miter Saw
  • Power Drill
  • CNC Router

Step 2: 3D Modeling of Inertial Separator

Picture of 3D Modeling of Inertial Separator

I used SolidWorks to model the MDF parts. With the HSMXpress addon, I created the G-Code that would control the CNC Router. The STL Files are attached, but the G-Code should be created using a post processor for the specific machine.

The top is a 9.5in circle with 4 thru holes for bolts and two 1.5in holes for the PCV. Easily made using a router with circle jig, hole saw, drill bit, and drill press.

The bottom is an 11in circle with a groove 135deg for the dust to fall through

Supports are 5in by 3in rectangles to hold the assembly together

Step 3: Cutting With CNC Router

Picture of Cutting With CNC Router

I cut the MDF into 18x49in pieces so that it was easier to carry. The MDF was screwed into the CNC Router table and Mach3 was used to cut out the Separator parts. The supports can be cut out using a table saw and the top and bottom can be cut using a router with a circle jig.

Step 4: Lid Assembly

Picture of Lid Assembly

The top is glued to the lid with PL Premium and then bolted together to better distribute the weight. The supports are screwed and glued onto the top. Finally, the bottom is screwed and glued to the supports to create the swirl chamber.

Step 5: PVC Assembly

Picture of PVC Assembly

The PVC is cut to span the distance between the couplings and 90 Elbow. PVC is secured together with PVC cement and then securely attached to the bucket lid with PL Premium.

Step 6: Finished Project

Picture of Finished Project

Use shop vac couplings that can be purchased at any hardware store to attach a shop vac hose to the bucket. The shop vac is attached to the center and the inlet hose it attached to the outer PVC coupling.

The separator works great. To test it, I emptied out the dust from the shop vac and then vacuumed it up again using the bucket separator. All of the dust was in the bucket. Proof of concept.

Comments

RomanP7 (author)2016-01-20

Do you have dxf files of the parts? What is the height of sides?

Would it matter much if I use 1" PVC pipes?

Thanks!

JohnF15 (author)RomanP72016-01-21

I do not have the dxf files, but all of the dimensions are provided in the instructions. The height of the sides are the same as the thickness of the mdf so 3/4in. You can use 1in pvc pipes, just make the hole diameter large enough to fit the pipe

WanmongkolR (author)2015-07-26

nicroche (author)2015-02-22

Why 2 buckets? I only see one in the assembly. I will probably hand cut, and will source 20 litre bucket in Australia. It is ribbed differently, so the diameter may be different as well.

What is the distance from top outer edge to bucket inner edge?

What is the distance from bottom larger diameter to bucket inner edge?

What is the distance from bottom smaller diameter to bucket inner edge (or offset from larger to smaller diameter?

Thanks.

JohnF15 (author)nicroche2015-02-22

I was building 2 of the assemblies and that's why there are 2 buckets. I purposely didn't add dimensional drawings so that this concept could be adapted for different buckets.

The top piece diameter is 9.75in and the bottom piece outer diameter is 11in. Bottom piece inner diameter is 9.5in. I measured these diameters to give a good fit to the inside of the bucket.

The top piece diameter doesn't really matter just at long as you can secure it to the bucket lid. The bottom piece outer diameter should be the same as the inner diameter of the bucket at the placement height and the offset is there to allow the dust captured in the vortex to fall. The inner diameter offset doesn't matter all that much because of how pressure boundary conditions function. Air will not flow from the vortex chamber into the bottom of the bucket.

nicroche (author)JohnF152015-02-22

many thanks

seamster (author)2015-01-29

Very interesting project, thank you for sharing this!

Will this be used in the same shop that houses the CNC router?

JohnF15 (author)seamster2015-01-29

It is in the same shop as the CNC router, but not connected to the router. The router is connected to a Grizzly cyclone dust collector.

seamster (author)JohnF152015-01-29

Ah, that makes sense now! I was a bit confused if this was the main collector that for that larger router.