Instructables

Laser engraving machine (Producing Laser Engraving Machine by Using Wasted CD-Drive or Printer)

Picture of Laser engraving machine (Producing Laser Engraving Machine by Using Wasted CD-Drive or Printer)
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你还在担心什么最适合于你的朋友的礼物呢?你想选择一些创意来表达你真挚的祝福?随着经济的发展,人们现在有礼物更复杂的要求。礼物不仅能表达最良好的祝愿,但也充满了巧妙的想法进入人们的视线。

很多朋友想打印自己喜欢的照片和卡通人物的一些小饰品。人们谁是热衷于DIY也想用自制的电路板,以使自己的电子产品。由于这些需求,使得激光雕刻机的念头进入我的脑海。本机是由材料浪费,这不仅节省了金钱,而且还提出“资源回收再利用”的理念付诸实践取得了几乎完全。然而,第一代的我的激光雕刻机只能满足打印个性化图片,但不蚀刻所述印刷电路板的需要。因此,我扩大了机框的大小来创建第二代,并提出了印刷电路板蚀刻的一种创新方法,拓宽了机器的用途。

本机是从废弃的CD-驱动器和打印机做-无论是取自浪费家电或者买了二手市场的几万元。我将展示在结束我的版画作品。

你是否像我一样对送什么礼物给好友而感到烦恼?你是否像我一样希望挑选富有创意的礼物表达心意?随着经济水平的提高,人们对于礼物有了更多的要求,既要表达心意又要富有创意的礼物渐渐进入人们的视线。
许多身边的朋友也希望能够把自己喜欢的图形,动漫人物打印在一些小挂饰上,而DIY爱好者则更希望能够在家里自制pcb来制作一些属于自己的电子作品。基于这些需求,我萌生了制作激光雕刻机的想法。全套机器几乎都采用废弃材料,这一方面节约经费,另一方面践行了资源循环利用的理念。但是,第一代激光雕刻机只能满足打印个性图案的需求,却无法满足腐蚀电路板的需求,所以我在第二代产品中对机架进行扩大,并且创新性的提出了腐蚀电路板的方法,使机器的用途更加的广泛。这个是我利用废旧光驱和废弃的打印机做的,都是从家里报废的东西上拆的或者是几块钱从二手市场买到的,最后我将附上我的打印作品

 
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Step 1: Demo Video 演示视频

这是在雕刻过程的演示。

http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XNzEzMDg4OTcy.html

这是雕刻过程的一个演示,

IMG_5321.mp4(516x290) 19 KB

Step 2: (first generation) Using the CD drives – dissemble the wasted drive and take down the laser and stepping motor

Picture of (first generation) Using the CD drives – dissemble the wasted drive and take down the laser and stepping motor
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第一步骤是要拆卸的浪费光盘驱动器,以步进电机和激光头从它们。最后图为拆解后的激光头。

Step 3: (first generation) Assemble the circuits and the drive frames

Picture of (first generation) Assemble the circuits and the drive frames
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This is my first-generation product, using the wasted CD drives and Arduino.

Let’s start assembling! This is the specific making process: solder the circuit board by Arduino Nano and a4988 stepper driver; use the waste wood slats and the disassembled drives’ stepping motors. Wood is not only easy for making changes, even with a saw or utility knife, but also environment-friendly. Always remember to keep the stepping motors on the x and y axes perpendicular to avoid printing crooked or skewed pictures.

Step 4: (first generation) The design and improvement of machine frame

Picture of (first generation) The design and improvement of machine frame
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Here is the process of designing and optimizing the machine frame, though many of my attempts failed. But these trials were to let more people make simple and interesting laser engraving machines using their discarded CD drives more conveniently and economically. I will attach a design sheet in the next section.

Step 5: (first generation) The design sheet of machine frame

Picture of (first generation) The design sheet of machine frame
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Below is my design sheet of the optimized machine frame. There are 3 different designs.

Step 6: (second generation) Dissemble printers – take the cam block and the motor

Picture of (second generation) Dissemble printers – take the cam block and the motor
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The inkjet printers we usually use are very cheap – only about 300-500 RMB. But replacing a print head costs a few hundred. Therefore, there are many unusable inkjet printers around us because of the print head clogging. So I took the cam block from the discarded inkjet printer (picture 2), belt (picture 3) and the motor (picture 4 and 5) to make the second-generation machine.

Step 7: (second generation) My second-generation product – using a discarded printer

Picture of  (second generation) My second-generation product – using a discarded printer
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Because I was the only one making this machine, I did not keep that many pictures of the making process when I made the second-generation one. This one was made from a wasted printer and discarded acrylics with the same controlled circuits from the first generation, but it has a bigger machine frame and motor, which enables it to print bigger things.

Step 8: Engraving software

In order to enable more people to make their own engraving machines, I created specially-made engraving software. No virus! You can download it freely. But the anti-virus software might report the virus probably because it was written on one's own (QQ328993914 Publisher)