Instructables

Arduino Tutorial Bundle .:Arduino Experimentation Kit:. (ARDX)

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Interested in making neat projects with an Arduino but not sure where to start?

Here's an easy to follow guide on how to connect & use a bevy of electronic components.

(shameless plug)
Interested in doing it all?
Complete kits with components to make every circuit, a printed guide and breadboard layout sheets can be purchased from.
oomlout.co.uk (in the UK)
or
adafruit.com (USA & International Shipping)
or
Floris.cc (in Holland)

Lets get started!
(A PDF Version of this guide can be downloaded below)

Jump to a specific copmonent
'''CIRC-01''' - Getting Started - (Blinking LED)
'''CIRC-02''' - Multiple LEDs - (8 LED Fun)
'''CIRC-03''' - Spin Motor Spin - (Transistor & Motor)
'''CIRC-04''' - A Single Servo - (Servos)
'''CIRC-05''' - 8 More LEDs - (74HC595 Shift Register)
'''CIRC-06''' - Music - (Piezo Element)
'''CIRC-07''' - Button Pressing - (Push Buttons)
'''CIRC-08''' - Twisting - (Potentiometers)
'''CIRC-09''' - Light - (Photo Resistors)
'''CIRC-10''' - Temperature - (TMP36 Precision Temperature Sensor)
'''CIRC-11''' - Larger Loads - (Relays)

(at oomlout we like to make everything we do open source, we have yet to properly document the files that have gone into this product however the development files can be looked through at http://www.oomlout.com/ARDX/ or if you can't find a file send us a message and we'll send it your way)
 
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Step 1: .: Installing the Software :.

Before we go any further you'll need to download and install the Arduino IDE (Integrated Development Environment), this is the program we use to write programs for the Arduino.

Step- 1 - Download the IDE
FOR WINDOWS'

Step-2- Unzip the software
  • Unzip the program. (we recommend placing it in c:\Program Files\)

Step-3 - Shortcut Icon
  • Goto C:\Program Files\Arduino-00**
  • Right click on Arduino.exe the goto "Send To > Desktop"

Step-4 - Plug In Your Arduino
  • Plug your Arduino board into a free USB port using an A-B USB cable
  • Wait for a box to pop up

Step-5 Add New Hardware
  • In the add new hardware dialog box click "skip searching the internet"
  • Choose "install from a specific location"
  • Choose the location "C:\Program Files\Arduino-00**\drivers\FTDI_USB_Drivers\
  • FINISHED

FOR MAC OSX'

Step 2 - Unzip the Software
  • Do this by double clicking
  • Move the folder to "//Applications/"

Step 3 - Alias Icon
  • Open //Applications/arduino-00**/
  • Command click Arduino
  • Make alias
  • Drag the alias to the Desktop

Step 4 - Installing Drivers
  • Goto //Applications/arduino00**/drivers
  • Double click and install FTDIUSBSerialDriver_V2_2_9_Intel.dmg

Step 5: Plug in your Arduino
  • Plug your Arduino in

Using linux, encountering problems, would like more details? visit http://tinyurl.com/r99d8u
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Evyllity2 months ago

I don't understand why for(int i = 0; i < 8 ; i++) even works. if i is set to 0, then i is less than 8, right? for(int i = 0; i =7 ; i++) does nothing, and for(int i = 0; i == 7 ; i++) works correctly except the LEDs are lit at ~10%. What's happening here?

ProjectCoach11 months ago
I don't understand the purpose of the wire running to 5v. It connects the positive rail on the breadboard to 5v but I don't see anything on the breadboard connected to the positive rail. Here's my new-to-Arduino question: obviously all of the LEDs ground through the resistors=>negative rail=> GRND on Arduino. Do they get all the power they need (+) from the pins 2~9 being controlled by the code? Right now I'm running it completely without the wire to 5V and it runs but LEDs are dim.

You are correct, you technically do not need the 5v wire from the ardunio to the positive side of the breadboard, the positive voltage comes from the pins (2-9) all the code actually does is turns the voltage on or off through the pins, thus the circuit completes through the negative rail on the breadboard, and lights the LED.

hohum4 months ago

THANK YOU TO INSTRUCTIONALS AND oomlout!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

To Instructionals for having this site and to oomlout for posting the instruction as to how this circuit works. I got to this circuit, hooked it up, nothing---changed out all the parts from Arduino kit, still nothing, took out all the parts, rewired it, still nothing, found a dead laptop, took out the cooling fan, reading voltage(5v) and working amps, (.35a), put in a LED where the motor should be, the LED blinked on/off per 1 sec, the circuit works with a LED but not motor,,,soldered pins TO the laptop fan, installed fan.. nothing,, then i checked the amps across the base to collector, it read like .00004ma, i think, it was pretty low amp reading, it works with a LED but not motor,mmmmm, went to an electronics store about asked a transistor with a higher gain, nice lady there found a TO-18 case that had a gain of 200, came back plugged that part in,,noting CBE and the tab.

moment of Poooof, making sure I had the CBE correct, plugged in the laptop fan, plugged in power, ANNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNND,,, the freaking thing works, cycles on 1 sec, off 1 sec.

wowoow on to the next project

so to all of you instructable people out there,

********* DON'T GIVE UP!! KEEP TRYING, YOU'LL GET IT.. ********

rasmino9 months ago

can i copy and paste the code or no

Shijilal1 year ago
I am new to the electronics things,so please forgive me,if my question seems to be a foolish one.My doubt is..
Why the transistor is connected after the motor and why not before??? If i am right current flows from +ve to -ve and in that case the transistor is placed after the current passes through the motor.Why so??In that case how is the transistor helpful in this circuit for amplifying current?? Can you please help me out of this confusion.
Thanks
ROBBIE7771 year ago
Friend
I am about to begin experimenting with Arduino and this kit of experimentation which we teach and explain how to use seems to me to be excellent. I bought a platform type arduino with all the accessories of the Upgrade Industries brand called XBoard which is ideal for experimenting, ideal to attach it to the kit samples. Be the Xboard is 100% compatible with the kit that you recommend? Thank you
atlas21 year ago
I am stuck on the 'controlling a motor' part. I am not sure how I by-pass the 560 Ohm resister. I have removed the red LED but how do I connect the motor?
daveard1 year ago
I am just getting started with Arduino and am having a problem with Circ03. The motor will run, but does not go on and off, and the variable speed just runs at the same speed.
bar83932 years ago
Why do we connect a wire directly to 5v when pin 13 is already getting 5v. I inadvertently pulled off the 5v wire and the circuit still worked.

I assume this is just some kind of best practice that is useful 90% of the time but just not in this case?

thanks

ps. i asked this in another comment, but I'll re-ask here: what purpose do the 2Pin Headers serve?
bar83932 years ago
N00b here. I've built the Circ01 and Circ02 projects and now as i hit Circ03 the question still remains:

Exactly what are the 2-pin Headers for?

thanks
doverland2 years ago
I just got the kit, and I couldn't get this to work until I changed out the 10K resistor with the other 330 resistor.
Troubleshooting was educational, though!
Same here.. I spent over an hour troubleshooting this same project and while I swapped out the resistor for another 10k, I would've never changed to the 330. I was about to pull my hair out and found your comment.. much appreciated.. that leaves some question in my mind as to why this is the case and how someone learning these circuits is supposed to figure something like that out. I love the Arduino but this sparkfun kit has a number of flaws..
Slugsie2 years ago
The second resistors (560ohm) are listed as also being Red-Red-Red just like 2.2KOhm ones, Probably should read Green-Blue-Brown
-pink2 years ago
This seems like a great kit, but I still cant understand how to make the motor run both ways.. Did anybody manage and is it at all possible?
I am also planning to combine several to contol 5 motors. Did anybody try that yet?

I will be very greatful for your help!

Pink
how can you make the motor run in forward and reverse? is there a series of code that I can type in, or is it all in how I plug it up? thanks, Andrew
Interesting. I just bought an Osepp board whih is allegedly compatible with the sparkfun arduino.
tuttlesmow3 years ago
NEVERMIND- i was using my datasheet for a 2n2222, not the one provided with the link (p2n2222). now i guess i know what that tiny "p" means.
tuttlesmow3 years ago
what i thought i knew is now suspect. on the datasheet for the p2n2222ag (and what i thought i already knew) when the flat side of the npn transistor facing me, with a to-92 package,with the pins down, the order from left to right is, emitter, base, and collector on the right. why is this not true on the layout sheet. ?
enxion3 years ago
I tried this out and got it to work. Thanks for the tutorial I learned a thing or two.

I am however, wondering why the same circuit doesn't work when I replace the 5v and ground from the arduino with a power and ground from a 6v battery pack. Shouldn't it? The motor and transistor are rated for such loads. The only thing I've changed is the power source. I'm trying to make the jump from learning about motor controllers to actually constructing a useful one with it's power independent of the arduinos power.

I'd appreciate any help any one could point out.
i had a similar problem, where i was powering the arduino and motors from separate power sources.

It turned out they both had to share the same ground, i just plugged the negative terminal from my battery pack in to the ground rail on my breadboard and then connected a ground pin from my arduino to the same breadboard rail, then everything worked
Thanks for the reply. I've moved on since I posted that but I'll no doubt be reviewing it some day. You might want to post that message in the comments so others can see it and learn.
robot13983 years ago
do i have to press the reset button before uploading new files to arduino uno
or i have to erase the older programmes or i just have to upload the new programme
mwagner53 years ago
Hello,

I was reading the datasheet of the 74HC595 and I came across with some values...

It is written that the max Icc/Ignd is 70mA, and each output pin supports 35mA.
If I want, for example, lit 8 leds at the same time, each at 20mA, the total would be 160mA.

So, wouldnt it damage the 74HC595?


Thanks a lot
JDalman3 years ago
ON the in and out code I found an easier way. I reloaded the array so the order is the same order the LEDs are to be lit, then I used loops to kight them from the middle out and unlight them from the outside in. I then changed it around a little to sequence out and then in.

Here's the array:
int ledPins[] = {5, 6, 4, 7, 3, 8, 2, 9};

Here's the loop:
//LEDs light inside to outside
for(int i = 0; i <= 7; i++){
int j = i + 1;
digitalWrite(ledPins[i], HIGH); //Turns on LED #i each time this runs
digitalWrite(ledPins[j], HIGH); //Turns on LED #j each time this runs
delay(delayTime); //gets one added to it so this will repeat
digitalWrite(ledPins[i], LOW); //Turns off LED #i each time this runs
digitalWrite(ledPins[j], LOW); //Turns off LED #j each time this runs
} //8 times the first time i will = 0 the final
//time i will equal 7;

//LEDs light outside to inside
for(int i = 4; i >= 0; i--){ //same as above but rather than starting at 0 and counting up
int j = i + 1;
//we start at seven and count down
digitalWrite(ledPins[i], HIGH); //Turns on LED #i each time this runs
digitalWrite(ledPins[j], HIGH); //Turns on LED #i each time this runs
delay(delayTime); //gets one added to it so this will repeat
digitalWrite(ledPins[i], LOW);
digitalWrite(ledPins[j], LOW);
it hertz3 years ago
void loop() { int value = analogRead(potPin) / 4; analogWrite(ledPin, value); }

potPin was not decleared in the scope........ everytime i rewrite or copy and paste

DrJoMaVa4 years ago
Hello,
This step mentions linking multiple shift registers together to control a larger number of LEDs with just 4 Arduino pins. How is this accomplished? Thanks for your help.
http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/ShiftOut
biggestnoob4 years ago
Hi there, I am wondering if I can run my dc motor reverse. is there any special code to make it reverse? if there is, please tell me. thank you,
the red wire is normally going in the + rail, pull it out and connect it to the Collector of the transistor and the black wire coming from the motor goes into the + rail
Schwann4 years ago
 Hey, just thought I'd let you know that the example from arduino.cc uses a pull-down configuration while your circuit uses a pull-up configuration, so the LED on/off is reversed (:
dadoftwins5 years ago
Where is the code for this project? Can't find it anywhere.
The code is just below the video and goes all the way to the right and i mean ALL the way
eshneto4 years ago
 Hello there, nice job,thanks! Maybe you could help me here.

I am trying to figure out why is the 2.2k resistor required? I have seen in the transistor datasheet something like "Emitter-Base voltage = 6.0Vdc", doesn't it mean that we could plug the device directly to Arduino?

I am trying to figure out if I may use a 2N60B instead, since I have one of these here. I just don't know why would I need a resistor.

Thanks in advance.

P.S.: The code appears without line breaking (using google-chrome for Linux) for me.
olmstw eshneto4 years ago
The "Emitter-Base voltage = 6.0Vdc" statement may be the confusing thing here; The maximum REVERSE voltage that may be applied to the Base-Emitter junction is ~6V But the normal FORWARD drob across the base-emitter junction is approximately 0.7V...  The current into the base MUST be limited to prevent the transistor form being distroyed be excessive base current.

Since the 0.7V forward base voltage is significantly less than the 5V output of the Arduino port pin, then the current flowing into the base of the transistor would likely exceed the rated maximum of both the Arduino pin AND the rated maximum input current od the base of the transistor.

The function of the resistor is to prevent damage (caused by excessive current) to either the transistor or the Adrion. 
eshneto olmstw4 years ago
 Thank you for your attention ;)

I found the mentioned info in the dataheet. Still I did not understand some details, however. How do I get to the 2.2k value? Am I supposed to assume a 2mA current at the base so that r=v/i=4.3/0.002=2150? How do I get that info in the sheet?

I am right now using a photocoupler to do the job of swtching the motor, I will make an instructable soon, but I still am not sure about the resistor values.

olmstw eshneto4 years ago
If you are using a bipolar transistor (2n2222, 2n3904 etc), read the data sheet...

1. determine the current that the transistor must switch and divide it by the Hfe (current gain of the transistor at the desired load current per the data sheet)

2. multiply the result by 2 (safety margin)....  this is the ideal base current for your application

3. subtract 0.7V (the base-emitter drop) from the drive voltage from the Arduino pin (use the data sheet and the Minimum guaranteed Vh out.

4. divide this number by the base current you determined in 2 above.

5. this is the base resister value you need to use.

works every time ^_*

eshneto olmstw4 years ago
 Thanks, that's what I wanted to know: how to determine the base current. Now I know it is obtained by dividing the switched current by the transistor's Hfe.

Again thanks a lot!
olmstw eshneto4 years ago
You ask very intelligent questions... (NO sarcasm intended)

The 2N60B, however would not be a good choice here, as it is a MOSFET not a JUNCTION transistor.  The gate voltage required for full turn-on is 10V, TWICE the output voltage of the Arduino.   Also, the Rds(on) of the 2N60B with 10V applied to the gate can be as high as 5 ohms. This means that the transistor behaves as if there were a 5 ohm resistor in series with the output.  If the Motor draws any kind of current at all, the votage dropped across the transistor (Drain to Source) would cause the motor to run slow (or not at all).

You can see the data sheet here: http://pdf1.alldatasheet.com/datasheet-pdf/view/54779/FAIRCHILD/2N60B.html

A better choice, in this case, if you cannot find a 2N2222, would be a 2N3904.

Wayne
cefn4 years ago
The code for circuit 02 is at http://tinyurl.com/dkpxbn
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