Easter Egg Anemometer (Wind Speed Meter)

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Introduction: Easter Egg Anemometer (Wind Speed Meter)

About: Dad and hubby, good food enthusiast, solar energy, boating, making stuff, melting stuff, and raising chickens.

Easy homemade anemometer, this goes together quickly if you have the parts laying around. This is basically a mini wind generator; the spinning motor produces a current that a multimeter reads.
Inspiration for this project comes from http://www.otherpower.com/
Ingredients:
1 cheap $3 analog multimeter
3 or 4 easter eggs*
1 telephone wire with ends clipped off
3 or 4 - 3" screws*
1 DC motor out of CD ROM drive
1 circular wood cutout from hole saw
1 hose clamp or bracket for motor mounting
1 broomstick or pole
Extras: whiteout, solder, super glue, and electrical tape

*"3 or 4" refers to how many cups you prefer on the rotor.

Step 1: DC Motor

Take the DC motor out of an old CD ROM drive, there were three inside the one I had. Keep the little gear wheel part of the motor to glue the wood rotor onto. Clip and strip the ends of the telephone wire, multimeter leads, and motor wires and solder + tape it together. I used an old CB antenna mount for this but a hose clamp would work well too.

Step 2: Rotor Assembly

Use a hole saw to cut a little wood disc for the rotor assembly; predrill the screw locations. Find a good location on the eggs halves and drill the 3" screw through it from the inside of the egg. Hand screw the screws into the wood disc. Balance can be adjusted by adjusting the screws. Mount the rotor assembly onto the motor; you may have to drill the center hold in the wood a little bigger to fit onto the plastic gear. Super glue wood to plastic.

Step 3: Calibration

Take the bargain bin multimeter and pop off the clear plastic, paint whiteout on the numbers but keep the dashes. Set the multimeter to DC mA and spin the rotor to see how it works. Now you can mount it to a broomstick and have someone drive you down a back road on a still night while you hold it out the window to calibrate it. Take a sharpie permanent marker and mark dashes on the multimeter. Snap the clear cover back into place and mount your new anemometer.

Step 4: Video

Extras:

I glued an extra egg on the wood as a weather shield and put liquid electrical tape on all over the motor to seal it.

Below is a template for lining up a three-cup rotor.

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    35 Comments

    user

    How did you manage to calibrate wind power?

    1 reply

    Driving with a car on a calm day.

    how do you calculate a wind speed.

    Car window trick: stick the anemometer on a broomstick, stick it out the window while somebody drives various speeds down a back road; use a marker to make dashes at the 10 mph, 20 mph, etc.

    user

    You could also calibrate by manually turning one of the cups and calculating the speed using the length of one of the screws (since the cup is traveling in a circular path of which the screws are radii). 

    user

     Of course I should note that this only measures the speed of the cup, which might be slower than the actual windspeed.

    There is a way to measure the resistance as well - and can be done at home for cheap as well - if you have the supplies - what you need is a way to measure the amount of force needed to set the blades turning a full cycle. This would be your anemometer's wind resistance. This can be done numerous ways, a small electronic scale will work for example - but not as well as an air compressor that can be set to extremely low psi. Once you have this you can then calculate the wind mph with the above measurements as accurately as this method allows.

    how do you connect the meter to the DC motor again? can you tell me, like step by step? cos I didn't really get it.

    Hi ! There is some form to apply in this anemometer some circuit to know the wind speed? ppsailor

    pprobots 010.jpganemometros 051.jpg
    2 replies

    I'm not understanding what your comment is asking.

    he's asking if there is a circuit to measure the wind speed being detected by that anemometer

    Nice write-up; I have just completed calibrating the one I built using your write-up as the inspiration. Main differences: I used the motor for the tray (in/out) from the CDrom. It mounted inside a piece of 1/2" PVC after I drilled it a shade larger (5/8”) and used a nylon bolt as a set screw to hold the motor. I oriented it open end down to keep rain out, and cut a PVC coupler in half to make a drip edge to keep rain out. The wires went inside the PCV pipe through a 90 deg elbow, and to about 18” of ¾ PVC. This larger pipe was capped and two machine screws act as studs for connecting the wires. All the PVC was epoxied, (which leaves a nice bead that paints well) The arms were popsicle sticks, and the Easter eggs were notched on one side, and a small hole drilled on the opposing side to “Key” in a nub I left on the popsicle stick. Again Epoxy was used to attach everything, and again this left a nice radiused bead. Te motor had a small plastic beveled gear, and a flange with slots in it (probably for a motor control bit…) and that is what the Popsicle sticks were epoxied to. I painted it all, and used a tiny fishing bobber with one end sanded off to cap the gear and add epoxy to the hub. The horizontal PVC pipe will be U bolted to a piece of wood, and that will be clamped to some ¾” conduit for a mast. This gets mounted on the roof of the house. Phone wire will run down to the cheaper voltage meter, and yes, the 50ma scale works well. Voltage readings are useless as the voltage tops out at about 1.5 volts and you get no voltage under about 30 mph. The scale is constant from 20 to 50 MPH, at 5 and 10 MPH the marks read differently probably due to low rotation efficiency fall off. What I found was that for 20, 30, 40, and 50 MPH the meters 0-50 scale matched, (YMMV). 5 and 10 MPH do not match any standard step. Thank for the inspiration! -Outlaw

    you can also use an old hard drive motor, keep the hub on the shaft and any screws that were with it. take an old cd and fasten it to the hub - you might have to tailor it to fit flat on the hub, screw the cd to the hub and mount the eggs to the cd. as for the meter circuit thats entirely your choice. i built one and its working rather nicely

    Very clever method. I took an alternate approach, using a small DC motor as the base (and for no other purpose), and essentially turning the shaft into a rotating switch which completes a circuit once per revolution. With the help of a microcontroller (which times each revolution among other things) and some basic math it was not necessary to calibrate the device. The wind speed is displayed with an LCD display stolen out of an old microwave.

    1 reply

    Thanks, that sounds spiff. Can you post a picture? This project I tried to avoid circuit stuff since I have no clue when it comes to electronics.

    You could probably use some resistors (and maybe a potentiometer for fine tuning) to adjust the output of the motor to match the existing scale on the meter. Then you could use a digital meter instead of analog.