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I recently participated in an amazing hackathon-like 3 day event called TOM in which makers and people with disabilities (aka need knowers) have 72 hours to plan, design and build solutions for a specific daily challenge the need knower has.

Our need knower is a 26 years old woman that due to her severe Cerebral Palsy, has very limited movement. She is able to move her left foot and some of her right hand fingers. She lives at home and on a daily basis comes to Maarag, a center for specialized employment for the disabled.

Our team set out to create an assistive technology to enable her to be involved in scanning documents for archiving.

We wanted her to be able to press a foot switch that would open the scanner lid and then press it again to close the scanner lid and automatically operate the scanning. At this center they usually work in pairs so her partner would put the pages in each time.

Step 1: Equipment

HP Scanjet 200 Flatbed Scanner

Orby Switch

Arduino Uno

Arduino 1.6.6 IDE

Servo - Hitec HS-805BB with a Four Point Mega Horn attached

Computer with scanner application

MDF, Plexiglass

Weights

Wires, breadboard, screws, wood glue, etc…

Step 2: Plan

Consulting with a mechanics engineer we decided to base the solution on the way a seesaw works. Meaning we’d extend to scanner lid and attach a weight to it to create a lever so that the center of balance (the fulcrum) would be right behind the scanner hinge. Then a servo engine would easily be able to tip the lid open and close.

Step 3: Extending the Scanner Lid

  1. Cut a sheet of plexiglass to fit the scanner lid and extend it by 8 cm at the back
  2. Attach it to the original scanner lid. As a temporary solution we used simple office clips to attach it. There are much nicer fasteners you can use.
  3. We then added a metal cylinder at the end of plexiglass. You can calculate the exact weigh you need or you can just trial and error with different scrap metal to find the right one. It should be heavy enough to tip the lid open when you touch the plexiglass lid around 2 cm in from the back and light enough to tip the lid close when you touch the plexiglass lid around 6 cm in (counting from the end of the scanner in the direction of the front of the scanner).

Step 4: Electronics

We used an Arduino Uno to get an input from the foot switch, trigger the servo motor and when the lid is closed, activate the scanner application.

Using a Uno and not a Leonardo meant we weren’t able to activate a mouse click or a enter event on the computer with the scanner application.

After a great deal of frustration and hacking, we managed to get it working but uploading sketches to the controller is still not straight forward and you always need to upload both, first the EasyScan code below and then the Bride code.

For more information on the hacking needed:

NicoHood/HoodLoader2

Make arduino uno work like leonardo

Step 5: 3D Printing the Rod Component

The final component we needed was the rod that actually pushed the lid back and forth.

We 3D printed a component that fits on the servo engine’s ‘four point mega horn’ attachment with a rod connected to one point.

The original Solidworks file and STL below.

Step 6: Housing the Scanner

In our solution the scanner needed to be placed 6 cm higher than the table so we build a simple case with MDF spray painted white. Inside the case we left room for the electronics to fit in.

In addition, you need to build an MDF structure to hold the engine and keep it from moving around.

Step 7: Putting It All Together.

  1. The motor with the rod component sits on the left side of the scanner, adjacent to the case. The exact y position of the motor can be calculated or as we did, you can just move it back and forth a few millimeters each time, activate the engine and tweak it so that the rod reaches the right point at the back to make the lid open and then the right place somewhere in the middle of the lid to make it close.
  2. Attach the engine housing including the engine without the rod component to the side of the scanner case.
  3. Place the rest of the electronics within the case and secure them in place with screws or hot glue.
  4. Put in the scanner with the extended lid and weight.
  5. Screw back the rod component on to the servo.
  6. Activate the scanner application on the computer
  7. Attach the foot switch.

And you’re good to go.

Step 8: Summary

As I mentioned at the beginning this project was completed within less than 72 continuous hours meaning we barely slept and we weren’t that friendly by the end of it but when our need knower came in on the last day we were very satisfied.

The foot switch was attached to her wheelchair and she was easily able to press it to open the lid, close the lid and see the scanner working.

<p>well done</p>
<p>Would that more people would follow your example and do things for the handicapped that 1) Work as stated, and 2) operate to keep them &ldquo;in the loop&rdquo; and not out in the cold when trying to get help so they can be involved in and be part of this great experiment of people interacting with computers. Being handicapped myself I just cannot find enough accolades to describe you guys and your product.</p>
<p>Thank you so much for your kind words. Your response was very touching.</p>
As an three time winner of battles with Agent Orange-caused cancers I now take so many medications that my mind is no longer sharp enough, my hands steady enough, and I can&rsquo;t tell you how many ICs I have literally &ldquo;exploded&rdquo; off a breadboard from shaking hands. I marvel at the ingenuity, skill, determination and fortitude of those completing your projects and again express my gratitude for placing this information into the hands of the handicapped, a valuable resource..<br><br>As I can no longer do these projects myself would it be improper for me to contact some of your spectacular light artist to see about purchasing one of their amazingly beautiful pieces of artwork&rdquo; If so, I understand, and it certainly won&rsquo;t temper the excitement I get with every email from you.<br><br>You do fantastic, important work in helping bring electronics into the lives of people who may not otherwise have been made so happy to not be forgotten.<br><br>I salute you and pray for your health and long lives.
Hi William, I answered in a private message. I hope you got it.
Truly amazing. congratulations.
<p>Thank you :)</p>
<p>Amazing ,the best most meaningful instructable I have ever viewed ,you are all worthy of a prize far grater than any you will win here , you got my vote</p>
Wow, thanks a lot!

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