Step 3: Electrical connections

The wiring is pretty easy, you can see it in the diagram.
What you'll need to do first, is replace the small multi-turn potentiometer with the big one, it'll make the voltage controlling easier.
Then connect the voltmeter and the spring terminal in parallel at the converter output.
<p>Hi, </p><p>You mentioned that I could make the power supply to deliver up to 3 A if I make my own. How could I do that? Would I have to get an AC power adapter that can supply that much current? </p><p>Thank you</p>
Yes, the power adapter has to be able to deliver at leat that current.
<p>Hi,</p><p>I would like to build this power supply, one of my uses will be as a car battery charger, what would be the best way to add an amp meter to the device that can let me know what the battery is taking? Also would that be a cheap addition?</p><p>Thanks for your assistance</p>
You can't use this powersupply as a car battery charger,not only it wouldn't handle the curren needed, you also need current limiting to charge a battery.
<p>Thanks, for your prompt response, I was hoping that I could have a more versatile unit with this project than a standard battery charger, but it looks like I will just have to get a battery charger.</p>
<p>can i use a 40-45 power adapter?</p>
<p>How did you decided to use a 10k potentiometer?</p>
<p>Use the same value as the one that came in the board.</p>
Can I use LM317 with a 5kpot at the output of adapter instead of DC-DC converter??????<br>Please reply fast
<p>Yes, but the lm317 will need a heatsink.</p>
<p>Actually the pot is just a simple resistor divider, 1k or 50k generally work well so.</p>
I just want to know that why are u using dc-dc buck converter??????
<p>I made this! Unfortunately is't really easy to tear out the vias on these cheap boards when de-soldering the trim pot. I ended up finding a schematic for my buck converter and wiring in my 10k pot directly to the output power and through a 330 ohm resistor to pin 4 (feedback) of my power converter chip (LM2596).<br><br>Schematic I used: http://www.haoyuelectronics.com/Attachment/LM2596_BUCK_DC-DC_module/LM2596%20BUCK%20DC%20DC%20module%20schematic.jpg</p>
<p>What variable output DC-DC converter did you use? Most of the ones I see are quite a bit larger than the one in your photos.</p>
<p>Hi. I got the same version of this project. Can i change the power adapter to car power supply ? </p>
<p>I made it, great idea. My Power suply gives only 12V, and my potentiometer has a 4-32 range, so mine only has 4-12 range (Enough for my purposes). Also my power suply had no space, so i put the project in an old transformer, I'll work on the project boxing when i'm done with the led project i'm gonna manage.</p>
<p>Hint: Do not test Intensity without a circuit or you'll burn the device. I've just finished it and i have to buy another DC-DC converter</p>
<p>Can I use this?<br>You could send the link of what you use you</p><p>http://www.ebay.com/itm/ADAPTADOR-CARGADOR-impresora-32V-16V-375mA-500mA-para-HP-Deskjet-F2180-/281289025645?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_186&amp;hash=item417e21e86d</p>
<p>Yeah, you can. If you see on my comment above, i used a 12V one, but you just have to get the cable and test with a polimeter which cables have 32V. (in my case black (generally negative) and green were 5V and another black (doesn't matter which one) and green had 5V. I removed the 5v one and worked with the most powerfull one.</p>
<p>@tru-dhillion yeah i know what kind of vape.....<br>Obs: you do'nt need a pwm controller, the PS already has one.<br>I build electronic vapes all the time, it isn't really hard if you know a bit.</p>
Anyway of connecting a PWM? I was considering building this as a vape station.
<p>Hey, I was inspired by this project enough to make my own little version. I used a slightly more expensive voltage regulator than yours, but mine had a screen built in. I designed a 3D printable case for it too because I didnt want to try cracking open the adapter case. You can check it out here if you're interested:</p><p> <a href="http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:745463" rel="nofollow">http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:745463</a></p>
<p>Nice project, this looks like something that would be really handy to have. Your graphic on step 3 looks good too, what program did you use to draw it?</p>
I used photoshop, but any drawing program would do.
Could I use other terminal? Like a Weidmuller?
<p>I love that you're reusing the plastic casing of the PSU... <strong>Brilliant</strong>!</p>
<p>Hello,</p><p>Can you tell me how does it work, what we are actually doing. Please provide a detailed explanation.</p><p>Thank for help.</p>
<p>The little board is a switching converter, you can look for the theory behind it. What you have to know is that you can put a voltage on the input, and the output will go from almost 0v to the imput voltage minus 2v, just by turning the potentiometer.</p>
<p>Hello,</p><p>Thanks for the inscrutable, it was a very nice instructable.</p><p>I have a question, my printer adapter has an input of 200-240V but in the you uploaded it read as 100-240 V; will my printer adapter work?</p><p>Another question, can you give the link from where you bought the components, because when I searched it on ebay it showing product costing more than you specified.</p>
<p>If you live in a country that has an outlet voltage of between 200 and 240V</p><p><a href="http://www.ebay.com/itm/1-DC-DC-Buck-Converter-Step-Down-Module-LM2596-Power-Supply-Output-1-23V-30V-/181409861491?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_2&hash=item2a3cdecf73" rel="nofollow">http://www.ebay.com/itm/1-DC-DC-Buck-Converter-Ste...</a></p><p><a href="http://www.ebay.com/itm/Lithium-Battery-Digital-Voltmeter-DC-3-3v-17V-Red-LED-Small-Panel-Meter-FO-/291361070424?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_2&hash=item43d6791d58" rel="nofollow">http://www.ebay.com/itm/Lithium-Battery-Digital-Vo...</a></p>
<p>very good Instructable, but i have one question, i would like to use my old laptop charger but in output signal have 4.97A, can i use that DC-DC buck converter which his max A is 3A without problems?</p>
<p>Yes, no problem. Your circuit will only draw current (amperes/A) as needed from your 4.97A PSU. In fact, having more current capacity than required by the circuit is ideal as long as your load does not draw more current than the safe limit of ~2.5 A (the 3A limit of the buck converter's LM2596 IC should never be reached - especially not without a heat sink). </p>
Where could I solder an amp meter to this board?
Any way to get an on off switch on there?
what if i wanted ac output? specifically 9-12v at 1500-2000ma?
This circuit only works for dc, for ac you'll have to find something with a variable transformer, there i can't help you.
<p>Hello everyone,</p><p>does anyone know how he does thet graphical drawing? </p>
<p>could you use a 20V power adapter, and get smaller hardware?</p>
<p>I made it ...after that I do not know what went wrong but my buck converter get burned :(</p>
<p>I need assistance. I want to build this, but i require it to have 4 separate voltage settings. like.... a multi-variable voltage power supply. So each and every out has its own voltage. Do i just put more dc-dc buck converters onto the power supply?</p>
<p>Yes, you can simply add a converter for each voltage rail you need, i don't know how well they will perform in that configuration, but it's worth it to give it a try.</p>
<p>Awesome. Im hoping to build something similar to an e-hookah with this setup. Not sure if the ampere will be enough, but for the price, its definately worth a try. Also thank you for the quick answer!</p>
<p>I used different packaging but the componants and circuit is exactly the same as your 'ible. Thanks for posting.</p>
<p>Really nice Instructable, also very portable which can be useful.</p><p>I've been thinking about making one of these but maybe with the power supply built in just so I can carry it around and use it as a power supply. Probably just chuck a 9V battery in there; get a bigger enclosure if needs be.</p>
<p>Excellent instructable. Case was hard to close but finally did it. Put the connectors to the side. Thank you!!!</p>
Hey this looks great and want to make one, but quick question i have a old laptop charger and on the details its got <br> <br>INPUT 100-240V ~ 1.4A 50/60 HZ <br>OUTPUT : 19V-- 4.74A <br> <br>Im a bit of a noob at all of this but what output voltage would i be able to get or is this determined by the D-DC buck and the potentiometer?
This is odd. My computer adapter has the exact same specs. When I use this adapter with my &quot;pinomelean&quot; power supply cranked up to max, I get 100% of the voltage (19.2V) at the output. There is zero drop in voltage. (That's a good thing.) I checked with 3 different multimeter. I am using a multi-turn pot, instead of a single turn, but I don't think that matters.
You can get 17.6v as maximun.
Is that because the buck converter is 92% efficient?
Buck converters are always working, so they output a maximun of Vin-1.5v

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Bio: I love electronics and all about DIY.
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